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Nature and Aims of Congress
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In this lesson Ashna talks about the nature and aims of Congress, first session of the Congress in Bombay and the objectives of Congress as laid by womesh Chandra Banerjee.

Ashna Sisodia is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Ashna Sisodia
A passionate teacher, having scored 125+ in the prelims and 140 in Essay Paper and 110+ each in GS 2 and GS 3 in the UPSC Mains 2017.

Unacademy user
mam in case of convention of conservatism provisions are made for future losses cause of this liabily uncreses.........so mam it will be sound position for business??? cause liability increase hori hai???
Madhuri Khatri
8 months ago
Hi Preeti because of this convention, all future losses are provided for. So it understates the profits as profits are diverted to create provisions. And this results in creation of secret reserve. Means profits in books show not sound position, but in actual position will be sound. :)
  1. 900 Course : Modern History (Pre & Mains) Integrated Approach Presented by: Ashna Sisodia


  2. About Me . Verified Educator at Unacademy . From Chandigarh, India An Educator at Unacademy since October 2016 Appeared in UPSC CSE Mains 2017 and scored 140 Political Science and International Relations Optional for Mains 2019 . Ashna Sisodia 0 da . Scored 125+ in Prelims 2017 . CSE Btech from UIET, Courses Made so Far Scored 125ssin paper s20110 marks each in GS 2 and 3 . n this Course, Ashna Sisodia will comprehensvely cover complete Poltical Science and Internatonal Relatons te form of nes and eaborateeroan topex, which wil be helpful India Yearbook 2018 and Learning Maps quickly in 25 Lessons Nuclear security Doctrine IR & PSIFR World History - Module 1 and The Hindu June MCQs The Hindu Weekly Killer Course June 2018 Crash Course on International Organizations and International Relations Teaching Ancient History and Answer Writing on Geography Mains the notes wil also be provided in English


  3. Rise of political consciousness and Indian national congress


  4. BIRTH OF INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS .A.O Hume-foundation of congress; INC Born in 1885 Retired I.C.S. officer was born in 1829 Joined company in 1849 During mutiny of 1857, Mr. Hume helped the govt. Wanted to safeguard the interests of British empire. Congress- as safety valve for popular discontentment - To work for social, political and mental growth of Indians - Central association aimed at political consolidation c and wanted congress to play the role of opposition Lord Dufferin - sympatheti party as it plays in England


  5. A.O Hume plans- after retirement in 1882- to establish national unity among the Indians. Lord Ripon assisted him. Open letter to the Calcutta university- toured various places In 1885, met Lord Dufferin in Shimla and went to England First session was to be held in Poona but shifted to Bombay due to outbreak of cholera graduates of Allan Octavian Hume Lord Ripon


  6. Nature and aims of congress . Congress belonged to middle class people Lacked participation of common people Landlords had no sympathy Critics: - Dominated by Hindus-communal association Prominent leaders - Sir Feroze Shah Mehta and DadaBhai Nauroji - Parsis Badru-din-Tayyabji - Muslims Vision- all Indian DadaBhai Naroji Badrudin Ta . First session of congress in Bombay - Gokul das Tejpal Sanskrit College in 1885 3 day session First Pres. - Womesh Chander bannerji Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee (or Umesh Chandra Banerjee) Feroze shah mehta


  7. . To encourage mutual contacts and friendship among nationalist activists living in different parts of India To strengthen the feeling of national, without any regard to caste, color and creed Aims of . To deliberate over important social issues and to listen to the views of educated youth and to collect them. To determine policies and programmes for the next 12 months on the basis of which people's interests be protected


  8. FIRST PHASE OF NATIONAL MOVEMENT-PERIOD OF MODERATES 1885-1905 A.D Fourth SessionFifth Session Bombay in 1889- asked govt to ntroduce reforms Second Allahabad in 1888- venue by maharaja of Darbhanga First session Held in bombay on 28 Third Session Madras in 1887 session Calcutta - Dec 1886 december, 1885 President was womesh chander bannerji President-Dada Bhai Nauroji Lord Dufferin hosted Garden Party


  9. First phase of Indian national congress (1885-1905) was an age of Moderate nationalists Not a revolutionary organization. Influenced by English Ideology, literature and culture Programme of congress; age of moderates 1885-1905 A.D Aim was not to liberate the country from foreign rule In favour of reforms and wanted to appeal Adopted non-violent and constitutional methods


  10. Criticism of the economic policies of British G overnment English exploited India Opposed foreign investment in tea and coffee estates, cultivation of Indigo and Jute Drain of wealth Accused Britishers of India's poverty, economic backwardness, agriculture and decline of small scale industries Buying raw materials at cheap rate Converted India into British colony


  11. ADMINISTRATIVE REFORMS Indians should be appointed on high posts Indian should be appointed on high military posts More powers and rights should be given to local bodies Executed and judiciary be separated restriction on press be ended Arms act be suspended Land revenue should be reduced


  12. Defense of civil rights Methods of moderates Humble and peaceful policy Freedom of the press Freedom of speech and expression Favour of reforms through constitutional means Freedom to form organization Depends on public meeting, speeches and newspaper to prepare public opinion


  13. Thank you very much Knowledge is the new Currency REVIEW E OH SHARE