Toni Morrison (1931-)
. Born in Ohio, Toni Morrison is a Nobel Prize- and Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist, editor and professor. . Her original name is Chloe Anthony Wofford. . She is the first African American woman to win the Nobel Prize for Literature. Besides novels, she has also written children literature
Novels The Bluest Eye 1970 .Sula 1973. Song of Solomon 1977 Children's literature (with Slade Morrison) Tar Baby 1981. Beloved 1987 Jazz 1992. Paradise 1997. .Love 2003. A Mercy 2008. Home 2012 God Help the Child 2015. .The Big Box (1999) The Book of Mean People (2002) Who's Got Game? The Ant or the Grasshopper?, The Lion or the Mouse?, Poppy or the Snake? (2007) Peeny Butter Fudge (2009) Please, Louise (2014)
Non-fiction Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination (1992) Race-ing Justice, En-gendering Power: Essays on Anita Hill, Clarence Thomas, and the Construction of Social Reality (editor) (1992) Remember: The Journey to School Integration (April 2004) Burn This Book: PEN Writers Speak Out on the Power of the Word, editor (2009) The Origin of Others (2017) Plays Dreaming Emmett (1986) .Desdemona (2011) Short fiction Recitatif(1983) Libretto Margaret Garner (2005)
THE BLUEST EYE 1970 Divided into a prelude and four sections named after seasons, the novel begins with autumn and ends with summer. The first section of each season is narrated by Claudia MacTeer, a woman who is the central narrator of the novel The novel's protagonist is a girl named Pecola Breedlove and we are told in the prelude that she will be raped by her own father. Apart from the contrast between the Breedloves and MacTeers, there is an ironical counterpoint of Dick and Jane story (a typical White American narrative)
When Cholly Breedlove, Pecola's father, tries to burn their house down, Pecola is sent to stay with the MacTeers where Claudia and Frieda befriend Picola who is lonely, abused, and neglected. After a short stay, she is sent back to her house where she witnesses abuses and fights between her mother Pauline and father everyday. Her brother, Sammy always escapes this chaos. Pauline lavishes her love on the white family for whom she works and Picola spends most of her time with the whores, China, Poland, and Marie.
Pecola is obsessed with blue eyes as she is convinced that the blue eyes would change her life as they would make her beautiful One Saturday in spring, Cholly rapes Pecola. He rapes her a second time soon afterward. Pecola then becomes pregnant with her father's child. Desperate, She goes to a fortune-teller Soaphead Church to ask for blue eyes who uses her to kill a dog. The next time we see Pecola, she's lost her wits. She is under illusion that she has a new "friend" with whom she talks about her newly possessed 'blue eyes'.
Sula 1973 Story of two black girls Nell and Sula whose friendship from childhood to adulthood is tested by the norms of society. Located in 'Bottom' , the novel begins with the return of the war veteran Shadrack who starts the tradition of 'National Suicide Day'. Sula comes from the matriarch Eva Peace who came to Medallion town with her husband BoyBoy and her three children: Hannah, Pearl, and Ralph (Plum). Sula and Nel become very close friends in their youth. They also share a dark secret of their part in the accidental death of a young boy, Chicken Little. .
Nel gets married to Jude Greene and for a period of 10 years they do not see each other. When Sula returns she has an affair with Jude, which when revealed makes her an outcast. She has a brief affair with Ajax who is not ready to commit. Sula is devastated by his departure falls ill. Her illness brings the friends together. However they argue again and Nel leaves Sula to die alone. Shadrack is also affected by Sula's death and decide to no more celebrate National Suicide Day. The novel ends as Nel has grown old and feels deep regret for parting with Sula. . . . .
SONG OF SOLOMON 1977 Story of Milkman Dead, who becomes disappointed on finding that Human cant fly. He is the son of Macon Dead who had only one desire while living, to accumulate wealth. . Milkman's Aunt, Pilate on the other hand is a strong woman who lives with her daughter, Reba, and her granddaughter, Hagar. When Milkman grows up, egged on by his father, he robs his aunt Pilate in search of money. Instead he finds dome rocks and a human Skelton. In search of gold, Milkman now travels to his grandfather's old farm again to be disappointed. However, there he comes to know about the true history of his family.
Govt. College Lecturer, JRF-NET (2003) English Teaching literature and grammar since 2001 to undergraduates , postgraduates, Net aspirants a