DNA Based Prelims Booster News Discussior for PT - 2019 By - Ashish Singh
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Draft e-commerce policy Context: The Department of Industry and Internal Trade has released the draft National ecommerce Policy that sends a clear message that India and its citizens have a sovereign right to their data. e-commerce
KEY ISSUES ADDRESSED: 1. Data 2. Infrastructure development. 3. Ecommerce marketplaces. 4. Regulatory issues. 5. Stimulating domestic di The key provisions Large e-commerce firms should phase out discounts within two years E-commerce companies have to store consumer data within India Competition Commission of India may have to amend current thresholds, study potentially competition-distorting M&AS 49% FDI in the inventory model for Indian- e-commerce firms Independent e-commerce regulator will deal with consumer complaints, compliance with FDI caps economy. 6. Export promotion. Tax incentives for data localization and infrastructure status for data centres
Key features of the draft: INDIAN CONTROL OVER DATA: Govt to be given access to source code, algorithms of Al systems Impose custom duties on electronic transmissions to THE POLICY PRO reduce revenue loss. It bars sharing of sensitive data deimig manum of Indian users with third party entities, even with dirierionta aricine consent. 1. A sunset clause differential pricing strategies b e-commerce firms to be framed 2. A 'data authority' to look at community data. 3. LOCAL PRESENCE FOR APPS & WEBSITES: All A law/regulation to govern unsolicited commercial e-mails would be framed ecommerce websites, apps available for downloading in India to have a registered business entity here. Non-compliant ecommerce app/website to be denied access here. INCENTIVES FOR DATA LOCALISATION: Location of the computing facilities like data centres, server farms within India. Firms to get 3 years to comply with local data storage requirements. Tax sops for incentivizing domestic data storage in India Government would have access to data stored in India for national security and public policy objectives Data generated by users in India from various sources including e-commerce, to be stored exclusively in India 4.
5. Data storage facilities to get 'infrastructure status'. 6. FDI IN ECOMM: FDI only in marketplace model. No FDI in inventory model ECOMMERCE TRADE: Curbs on Chinese ecommerce exports. Gifting route, often used by Chinese apps, websites, banned for all parcels except life-saving Priding StrateglesInventory Model to alegedl competition drugs. Integrating Customs, RBI and India Post to marketplace barebsee en improve tacking of imports through ecommerce. No bulk buys of white Majority India-owned Incentives & e-commerce export promotions. Ecommerce startups may get 'infant industry' status raising limit for courier shipments from Rs deep discoontsto India mad 25,000 to boost ecommerce export 7. Checks & Balances 'Draft plan for ecommerce Tighter Regulation Separate ED CCI to examine wing to look potentially Group cos of ecomm Restricted inventory violations distorting M&A Single regulator, single law FDI-funded online cos to address digital economy from influencing prices 8. 9. goods, fashion byand Indian managed related party sellers portals can sell to Sunset clause defining retail using this model maximum duration of Relaxation limited Data Localisation India generated data subject to controls and restrictions Govt can access data stored public policy subject to in India for national security Promoter Control Differential voting rights giving founders more control privacy, consent 10. REGUALTION: No separate regulator for ecommerce sector. 11. E-consumer courts to be developed.
Suialam Sufalam Jal Sanchay Abhivan . Context: The government of Gujarat has launched the second edition of the water conservation scheme Sujalam Sufalam Jal Sanchay Abhiyan. Elsi 5212),
About Sujalam Sufalam Jal Sanchay Abhiyan: . The scheme aims to deepen water bodies in the state before monsoon to increase storage of rainwater to be used during times of scarcity. It involves cleaning and desilting of riverfronts, sprucing up of Irrigation canals.
Background: During the first edition against its anticipated target of 16,616 works of deepening of ponds and lakes across the state, 18,220 works were accomplished The first edition witnessed an increase in the water storage capacity of more than 11,000 lakh cubic feet rainwater through different sources like ponds, reservoirs, check dams, bori bandh and other. The desilting had also generated a huge amount of loose/soil or clay which can be used by farmers to increase agricultural productivity
Islamic Cooperation countries (OIC) .Context: In a 1st, India invited to OIC meel as 'guest of honour'.
About the OIC: Organisation of Islamic Cooperation is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states. It is the second largest inter- governmental organization after the United Nations. Turkmenistan Uzbekistan Azerbaijan Morocco Ivory Coast Bangladesh Syria Tunisia Sudkan lras Qatar Algeria Malaysia Egypt Bahrain United Arab Emirates Kazakhstan Oman Yamen Pakistan Iran Indonesia Nigeria Kuwait Saudi Arab Libya The organisation states that it is "the collective voice of the Muslim world" and works to "safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony". Turkey Mozambique Senegal Tajikistan Burkina Faso Benin Uganda ana Sierra Leone Mauritania Jordan Chad Lebanon Suriname Palestine Djlbouti Niger Togo Albania Cameroon Guinea-Bissau Somalia Afghanistan Gambia Maldives Comoros The OIC has permanent delegations to the United Nations and the European Union
NPC 2019 is proposed by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY). .The Policy aims to position India as a global hub for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM). To help create an ecosystem, the policy has pitched for 2.0 version of the Electronics Manufacturing Cluster Scheme, under which infrastructure support will be provided for a group of industries that are part of the product supply chain rather than individual industries It has also proposed a sovereign patent fund to acquire intellectual property for chips and chip components. POLICY .
Islands Development Agency (IDA) is chaired by Union Home Minister. .IDA was constituted in 2017 for the holistic development of islands after giving due consideration to unique maritime and territorial bio-diversity of the islands. . The IDA had identified 10 islands for development which include 5 islands in A&N Islands (i.e. Smith, Ross, Long, Avis and Little Andaman) and 5 in Lakshadweep (i.e. Minicoy, Bangaram, Thinnakara, Cheriyam, Suheli)
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