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28th and 29th January 2017: (Hindi) Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and other Newspapers
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[Hindi] Today's lesson covers the Editorials from The Hindu, Indian Express and Livemint. The topics discussed are- India's fight against leprosy, Major concerns related to taxation in India, and fundamentals that need to be established for a truly democratic India.

Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Deepanshu Singh
Faculty- Indian Polity and Current Affairs| UPSC CSE Reserve list 2015| Consultant-G.O.I. Loves Geography Teaching since 2015

Unacademy user
1- A cess imposed by the central government is a tax on tax , it is expected to be levied till the time the government gets enough money for that purpose. - 2- Surcharge is a charge on any tax, charged on the tax already paid . the main surcharges are that on personal income tax (on high income slabs and on super rich) and on corporate income tax. 3. A common feature of both surcharge and cess is that the centre need not share it with states. 4. The usual taxes goes to the consolidated fund of India and can be spend for any purposes. 5. Surcharge also goes to the consolidated fund of India and can be spent for any purposes. 7. Cess goes to Consolidated Fund of India but can be spend only for the specific purposes.
last sunday of January
World Leprosy Day is marked every year on the Sunday closest to 30 January. So today is the leprosy day.
Leprosy - Hansen's disease -A chronic, curable infectious disease mainly causing skin lesions (wounds) and nerve damage caused by the bacteria* Mycobacterium leprae or Mycobacterium lepromatosis
  1. HINDI EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS IN LESS THAN 1O MINUT Presented By Deepanstau Sn 28-29th January, 2017 chrome

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  4. QUESTION FOR ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE Q:- The growing synergy between India and the Middle East is a testimony to the economic and strategic importance of this region for India. Elucidate unacademy discuss [Course] - January 2017 Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and Other Major Newspapers More > (Hindi) January 2017 Editorial Analysis of The Hindu... m Test Preparation UPSC AAS deepanshu.n.singh 17 11d January 2017-Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and Other Major Newspapers m... t5 The course w bring you in-depth analysis of important editor as torn leadng newspapers ike The Hindu, Indian Express Livemint esc which are relevant for Mans as wellas preims Pinned Topics Government examinations These w heip you in your Mans as well as prems preparation About Us Careers Terms Prvacy Contact Us Twitter Facebook created steeply 113 379 21 48 1 Frequent Posters

  5. READ- OTHER INTERESTING ARTICLES The Hindu o A stomach for gut researclh o Sunday Magazine-Anatomy of a protest-Jallikattu o Pray for the birds-Vulture Conservation irn o Pray for the birds-Vulture Conservation in Nilgiris

  6. TH: WHY INDIA NEEDS TO STEP UP ITS FIGHT GS-2/3 India's fight against leprosy 16 years after being eliminated globally as a o The World Health Organization (WHO) asked South-East Asian public health issue -is far from over public health issueis far trom over countries, including India which accounted for 60% per cent of such cases worldwide in 2015, to focus on preventing disabilities in children. As per WHO, leprosy affected 2,12,000 people globally in 2015. India alone reported 121,326 new cases, accounting for 60% of new cases globally. The other high-burden countries were Brazil and Indonesia No. of cases per 100,000 population o Dismal Numbers for India below 1 o India is among the 22 countries considered as having a high burden for 1 to 9 leprosy" along with high transmission by Although leprosy affects both sexes, in most parts of the world males are affected more frequently than females, often in the ratio of 2:1, according to WHO's Global Leprosy Report. WH 10 to 30 above 30 o as an effective treatment for leprosy -multidrug therapy, or MDT has been available since the 1980s and can fully cure leprosy

  7. o How it Spreads . While the mode of transmission of leprosy is not known, the most widely held belief is that the disease was transmitted by contact between those with leprosy and healthy persons. ground. which cannot be completely ruled out - Recently, the possibility of transmission by the respiratory route is gaining - There are also other possibilities such as transmission through insects o What needs to be done?- to effectively combat stigma, a multi-sectoral approach is needed Health authorities need to reach out to and include leprosy-affected persons and communities in their programming. -Laws or regulations that sanction or abet discrimination against persons Pexos World Leprosy Day ! suffering from leprosy should be repealed . Need to counter social-attitudes, Role of NGO and civil society organisations should be included in campaigns to challenge leprosy-related stigma, and to address discrimination against affected persons and their family members - In 2016, WHO launched the Global Leprosy Strategy 2016-2020: India, has been advised to include strategic interventions in national plans to meet the new targets, such as screening all close contacts of persons affected by leprosy; promoting a shorter and uniform treatment regimen and incorporating specitic interventions against stigmatisation discrimination.

  8. IE: NO PROOF REQUIRED: TAXATION BEWARE OF THE ENEMY WITHIN A favourite all-time Indian myths is that one must increase tax rates to increase tax revenue and the tax rate on Indian corporates is too low History of tax rates: o Personal income tax rates were reduced to a three-tier structure (10-20-30%) in 1997 o The flat corporate tax rate was reduced to 35% in 1997 and 3000 (where it now stands) in 2005 o The finance ministry and budgets have come forth with additional taxes in the form of surcharges and cesses over the years, but the tax rate has been considered sacrosanct Corporate tax rate structure: The existing reality is a tax rate of 30% and an effective tax rate of 25% -the 5% gap between stated and effective tax s because of exemptions is because of exemptions o The Indian corporate sector is one of the most heavily taxed in the world o Centre of Business Taxation (CBT): CBT estimate two indicators of taxation-Effective Average Tax Rates (EATR) and Effective Marginal Tax Rate (EMTR) In 2016, India had the fourth highest EATR of 30.8% The top three are the United States, France and Argentina India ranks 7th highest with an EMTR of 22.8%

  9. IE: No PROOF REQUIRED: TAXATION BEWARE oF THE ENEMY WITHIN Rankings: p In Ease of Doing Business", for the last two years, our rank stayed constant at 130.5 (131 and 130 in 2015 and 2016 respectively) The major reason for our rank not changing is the high rate of t f th e corporate sector o The World Bank estimates that in 2016, Indian corporates paid a tax rate of 60.6 % of corporate profits This is composed of 21% corporate income tax, 4% dividend distribution tax, 15% social security contributions, 14% central sales tax, etc. Global comparision: o East Asian competitors pay an average of 35%,South Asian neighbours pay 38%, Bangladesh corporates pay 35% India's rank on tax rates 172 out of 190 countries-This is the reason why the investment rate has been steadily going down and is now close to zero for the corporate sector This is why Indian manufacturing doesn't grow and lags behind every major country in the world What can be done o If the corporate tax rate is reduced to 25%, and no cess or surcharge or removal of exemptions,then India's competitiveness will begin to improve and the "Make in India" slogan will start to have meaning If exemptions are to be removed, which they should be, then the corporate tax rate should be reduced to 20% o This is compatible with the maximum marginal personal income tax rate of 20%

  10. Will this result in declining Tax revenues will increase in this case because of increase in tax compliance revenues? o Govemment Revenue R* o A meaningful reduction in effective corporate tax rates is the o If post-demonetisation, corporate tax rates are not reduced, the o Diagram-> Laffer's curve correct follow-through to the logic, and pain, of demonetisation economy will be hurt.