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30th April 2017: Daily Summary and Analysis of The Hindu
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Today's Hindu summary covers in-depth analysis of National, International and Business news with background information about articles linked to the syllabus of the examination

Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Deepanshu Singh
Faculty- Indian Polity and Current Affairs| UPSC CSE Reserve list 2015| Consultant-G.O.I. Loves Geography Teaching since 2015

U
Unacademy user
Thanx foe making easy to polity
PG
Please make videos of 1. Laxmikanth(Chapter WISE) 2. G C Leong(Chapter WISE) 3. A Brief History of Modern India (Rajiv Ahir) 4. Shankas IAS Eviornment 5. Sanjay Verma(Chapter WISE) We would really appreciate your sincere efforts.
guys please place Unacademy logo carefully in slides.. Sometimes it shadows test beneath it !!!! thanks
Sd
Sir when r u coming back to unacademy am eagerly waiting for u.
That should be section 377.. if i am not wrong!
Deepanshu Singh
3 years ago
That is correct, Typo in Hindu :)
Manu Singh
3 years ago
On sundays.. I am totally dependent on you Bhai :) Appreciate your effort. Thanks a lot :)
No better explanation of given slides. We have to read it simply. Please go slowly and try to highlight the important facts and concept using one or two sentence.
  1. DAILY SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS OF THE HINDU In English Deepanshu Singh CSE & IFoS mains, Public Speaker NTSE topper and debating champion. Avid traveller, fitness, music and fashion cognoscenti Edit 3oth April 2017 100k Followers 15 Following


  2. Hello! I am DEEPANSHU Singh Educator at Unacademy since October 2016 B. Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains NTSE Gold Medalist National-level Debating Champion Interests: Fitness, technology, travelling and photography Follow me: https://unacademy.com/user/deepanshu.n.singh Rate Review Recommend


  3. Yesterday's Practice Question Which city has become first to won Pierre L'enfant Planning Excellence and Achievement Awards-2017? a) Mysore b) New Delhi c) Bhubaneswar d) Chennai e Answer (c) Odisha's capital city, Bhubaneswar has become, the first Indian city that has won Pierre L'enfant Planning Excellence and Achievement Awards-2017. This award is instituted by the American Planning Association.


  4. Practice Question India's first-ever transgender athletic meet was held in which state? a) Kerala b) Tamil Nadu c) Assam d) Himachal Pradesh The Post your answers below! (without googling)


  5. Rohtagi braces to defend India at UNHRC Mr. Rohatgi will defend India's case against allegations of violations in Jammu and Mr. Rohatgi will defend India's case against allegations of violations in Jammu andJapan's to honour for Japan's to honour for Ashwani Kashmir, torture, minority rights and recent strictures against NGOs at the The Japanese government has selected former Union Law Minister Ashwani Kumar for the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun, in recognition of his achievements in bolstering India- Japan ties. Universal Periodic Review at the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva next week In the run-up to the hearings at the HRC, held once in five years for every country reports from governmental and non-governmental agencies from other countries in th 47 member council, including from the U.S. Congress and civil society groups, and international agencies like Human Rights Watch and the Indian National Human Rights Commission have been sought. Making a special mention of the situation in Jammu and Kashmir, the Human Rights Council's own report by its Special Rapporteur has also asked for India to repeal or at least radically amend the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act and the Jammu and Kashmir Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act" while "removing all legal barriers for the criminal prosecution of members of the armed forces." The Special Rapporteur's report has also focussed on incidences of caste and gender- based violence, including a special mention of criticism of the National Commission of Women over what it called the "2002 Gujarat massacre 32 * Indians who have in n of According to the Human Rights Council submissions so far countries including the U.K. Switzerland, Netherlands and Norway have registered questions on the treatment of religious minorities in India, asking specifically about recent incidents of communal violence, while Sweden and Spain have questioned India's failure to ratify the Convention on Torture yet, despite agreeing to it in 1997. Sweden and Spain have asked for the government to explain its stand on homosexuality rights and the repeal of Article 377 that criminalises same-sex relationships the past received the Decoration_ conferred in recognition of distinguished accomplishments include industrialist Ratan N. Tata of ship


  6. Chand Baori of Abhaneri, Dausa district in Rajasthan, is one of theN TT world's oldest, deepest, and most spectacular stepwells. it is a feat of mathematical perfection from an ancient time. . It has 3,500 steps built on 13 levels, and with the most amazing symmetry as they taper down to meet the water pool. Said to be an upside-down pyramid, this baori was built between the 9th and 10th century by Raja Chanda of the Chauhan dynasty The baori was attached to the Harshat Mata temple. The temple was razed during the 10th century, but its remains still boast architectural and sculptural styles of ancient India. Harshat Mata is considered to be the goddess of happiness, always imparting joy to the whole village. The temperature at the bottom is five-six degrees cooler, and must have provided solace during the hot summer days and nights to the locals .Later, the Mughals added galleries and a compound wall around the well. Today, these house the remains of exquisite carvings, which were either in the temple or in the various rooms of the baoli itself. Morna Livingston writes in Steps to Water: The Ancient Stepwells of India, that showcases "two classical periods of water building in a single setting." An upper palace building was added to one side of the baoli, which can be seen from the trabeated arches used by the Chauhan rulers and the cusped arches used by the Mughals


  7. WHY is the Centre going for VVPAt Machines? On April 19, the Union Cabinet cleared the purchase of 16,15,000 units of the voter-verifiable paper audit trail (VVPAT) to work as additions to the electronic voting machine (EVM) set-up after an express request by the Election Commission The VVPAT units will be manufactured and used across the board during the next Lok Sabha elections in 2019 How does it function? VVPAT, as the term suggests, is an EVM-connected verification printer machine. It allows voters to verify if their vote has indeed gone to the intended candidate by leaving a paper trail of the vote cast. vIt is an adjunct machine connected to the ballot and control units of the EVM. After the voter casts his or her mandate by pressing a button in the EVM, the VVPAT connected to it prints a slip containing the poll symbol and the name of the candidate. The slip is visible to the voter from a glass case in the VVPAT for seven seconds. After this it is cut and dropped into the drop box in the VVPAT, and a beep is heard VVPAT machines can be accessed only by polling officers. The units are sealed and can be opened only during the counting process by the returning officer during contingencies Will it make polls tamper-proof? * The Election Commission has addressed the possibility of tampering by gradually introducing newer security and monitoring features, upgrading first generation with second generation ones that allow for dynamic coding and time-stamping of operations on ballot units and later, third generation ones that have features such as tamper-detection and self-diagnostics. -Besides these, there are procedural steps that prevent EVMs from being stolen and tampered with The introduction of the VVPAT adds another layer of accountability to the EVM and also allows for erification of the machine-generated mandate through the paper trail


  8. Warmer Arctic Arecent scientific report describes the drastic increase in Arctic temperatures- more than twice as rapidly as the rest of the world. According to an article in Nature, this assessment finds that in 2011-2015 the Arctic was warmer than ever recorded since 1900 Why is sunset more reddish than sunset? The light from the Sun travels through Earth's atmosphere it undergoes scattering before it reaches us. scattering is. Light of shorter wavelengths, such as violet, blue, green and yellow undergoes greater scattering than those of longer wavelengths, such as orange and red. Because of the spherical geometry of the earth, the sunlight travels longer distance in the thick of the earth's atmosphere during sunset and sunrise when the Sun is at the horizons than when the Sun is at the zenith (midday). Thus, there is more probability for shorter wavelength light to get more scattered than for the longer wavelength light. Hence, the Sun (and sunrise and sunset) appears reddish orange during sunset and sunrise The scattering is also related to the size and quantity of the scattering particles. During the night time the atmosphere is cool and the aerial particles and dust particles settle by morning whereas by evening they get dispersed. Thus, the scattering is more by evening than in the morning Lastly, since the earth is spinning from West to East, relatively we move towards the Sun during mornings (eastward) and away from the Sun during evenings (westward) There is one phenomenon, called, Doppler Effect, which adds to this differential


  9. FDI inflows cross $56 bn India received more than $56 billion of foreign direct investment in 2016-17 and will unveil fresh FDI reforms this year to make investments simpler The reforms come at a time when the government is trying to address the festering problems of banks' non- performing assets (NPAs) and insipid domestic private sector investments Severe water shortage hits core industry A severe shortage of water, affecting coconut farms in Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka, is forcing the coir industry to look at sourcing husks from Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep "Kerala and Tamil Nadu together produced over 9,000 million nuts in 2014-2015. But, the yield has dropped this year," About 700 coir units in Tamil Nadu and Kerala, extract fibre make coir pith and value-added products. On an average, the processing capacity of one unit is 50,000 husks a day. "Just 50% of the units, especially those in Tamil Nadu, are operating and that too just at about 60 % capacity." A couple of years ago when there was a similar situation, some units imported husk from Sri Lanka. Now, a few companies are buying husk from Karnataka and some more units are studying the possibility of jointly sourcing it from Andaman and Nicobar


  10. Shining Mushrooms . Some mushroom species are known to emit light. Though known for long, this phenomenon has remained unexplained. Now, research published in Science Advances identifies a previously unknown pathway that causes them to emit light. The research offers possibilities for its use in imaging technology. IGIB uses novel drug discovery approach to identify drug targets in TB bacteria In a completely different approach to drug discovery, a team led by Dr. Samir K. Brahmachari, a J.C Bose National Fellow, at Delhi's CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (CSIR-IGIB) has used a combination of approaches to predict potential drug targets in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the TB-causing bacteria The novel method not only helps in speeding up drug discovery by finding potential, non-toxic drug targets but also cost far less by reducing the chances of failure Based on a previous study that used the Systems Biology Spindle Map (SBSM) approach, the team was able to identify 890 novel, non-toxic gene drug targets. Using computational approaches, the potential drug targets were reduced to 116 essential genes; these 116 genes are so vital that any inhibition would kill the bacteria. Of the 116 genes, 104 were found to have no similarity with the human genome sequences The potential drug targets were further shortlisted to 33 genes. The 33 genes play an essential role in bacteria metabolism and have not undergone any mutation in any of the 1,623 TB strains, including the 1,084 multidrug- resistant TB strains isolated from people with TB The presence or absence of mutations in any of the 33 genes was evaluated using the Genome-wide Mycobacterium tuberculosis Variation (GMTV) database In order to understand the drug resistance seen in many TB drugs, the researchers evaluated the gene targets of known drugs- isoniazid, pyrazinamide, ethambutol for any mutations.While isoniazid showed relatively lower variation compared with other drugs, the target of bedaquiline (for MDR-TB) drug showed no mutation Metformin, a drug used for diabetes care, was found to have minimum number of mutations, so can be repurposed as an adjunct therapy for MDR-TB . . .


  11. Defiant Norh Korea test fires missiles . North Korea test-fired a ballistic UAE expands its military footprints . The seven-state federation ranks as one of Washington's most missile on Saturday shortly after U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson warned that failure to curb Pyongyang's nuclear and ballistic missile programmes could lead to "catastrophic consequences" The test came as the USS Carl Vinson aircraft carrier group arrived in waters near the Korean peninsula, where it began exercises with the South Korean Navy on Saturday, about 12 hours after the failed launch prominent Arab allies in the fight against the Islamic State group hosting some 5,000 American military personnel, fighter jet drones. But the practice gunfire echoing through the deserts near bases outside of Dubai and recent military demonstrations in the capital of Abu Dhabi show a country increasingly willing to flex its own muscle amid its suspicions about Iran Already, the UAE has landed expeditionary forces in Afghanistan and Yemen. Its new overseas bases on the African continent show this country The UAE, a federation of seven sheikhdoms, only became a country in 1971. It had been a British protectorate for decades and several of the emirates had their own security forces. The forces merged together into a national military force that took part in the 1991 U.S led Gulf War that expelled Iraqi forces occupying Kuwait The UAE sent troops to Kosovo as part of the NATO-led peacekeeping mission there starting in 1999, giving its forces valuable experience. Following the September 11, 2001, attacks, it deployed special forces troops in Afghanistan to support the U.S.-led war against the Taliban. nd - . . The North Koreans had probably tested a medium- range missile known as a KN 17 and the missile appeared to have broken up within minutes of taking off * Today, the UAE hosts Western forces at its military bases including American and French troops.


  12. Fighting for fish Japan Conservation groups have asked Japan to abide by international catch quotas, after reports said that the country was poised to exceed its annual quota of Pacific bluefin tuna two months early 80% of the global bluefish catch is consumed in Japan where it is an important part of their culture, served raw as sashimi and sushi. The stocks have already reached dangerously low levels and Japan's failure to abide by catch quotas intended to save the species from commercial extinction. England's white summer Britain Spring is taking a break in many parts of northern England and the Midlands, thanks to a sudden cold wave in these regions. Flurries of snow, unusual in April, found their way to towns like Norwich, Staffordshire, Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. The cold snap is expected to continue with forecasts of snow, patchy rain, sleet and icy winds over some regions of the UK, though milder weather is expected to push through later this week. A surprise lesson in conservation Peru Torrential rains, spurred by an unusual 'coastal' El Ni o climate pattern, pummelled Peru's northern coastal desert in February and March, triggering immense flooods in that region. However they had an interesting aftermath. In the now-greening land, plants are growing, bird populations are shifting and rivers are moving sediments and pollution in ways they haven't done for two decades, drawing scientists to this region. "This is a meteorologically enchanting moment." This could pave the way to aid conservation effortsand help people and government officials to prepare for severe weather events, adds the report.