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18th January, 2017: (Hindi) Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and other Newspapers
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Today's lesson covers the Editorials from The Hindu and LiveMint. The topics discussed are- India-Iran relations, Drought in Tamil Nadu, India-Syria relations and slowing of job opportunities.

Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Deepanshu Singh
Faculty- Indian Polity and Current Affairs| UPSC CSE Reserve list 2015| Consultant-G.O.I. Loves Geography Teaching since 2015

U
Unacademy user
Md
sir please make vedeos in english for better understanding because i belong to south india
Ajay Meena
2 years ago
Here it is in English as well :) https://unacademy.com/course/crash-course-spectrums-a-brief-history-of-modern-india/7ETENA6T
sir, can we get these content in devnari script ?. it will be great help sir if you will provide these content in devnagari script..
SR
Sir i am unable to go to discussion unacademy page pls give the link any body
Poo
3 years ago
search unacademy.com/discuss..........go there nd u tell me how to ask our doubts.....coz here i'm unable
great plateform to get understand for various editorials.....thank you sir
आप मतलब नाही समझाते है.....vortex means what???why don't u tell the meaning???
  1. HINDI EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS IN LESS THAN 10 MIN Presented By Deepansau Sngh 18thJanuary,2oT7 18thanuary, 2017 chrome


  2. ABOUT ME . Educator @ unacademy B.Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) B. 1ec NTSE and Debating Champion Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains Interests: Music, Quizzing, Fitness & Photography RATE REVIEW RECOMMEND . https:L/unacademy.com/user/deepanshu.n.singh


  3. EDITORIALS COVERED IN TODAY'S LESSON The Hindu The real meaning of independence for RBI Dont let messe ngers shoot themselves Indian Express Cities at crossroads: Not letting it go waste - Permission To Prosecute


  4. QUESTIONS FOR ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE Despite being one of the most peaceful border in Asia, the Indo-Nepal border is not free of critical problems." Critically analyse while suggesting way forward. Use Unacademy Discuss site to answer the daily practice questions from now on.


  5. IE: CITIES AT CROSSROADS: NOT LETTING IT GO WASTE GS-3 o Management of solid waste or garbage must have three elements: HOW TO SEGREGATE WASTE The first element is segregation of biodegradable or wet waste from dry waste at source 1. 2. The second is that once segregation is achieved, municipal governments can use wet waste to produce compost and biogas in biomethanation plants DRY WASTE WET WASTE Cooked food SANITARY GARDEN WASTE Third is that the dry waste, after removing recyclable elements, should go to waste-to-energy plants: This will reduce the volume of waste that remains to be sent to landfills 3. DRY MASTE SANITARY WASTE WET WASTE HAZARDOUS WASTE GARDEN WASTE


  6. IE: CITIES AT CROSSROADS: NOT LETTING IT GO WASTE GS-3 o Waste-to-energy plants: o Waste-to-energy plants use incineration, Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF)-based combustion or conversion technologies such as pyrolysis and gasification o There is a great deal of confusion about what the different technologies entail o There are also apprehensions about the potentially damaging impact of waste-to-energy plants on the environment in general, the quality of air in particular, and consequently, on public health, their financially viability Examples-The waste-to-energy plant based on incineration of unsegregated municipal solid waste at Okhla, South Delhi o It processes almost 2,000 tonnes of unsegregated municipal solid waste every day to feed into its boilers to produce 16 MW of electricity-it did not comply with emission requirements. o It has been recently cleared for operations by the National Green Tribunal (NGT) o Waste-to-energy plant at Ghazipur, East Delhi, based on controlled combustion o It produces RDF from segregated dry waste and uses the same in onsite boilers to generate electricity, performing at EU standards of emissions-The plant receives 1,300 tonnes of mixed waste every,which is reduced to about 40% of the total after segregation o From 550 tonnes of feedstock, the plant produces 12 MW of electricity


  7. IE: CITIES AT CROSSROADS: NOT LETTING IT GO WASTE GS-3 Waste Inlet o Incineration-based waste-to-energy plants: o Rely on mass burning of municipal solid waste, which involves complete combustion of miscellaneous waste materials into ash o The gases generated may contain dioxins and furans, which are toxic Freeboard Zone Outlet and can be lethal o These plants therefore need to put in place emission control filters of a very high standard to check the release of harmful gases into the atmosphere o There is a need for continuous monitoring of emissions and sharing Air Feed Plasma Torch information openly Melting Zone Metal & Slog Output o Waste gasification has several advantages over incineration o The necessary extensive flue gas cleaning may be performed on the WASTE TO PLANT syngas instead of the much larger volume of flue gas after combustion. Power may be generated in engines and turbines, which are much cheaper and more efficient. WASTE PROCESS o may produce other synthetic fuels instead of electricity, also treatment of ash conaining heavy metals


  8. IE: CITIES AT CROSSROADS: NOT LETTING IT GO WASTE GS-3 Global examples- Singapore uses incineration with due environmental precautions in managing its municipal solid waste after recycling 60% of its waste (among the highest rates in the world) o Japan and a number of European countries also rely on incineration, with due precaution, as they try to minimise the waste that needs to go to landfills o US had a long free run with incineration plants, but thanks to the environmental movement, there has been a significant ng of regulations with respect to emissions since the 1970s-The abundance of land in the US led to greater recourse to landfills o Need of Innovation in this field. The innovations in waste-to-energy technologies worldwide have been focusing on pyrolysis, gasification and plasma gasification o This can deliver cleaner emissions but are considerably more expensive These technologies involve heating of solid waste at very high temperatures in an oxygen-controlled environment, such that the thermal reactions produce synthesis gas (or syngas)-Syngas, or synthesis gas, is a fuel gas mixture consisting primarily of hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and very often some carbon dioxide. o It has the advantage that it can be burned directly or transported through pipelines and/or tankers for use in electrici eneration, refining, chemical and fertiliser industries efining, chemical and fertiliser industries o While syngas can be scrubbed and converted into a clean energy source, the technologies are expensive, compromising the commercial viability of plants based on conversion technologies


  9. TH: DON'T LET MESSENGERS SHOOT THEMSELVES GS-2 Little attention is paid to serious concerns about the systems of military justice o Rajya Sabha and to the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Defence, from 2003-2013 (data for some years are missing), o While delays in the judicial system are notorious, delays for the armed forces can turn fatal in the form of suicide and o "An army marches on its stomach", a quote famously attributed to Napoleon Bonaparte-BSF constable Tej o Previous cases-In 1985, Signalman Ranjit Thakur refused food while serving 28 days' imprisonment for overriding the state that there have been at least 1,666 suicides in the armed forces and 109 cases of fratricide fratricide (also called "fragging"- where a serviceman kills his brothers-in-arms) Bahadur Yadav's videos released about tasteless dal and half-burnt parathas hierarchy He made representations directly to senior officers about ill treatment A summary court martial was conducted for his act of disobeying the order to eat He pleaded guilty and was sentenced to one year rigorous imprisonment, dismissal from the Army, and disqualification from civilian service Fortunately for him, the Supreme Court found this sentence to be grossly disproportionate and reinstated him with full pay and benefits


  10. TH: DON'T LET MESSENGERS SHOOT THEMSELVES GS-2 o Existential questions: o The BSF's woes extend much further than merely bad food, the force has faced existential questions ever since it sought legislative recognition In the BSF Bill, there was a disparity between the Army and the BSF in terms of pay, service conditions, grievance redress mechanisms and deployments to forward areas o Rejecting these concerns and refusing to refer the Bill to a Parliamentary Select Committee, the Bill was passed and independent India's first paramilitary force was born Today, no less than seven paramilitary forces exist, each created with less parliamentary debate than the previous one.These forces are all under the Home Ministry in contrast to the Army, Air Force, Navy and Coast Guard which are under the Defence Ministry o Armed Forces Tribunal: o The Armed Forces Tribunal came into being in 2007, 25 years after the Supreme Court made scathing remarks about the military justice system- in Lt. Col Prithi Pal Singh Bedi v Union of India (1982) for not having even one layer of judicial scrutiny., for unchecked command influence in decision-making, and for absence of recorded reasons in final judgments. proposed a special tribunal for the military and paramilitary forces. forces, even the Assam Rifles and the Coast Guard, outside the tribunal's purview o The Law Commission's 169th Report stated that disciplinary and service matters required quick resolution and o The Armed Forces Tribunal Bill was steered through Parliament only by the Defence Ministry, leaving paramilitary


  11. Is The RBI independent or not? o This article tells us that there are few areas where it is independent and where it is not independent This question of independence arose when the landmark order of "Demonetisation" came up The central goal of central bank independence was to ensure low and stable inflation via the autonomous conduct of monetary policy o A few basic stuff about RBI: Major decisions generally follow a pattern of approval in the RBI RBI Board Governor 908 945812 Officers 2000 945812 What the law says about R BI? RBI Act (Section 7 on Management) lays out things quite unambiguously Part (1) of Section 7 states: "The Central Government may from time to time give such directions to the Bank as it may, after consultation with the Governor of the Bank, consider necessary in the public interest." Parts (2) and (3) spell out the roles for the Central Board and Governor. There is a clear seniority principle with (1) taking precedence over (2) which takes precedence over (3)