Ashna Sisodia is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
900 Course : Modern History (Pre & Mains) Integrated Approach Presented by: Ashna Sisodia
About Me . Verified Educator at Unacademy . From Chandigarh, India An Educator at Unacademy since October 2016 Appeared in UPSC CSE Mains 2017 and scored 140 Political Science and International Relations Optional for Mains 2019 . Ashna Sisodia 0 da . Scored 125+ in Prelims 2017 . CSE Btech from UIET, Courses Made so Far Scored 125ssin paper s20110 marks each in GS 2 and 3 . n this Course, Ashna Sisodia will comprehensvely cover complete Poltical Science and Internatonal Relatons te form of nes and eaborateeroan topex, which wil be helpful India Yearbook 2018 and Learning Maps quickly in 25 Lessons Nuclear security Doctrine IR & PSIFR World History - Module 1 and The Hindu June MCQs The Hindu Weekly Killer Course June 2018 Crash Course on International Organizations and International Relations Teaching Ancient History and Answer Writing on Geography Mains the notes wil also be provided in English
Significant developments after independence
Short comings in the industrial development in planning Existence of gap between target and actual performance Inadequate rate of growth of industrial development . Unstable industrial growth rate Excess capacity in industries .Emergence of monopolistic tendencies in industrial ownership and control Less employment opportunities generated . Growth of small industries ignored . Poor performance of public sector enterprises . Industrial sickness . More capital investment in low priority industries . Absence of balance regional industrial development .Low contribution of industries in national income
PROBLEMS AND OBSTACLES OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA . Lack of capital . Lack of entrepreneurs .Lack of skilled personnel Lack of basic facilities Lack of industrial climate .Lack of industrial discipline Lack of agricultural development Lack of full utilization of production capacity Lack of regional industrial balance Excessive control of states on industries Poor efficiency of industrial units Elite oriented industrial production .
MEASURES UNDERTAKEN BY THE GOVT FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF INDUSTRIES IN INDIA Industrial development and regulation Act .Establishment of industrial financial institutions Transport communication and electricity facilities Establishment of basic and heavy industries Protection against foreign competition . . Special facilities for encouraging industries in backward areas .Encouragement to foreign capital . Delicensing of industries Import substitution board . Technical development fund . Solution of sick industrial units Standardization of industrial products Industrial estates .
AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT . Cultivate crops in the field by farmers is called agriculture Primary Activities consist of to grow crops , to plough ,level them, sowing, watering etc Secondary consist the production of agrobased allied goods eg cattle breeding, pig breeding etc .
IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE IN INDIAN ECONOMY Mai in source of employment Contribution to national income Food for population and fodder for cattle Contribution of agriculture to industries . . Importance of agricultural goods in internal and external trade of India . Source of income of the traders and transporters Source of income of the govt Agriculture serves as a shock absorber Agriculture sector supplies healthy manpower for Indian army Agriculture is a way of life .
First five year plan and agricultural development Objectives Increase in area under cultivation Popularization of modern methods of agriculture Expansion of irrigation facilities Credit facilities Land reforms Achievements Increase in food production - Increase in area under irrigation Land reforms Improvement in methods of cultivation Decline in prices
Second five year plan and agricultural development Objectives Reclamation of land Irrigation Modern methods of agriculture Reduction in unequal distribution of land Use of modern inputs Credit facilities Achievements - Increase in agricultural production Increase in irrigation Distribution of surplus land -Modernization ofagriculture Spread of credit facilities Increase in prices and inputs of food
GOVT MEASURES FOR OVER ALL AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT UNDER PLANS Increase in public investment in agriculture Increase in agricultural production Increase in the yield of crops Increase in rate of growth of agriculture i. pre-green revolution period ii. post-green revolution period Increase in area under cultivation Institutional changes in Indian agriculture i. Abolition of zamindari system ii. Ceiling in land holdings iii. Consolidation of holdings 1V. Tenancy reforms v. Bhoodan movement