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HINDI EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS I IN LESS THAN 10 MIN UTE Presented By Deepanstau Sn 27th January,2017 chrome
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EDITORALS COVERED IN TODAY'S LESSON The Hindu o ROLLING BACK ORDINANCE RAJ o PEACE IS A PROCESS Indian Express o AFTER THE QUAKE Livemint o CAN NEW INSOLVENCY CODE OVERCOME HUGE BACKLOG, POOR INFRASTRUCTURE?
QUESTION FOR ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE Analyse the feasibility of providing Universal Basic Income (UBI) in India. If implemented, Analyse the feasibility of p how can it be made more effective? unacademy discuss [Course] - January 2017 Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and Other Major Newspapers More > (Hindi) January 2017 Editorial Analysis of The Hindu... m Test Preparation UPSC AAS deepanshu.n.singh 17 11d m... January 2017-Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and Other Major Newspapers t5 The course w bring you in-depth analysis of important editor as torn leadng newspapers ike The Hindu, Indian Express Livemint esc which are relevant for Mans as wellas preims Pinned Topics Government examinations These w heip you in your Mans as well as prems preparation About Us Careers Terms Prvacy Contact Us Twitter Facebook created steeply 113 379 21 48 1 Frequent Posters
READ- OTHER INTERESTING ARTICLES The Hindu case for targeted basic income o Setback to climate action plans
TH: ROLLING BACK ORDINANCE RAJ GS-2 The Supreme Court recognised the power to make ordinances has been abused to subvert the democratic process- in Krzisbna Kumar Singh u. State of Bibar, made a series of pronouncements with potentially huge implications . A failure of a legislature to confirm an ordinance, therefore, in the court's ruling, was fatal both to the validity of the law, and also, unless public interest otherwise demanded, to the rights and liabilities that may have accrued from such a law . According to Justice Chandrachud, the authority to issue ordinances is not an absolute entrustment, but is "conditional upon a satisfaction that circumstances exist rendering it necessary to take immediate action"-In other words, ordinances are not immune from judicial challenge - Ordinance- . The founders' aim was always to impose a separation of power between the three recognised wings of government.-In this arrangement, the legislature (Parliament at the Centre, and the Assemblies and the Councils in the States) is tasked with the primary job of making laws. . The executive's role is to administer the country by enforcing these laws . The judiciary interprets the laws, sees if they are being followed, and, where required, reviews them to ensure that they are constitutionally compliant . The executive's power to issue ordinances, therefore, goes against this general grain of command, for it acts neither as a check nor as a balance on the authority exercised by the other branches of government.
TH: ROLLING BACK ORDINANCE RAJ GS-2 - Ambedkar said. "It ought to be 'Power to legislate when Parliament is not in session' - But had Ambedkar been around to witness the systematic dismantling of the constitutional basis for the ordinance-making power by recent governments at both the Central and State levels, it is likely that he may have renounced his earlier opinion - Problem is the-very root of the power's conferment. The clauses allowing for the power to make ordinances are an outlier in our constitutional structure. . Exceptional Measure- equally clear even from the bare text of the Constitution that the authority to issue ordinances is to be used only to meet the emergent demands of extraordinary situations-Article 123 (President) - It further provides that any ordinance shall have the same force and effect as a statute of Parliament, provided it is laid before both Houses . What's more, the ordinance so made will cease to operate at the expiration of six weeks from the reassembly of Parliament", or if Parliament at any time before the conclusion of the period passes resolutions disapproving of the ordinance - In nearly identical terms, Article 213 of the Constitution places on the Governor, acting on the advice of the Council of Ministers of his State, the power to pass ordinances on subjects of State authority In practice, however, ordinances have scarcely been used as a purely exceptional measure
TH: ROLLING BACK ORDINANCE RAJ GS-2 - Most recently, the Central executive had issued an ordinance in 2014, which it subsequently repromulgated three times without approval, to overturn significant benefits guaranteed by the land acquisition law enacted by Parliament in 2013 . Their aim clearly was to bypass the democratic requirements of argument and deliberation, and to overcome numerical shortcomings that they faced in the Rajya Sabha-What the government was doing, therefore, was to use its ordinance-making power as virtually an alternative tool of legislation Present case secice of ordinances pased by thegovernment of Biawch the State sought to take over some 429 Present case- series of ordinances passed by the government of Bihar through which the State sought to take over some 429 Sanskrit schools oJustice Chandrachud -not only repromulgated ordinances, but even ordinances issued at the first instance, are subject to judicial review. Here, he placed reliance on the celebrated S.R. B Courts-can investigate to see if there has been either a fraud or an abuse of power committed by the executive. Far-reaching implications-theory of enduring rights.court overruled two of its earlier judgments-an ordinance is distinct from a temporary legislation, and it therefore doesn't automatically create rights and liabilities that go beyond its term of operation court must examine whether the undoing of acts performed under an ordinance would run counter to pub ente est o However-a test of public interest could prove somewhat problematic in the future. There may well be cases where an ordinance creates outcomes that are manifestly irreversible, despite public interest demanding its reversing. o the court's verdict has to be seen as placing a vital check on what has until now been a power rampantly abused by the executive
IE (DISASTER MANAGEMENT): AFTER THE QUAKE This 68th Republic Day, Gujarat mourned the 16th anniversary of the worst disaster that struck the state on January 26, 2001-the massive rehabilitation and reconstruction undertaken brought a resilient Gujarat back from the rubble-Bhuj, epicentre of the earthquake, managed to emerge strong after the disaster January 26, 2001-the massive o How was this made possible? o In Bhuj's rebuilding, the Gujarat approach is widely looked at as a model for reconstruction From the recent post-earthquake reconstruction in Nepal in 2015 to the 2005 Kashmir earthquake, the Gujarat model is widely replicated o Boasts high-rise apartments, sprawling supermarkets, beauty salons, recreation centres, wide four-lane highways, a modern earthquake-resistant hospital and an operational airport o Aid workers, global experts, journalists, corporates and religious groups of every denomination live in Bhuj today o Development banks and state governments have invested vast sums in infrastructure-Land has become an attractive nvestment o Public roads: o To improve public transport, Bhuj roads were widened; this adversely affected hawkers and other occupiers of publioc space, who were evicted The 60% population of Bhuj town, who lived in 32 unauthorised pockets for over 25 years, did not receive any compensation from the government as they didn't possess requisite land entitlement (legal claim on the land)
IE (DISASTER MANAGEMENT: AFTER THE QUAKE IE (DISASTER MANAGEMENT) AFTER THE QUAKIE Earlier, these residents wanted regularisation of these pockets-but no action was taken o Bheer Bazar, earlier the centre of all commercial activities where artisans and hawkers worked, was dismantled Similarly, the Waghn community generations was also driven out, on the pretext of encroachment o Relocation in villages: o Most relocation has been done on agricultural land acquired from other villages,Some villagers either lost land or were relocated far away The new villages are also larger, this meant expensive infrastructure, again "provided" by the government Local village committees had to increase taxes, which many villagers can't afford o House allocation on the size of land holdings also created new disparities o NGOs emerged as a significant stakeholder in rehabilitation, Local self-governing bodies like panchayats and municipalities were not sufficiently empowered municipalities were not sufficienthy o Areas of Concerns Rehabilitation packages announced soon after the Bhuj disaster offered unequal treatment to various categories of earthquake-affected people The size of agricultural lands was also adopted as one of the criterias for assistance given Places nearer the epicentre received higher assistance
TH: PEACE IS A PROCESS (GS-2) Two days of talks over the war in Syria ended this week in Astana, Kazakhstan. Iran, Russia and Turkey were the main powers at the table. Kazakhstan was a perfect location for the talks, since it has close ties with both Turkey and Russia. The Syrian government and the armed opposition sat together for the first time in six years Concerns overlackofExterna!Support o The major proxies of the armed opposition Saudi Arabia, Turkey and the US _ have withdrawn, drawing towards ceasefire talks Turkey has decided that this war has spilled over into its territory, which could break the country apart o Saudi Arabia, stuck in the Yemeni quagmire, finds that its proxies can no longer compete with Russian air power The U.S., which failed to create a moderate army, now understands that the most capable fighters on the ground against the Syrian government are not to be trusted The principal dispute at the table was how to define the ceasefire o The armed opposition, led by Mohammed Alloush of Saudi Arabia's proxy, Jaysh al-Islam, wanted a national ceasefire Syria's government and the Iranians are keen to remain effectively at the local level o The two parties that are outside the ceasefire are the Islamic State (IS) and the al-Qaeda proxy, Jabhat Fatehal Sham (FS) These groups have attempted to peel away fighters from those who went to Astana, saying that the negotiators shame the 'revolution'