GREAT MASE RS LI TE RAT UR E DESIGNED BY SOURABHA AL JRFNET
WOLE SOYINKA 1934
HEATRETERRA WOLE SOXINKS wote Soyinka EAT ND THE KING'SS ORSEMAN DANC FORESTS OF THE AHRAGU BELLO WAY VICTOWAL BAND TIME: 3R6PM ATE: 3080
A DANCE OF THE FORESTS 1960 Wole Soyinka wrote A Dance of the Forests as part of the celebration of Nigeria's independence. The story tells of a group of bickering Yoruba mortals who summon up sacred spirits of their ancestors to take part in a festival. However, in the end they realize that their ancestors were equally squabbling ones. The play begins with a Dead Man and a Dead Woman, a captain and his wife in a past life, who were sent by Aroni, a god to the Gathering of the Tribes. They have come with permission from the Forest Head in the place of forefathers that the tribe people have asked for. .
The Man and Woman were killed by an Emperor by the name of Mata Kharibu and his Queen, nicknamed Madame Tortoise. Now we are introduced to a few characters Rola, the queen from the previous life, a former prostitute; Adenebi, a court historian of the Emperor Mata Kharibu, now a council orator; Agboreko a soothsayer in past life as well asthis life; Demoke who is now a carver but was once a poet; Obaneji, who is actually the Forest Head disguised in human form. A wayward spirit Eshuoro comes and charges Demoke for the murder of Oremole, his own apprentice. Ogun, the god of carvers however stands up for Demoke against Eshuoro's claim.
. We come to learnt that the Dead man was a soldier in the court of Mata Kharibu. He had denied to go to war against another tribe because Kharibu had taken the tribe leader's wife, Madame Tortoise. All of the characters from the later life are seen as the counselors of Kharibu not helping the soldier who is castrated and given to a slave dealer. The pregnant wife of the soldier is also brought to the court for the punishment. The forests are then smoked out by because of a petrol truck allowed. The Forest head also exits knowing that he is alone and helpless in his fieht for people to have revealed thelir sin.
KONGI'S HARVEST 1965 The play is based on the situation of postcolonial Africa and the political leaders of that time. The play has tow main characters, one is Oba Danlola, the earlier king who is now under preventive detention and Kongi, who wants to become a popular king. Kongi wants Oba to present him the New Yam in the festival as a token of his approval as a king, another exercise in image making. . . Kongi wanted to legitimize the ceremony because he has threat from the Traditional ruler Oba and Daodu, the budding leader of the farmers.
Kongi has appointed a spy in the guise of Organisational secretary whose main task is to create positive atmosphere about Kongi in the society. .For this purpose he has used all sort of legal and illegal ways. He is ably assisted by a bootlicking Aweris and supported by a brutal carpenters Brigade. However, the plan of Kongi is challenged by his former mistress Segi who runs a bar and at present love interest of Daodu, the nephew of Oba. Danlola is reluctant to give Yam but Segi and Daodu convinces him to pretend so that Kongi attends the public celebrations Their plan is to Kill Kongi but the plan fails and Segi's father is killed instead and she presents his head to Kongi. .
DEATH AND THE KING'S HORSEMAN 1975 . Perhaps the most popular of Soyinka's dramas, this play is based on actual incident when a Yoruba horseman was prevented from committing ritual suicide by the British authorities. However, in the preface to play, Soyinka clears up his stance and says that the play is not about 'Clash of Cultures' but about the need interaction between African and European cultures. The play is about Elesin who has come to market place on the eve of his death as his king has died and he has to follow the king to help him ascend in afterlife To market woman, he boasts of how he is not afraid of death and is prepared for his fate.
Pilkings, a typical Englishman in colonial Africa is annoyed by this ritual suicide and is in affix to decide whether to intervene in this matter or not. The district officer's wife Jane encourages him to stop this barbaric act. As such a Nigerian constable Amusa to arrest Elesin. Howevr, in the market place the women taunt Amusa and he leaves. Elesin in the meanwhile weds a girl and even consummate the marriage before his death. There is dancing and singing during which the movements of Elisen become more and more heavy and slow. . . As Amusa informs Pilking about his failure to arrest, Pilking is surprised to see Olunde. Elesin's son who has come to burv his father.
Govt. College Lecturer, JRF-NET (2003) English Teaching literature and grammar since 2001 to undergraduates , postgraduates, Net aspirants a