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Chapter 13: John Steinbeck Part I (in Hindi)
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Discussion on John Steinbeck : On Dubious Battle, Of Mice and Men

Sourabh agarwal
Govt. College Lecturer, JRF-NET (2003) English Teaching literature and grammar since 2001 to undergraduates , postgraduates, Net aspirants a

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  1. GREAT MASE RS LI TE RAT UR E DESIGNED BY SOURABHA AL JRFNET


  2. JOHN STEINBECK 1902-1968


  3. NOBEL 1962 PRIZE THE GRAPES OF WRATH DUSTBOWL PULITZER PRIZE GREAT DEPRESSION OF MICE AND MEN


  4. Known for his social novels dealing with the economic problems of rural labour and also for his worship of the soil. Steinbeck also served as a war correspondent during World War II. His 1939 novel, The Grapes of Wrath won a Pulitzer Prize and a National Book Award. . He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1962 "for his realistic and imaginative writings, combining as they do sympathetic humour and keen social perception."


  5. CUP OF GOLD 1929 First novel of Steinbeck, it is a work of Historical Fiction. It is based on the life of a privateer Henry Morgon and his attack on Panama City in search of lady La Santa Roja. . THE PASTURES OF HEAVEN 1932 A story cycle by Steinbeck and the title is a reference to a valley discovered by a Spanish man. All twelve stories are interlinked to each other. TORTILLA FLAT (1935) The first major success of Steinbeck, it presents a group of paisanos-a small group of friends living indulgently after the end of the Great War.


  6. IN DUBIOUS BATTLE 1936 . The first of the Dustbowl trilogy. Set in Torgas Valley, the novel presents Mac McLeod, a labour organiser and Jim Nolan, a fruit picker. They both try to manage a a labor strike against the capitalist owners of apple orchards. A conflict over wages is going on between the owners of apple orchards and Mac brings Jim to the site to show the injustice of the owners. Here, the young daughter of a worker, London, is about to give birth and Mac assisted her in the delivery. As Mac gains influence with the workers, he starts to egg them for calling a strike for better wages. However, it is not an easy task because the owners have vigilantes everywhere and the workers are in the dire need of the work.


  7. . After much persuasion, a strike at last is called, however, Mac uses Jim sparingly. On the very first night of the strike, Jim is shot in the arm and Mac decides to limit his involvement. Jim is very much impressed with the organisational skills of Mac specially, how he is able to manipulate the men. . However, the strike fails as the land where the workers set the camp is taken back from them under the pressure of the orchard owners. There is an ambush in which Jim is killed and Mac brings his dead body for the strikers to see and to use it as an incentive to stay united.


  8. Of Mice and Men 1937 Based on his own experiences working alongside migrant farm workers as a teenager in the 1910s, it is the second work of the Dustbowl Trilogy. The title is taken from Robert Burns' poem "To a Mouse". . The novella features, George Milton and Lennie Small, two migrant farm workers, who are walking toward a ranch near Salinas river, California. George is quick and smart, while Lennie is huge, strong, and mentally disabled. As they lie down for rest, George tells Lennie about the farm one day they will own. . They also talk about how Lennie got in the trouble at the last ranch. . At the ranch, they meet Candy, a man with a single hand and the boss.


  9. On the farm, they also meet Curley, the boss' cruel son and his flirty wife. They also meet two other farm hands, Slim and Carlson. Slim's dog has just given birth to puppies. . To show his friendship, Slim gives a puppy to Lennie and George tells Slim how at the last ranch, Lennie was accused of raping a woman whom he had just touched. Carlson shoots the old dog of Candy promising a puppy. Candy offers help to George in purchasing the farm he intends to owe. During the conversation, Curley enters and everybody begins to tease him about his wife. .


  10. Curley becomes upset with Lennie and slaps him, stunned Lennie on a hint from George breaks Curley's hand. One afternoon while Lennie is sitting alone and feeling remorse about accidently killing his puppy, Curley's wife comes there. She tells of her unfulfilled dream of becoming an actress and allows Lennie to touch her hair. Lennie, instead, starts pulling her hair hard and as she resists and try to push him away, he inadvertently kills her. . .