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Second Phase of Civil Disobedience Movement
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In this lesson Ashna talks about the second phase of the civil disobedience movement that was started on 5th of January 1932.

Ashna Sisodia is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Ashna Sisodia
PSIR Optional Faculty, having scored 125+ in the prelims and 140 in Essay Paper and 110+ each in GS Papers in the UPSC Mains 2017.

U
Unacademy user
  1. 900 Course : Modern History (Pre & Mains Integrated Approach Presented by: Ashna Sisodia


  2. About Me . Verified Educator at Unacademy . From Chandigarh, India An Educator at Unacademy since October 2016 . Appeared in UPSC CSE Mains 2017 and scored 140 Political Science and International Relations Optional for Mains 2019 Ashna Sisodia 0 marks in Essay paper and 110 marks each in GS 2 and 3 . Scored 125+ in Prelims 2017 . CSE Btech from UIET, Courses Made so Far: n this Course, Ashna Sisodia will comprehensvely cover complete Poltical Science and Internatonal Relatons the form of nes and eaborateeroan topex, which wil be helpful . India Yearbook 2018 and Learning Maps quickly in the notes wil also be provided in English 25 Lessons Nuclear security Doctrine IR & PSIR . World History - Module 1 and The Hindu June MCQs The Hindu Weekly Killer Course - June 2018 Crash Course on International Organizations and International Relations . Teaching Ancient History and Answer Writing on Geography Mains


  3. STRUGGLE FOR FREEDOM 1919-1947 AD


  4. CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE MOVEMENT First phase ; 12 march, 1930 AD to 5 march 1931 AD; . Gandhi ji Dandi march to break the salt lavw Message of self-renunciation, truth, Non-violence and patriotism . Programme of the Movement: before arrest of Gandhi on 9 April 1930 . Salt law violation Picketing Foreign clothes should be burnt Boycott govt schools Govt servants resignation Cotton thread prepared on spinning wheel Hindus shunning untouchability Members of assemblies tendering resignation . Boycott govt courts


  5. Second Phase Second phase ; Gandhiji return from England i.e 4 January 1932 AD to 8 may 1933 AD . Second round table conference 7 sept 1931 . Gandhi led congress delegation . Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs participated . Viceroy tried to defame congress . Gandhi demanded responsible administration at centre and provinces Muslims demand of communal electorate system . Heated discussion on communal problem . 11 sept 1931 end of conference, Gandhi returned to India Revival of Civil disobedience movement Progress of the movement -3rd Jan 1931 Govt restored repressive measures to crush the movement . Congress leaders arrested again, offices raided and records confiscated . Congress had neither money nor leaders . In first 4 months - 80,000 agitators put behind bars


  6. Repressive policy of the govt Inflicted atrocities Congress was declared unlawful . Offices were sealed .Newspapers were banned Public meetings banned Lands w Agitator's house confiscated vere seized and sold away . Who refused to pay taxes were humiliated by the police. ' Congress session- Chandni chowk in Delhi and passed 4 resolutions in 10 mins 1. Poorna Sawaraj 2. Support to civil disobedience 3. Faith in Gandhi's leadership 4. Adoption of non-violence


  7. Communal Award 1932 . Announced on 4th august 1932 Seats from different sections, castes and communities were reserved in provincial legislative assemblies Communal electoral system was widened Workers, traders, industrialists, landlords, universities and women were allotted separate areas Muslims were reserved in every province . Harijans were to elect their own representatives Gandhi opposed it.


  8. . Poona Pact - british wanted to create rift between hindus and harijans; Gandhi opposed went on fast unto death. . Pt. Madan Mohan Malviya, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, C. RajaGopalacharya and Dr. Ambedkar intervened 26th sept 1932 - seats would be reserved for harijans but joint electoral systenm . Third round table conference - 17 Nov. 1932 to 24 dec 1932 46 Indian delegates took part England's labour party and congress delegates did not take part in it Decisions published in white paper (GOI act 1935) . Suspension of the movement 8 June, 193-4


  9. Third Phase: Third phase ; 1 august 1933 AD to 20 may 1934 which is called period of individual satyagraha On July 1933, Gandhi called a special session to discuss Should civil disobedience be suspended unconditionally Should it be suspended for limited period Provision agreement signed?? Gandhi was arrested but on 4 august was released on condition that he would stay in Poona. Again arrested for violations and sentenced to jail for one year. Congress and non-congress leaders severely criticized Gandhi for suspension of movement.


  10. COMMUNAL POLITICS Causes for the rise of communal politics . Muslims lost sovereignty Backwardness of Muslims The Wahabi movemert . Religious movements among the Hindus . Separate educational institutions of various communities . British policy of divide and rule . Diplomacy of lord Minto Foundation of Muslim League


  11. Communal award and the act of 1935 AID . Elections of 1937 and formation of congress ministries Demand for Pakistan


  12. Account of Quit India Movement Programme of the movement . Arrest of the congress leaders Spread of the movement Nature of the movement- became national movement . Repressive policy of the govt Contribution of Gandhiji . Gandhiji's historic fast e Impact of Quit India Movement


  13. Thank you very much Knowledge is the new Curency A T E REVIEw & REcOM SHARE