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First Phase of Civil Disobedience Movement
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In this lesson Ashna talks about the first phase of civil disobedience movement.

Ashna Sisodia is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Ashna Sisodia
PSIR Optional Faculty, having scored 125+ in the prelims and 140 in Essay Paper and 110+ each in GS Papers in the UPSC Mains 2017.

U
Unacademy user
  1. 900 Course : Modern History (Pre & Mains Integrated Approach Presented by: Ashna Sisodia


  2. About Me . Verified Educator at Unacademy . From Chandigarh, India An Educator at Unacademy since October 2016 . Appeared in UPSC CSE Mains 2017 and scored 140 Political Science and International Relations Optional for Mains 2019 Ashna Sisodia 0 marks in Essay paper and 110 marks each in GS 2 and 3 . Scored 125+ in Prelims 2017 . CSE Btech from UIET, Courses Made so Far: n this Course, Ashna Sisodia will comprehensvely cover complete Poltical Science and Internatonal Relatons the form of nes and eaborateeroan topex, which wil be helpful . India Yearbook 2018 and Learning Maps quickly in the notes wil also be provided in English 25 Lessons Nuclear security Doctrine IR & PSIR . World History - Module 1 and The Hindu June MCQs The Hindu Weekly Killer Course - June 2018 Crash Course on International Organizations and International Relations . Teaching Ancient History and Answer Writing on Geography Mains


  3. STRUGGLE FOR FREEDOM 1919-1947 AD


  4. CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE MOVEMENT First phase ; 12 march, 1930 AD to 5 march 1931 AD; . Gandhi ji Dandi march to break the salt lavw Message of self-renunciation, truth, Non-violence and patriotism . Programme of the Movement: before arrest of Gandhi on 9 April 1930 . Salt law violation Picketing Foreign clothes should be burnt Boycott govt schools Govt servants resignation Cotton thread prepared on spinning wheel Hindus shunning untouchability Members of assemblies tendering resignation . Boycott govt courts


  5. Efforts to popularize the movement: National songs sung Organization of morning processions . Distribution of printed literature . Congress leaders visit Monkey army and cat army . Progress of the movement : (conducted with Non-violence & Morality) . Salt law broken . In Bengal, sedition law was violated . Strikes were organized . Women participation . Foreign clothes were set on fire . Picketing Govt servants resigned . Students bovcotted govt school:s


  6. Government's reaction: Initially did not bother and made fun of it Satyagrahis were fired at. . Resorted to repression and violence Property confiscated . Relatives heavily fined . Press was gagged 67 newspapers and 55 printing presses Gandhi's Navyug Press was locked In April 1930, revolutionaries attacked police armoury of chitagong Peshawar -people set fire to van, Garhwali regiment refused to fire - court martialed


  7. First Round Table conference . Simon commission report published on 27 may 1930 All Indian pol parties rejected it . Round table conference was organized 12 nov 1930; inaugurated by Emperor of England Presided by Ramsay Macdonald - PM . 89 delegates from India, Muslim league, Hindu Mahasabha and other pol parties Congress did not take part in it Remained inconclusive . Ended on 19 nov 1930


  8. . Gandhi Irwin pact - govt lifted the restrictions on congress executive. Gandhiji was released from jails along with others. On 5th march 1931, a pact was signed. Govt agreed to release all political leaders Withdraw repressive measures Villages on sea-coast allowed to make salt . Confiscated property restored Peaceful picketing allowed . Leniency with resigned servants . Congress would withdraw civil disobedience movement Agreed to take part in second round table conference


  9. Second Phase Second phase ; Gandhiji return from England i.e 4 January 1932 AD to 8 may 1933 AD . Second round table conference 7 sept 1931 . Gandhi led congress delegation . Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs participated . Viceroy tried to defame congress . Gandhi demanded responsible administration at centre and provinces Muslims demand of communal electorate system . Heated discussion on communal problem . 11 sept 1931 end of conference, Gandhi returned to India Revival of Civil disobedience movement Progress of the movement -3rd Jan 1931 Govt restored repressive measures to crush the movement . Congress leaders arrested again, offices raided and records confiscated . Congress had neither money nor leaders . In first 4 months - 80,000 agitators put behind bars


  10. Repressive policy of the govt Inflicted atrocities Congress was declared unlawful . Offices were sealed .Newspapers were banned Public meetings banned Lands w Agitator's house confiscated vere seized and sold away . Who refused to pay taxes were humiliated by the police. ' Congress session- Chandni chowk in Delhi and passed 4 resolutions in 10 mins 1. Poorna Sawaraj 2. Support to civil disobedience 3. Faith in Gandhi's leadership 4. Adoption of non-violence


  11. . Poona Pact - british wanted to create rift between hindus and harijans; Gandhi opposed went on fast unto death. . Pt. Madan Mohan Malviya, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, C. RajaGopalacharya and Dr. Ambedkar intervened 26th sept 1932 - seats would be reserved for harijans but joint electoral systenm . Third round table conference - 17 Nov. 1932 to 24 dec 1932 46 Indian delegates took part England's labour party and congress delegates did not take part in it Decisions published in white paper (GOI act 1935) . Suspension of the movement 8 June, 193-4


  12. COMMUNAL POLITICS Causes for the rise of communal politics . Muslims lost sovereignty Backwardness of Muslims The Wahabi movemert . Religious movements among the Hindus . Separate educational institutions of various communities . British policy of divide and rule . Diplomacy of lord Minto Foundation of Muslim League


  13. QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT 1942-44 A.D Circumstances leading to the movement 1935-42 A.D Formation of congress ministries and their resignations Muslim league observes day of deliverance Peasants and labourers movements Development of socialistic ideas States peoples movements Growth of communalism August declaration Of 1940 Cripps mission . Discontentment among the masses Change in the ideas of Gandhiji


  14. Account of Quit India Movement Programme of the movement . Arrest of the congress leaders Spread of the movement Nature of the movement- became national movement . Repressive policy of the govt Contribution of Gandhiji . Gandhiji's historic fast e Impact of Quit India Movement


  15. National movement 1945-47 A.D or towards independence . Wavell plan and the simla conference Trial of I.N.A officials Naval mutiny in Bombay Elections of 1946 A.D


  16. CABINET MISSION PLAN Appointment of the mission Main provisions -demand of Pakistan impracticable . 3 category of states . Province govt and autonomy in internal matters League rejected the mission plan . Direct Action Interim govt Attle's declaration . Mount batten plan Indian independence Act 1947 A.D 15th aug 1947