GREAT MASE RS LI TE RAT UR E DESIGNED BY SOURABHA AL JRFNET
WOLE SOYINKA 1934
-1986 FIRST AFRICAN Ak : The Years of to win NOBEL Childhood PRIZE YORUBA Europe Theatre Tribe Prize NIGERIA 2017
Akinwande Oluwole Soyinka is a Nigerian playwright and political activist who was the first African to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1986 Soyinka skilfully blends Western elements with subject matter and dramatic techniques rooted in the Yoruba folklore and religion From 1960 to 1964 Soyinka was the co-editor of Black Orpheus, an important literary journal. From 1960 onward he has taught literature and drama at various Nigerian universities like those of Ibadan, Ife, and Lagos. He has long been a staunch supporter of Nigerian democracy. His political activism caused him imprisonment and exile. e e e o
MAJOR WORKS THE SWAMP DWELLERS (1958) THE LION AND THE JEWEL (1959) THE TRIALS OF BROTHER JERO (1960) A DANCE OF THE FORESTS(1960) THE STRONG BREED (1964) KONGI'S HARVEST (1964) MADMEN AND SPECIALISTS (1970) JERO'S METAMORPHOSIS (1973) DEATH AND THE KING'S HORSEMAN (1975) THE BEATIFICATION OF AREA BOY (1996) KING BAABU (2001)
Novels The Interpreters(1964) Memoirs Season of Anomy (1972) The Man Died: Prison Notes (1971) Ak : The Years of Childhood(1981) lbadan: The Penkelemes Years: a memoir 1946-65 (1989) Isara: A Voyage around Essay (1990) You Must Set Forth at Dawn (2006) Poetry collections Telephone Conversation (1963) (appeared in Modern Poetry in Africa) Idanre and other poems (1967) A Big Airplane Crashed Into The Earth (original title Poems from Prison) (1969)
THE LION AND THE JEWEL 1959 . The play is set in a village of Nigeria. Baroka known as the lion is the Bal or chieftain of Ilujinle, a Yoruba Village. He vies for the love of Sidi, popularly known as the Jewel. The play opens as Sidi is carrying a pail of water on her head and Lakunle, a western-educated schoolteacher, chides her for doing such menial jobs. Lakunle tells her that women are less intelligent than men because of their small brains. He also tells her soon the village will have machines to do all the hard work and thus can become a city like Lagos, which is an entirely modern city.
e Lakunle next asks Sidi to marry him telling her about intense love for her. Sidi tells her that she'd marry him only if he is ready to pay bride price. . Lakunle says that it is abarbaric practice and instead forcefully kisses her. . Some village girls tell Sidi that her pictures have appeared in a magazine where she is presented in a better manner than Baroka. Sidi declares that she's more powerful than Baroka and has no reason to marry Lakunle. When Baroka watches Sidi along with other girls dancing, he thinks of marrying her. His senior wife Sadiku informs Sidi about her husband's intention to honour Sidi by marrying her. Sidi however pokes fun of Baroka's old age and says she is more popular. Sadiku also tells her about Baroka's impotency .
While Sidi and Sadiku secretly make a plan to thwart Baroka, Lakunle argues with Sadiku about his plans of modernity that for him are best for the village. Sidi then encounters Baroka who is enjoying wrestling to make himself stronger. He bewares Sidi to not believe any of Sadiku's stories. He also informs her that he also wants to modernize and that he and the teacher should work together. Sadiku and Lakunle eagerly waits for Sidi's return watching a mummers performance. They dance the story of Baroka's downfall, and Baroka is portrayed as a comical character. o . .
Sidi returns sobbing telling that Sadiku was wrong about Baroka's . impotency and that he has raped her. Despite her being not a virgin any more, Lakunle is ready to marry her. Sidi asks him if he is earnest and as he affirms his proposal, she starts her marriage preparation. However, as the time for the ceremony comes near, Lakunle begins to feel hesitation and Sidi realizing her dilemma tells him that to marry Baroka is only alternative left to her. Sadiku blesses her and asks the gods for fertility. .
Govt. College Lecturer, JRF-NET (2003) English Teaching literature and grammar since 2001 to undergraduates , postgraduates, Net aspirants a