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HINDI EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS IN LESS THAN 10 MINUTES 1ot January,2017 Presented E Deepanstau Sgh chrome
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EDITORIALS COVERED IN TODAY'S LESSON The Hindu A rights bill gone wrong - Respite, not reconciliation Livemint Acknowledging the new face of urban India Acknowledgng the new tace ot urban india
QUESTIONS FOR ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE " What do you think about Union budget being allowed before assembly polls violates Model code of conduct? Critically analyse
TH: RESPITE, NOT RECONCILIATION o Ceasefire and peace talks in Syria and the present situation of Syria and how it is affecting that region. At present,regions under their control Aleppo Damascus and Idlib Northern city of Ragga Groups Syrian Arab Army Opposition armed forces Islamic state This shows that the Syrian government is in charge of the main population centres in the country. Much wanted Peace Talks: Peace talks are to begin on January 23 in Astana (Kazakhstan) o Iran, Russia, the Syrian government, sections of the Syrian opposition, Turkey and the United Nations will be attending But interestingly, The United States and the Europeans will not be attending This peace talk might not be an end to the war since extremist groups such as the IS and the al-Qaeda-backed Jabhat Fateh al-Sham continue to operate and they have nothing to lose in surrendering or when reconciling. How the West predicted Syria to be and how it has moved away from their predictions? For the past five years, the main slogan from the Syrian opposition and its Gulf Arab, Turkish and Western allies was 'Assad Must Go'. It now turns out that the government of Bashar al-Assad will remain.
TH: RESPITE, NOT RECONCILIATION Direct Western military intervention was curtailed because of the situation in Iraq-by the lack of domestic appetite in the West for the use of sufficient numbers of troops to fight in Syria. Regime change in Libya and its disastrous aftermath closed the door for a UN authorisation for war on Syria. By 2012, this meant that the Assad government could not be easily defeated. o Thus rebels grew up and implemented attacks,hoping that MrAssad would negotiate. o U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry remarked at the Dutch Mission to the United Nations which was leaked by the Wikileaks which revealed the general Western consensus on the Syrian conflict. Mr. Kerry indicated that the U.S. had watched the growth of IS, and had hoped to use it as a bargaining chip against the Assad government. As it turned out, Mr. Assad turned to Iran and Russia for help, which is when the Russians intervened directly in September 2015- ending any possibility of regime change in Damascus and of an IS capture of Damascus. With Mr. Assad now safe Turkey's border were closed which were once used to supply the rebels in Northern Syria This weakened the rebels and the Syria govt. Used this opportunity to capture Aleppo. Syria and neighbouring nations: Iraq-Iraqi forces cleared the road from Haditha to al-Qaim, which is on the Iraq-Syria border Talks with Syria happened on a mutual fight against IS. o Egypt- Egyptian army officers went to Syria to re-establish connections.Egypt is ready to send peacekeepers' to help manage the ceasefire
TH: RESPITE, NOT RECONCILIATION o Turkey- conversation about the status of the Syrian Kurdish enclave on the Turkish border about the restoration of legitimacy to the Assad government. o The End Is Far Extremists attack will still be a problem. Attacks in Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Turkey'-all accused, rightly, of abandoning the uprising-will continue to be a serious problem. o In Iraq-strategically targeted against Shia neighbourhoods and religious places in order to deepen the trough of sectarianism. Sunni leader Sheikh Mahdi al-Sumaidaie, the Grand Mufti of Iraq, made a plea that echoed across the Arab world: "I confirm that Shias and Sunnis will meet and hold accountable all who betrayed, deceived and burned Iraq." It was a statement of patriotism out of desperation. This seam of patriotism will be hard for the extremists to break. o The final and the most important thing is water supply. The al-Fija spring, situated in North-west of Damascus is Souq Wadi Barada is a crucial source of water for the capital and the extremists control it. The fall of Aleppo has led to new fighting in the area, with water now firmly cut off from all but one tank, which the military controls. Damascus is in trouble.Negotiations are on to let the water flow again. When the water flows again,hope will be there for reconciliation process to flow .
TH: A RIGHTS BILL GONE WRONG o What this article is about? The Transgender Persons Bill 2016 uses the word rights in its title but deviates from a rights-based approach Thus it is the product of an insincere attempt at lawmaking. What do they say about in general about lawmaking in India? laws are often drafted without research o Another is that a culture of tokenism prevails regarding pressing social issues, which is seen in this bill. sequence of events which lead to the current The Transgender Persons Bill 2016 April 2014, the Supreme Court delivered the landmark judgment of NAI SA v Union of India which affirmed the fundamental rights of transgender persons. The court asked the government to institute welfare measures for transgender persons. It also directed that the Expert Committee Report by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (MSJE) be implemented o December 2014, Truchu Siva,a Rajya Sabha MP introduced the Rights of Transgender Persons Bill, 2014 as a Private Member's Bill On April 24, 201, in a rare instance, the Rajya Sabha unanimously passed the Bill. However, it never made it to the Lok Sabha. But the government decided to get its own Bill The Rights of Transgender Persons Bill, 2015
TH: A RIGHTS BILL GONE WRONG o But the government decided to get its own Bill The Rights of Transgender Persons Bill, 2015 The difference between 2015 Bill and 2014 Bill where there were no provisions on Transgender Rights Courts and the National and State Commissions. o In April 2016, the 2015 draft Bill was sent to the Law M nistry, in uly the Cabinet approved it, and in August it was introduced in the Lok Sabha. o The mystery is the Bill introduced in the Lok Sabha was different from the 2015 Bill. The more mysterious part is no one knows when these changes occurred in the above sequence of events.There were no references on the NALSA judgment, the Expert Committee Report,and public comments in the bill. The 2016 Bill has nowbeen referred to a Standing Committee. o What led to such radical changes in the new draft? o Political disinterest has led to ignoring the previous judegments and bills. Legislature were not much concerned about it. o What were those changes which surprised many? Clause 26) of the Bill, which defines the term transgender person',which has been borrowed from a provision of the Autralian Sex Disrimination Amendment (Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Intersex Status) Act 2013, which defines the term 'intersex'
TH: A RIGHTS BILL GONE WRONG o The Expert Committee Report clearly explained the difference between transgender and intersex identities. The 2014 and 2015 Bills had more accurate definitions of the term transgender which gave transgender person the right to identify as either 'man', 'woman', or transgender-absence of a provision on reservation, which previous judgements and bills had mentioned about it. o How the bill is not a rights based approach oriented bill? o NALSA judgment stressed the fundamental rights of transgender persons in Articles 14, 19 and 21 of theConstitution. o NALSA judgment says the need for making civil rights accessible to them. o But the bill does not consider the above two facts and its impact on other laws like marriage,adoption, criminal sexual offences where male and female is recognised ,but nothing is mentioned about transgenders and how law should deal with them in the above issues. The cisnormative (the assumption that everyone has a gender identity that matches the sex the person was assigned at birth) foundation of the law remains a significant barrier to access to legal justice for transgender persons o Not only the current Bill, but the previous versions have failed to address the issue of Section 377, which is frequently used to harass transgender persons, specifically transgender women. The conventional understanding of Section 377 is that it criminalises all sex that is not between people of opposite genders. The argument is you give rights to non-conforming genders but you are criminalising people with not proper sexual orientations. o India is on the verge of recognising a marginalised community but bad law like the current bill will not make that possible