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First phase of national movement - moderates - (1885 - 1905)
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In this lesson Ashna talks about the first phase of national movement, annual session of Congress and programme of the Congress - age of moderates.

Ashna Sisodia is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Ashna Sisodia
PSIR Optional Faculty, having scored 125+ in the prelims and 140 in Essay Paper and 110+ each in GS Papers in the UPSC Mains 2017.

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Madhubani Painting is first GI tag of Bihar (2007). Bihar Sampark Kranti Express Train No. 12565. Thank You
  1. 900 Course : Modern History (Pre & Mains) Integrated Approach Presented by: Ashna Sisodia


  2. About Me . Verified Educator at Unacademy . From Chandigarh, India An Educator at Unacademy since October 2016 Appeared in UPSC CSE Mains 2017 and scored 140 Political Science and International Relations Optional for Mains 2019 . Ashna Sisodia 0 da . Scored 125+ in Prelims 2017 . CSE Btech from UIET, Courses Made so Far Scored 125ssin paper s20110 marks each in GS 2 and 3 . n this Course, Ashna Sisodia will comprehensvely cover complete Poltical Science and Internatonal Relatons te form of nes and eaborateeroan topex, which wil be helpful India Yearbook 2018 and Learning Maps quickly in 25 Lessons Nuclear security Doctrine IR & PSIFR World History - Module 1 and The Hindu June MCQs The Hindu Weekly Killer Course June 2018 Crash Course on International Organizations and International Relations Teaching Ancient History and Answer Writing on Geography Mains the notes wil also be provided in English


  3. Rise of political consciousness and Indian national congress


  4. FIRST PHASE OF NATIONAL MOVEMENT-PERIOD OF MODERATES 1885-1905 A.D Fourth SessionFifth Session Bombay in 1889- asked govt to ntroduce reforms Second Allahabad in 1888- venue by maharaja of Darbhanga First session Held in bombay on 28 Third Session Madras in 1887 session Calcutta - Dec 1886 december, 1885 President was womesh chander bannerji President-Dada Bhai Nauroji Lord Dufferin hosted Garden Party


  5. First phase of Indian national congress (1885-1905) was an age of Moderate nationalists Not a revolutionary organization. Influenced by English Ideology, literature and culture Programme of congress; age of moderates 1885-1905 A.D Aim was not to liberate the country from foreign rule In favour of reforms and wanted to appeal Adopted non-violent and constitutional methods


  6. Criticism of the economic policies of British G overnment English exploited India Opposed foreign investment in tea and coffee estates, cultivation of Indigo and Jute Drain of wealth Accused Britishers of India's poverty, economic backwardness, agriculture and decline of small scale industries Buying raw materials at cheap rate Converted India into British colony


  7. CONSTITUTIONAL REFORMS . Passed resolution to increase no. of members of legislative councils . Pass Indian council Act of 1892 . No Taxation without representation


  8. ADMINISTRATIVE REFORMS Indians should be appointed on high posts Indian should be appointed on high military posts More powers and rights should be given to local bodies Executed and judiciary be separated restriction on press be ended Arms act be suspended Land revenue should be reduced


  9. ADMINISTRATIVE REFORMS Land laws should be change to save peasants Provide irrigational facilities to farmers Reduce tax on salt and cotton Cottage industries should be encouraged Repressive laws should be abolished Institution of higher education Work for public welfare and Security of Indians


  10. Defense of civil rights Methods of moderates Humble and peaceful policy Freedom of the press Freedom of speech and expression Favour of reforms through constitutional means Freedom to form organization Depends on public meeting, speeches and newspaper to prepare public opinion


  11. Estimate of the services of the moderates Services afDetmine their work Create atinUnite people of different Main objective was unity and can not beand policies modcraicsand policisTrue patriots eua uut be accord. to the True patriots among Indians castes organization lgnored need of time