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HIND EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS 22nd January, 2017 Presented By Deepanshu Singh acer
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Editorials covered in Today's lesson Indian Express It is a balloon, it is a kite It is a balloon, it is a kite e EPW Where does India stand on Right to self determination Sectarian appeals in politics
IE: It is a balloon, it is a kite GS-3 Post demon!tisation and risk of economy shrinking by 2.2% as told by Dr Manmohan, the idea of Universal basic income is getting traction Universal Basic income is unconditional social security transfer that citizen of country receives irrespective of its social, economic, political identity with no strings attached on its spending Since everyone gets basic income, there is no need for costly, corrupt, complicated surveys. It had been found that half of poor don't have BPL card while one third of non poor have it. Funding for Universal Basic income should come from money being spent on unnecessary subsidies usually cornered . . . by non-poor. Improving on tax collection can also help uphill task especially "revenue foregone" in form of tax concessions for corporate sector But it is not a novel idea for countries having comprehensive social security scheme Since India don't have any comprehensive scheme, only MNREGA bears similarity to it. UBI cannot be antidote to poverty, but economic growth so that workforce is profitably accommodated in expanding economy Argument of Basic income providing a certain level of Basic consumption is welcomed but it is equitable economic progress that would assure reduction in poverty headcount ratio. Since economic reforms of 1991, headcount ratio of poor had been halved. It was economic growth that led to increase in social security programmes especially MNREGA and National Food Security Act. . . . . .
IE: It is a balloon, it is a kite GS-3 Questions about UBI replacing other schemes, delivered to all or targeted population, resources required for scheme and most importantly level of income to be considered "Basic" needs a national discourse. Even for one fourth of population of India, providing Basic income equal to poverty line (average of Rs 40 per day), India is not prepared. It would require around 7 lakh crore budgetary expenditure. Economic survey 2015-16 estimated that around 1 lakh crore subsidies were accruing to poor. Even after freeing up this space, we can't arrange for rest 6 lakh crore Many of "Revenue foregone" are meant to achieve specific policy objectives eg SEZ, investment in specific infrastructure, etc. Answer lies in providing more jobs and foolproof system of consolidating existing social protection programmes . . .
EPW: Where does India stand on Right to self determination Right to self determination acquired currency after World War 2 when legally it was endorsed in UN charter Article 1 which talks of right to self determination in order to have international peace Development after World War 2 brought to light the understanding and expansion of human rights at international level. Right to self determination was bought under purview of human rights. . . UN General Assembly Resolution 1960,talks bringing colonialism to unconditional end. Thus, human rights, decolonization and right to self determination were seen through perspective of international peace abs cooperation. However with respect to India, our Constitution neither facilitates nor encourage right to self determination In Berubari case, SC interpreted Constitution that in order to facilitate agreement, territory can be seceded through constitutional amendment under article 368. Berubari was ceded to Pakistan after Nehru Noon agreement. India however, maintains that its position on Right to self determination is confined to specific context of foreign domination ,like colonialism. The right to self determination took legally claimable right under context to remove foreign political and economic domination The diversity of India along with constitutional imperative bring forth unique federalism that respect and safeguard regional sensibilities. Moreover, it respects individual rights and minority rights. Special concessions had been made to tribal areas considering their cultural sensibilities. For that, Nehru made Bastar declaration , also called Tribal Pachasheel in 1956 which provides for non imposition of developmental urgencies in tribal and respect for tribal culture and their land rights . .
EPW: Sectarian appeals in politics While sectarian appeal in caste, religion, community, race and language had been banned in some form in RPA 1951 but recent 7 bench Constitutional judgement in Abhiram Singh case had explicitly clarified each and every position. . Judgement in 4:3 judgement is based on interpretation of word "his" in section 123(6) RPA 1951 Majority focused on purity of election process. The minority focused on historical view of oppression and discrimination in Indian society and its need for rectification through politics. In 1996 judgement, justice JS Verma described "Hindutva as way of life and does not denote "hostility, enmity, or intolerance towards other religious faith. But it completely ignored political context in which Hindutva was used . In recent judgement, the word "his" in section 123 (3) of RPA was interpreted narrowly meaning only if candidate make appeal based on his/her own identity or affiliation would amount to corrupt practice Minority judgement moves away from nitty gritty of section 123 (3) to soaring rhetoric of equality, justice and discrimination under Constitution .Minority view parts with usage of identity by depressed and oppressed class to be used politically for gaining welfare provisions that would lead to larger constitutional ethos of striving for equality and positive discrimination
EPW: Sectarian appeals in politics .The majority's view is an ideal that the Constitution asks us to strive for, and the minority's view is the reality that needs to be accounted for-Regulation of electoral speech under section 123 which otherwise invites disqualification would be contrary to Freedom of Speech and Expression if sectarian appeal do not incite violence. . The majority judgment's regulation of election speech is not only necessary to ensure free and fair elections and uphold the secular ethos of the Constitution, but it is also needed to fulfil the constitutional goal of fraternity. Unlike others, the Indian Constitution is not just a documentation of powers, responsibilities and rights, but a charter for social revolution in India and an attempt at forging a new, inclusive identity .