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HINDI EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS IN LESS THAN 10 MIN Presented By Deepanstau Sn rd chrome
ABOUT ME . Educator Educator @ unacademy . B.Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) .Interests: Music, Quizzing, Fitness & Photography https://unacademy.com/user/deepanshu.n.singh NTSE and Debating Champion Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains RATE REVIEW RECOMMEND
EDITORIALS COVERED IN TODAY'S LESSON The Hindu - When women eat last -What is special about special courts? . The rediscovery of urban India Indian Express - Quotas are for justice, not to plug job holes " Quota demands will only grow with jobless growth Livemint Andhra Pradesh and data-based governance data-based governance
QUESTIONS FOR ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE - Suggest ways to address malnourishment levels in children in India and how important is changing attitudes towards women will help in this? Discuss
IE- QUOTAS ARE FOR JUSTICE, NOT TO PLUG JOB HOLES AND QUOTA DEMANDS WILL ONLY GROW WITH JOBLESS GROWTH (GS-1/2) o Demand of reservation by Dominant castes lately- list of Socially and Educationally Backward Classes (SEdBCs) and provisions for reservation on that basis. This is in conflict with the Constitution. o According to a 2016 report of the Labour Bureau, 42 per cent of the rural population is underemployed. This causes a flow of migrants to towns and cities-declining From 6,40,000 in 2009 to 1,17,000 in 2014, in spite of a 7 to 8 per cent growth rate o Capitalism- no real benefit of FDI in job creation-they are precarious and do not pay well o National and state backward class commissions have found that these communities are not socially and educationally backward and not inadequately represented in the services. The Constitution provides reservation for three social classes: Scheduled Castes (SCs), victims of "untouchability"; Scheduled Tribes (STs), sufferers of isolation under vulnerable "tribal" conditions with all-round deprivation and disadvantage; Socially and Educationally Backward Classes, victims of "social backwardness", a low position in the traditional caste hierarchy and linkages with "lowly" traditional occupations. o Economically upward classes- No such class is recognised by the Constitution because their poverty is not the outcome o the traditionally iniquitous social system o Need for reservation-adopted in the presidencies and princely states of the peninsula well before Independence.
IE- QUOTAS ARE FOR JUSTICE, NOT TO PLUG JOB HOLES AND QUOTA DEMANDS WILL ONLY GROW WITH JOBLESS GRoWTH (GS-1/2) o Reservation is not a programme for the removal or amelioration of poverty and unemployment. It was instituted to remove the imbalance in governance and administration, the monopoly of a few castes and the exclusion of castes that account for the vast majority of the population Reasons cited by SAC against reservation-fragmentation of lands and difficulties faced by certain industries, agriculture, jobless growth o Governments, ruling and opposition parties are falling into a position versus the nation and its Constitution Ruling parties find it is easier to blame the judiciary rather than create jobs o Governments should facilitate small and medium enterprises which have a labour intensity about four times that of large firm, but by ignoring agriculture (and reducing the budget of the MGNREGA) and the SMEs (which are not protected from competition by big firms any more), they aggravate the job problem
TH-1 WHEN WOMEN EAT LAST (Gs-1/2) o Why are Indian women so malnourished? poverty and sanitation play a role along with discrimination. The Rapid Survey on Children (2012-13) found that about 4 in 10 children are stunted and first wo years of life, child depends heavily on her mother for nutrition. In India, girls are less likely to survive infancy than boys, and if they do, parents invest less in their education. Women are far less likely to work outside the home and have their own bank accounts than men. Many report little decision-making power over their own lives. SARI (Social Attitudes Research for India) survey findings-Most of Women in India are the last to eat food-very often gets less or lower quality food than people who eat before her- Numbers reported even higher than IHDS-2011 o One in three adults in Delhi, and six in ten adults in UP said they lived in households where men eat first. Higher reporting in SARI due to Phone interviews, both men and women questioned. o widespread in Delhi and U.P, and that it has important implications for a child's health What can be done about it-No clarity on it, However, o Govt. needs to promote Gender equality (Beti Bachao, sabla, PMUY etc), awareness and publicity. o Encourage education for girls-SSA, Beti bachao, beti padhao, discouraging dowry, supporting marriage choice, and raging female labour force participation.
TH-2 THE REDISCOVERY OF URBAN INDIA (GS-3) o Rapid Urbanization- need to build 22 new Bengalurus besides recasting the landscape of the present 4,041 cities for a better living! o Comparison of JNNURM and AMRUT and Smart Cities mission o INNURM-launched in 2005 was no doubt the first concerted effort to make a difference to the urban chaos. o Only 43 per cent projects were completed during the 10 years- most allocated to a particular state AMRUT-Citizen participation in urban planning and project prioritisation are now made mandatory-Bottom-Up o comprehensive assessment of infrastructure deficit before drawing up city-level action plans. o Ensuring water supply connections to the 2.25 crore urban households, improving sewerage networks, drainage and non-motorised urban transport, parks Smart Cities-to ensure core infrastructure, including health care and education, in an identified area besides improving service delivery across the city through information and communications technology-based solutions. The focus has shifted from a project-based approach to area-based outcomes o Urban renaissance-Credit rating of cities, municipal bonds, PPP, Online integrated single-window clearance etc. o Involvement of citizens, increased sense of ownership- augmenting SBM-Over 500 cities and towns have already become open defecation-free. o Investment of over Rs.2.75 lakh crore has been approved in just a year-Rs.50,000 crore under AMRUT, Rs.48,000 crore for smart cities and Rs.14,643 crore for making cities clean, states getting more autonomy, Coop-Fed, FFC recomm.
TH-3 WHAT IS SPECIAL ABOUT SPECIAL COURTS? (Gs-2) o Reality check of Special Courts-study by Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy-found that only three statutes provided for special courts between 1950 and 1981, whereas between 1982 and 2015, 25 statutes mandated the establishment of such courts o Several such courts were created in response to specific incidents-he largest number of special/designated courts were created between 1982 and 1992. However, there is no categorical rationale for these developments. o Setting up and designating special courts- Laws interchangeably use the terms 'set up' or 'designate' with respect to special courts- Setting up a special court may require new infrastructure and facilities, whereas a designated court merehy adds additional responsibilities to an existing court- irregular implementation by states. o Issues- Five statutes-clusters of economic offences, regulatory offences, law and order, social justice, and national security- Objective of special courts has been unclear- moreover new economic legislations have provision for special courts while previously enacted do not which have huge backlog (SC/ST-POA, NIA Act, PCA 1988 etoc) o several special courts and fast track courts being set up under POCA, NIA-designated courts inspite of Special courts o no exclusivity in "special courts', absence of rationale have rendered the notion of special court superfluous. Poor quality or complete absence of data remains a major concern o Study does reveal much scope to expand the areas of enquiry for research- what's the purpose of Special courts- if existing courts are merely designated as special courts without any new infrastructure being created? o Need of Legislature monitoring the health of special courts and examining whether their original stated purpose continues to be served
MINT: ANDHRA PRADESH AND DATA-BASED GOVERNANCE (Gs-2) " C.M.s vision- Andhra Pradesh to become one of the three best states in India by 2022 and the best state in terms of inclusive development by 2029,top ranked in WB ease of doing business " Transformative ideas-investment promotion and monitoring body like the Economic Development Board (EDB) of Singapore, and most importantly a single one-stop portal for real-time tracking of almost everything that the government does- Core Dashboard - governance model- problem-solving approach led by data, rather than instinct. KPI based data gathering -employed by Malaysia's performance management and delivery unit (Pemandu) EDB -state's investment promotion and external engagement activities like liaising with the Central government investors, multilateral agencies and India's overseas embassies. -" Core Dashboard-33 departments and other parameters, including the number of streetlights switched on, power generated daily, water levels, rainfall, tax revenue, forest plantation rates, and government revenue etc Impact-reduction in impact of droughts, ran guns" to be deployed in a targeted manner to prevent crop wilting . Monitoring of Ujala' to providing broadband, state's flagship pension scheme, called NTR Bharosa (Aadhar based) tracking, MGNREGA, rolling plan for GSDP and its monitoring-only state to do this in India. Unique steps in India- state is not just solving ground-level problems, it is also setting high-level macro targets which allow for greater recognition of progress to the public at large, adopted by Maharashtra, Haryana and Rajasthan