Ashish Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
The Hindu Daily Editorial DiScussion 13/2/19 By - Ashish Singh
Ashish Singh VERIFIED Edit Profile IB ACIO II-2017(Mains Qualified), UPSC aspirant Exam cleared- SSC CPO (2014) SSC CGL Tier (2016-Qualified for Mains) DSSSB (Mains) 18,017 Views in last 30 days N286,717 Lifetime Views 62 Courses 9.8k Followers 28 Following NEWS Indian Polity By Ashish Singh By Ashish Singh By Ashish Singh February 2019: The Hindu Daily Editorial and Prelims Based.. (Hindi) February, 2019 The Hindu Daily Editorial and Prelims.. (Hindi) Understanding Entire Polity Through MCQs 31 Lessons 31 Lessons 5 Lessons
Page 8 Page 9 . The shape of the jobs crisis India has no industrial policy or employment strategy whether diet or statins, should start early' .'Cholesterol-lowering interventions, to ride the wave of its demographic dividend The geneticist on her work on coronary heart disease, and why studying different races is critical . A case for Commons sense There needs to be a review of how biodiversity and natural resources are governed Ageing revolution dissent and personal freedoms Deadly brew and consumption of toxic alcohol .The Iranian regime must rethink its approach to .A multi-pronged plan is needed to prevent the sale
A case for Commons sense GS PAPER 3 . Conservation CONVENTION oN BioleGiCAL piVERSITY United Nations Decade on Biodiversity Convention on Biological Diversity environment United Nations Environment Programme
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) The Convention is founded on the principle that local communities generate and are dependent on biodiversity and should continue to benefit from it . Signed in 1992 at the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janciro entered into force on 29 December 1993 more than 170 countries India became a signatory to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 5th day of June 1992. e Three goals To promote the conservation of biodiversity the sustainable use of its components and . the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD, 1992) . Objectives: - Conservation of biodiversity Sustainable use of biodiversity Fair & equitable sharing of benefits from the use of genetic resources Preamble: 'recognizing that economic and social development and poverty eradication are the first and overriding priorities of developing countries
Earth Summit Convention on Biological Diversity Climate Change (UNFCC) Biodiversity (CBD) Kyoto Protocol Agenda 21 Bio Cartagena Biosafety Protocol RIO+20 Nagoya Genetic Resources Protocol Aichi Targets
In simple terms, these are a set of resources such as air, land, water and biodiversity that do not belong to one community or individual, but to humanity. . All developments we see in the establishment of civilisations across the world as well as agricultural development feeding the world today are a result of such 'Commons' being managed by communities for centuries. . Then came the urge of those with money and power to privatise these resources for individual prosperity in the form of property management principles,intellectual property rights and others. In one form the CBD a multi-lateral environmental agreement that has provided legal certainty to countries through the principle of sovereign rights over biodiversity- also contributed to states now Btbtitugh the princioment
Today, states control and manage biodiversity with strict oversight of who can use what and how. The intent of the CBD and having sovereign rights was to manage resources better. But the results of such management have been guestionable. A key reason cited is that 'Commons' and common property resource management principles and approaches are ignored and compromised.
Why 'Commons'? According to estimates, a third of the global population depends on Commons, for their survival; 65% of global land area is under Commons' in different forms. At least 293,061 million metric tonnes of carbon (MtC) are stored in the collective forestlands of indigenous peoples and local communities. This is 33 times the rlobal enerzy emissions in 2017, The significance of 'Commons' in supporting pollination (the cost estimated to be worth $224 billion annually at global levels) cannot be overlooked.
In India, the extent of 'Common' land ranges between 48.69 million and 84.2 million hectares, constituting 15-25% of its total 'Common'-pool resources contribute $5 billion a year to the . Around 77% of India's livestock is kept in grazing-based or extensive . And 53% of India's milk and 74% of its meat requirements are met geographical area, incomes of poor Indian households. systems and dependent on 'Commons' pool resources. from livestock kept in extensive 'Common' systems
Despite their significance, 'Commons' in India have suffered continued decline and degradation. . National Sample Survey Office data show a 1.9% quinquennial rate of decline in the area of 'Common' lands, though microstudies show a much more rapid decline of 31-55% over 50 years, jeopardising the health of systemic drivers such as soil, moisture, nutrient, biomass and biodiversity, in turn aggravating food, fodder and water crises. . As of 2013, India's annual cost of environmental degradation has been estimated to be 3.75 trillion per year, i.e. 5.7% of GDP according to the World Bank.
Current discussions under the United Nations should focus on how and why 'Commons' have been negatively impacted by progressive pronouncements to save the earth and people. Another key concern is the changing socio-political impact of migration Gone are the days when we can consider 'Commons' as resources relevant only for rural communities. 'Commons' are now a major provider of livelihood options for both urban and peri-urban populations. The relevance of 'Commons' impacting urban dwellers cannot be overlooked with more urbanisation happening,.
Deadly brew .GS PAPER 2 Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. TOXIE
Preliminary investigation has confirmed the well-entrenched system of illicit liquor vends that are known to exist in the region; several factories producing hooch in U.P. were unearthed within a couple of days of the episode. Moreover, although several liquor-related deaths have been taking place, it took this staggering number of casualties for the authorities to acknowledge the presence of free-flowing illicit liquor. .The Yogi Adityanath government prides itself on its law and order measures but its failure to crack down on these dens exposes the hollow claims. It has tried to put the blame for previous incidents on political opponents hatching conspiracies.
Several instances of toxic alcohol poisoning in India, including the Malvani hooch tragedy in Mumbai in 2015 that killed 106 people, have been attributed to the lack of affordable liquor for the poor. High taxes and excise raise prices, and cheap brews a criminal organisations, often in collusion with law enforcement personnel re peddled by In U.P., many communities have protested the sale of cheap liquor in pouches that are freely distributed during social events. What seems to have happened in Saharanpur follows the trend, with toxic alcohol originating in Haridwar in Uttarakhand being supplied at a family ritual.
While it is no one's case that consumption of cheap liquor needs to be encouraged or promoted, severe bottlenecks are proving counterproductive. An enlightened policy is needed to strike a balance, curbing illicit curb flows with zero tolerance discutrasinik ca flows with zero tolerance, discouraging consumption through social campaigns and reviewing levies on less harmful beverages. At the moment, it is essential to make an example of those who participated in the sale of the lethal brew, and investigate any nexus with the authorities If it is true that the suspects had a history of dealing in hooch, the Special Investigation Team constituted by the U.P. government should find out how they continued to operate their trade.
In parallel, it is vital that the capacities of the health system be upgraded to handle victims of toxic alcohol Toxicity often comes from drinking methanol, which results in blindness, tissue damage or death. Timely treatment through haemodialysis, infusion of sodium bicarbonate and ethyl alcohol can save lives.