GREAT MASE RS LI TE RAT UR E DESIGNED BY SOURABHA AL JRFNET
TENNESSEE WILLIAMS 1911-1983
Born as Thomas Lanier Williams is one of the greatest American dramatists of the 20th Century as one of the founders of the "New Drama." . His dramatic world showcases human frustration in which under the atmosphere of romantic gentility, there is complex issue of sex and violence. Most of his plays have characters drawn from his personal life as his rural background, his homosexuality, and his relationships with members of his family especially with his sister Rose, were the strongest personal factors shaping Williams's dramas
Major plays The Glass Menagerie (1944) A Streetcar Named Desire (1947) Summer and Smoke (1948) The Rose Tattoo (1951) Camino Real (1953) Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1955) Orpheus Descending (1957) Suddenly Last Summer (1958) Sweet Bird of Youth (1959) Period of Adjustment (1960) The Night of the Iguana (1961) The Eccentricities of a Nightingale (1962, rewriting of Summer and Smoke) The Milk Train Doesn't Stop Here Anymore (1963) The Mutilated (1965) The Seven Descents of Myrtle (1968, Kingdom of Earth) e e
In the Bar of a Tokyo Hotel (1969) Will Mr. Merriweather Return from Memphis? (1969) Small Craft Warnings (1972) The Two-Character Play (1973) This Is (An Entertainment) (1976) Vieux Carr (1977) A Lovely Sunday for Creve Coeur (1979) Clothes for a Summer Hotel (1980) Something Cloudy, Something Clear (1981) A House Not Meant to Stand (1982) . . . In Masks Outrageous and Austere (1983) Novels The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone (1950) Moise and the World of Reason (1975) e
The Glass Menagerie 1944 Much of the play is based on Williams' 1943 short story "Portrait of a Girl in Glass." It is a 'memory play', as all the events are presented as the memories of the play's narrator, Tom Wingfield. The play begins with Wingfield apartment, located in a lower-class tenement building in St. Louis as Tom is standing near the fire escape addressing the audience. He takes us to nineteen-thirties when he worked in a warehouse to support his mother, Amanda, and his sister, Laura. Their father had abandoned them long ago with just a postcard reading "Hello- Goodbye!'". .
Tom makes us see the family sitting at dinner with Amanda regaling Tom and Laura with memories of her youth as a Southern belle in Blue Mountain, courted by scores of gentleman callers. Though Amanda has admitted Laura in a business school but she spends most of her time wandering in zoo. She also is possessive about her glass menagerie, a collection of glass figurines. Amanda is disappointed with this indifference of Laura and asks her to meet Jim, she deems a suitable match for her. Frustrated with his job and life, Tom finds compensation in writing poetry and try to stay away from home as much as possible. . .
.This causes lot of heated arguments between Tom and Amanda, during one of such arguments, tom accidently shatters some glass articles from Amanda's collection. However, both reconcile thinking about gentle Laura as Amanda beseeches Tom to find a good match for his sister. Finally, tom brings Jim home who had been a college crush of Laura. Though Amanda is overjoyed, Laura seems terrified and disinterested in Jim. As Tom has paid the fees to join Merchant Marines without the knowledge of both Amanda and Laura, light goes out because of dues.
In the candle light, Laura finally somewhat relaxes in the company of Jim. . .She recalls how at High School, they used to call her, 'Blue Roses'. Laura shows Jim her glass collection and lets him hold the glass unicorn, her favourite, however, during dancing with her, Jim accidently breaks it. To the great embarrassment of Laura, Jim reveals that he has a fianc e, Laura, devastated, gives him the broken glass unicorn as a souvenir. As Laura blames Tom for this embarrassment, Tom explains that he got fired from his job. Though he wants to leave them, he cannot leave his emotional ties behind. In his closing monologue, he admits that he cannot escape the memory of his sister. . . .
Govt. College Lecturer, JRF-NET (2003) English Teaching literature and grammar since 2001 to undergraduates , postgraduates, Net aspirants a