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HINDI EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS IN LESS THAN 1O MINUTES Presented E nh January, 2017 chrome
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EDITORIALS COVERED IN TODAY'S LESSON The Hindu .Taking 'Cold Start' out of the freezer? Stemming the moral rot within Mind the gender gap - Reaching out to Africa . Livemint Livemint - Celebrating a fertilizer success story
QUESTIONS FOR ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE " Why there is critical need of improving the Tax administration in India.? Comment.
TH: TAKING 'COLD START' OUT OF THE FREEZER? GS-2 o The Chief of Army Staff, General Bipin Rawat, appeared to drop a bombshell by acknowledging the existence of the army's Cold Start strategy as Many defence analysts presumed the army had abandoned this limited war concept altogether. o Why this issue ?- Previously, ambiguity surrounding Cold Start, which incurred real diplomatic and security costs for India without delivering deterrence benefit. What is Cold Start-developed after 2001 Parliament attacks-it is part of the army's attempt to develop a useable, conventional retaliatory option that punishes Pakistan for terrorist attacks against India without triggering wider conventional or nuclear escalation. Aim was to create division-sized formations that could rapidly mobilise and carry out short-notice, retaliatory offensives of limited duration to quickly seize and hold Pakistani territory Cold-Start was never formally accepted by Army, though-the army said they possessed a "proactive strategy from defensive "holding" corps to formations called pivot" corps. o Implications- has significantly shaped security dynamics on the subcontinent- it was thought that it would deter future terrorist attacks- but that has not been the case- (2008 mumbai, Uri, Pathankot 2016 etc) Infact-has provided a justification for Pakistan to build up, and build out, its nuclear forces, both increasing the sheer size of its nuclear arsenal ( tactical nuclear weapons) also proof of India's hostile intentions and hegemonic designs.
TH: TAKING COLD START' OUT OF THE FREEZER? GS-2 o Is it feasible? - It is one thing to carry out a raid across the Line of Control with a handful of commandos. It is quite another to undertake a major cross-border incursion by armoured formations that seeks to capture Pakistani territor The army simply lacks the materiel and organisation to implement the more aggressive versions of Cold Start. sustaining offensive operations in Pakistan requires joint operations with the air force (lack of squadrons, also army air force cooperation is also beset by inter-service dysfunction) Therefore putting India in catch-22 situation- claiming a capability that it does not have, but which provides justification for Pakistan's aggressive expansion of its conventional and nuclear forces 1. 2. 3. o Need of clarity- Creates confusion in security establishments- Cold Start's status has been murky in part due to the fact that it is an army concept that has never publicy received approval from the country's political leadership o It can lead to escalation of tension in bilateral relations with Pakistan without necessarily delivering a clear benefit o Cold Start" has thus become one of the Indian Army's biggest liabilities, put security in South-Asian region at risk.
TH: REACHING OUT TO AFRICA GS-2 o What is this article is about? -India's relation with Kenya and East African community o Why this article in the news? - Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta, has participated in the Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit as a special guest and will hold discussions with leaders in Delhi beginning January 11.This is within 6 months of Prime Minister Narendra Modi's African safari in July 2016 took him to South Africa, Mozambique, Tanzania and Kenya o India-Kenya: Strategic and economic interests is what both the countries are looking for ,with more importance on economic issues and it will be the main agenda during the summit level talks. o Kenva was the home of earliest investments for India o Bilateral trade, valued at $4.23 billion in 2014-15 o major Indian corporates, including the -Tatas, Reliance, Essar, Kirloskars and Dr. Reddy's o energy, pharmaceuticals, textiles, agriculture, health, education and financial services all these areas will benefit India,for this to be a reality India needs to approve additional Lines of Credit in strategic areas to secure mutual interests o Kenya's Look East policy: China- strengthened the relations with it and also Japan- held the sixth Tokyo International Conference on African Development Summit in August 2016 in Nairobi. This was the first TICAD summit held in Africa Both Japan and India are solid on improving ties with Africa. o East African community: Africa's Regional Economic Communities Consisting of Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and South Sudan, combined GDP of $161 billion- However FDI declined between 2006-2012.
TH: REACHING OUT TO AFRICA GS-2 India needs to balance its strategy-Kenya has established closer ties with Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi under the umbrella of the coalition of the willing", can irk Tanzania (largest member state)- India enjoys friendly and cooperative relations with all EAC members and is in a position to enhance its engagement with the region o What India needs to do- o India successfully India-Africa Forum Summit in 2015 and an unprecedented political outreach to Africa o Trumps initial policies will not focus on Africa-Great opportunity for India to build stronger ties-India's Africa policy is broadly in line with Agenda 2063, promoted by the African Union. o UN reform, counter terrorism, climate change and international solar alliance wil take longer time to show results, so we need to discuss them again and economic cooperation must be strengthened further. in Africa summit to 2020. Nairobi, with its excellent location and conference facilities, could be an ideal choice for this meeting
LIVEMINT: CELEBRATING A FERTILIZER SUCCESS STORY GS-3 o India is the world's largest importer of fertilizers- imports nearly 10 million tonnes of urea annually from global suppliers representing one-third of its domestic consumption. Large dependence on Natural gas for Urea-cost-efficient gas is vital for the viability of producing urea in India ( 80% of the cost is of Gas for Urea Production) o In spite of huge potential in K-G basin in excess of 80 trillion cubic feet, by RIL,ONGC and Gujarat PCL- haven't been able to build capacity due to various reasons and disagreement on the right price of gas. o Issues-Gas prices are sticky- The benchmark is the spot or futures price at Henry Hub, a natural gas pipeline hub in Louisiana, is quite volatile and the end price paid by someone in Japan or Abu Dhabi can be substantially different from the Henry Hub price o Subsidy burden for the Govt.($1 trillion alone)- Farmers in India pay a highly subsidized price for urea, about Rs5,000 a tonne-a subsidy of 60-70% on the international price of urea, reimbursed to the supplier (foreign or domestic) o No fresh investments, misuse and overuse is some states like Punjab affecting soil fertility. o Steps taken by Govt- Nutrient based Subsidy is a good step, to use Jan Dhan accounts for direct payment into accounts of farmers can be tricky due to most of the landless workers.
LIVEMINT: CELEBRATING A FERTILIZER SUCCESS STORY GS-3 o Reforms- o Joint venture between India and Oman to produce 1.6 million tonnes of urea in Oman which commenced 11 years o importing gas expensive- convert that gas into urea in situ, and import the urea instead, since signed a long term ago, it is completely dedicated for use in India. contract to utilize gas at less than a dollar per unit, making urea one of the most cost-efficient in the world. (link TAPI, IPI pipeline) Win-win situation for all-replicated at Chabahar port now-An Indo-Iranian joint venture to produce another million tonnes of urea using Iranian gas near the port, also being built with Indian help, for export to India. o It prima facie goes against the spirit of Make In India, but makes ultimate strategic sense also tp address India's food security by encouraging agriculture-production joint ventures.