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The Hindu Daily Editorial Discussion 25/2/19 By - Ashish Singh
plus Teaching live on Unacademy Plus Unlimited access to all plus courses . Structured live courses . Learn from experienced educators Learn more Yunacademy Environment And NEWS Ecoloagy By Ashish Singh By Ashish Singh By Ashish Singh (Hindi) 100 MCQ's on Environment and Hindi) February, 2019 The Hindu Daily February 2019: The Hindu Daily Editorial and Prelims Based.. Ecology Editorial and Prelims 9 Lessons 60 Lessons 59 Lessons
Page 8 Page 9 After Pulwama, a sorry response The government and the Opposition must state their policy .Old challenges in building a new Kerala . The Nava Kerala Mission requires . for security and reconciliation in Jammu and Kashmir decentralised planning and the participation of the local government . De-odourising sewage .India's cities are drowning in waste Conversations benefit journalism Even in a polarising environment, it is vital to continue the dialogue between journalists and readers but no one is bothered Terror timeline .The FATF must impress upon Pakistan the need to take Blatantly banal Bollywood is noteworthy in turning homosexual characters into caricatures meaningful action .Safety nets .New rules on unregulated deposit schemes need to be backed up with proper checks
De-odourising sewage GS PAPER 2 Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. GS PAPER 3 environmental pollution
The World Bank estimates that more than a fifth of all communicable diseases in India (21%) are caused by contaminated water It attributes one in ten deaths in India to diseases or infections directly or indirectly transmitted through water. Over 500 children die every day in India due to diarrhoeal diseases. Now, add nitrogen pollution to the list. According to a study by the Indian Nitrogen Group, a task force of scientists tracking the issue, the amount of reactive nitrogen in a bulk of the water bodies in India is already twice the limit prescribed by WHO. Nitrogen pollution from untreated sewage, the study found, now outstrips nitrogen pollution from the Indian farmer's urea addiction
The background Prime Minister Narendra Modi has managed to make toilets top of the mind in our country, with his Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Toilets are being built in mission mode and there is enough anecdotal evidence to suggest that there has been a measurable reduction in the number of people defecating in the open, which stood at over 500 million or half the population a few years ago.
Clean India missions Ironically, India's latest, largest and most significantly scaled attempt at cleanliness- the Swachh Bharat Abhivan is likely to add to this problem Under the mission, in the past four years alone, over nine crore toilets have been constructed. of these, only 60 lakh are in urban areas, where one assumes they are connected to some sort of sewage system (even this assumption is a stretch. . A study done by the Centre for Science and Environment in 30 cities in Uttar Pradesh found that only 28% of toilets in these cities were connected to a sewage system), The rest will be generating fecal sludge, sewage and septage which has no place to go.
Which means that that too will simply get dumped, polluting land, surface and ground water and killing our rivers and ponds. *According to the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), 63% of urban sewage flowing into rivers is untreated The CPCB's website admits that the gap between sewage generated in urban areas (all Class 1 and Class 2 towns) and capacity for treating that is over 78%.
Besides, the numbers are a bit dodgy. Up to a third of the installed sewage treatment capacity is fully or partly dysfunctional Even where the plants are working, many are not working at full capacity, because the infrastructure needed to feed the raw sewage into the treatment plant anetwork of drains, sewers and pumping stations is inadequate or incomplete. . All this, one would have presumed, prodded policymakers and governments into action. Just like the nation is building toilets in mission mode, one would have thought civic administrations would be building drains and sewers and treatment plants with the same zeal.
One would have presumed wrong. Even though it is arguably one of the maior health hazards faced by the people in cities, in particular sewage and human waste is simply not on the agenda. . Here's a telling statistic to illustrate my point - of the 99 cities in the Smart Cities' mission, which are collectively spending t2 lakh crore over five years (from 2015), only 2.4% of the money is going to be spent on waste management. Even storm water drainage (which only removes short-term excess water during heavy downpours and doesn't really add to waste management) gets a higher share of 2.5%)
Of course, other schemes like the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) also fund such schemes. AMRUT covers a much larger spread 500 so-called 'mission cities' across the country. . Of these, only 217 pitched for a sewage treatment plant as an AMRUT project. Of these, in the last four years, only four have been completed, according to a reply filed in the Lok Sabha. Even these numbers are misleading . Of the 212 schemes, as many as 189 are accounted for by just Andhra Pradesh Raiasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Guiarat. Only six other States have one or more projects under way. The rest have no plans.
Why must we worry about this order of the Supreme Court in 2019? This, despite the fact that water is increasingly becoming the biggest challenge faced by most Indian cities today. According to NITI Aayog's composite water management index report released last year, -75% of households do not have access to drinking water on premises, 70% households lack piped water (potable or otherwise) and as many as 20 cities will effectively use up all available water resources by 2020!
Terror timeline h hostag GS PAPER 3 Security challenges and their management
Amongst the FATF's stern observations of what it called Pakistan's lack of "understanding" of the terror finance risks posed by groups, such as the Taliban, al-Qaeda, Islamic State, Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e- Mohammed, was a clear message: Islamabad must visibly demonstrate that it has taken measures to crack down on and shut down the infrastructure and finances of these groups. The first deadline to show results is May 2019, with a review in June. This goes even beyond the Security Council guidelines under its 1267 listing, that oblige Pakistan to ensure that terror entities do not travel out of the country, or have access to funding or weaponry.
Safety nets GS PAPER 3 Banning of Unregulated Deposit Schemes Ordinance, 2019 Indian Economy Unregulated Deposit Rfra 1 Unregulated Deposit uar , ter farft t afts RI Unregulated Deposit Unregulated Deposit uTaR HI aren Approved Regulated Deposit Schemes DEPARTMENT CD FINANCIAL SERVICES unregulated
The savings of low-income Indian households have traditionally remained unprotected by the government when compared to those of the more affluent economic groups. But that may be about to change now. President Ram Nath Kovind on Thursday promulgated the Banning of Unregulated Deposit Schemes Ordinance, which bars all deposit schemes in the country that are not officially registered with the government from either seeking or accepting deposits from customers.
. The ordinance will help in the creation of a central repository of all deposit schemes under operation, thus making it easier for the Centre to regulate their activities and prevent fraud from being committed against ordinary people. . The ordinance allows for compensation to be offered to victims through the liquidation of the assets of those offering illegal deposit schemes. Popular deposit schemes such as chit funds and gold schemes, which as part of the huge shadow banking system usually do not come under the purview of government regulators, have served as important instruments of saving for people in the unorganised sector.
While the intent of the ordinance, which is to protect smal depositors, is indeed commendable, the benefits that depositors will eventually derive from the new legislation will depend largely on its proper implementation. For one, policymakers will have to make sure that the bureaucrats responsible for the on-ground implementation of the ordinance are keen on protecting the savings of low-income households. There must also be checks against persons in power misusing the new rules to derecognise genuine deposit schemes that offer useful financial services to customers in the unorganised sector.
In fact, in the past there have been several cases of politicians acting in cahoots with the operators of fraudulent deposit schemes to fleece depositors of their hard-earned money. Another potential risk involved when the government, as in this case, takes it upon itself to guarantee the legitimacy of various deposit schemes is that it dissuades depositors from conducting the necessary due diligence before choosing to deposit their money The passing of tough laws may thus be the easiest of battles in the larger war against illicit deposit schemes.
Like many others, I have watched events following the Pulwama tragedy with mounting stupefaction, not to mention rage and disgust. Rarely have I seen such a disingenuous response, and that is saying a lot considering we have been unable to deal adequately with Pakistan-based terrorists for decades.
Far from improving security, casualty figures within Jammu and Kashmir have mounted to levels far above what they were in the years preceding 2014 Union Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad says that 475 terrorists have been killed between 2015 and 2018 as against 249 in the three prior years, but omits the fact that the number of armed youth was below 200 from 2008 to 2013. This number shot up after 2016 and continues to rise. Nor does Mr. Prasad mention the figure of security forces killed. it stands at 358 killed between 2014-18, a rise of 93% over preceding years. There have been more than 1,700 terrorist attacks in the same years; and infiltration too has continued to rise, reaching 400 between 2016 and 2018. Are we not owed some explanation for this deteriorating security situation?
One point the government has missed is with regard to Russia We are currently negotiating to buy Kalashnikov rifles from Russia, surely necessary for our security forces. But have we asked Moscow to cease, or at least freeze, arms sales to Pakistan until the Imran Khan government take credible action against the Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM)?
Groundwork from the past .So what is Mr. Modi's National Democratic Alliance government doing? As far as one can see, it is mostly following in the steps of the United Progressive Alliance. GettingJeM chief Masood Azhar proscribed as an international terrorist under UNSCR 126Z was an initiative launched by the Manmohan Singh government, supported by France, the U.S. and the U.K. (and consistently blocked by China)
The present government is right in persisting with this effort despite the move having had little impact on Pakistan, though it has gained a strong statement from the UN Security Council. What is wrong is the failure to acknowledge that it was his predecessor's initiative and represents continuity of government policy. Such a recognition would go some way to justifying Mr. Modi's demand for unity. In its absence, his demand appears hollow.
Who first activated the FATF? It was the Manmohan Singh government, with substantial support from the U.S.'s Obama administration And who came up with the proposal to activate the FATF? It was suggested at a Track Il on Afghanistan in 2008-9, by Arundhati Ghose, one of our finest diplomats and a committed supporter of Track II, which our talking heads take such pleasure in reviling.
Kashmir crackdown Disingenuity pales in comparison, however, with the steps the government has taken in Jammu and Kashmiror not taken. It is a sad commentary that the Supreme Court had to order immediate action to protect Kashmiri students and traders in the rest of the country. The Home and Human Resource Development Ministers have now swung belatedly into action, and on Saturday, Mr. Modi finally spoke on the issue at a rally in Tonk, Rajasthan. But, as of this writing, no action has been taken against Meghalaya Governor Tathagata Roy for his hate speech against Kashmiris.
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