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15th April 2017: Daily Summary and Analysis of The Hindu
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Today's Hindu summary covers in-depth analysis of National, International and Business news with background information about articles linked to the syllabus of the examination.

Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Deepanshu Singh
Faculty- Indian Polity and Current Affairs| UPSC CSE Reserve list 2015| Consultant-G.O.I. Loves Geography Teaching since 2015

Unacademy user
Sir, from where did you picked up the news of Oman al-hajjar mountains, Russia FOAB, UP Govt-Centre Power Pact and Saturn moon as I couldn't find them in THE HINDU?
thanx request 2 u...Sir agar aap or thoda jaldi aapke vdo upload kardenge to bahut acha hoga sir...
This format of black words on white background is best. Easy to focus. thanks a lot sir.
Nepal and China - It is the first joint military exercise between the two countries
  1. DAILY SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS OF THE HINDU In English Presented b Deepanshu Singh CSE & FoS mains, Public Speater NTSE topper and debating champion Avid travelec fitness, music and (atihion cognoscenti th pril Tll2017 201 100k folowess 15 Folloeng

  2. Hello! I am DEEPANSHU Singh Educator at Unacademy since October 2016 B. Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains NTSE Gold Medalist National-level Debating Champion Interests: Fitness, technology, travelling and photography Follow me: Rate Review Recommend

  3. PRACTICE OUESTION Sagarmatha Friendship-2017" is a military exercise conducted between which two countries? a) India and Nepal b) Nepal and China c) India and Sri Lanka d) India and China

  4. YESTERDAY'S PRACTICE QUESTION The Sangken festival is celebrated by which religious community? a) Jains b) Buddhists C) Sikhs d) Parsis Answer->B, Started in Arunachal Pradesh, it marks the start of Theravada Buddhist New Year. It is celebrated by the Theravada Buddhist community. On the occasion the images of Buddha are taken out and are given ceremonial bath. 01

  5. FRONT PAGE ur academy India seeks consular access to Jadhav Reform in science set-up sought India: consular access to KulbhushanJadhav: sentencedChallenges: Science in India needs a major revamp to death by a Pakistani military court- charges of spyingProposal: science and technology body that marries Pakistan- denied 13 times India's request for consular access Concern: India -no facility to Pakistani prisoners despite repeated requests) research and industry and reports directly to the Prime Minister .SPARK (Sustainable Progress through Application of Research and Knowledge)-empowered board Jadhav can appeal within 40 days to an appellate court,and a quality staff or may lodge a mercy petition with the Army chief within 60 days of the decision by the appellate court Army chief rejects the plea, he can file another with the President in 90 days major challenge: funding of science by the government was that though scientific departments were headed by scientists they could often not take independent decisions Allahabad HC becomes pilot project' for case backlog study Judiciary. violation of the fundannental right to speedy trial and disposal ofcriminal appeals Article 21 ofthe Constitution) Supreme Court- to put the Allahabad HC under the microscope as a "pilot project" Why? to investigate how High Courts deal with pendency a"target-specific" exercise to study how criminal appeals face years of delay selection of the Allahabad High Court: one of the oldest High Courts in the country, 9.24 lakh cases are pending highest among all the HCs of which 3.09 lakh cases are over 10 years old The court has called for real-time statistics from the Allahabad HC and has also roped in some senior advocates to assist the Supreme Court.

  6. NATIONAL unacademy National Mission for Manuscripts . February 2003 by Ministry of Tourism and Culture, Government of An ambitious five year project with the specific objectives of locating, Manuscript treasure trove being digitised at BORI . Precious manuscripts in Sanskrit and its related .By whom? Bhandarkar Oriental Research . How? To launch an e-library and commencing a .The Institute, named after legendary Indologist .2003, the National Mission for Manuscripts languages, Pali and the Prakrit's- to be preserved Institute (BORI), Pune in 1917 major digitization process Ramakrishna Gopal Bhandarkar India. documenting, conserving and disseminating the knowledge content of India's manuscripts Established a network of 47 Manuscript Resource Centres, 32 Manuscript Conservation Centres (MCCs), 32 Manuscript Partner Centres (MPCs) and more than 200 Manuscript Conservation Partner Centres (MCPCs) across the country (NAMAMI) selected BORI as one of the 32 manuscripts resource and conservation centers across the country . NMM identified 45 collections of Manuscript Treasures of India (MTI) . 5 MTIs have already inscribed on Memory of the World Register. 'National Digital Manuscripts Library will provide full-text access to all These are very unique and rare collections of manuscripts Out of 6 inscriptions from India, 5 inscriptions are from MTis. MTls including which are covered in MoWR. Kritisampada: The National Database of Manuscripts provides access to metadata inform of manuscript collections of NMM partners

  7. NATIONAL unacademy Oman may hold clues to reversing climate change . Geologists reaseaching al-Hajjarmountains, the jagged red mountains Sculptor Nandagopal passes away . A founding member of the artists of Oman from the air and oceans village . They are one of the world's only exposed sections of the Earth's mantlelarger works of art are displayed in . mantle contains peridotite- a rock reacts with carbon in air and water to form marble and limestone main focus has been on reducing emissions through fuel efficient cars and cleaner power plants- Because of climate change Example Hellisheidi geotherm volcanicrock museums ,public spaces recipient of the National Award, Lalit Kala Academy, New Delhi, Jindal Stainless Steel Award for Sculpture, 2002 . al plant in Iceland-injects carbon into 1998 and 2000, he was nominated by .Sinopec fertiliser plant in China- carbon is filtered and reused as fuel the Government of India to serve as an al-Hajjar Mountains of Oman, in a quiet corner of the Arabian Peninsula - a unique rock formation pulls carbon out of thin air rocks capture so much carbon over the course of 90 million years adviser to the National Gallery of Modern Art rocks capture so much carbon over the course of 90 million years drilling operation could cycle carbon-rich water into the newly formed seabed on oceanic ridges far below the surface submerged rock would chemically absorb carbon from the water The water could be cycled back to the surface to absorb more carbon from the atmosphere, in a sort of conveyorbel .

  8. NATIONAL UP govt, Centre ink power pact .'Powerfor All' pact- betw unacademy een Uttar Pradesh Russia's 'Father Of All Bombs, the most powerful non-nuclear weapon known government and the Centre-promises to provide 24x7 power supply to all households in the State Officially the Aviation Thermobaric Bomb of Increased Power, supply to all households .Unlike the MOAB, which uses conventional ordnance, the FOAB aka . It uses oxygen from the atmosphere, rather than carrying arn . It produces more energy than normal weapons but is harder to .According to the Russian military the FOAB is equivalent to 44 .It was first tested on September 11, 2007. Russia's military said the the ordnance is four times more powerful than the U.S. weapon "Big Daddy" is Thermobaric meant to burn its targets oxidising agent in its explosives control tonnes of TNT compared to the U.S. device's 11 tonnes aviation vacuum bomb, also known as a fuel-air bomb, was the . Dial 1911 consumers in rural areas could communicate their grievances relating to power and electricity Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL install 10,000 energy efficiency solar-panel pumps distribution, energy efficiency bulbs tube lights and fans at cheaper rates rural consumers, the facility of making digital payment through e-bhugtan . .18-hour power supply in villages and 20-hour mightiest ever created at the tehsil level and in Bundelkhand Centre's target of making the State energy efficient by 2018 and help ensure power in all UP villages before 2019

  9. NATIONAL unacademy A Saturn moon may host life Moons of . . . Body ofKnwn M Mertury Venus Earth Mars NASA's Cassini spacecraft-possibility ofhome 8dyd hown M NASA's Cassini spacecraft-possibility of home to microbes or other forms of alien life Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune .At icy moons like Saturn's Enceladus in the outer solar system Phobes Puck Encelodasnde Tethys Dione .Cassini- a spacecraft after 13 years of Triton Moon Deimos | Nereid exploring Saturn, its moons and rings. Enceladus- a small moon with an ocean of liquid water beneath its icy crust contais hydrogen Arie 67 62 27 13 Satum Uranus Neptune Ceres Pluto Haumea Makemake Eris Titon Oberon 'Process: tidal forces ofSaturn pulling and Cees squeezing Enceladus- lets heat to melt the ice Cassini begins a journey - between the planet and its rings for 22 orbits-mission ends with aVkemake crash into Saturn's atmosphere in September Hyperion Earth Phoebe 24 smaler .Cassini found levels of carbon dioxide, hydrogen and methane measured in the Enceladus- could provide an energy source to microbes Hbe sace Telescope similar plume risng icy home: Scientists theorise that water interacts withrock at .Hubble Space Telescope-similar plume rising tbottom of the ocean of Enceladus, producing hydrogen from Europa: Jupiter's big moons: possesses an ocean beneath an icy exterior gas that could feed microbes. "NASA

  10. ECONOMY unacademy OPERATION CLEAN MONEY 60,000 under I-T scanner . 'Operation Clean Money' (OCM), launched on April 2017 don April 2017- to unearth black money WHATI Verification of large cash WHEN: Money deposits from November 8 to December 31, 2016 at WHY: To find out the PM launches BHIM-Aadhaar application unaccounted money depositions in the period of demonetisation HoW: Comparing the data with ITo data by using data analytics ing a further BHIM-Aadhaar platform for merchants giving a furthert push for the shift towards less-cash economy through increased adaptation of digital payments prime minister announced two new incentive Any Indian citizen can pay digitally using their biometric data like their thumb imprint on a merchants' biometric enabled device which could be smart phone having a biometric reader schemes, BHIM has cashback and referral bonus scheme wnor PAN holders can view thine WHO: PAN holders can viow the information and can submit online explanation through ITD web portal WHAT ACTION: If fails to submit explanation for the deposits, notice will be issued and action would be taken as por laws explanation orssu deposit tion BHIM Bharat Interface for Money) is a Mobile App developed by Natonal Payments Corporation of India (NPCI), based on the Unifed Payment Interface (UPI), It was launched by Narendra Modi, the Prime Minister of India, at a Digi Dhan mela at Talkatora Stadium in New Delhi on 30 December 2016It has been named after Bhim Rao Ambeckar andis intended to facilitate e-payments directly through banks and as part of the 2016 Indian banknote damonetization and drive towards cashless transactions. . New incentive schemes for the BHIM Cash back and Referral bonus This UPl app supports all Indian banks which use that platfom, which is built over the Immediate Payment Service infrastructure and alows the user to instantly transfer money between the bank accounts of any two parties.pit can be used on all mobile devices.i4)