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Act of 1919 (Montague Chelmsford Act)- Part I
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In this lesson Ashna talks about the circumstances leading to the enactment of the act of 1919 or montague chelmsford act.

Ashna Sisodia is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Ashna Sisodia
PSIR Optional Faculty, having scored 125+ in the prelims and 140 in Essay Paper and 110+ each in GS Papers in the UPSC Mains 2017.

Unacademy user
1st World War -(1914-1918) 2nd World War -(1939-1945)
cold war - b/w USA and Russia ( 1947- 1991)
1st world war - (1914-18) 2nd world war- (1939-45)
  1. 900 Course : Modern History (Pre & Mains) Integrated Approach- Module 4 Presented by: Ashna Sisodia

  2. About Me y Ashna Sisodia y Ashna Sisodia Verified Educator at Unacademy From Chandigarh, India An Educator at Unacademy since October 2016 Appeared in UPSC CSE Mains 2017 and scored 140 marks in Essay paper and 110 marks each in GS 2 and 3 . Modern History-(Pre and Mains) Module 3 for UPSC CSE Modern History (Pre and Mains) Module 2 for UPSC CSE . 9 Lesso 50 Lessons . . . Scored 125+ in Prelims 2017 . CSE Btech from UIET, Courses Made so Far India Yearbook 2018 and Learning Maps quickly in 25 Lessons THI - Modern History - Module 1, 2 and 3 Ashna Sisodia Nuclear security Doctrine IR & PSIR World History - Module 1 and The Hindu June MCQs The Hindu Weekly Killer Course - June 2018 Crash Course on International Organizations and International Relations The Hindu Killer Course: September 2018 Modern History (Pre and Mains) for UPSC CSE

  3. Constitutional development Features CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT 1773 1935

  4. ACT OF 1919 A.D OR MONTAGUE- CHELMSFORD ACT Circumstances leading to the enactment of the act Effects of first world war Moderates felt dis satisfied Maltreatment with the Indian abroad Dis-satisfaction among the Muslims Unsatisfactory reforms of 1909 AD

  5. British defeat in Mesopotamia MAIN FEATURES OF THE ACT OF 1919 Lucknow pact and the Congress-league plan Re-alliance ol extremists and moderates Home rule movement Appointment of more Indians in central executive council rejection of Indian plans Reorganization of central legislative council Declaration of Montague

  6. Upper house of the central legislative Also called Rajya parishad Big landlords, businessmen and capitalists were given representation 60 members, 26 nominated and 34 elected COUNCIL OF STATES Permanent sabha Tenue was 5 years right to vote was limited No. of voters were very small Right to vote was based on property, tax and govt

  7. Rights and powers of the council of states 1 Fiscal powers Constitutional powers governor general use special power and pass it at first stage governor general enjoyed unlimited powers

  8. LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY 53 general constituencies . Muslims 30 Term - 3 yrs Sikhs 2 . zamindars -7 direct electoral system Limited Franchise 45 members 105 lower house elected 26 nominated official & 14 unofficial

  9. LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY Powers of the central legislative assembly Fiscal powers Constitutional powers Establishment of Divisions of subjectsdyarchy in the Provincial legislative Council =

  10. Rights and powers of legislative council Extension of communal franchise control of secretary of state Relaxation in the meofIndia Appointment of high Commissioner for , Safe guarding the interests of Indian Establishment of Narendra Mandal ! civil servants

  11. Act of 1919 setup dyarchy in provinces DYARCHY Aim was to provide training to Indians in self governed institutions What is dyarchy? Provincial Subjects Establish responsible govt in India Reserved Subjects Transferred Subjects finance and Land Revenue Justice, Law and Police Irrigation, Press and Prisons and factories etc local self govt, health and sanitation education, agriculture and public works octroi and Industries

  12. Ministers was very miserable Cooperation between both parties was difficult Dual responsibility of ministers Defects nance department was eserved subject