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Topic 2 : rise of political consciousness and Indian National Congress
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In this lesson Ashna talks about the causes of political or national consciousness in India.

Ashna Sisodia is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Ashna Sisodia
A passionate teacher, having scored 125+ in the prelims and 140 in Essay Paper and 110+ each in GS 2 and GS 3 in the UPSC Mains 2017.

Unacademy user
super easy to understand ...thanku sir keep it up.......you are doing a great job
  1. 900 Course : Modern History (Pre & Mains) Integrated Approach Presented by: Ashna Sisodia


  2. About Me . Verified Educator at Unacademy . From Chandigarh, India An Educator at Unacademy since October 2016 Appeared in UPSC CSE Mains 2017 and scored 140 Political Science and International Relations Optional for Mains 2019 . Ashna Sisodia 0 da . Scored 125+ in Prelims 2017 . CSE Btech from UIET, Courses Made so Far Scored 125ssin paper s20110 marks each in GS 2 and 3 . n this Course, Ashna Sisodia will comprehensvely cover complete Poltical Science and Internatonal Relatons te form of nes and eaborateeroan topex, which wil be helpful India Yearbook 2018 and Learning Maps quickly in 25 Lessons Nuclear security Doctrine IR & PSIFR World History - Module 1 and The Hindu June MCQs The Hindu Weekly Killer Course June 2018 Crash Course on International Organizations and International Relations Teaching Ancient History and Answer Writing on Geography Mains the notes wil also be provided in English


  3. Rise of political consciousness and Indian national congress


  4. Effect of British imperialism Colonial nature of the British rule Contacts with western countries CAUSES OF POLITICAL OR NATIONAL CONSCIOUSNESS IN INDIA Researches regarding ancient Indian history Socio-religious reform movements Economic exploitation of Indians Spread of English language


  5. Policy of open trade Political and administrative unity of India Humiliating treatment of the Indians by the English Spread of western education Indians deprived of high posts Mutiny of 1857 AD |Development of means of transport and communication


  6. Govt policy of racial discrimination Judicial discrimination with Indians Impact of foreign movements Role of newspapers Severe famines Stricter rules for civil services examination


  7. role of middle class Lord Lytton, repressive policy Establishment of Indian national union Indian national congress


  8. Zamindari association 1838, Lord Cornwallis Permanent Settlement prominen t leaders Dwarka Nath Tagore, Prassana kumar Tagore and Raja Radha Kant Deb ended in 1844


  9. George Thompson in 1843 prominent leaders Ram Gopal Ghosh, Bengal-British IndiaWilliam Theobald and Piara Chand society To look after the interests of all sections of Indian Society


  10. in Bengal in 185 Debendranath Tagore and Raja Radha Kant Deb to introduce reforms in the govt and administration British Indian association 1852 demands - leg in India, Autonomy to provincial govt and civil services exam lost imp in 1876


  11. in 1876, Anand Mohan Bose and Surendra Nath Banerji, M.M.Ghosh and A.C.Sarkar democratic and elected by 1887, 174 branches Annual Subscription - Rs 5 middle class members - lawyers, journalists Surendranath and Ananda Mohan Bose Indian association and Teachers cordial relations between Hindu and Muslim protested against Vernacular Press Act demand of reforms in Local Bodies opposed arms act and illbert bill


  12. in 1852, Prez Jagan nath Shankar Seth in 1859 - sent a memo to leg council opposing licensing bill Bombay association in 1867 New prez Mangal Das Nathu and Sec Nauroji Fardun In 1873 Shankar seth Formed his separate western Indian Association


  13. Madras Native Association First Pres.- CY Mudilyar; Sect. 1867- association started replaced by adras mprove adimn. est. in 1852 of madras declining due Mahajan Sabha ramanujacharya presidency to shortage of time and funds


  14. A.O Hume plans- after retirement in 1882- to establish national unity among the Indians. Lord Ripon assisted him. Open letter to the Calcutta university- toured various places In 1885, met Lord Dufferin in Shimla and went to England First session was to be held in Poona but shifted to Bombay due to outbreak of cholera graduates of Allan Octavian Hume Lord Ripon


  15. FIRST PHASE OF NATIONAL MOVEMENT-PERIOD OF MODERATES 1885-1905 A.D Fourth SessionFifth Session Bombay in 1889- asked govt to ntroduce reforms Second Allahabad in 1888- venue by maharaja of Darbhanga First session Held in bombay on 28 Third Session Madras in 1887 session Calcutta - Dec 1886 december, 1885 President was womesh chander bannerji President-Dada Bhai Nauroji Lord Dufferin hosted Garden Party


  16. First phase of Indian national congress (1885-1905) was an age of Moderate nationalists Not a revolutionary organization. Influenced by English Ideology, literature and culture Programme of congress; age of moderates 1885-1905 A.D Aim was not to liberate the country from foreign rule In favour of reforms and wanted to appeal Adopted non-violent and constitutional methods


  17. Criticism of the economic policies of British G overnment English exploited India Opposed foreign investment in tea and coffee estates, cultivation of Indigo and Jute Drain of wealth Accused Britishers of India's poverty, economic backwardness, agriculture and decline of small scale industries Buying raw materials at cheap rate Converted India into British colony


  18. ADMINISTRATIVE REFORMS Land laws should be change to save peasants Provide irrigational facilities to farmers Reduce tax on salt and cotton Cottage industries should be encouraged Repressive laws should be abolished Institution of higher education Work for public welfare and Security of Indians


  19. Dadabhai opinion-congress constitutional activities in that Political activities of the moderates in England e . To accelerate activities Indian country would prove more effective and useful agency was set up in 1888 . Attitude was sympathetic Govt attitude towards moderates unsympathctc ee Congress adopted anti govt policy Lord Dufferin became its strong critic and opponent Bureaucracy also became . Govt started to finish congress policy . Followed policy of divide and rule


  20. Thank you very much Knowledge is the new Currency REVIEW E OH SHARE