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25th April 2017: Daily Summary and Analysis of The Hindu
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Today's Hindu summary covers in-depth analysis of National, International and Business news with background information about articles linked to the syllabus of the examination.

Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Deepanshu Singh
Faculty- Indian Polity and Current Affairs| UPSC CSE Reserve list 2015| Consultant-G.O.I. Loves Geography Teaching since 2015

Unacademy user
tan alpha =-3/4 2or 3rd quadrant mein kaise lie karega?????
First generation biofuels are produced directly from food crops. Second generation biofuels, also known as advanced biofuels, are fuels that can be manufactured from various types of biomass.
Vladimir Putin
3 years ago
Great. Third generation: from algae
Prafulla Samantra, an iconic leader of social justice movements in India, the Goldman Environmental Prize for his historic 12-year legal battle that affirmed the indigenous Dongria Kondh’s land rights and protected the Niyamgiri Hills from a massive, open-pit aluminum ore mine. In this battle, Prafulla has been kidnapped, assaulted and attacked several times by the mining company for his activism and continues to receive threats for his ‘anti-development’ stance. The other 2017 recepients are: Mark Lopez (United States), Uros Macerl (Slovenia), Rodrigo Tot (Guatemala), Rodrigue Mugaruka Katembo (Democratic Republic of Congo) and Wendy Bowman (Australia).
First generation biofuels are made from the sugars and vegetable oils found in arable crops, which can be easily extracted using conventional technology. In comparison, second generation biofuels are made from lignocellulosic biomass or woody crops, agricultural residues or waste, which makes it harder to extract the required fuel.
first-generation biofuels include:- Biodiesel - extraction of vegetable oils, n, from the seeds of plants like soybean, sunflower. Second-generation non-food feedstocks include woody crops and agricultural residues or waste, which are a little more difficult to extract. For this reason, advanced conversion technologies are needed in the process, which is also why second-generation biofuels are known as "advanced biofuels."
meda patkar 1992 mc mehta 1996 Rashida Bee, and Champa Devi Shukla 2004 ramesh agarwal 2014 prafula samantara 2017 1st gen--> food crops sugarcane maze etc 2nd generation --> cellulosic wood grass inedible part of plant need pretreatment before fermentation 3rd gen--> algea adv biofuel--> garbage+ animal fat + waste
  1. DAILY SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS OF THE HINDU Presented b Deepanshu Singh CSE & IFoS mains, Public Speaker NTSE topper and debating champion Avid travelles fitness, music and fashion cognoscenti th 2 ril2017 100k Followers 15 Following

  2. Hello! I am DEEPANSHU Singh Educator at Unacademy since October 2016 B. Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains NTSE Gold Medalist National-level Debating Champion Interests: Fitness, technology, travelling and photography Follow me: Rate Review Recommend

  3. PRACTICE QUESTION Who has won the 2017 Goldman Environmental Prize? ra a Samantra b) Wangari Maathai c) DeviShukla d) Rajendra Agrawal The Post your answers below! without googling) The Post your answers below! (without googling)

  4. YESTERDAY'S PRACTICE QUESTION Withreference to Agenda 1',sometimes seen in the news, consider the following statements lt is a global action plan forsustainable development 2. It originated in the World Summit on Sustainable Development held inJohannesburg in 2002. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? a) ionly b) 2 only c) Bothi ands d) Neitherinor 2 tand Development) held in Rio DeJaneiro, Brazil, in 1992.

  5. Panel moots UlD numbers for Cows The Centre has proposed issuing "Unique ldentification Number Sequences" forcows and their progenyto protect them from cattle smuggling The plan isthe brainchild of the UnionAgriculture Ministryfor "tamper-proofidentification of cattle using polyurethene tags with a Unique ldentification Number Sequence." This maybe made mandatory for all cow and its progeny throughout India for all cattle that is owned" Each animal be tagged with proper records ofidentification details, including age breed, sex,lactation, height, body,colour, horn type, tail switch and special marks. t said "mass-tagging" of cattle was already practised for insurance purpose "Dry dairy scheme could be declared a scheme ofnational priority," the panel suggested. Reinstate ousted Kerala DGP: SC In a decision sending a clear message that senior police officers in sensitive posts cannot become "pawns in the game of politicians in power", the Supreme Court ordered the re-instatement of ousted Kerala State DGP T.P Senkumar. The court observed that the police force should be insulated from political encroachment into their hierarchy. The commitment, devotion and accountability of the police has to be only to the rule of law and not persons. Further, the rule of law should not become a casualty to the whims and fancies of the political executive. The judgment will have repercussions in States were DGPs were removed by the political dispensation against the SC's ruling in Prakash Singh case, which had ordered that DGPs should have a fixed tenure of two years

  6. Odisha vilagers used solar lights to fend off elephants Located on the fringes of the Satkosia Gorge Sanctuary, the small village of about 35 families uses solar-powered lights and electric fences to fend off wild elephants, which used to destroy their crops The village was introduced to solar lights by the Foundation for Ecological Society (FES), an Angul- based NGO, and TERI, a non-profit research organisation. The outfits provided solar panels and lights using the corporate social responsibility fund of NTPC UP to be open defecation free by 2018 Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath orn Monday set an ambitious target of making the State including its 59,000 gram panchayats, open defecation free (ODF) by October 2018. He said if cashless transaction come into vogue, then instances of bribe being demanded would go down He said that it was his government's aim to provide power to the houses of all poor by 2018. . Their idea was to light up the houses of Baghuapat but they never dreamed that the lights could be used as a shield against elephants. He also announced a decision to set up Chandra Shekhar Azad rural development secretariat in al nyay panchayats. Baghuapat is one of the 15 forest villages in the area that is now using solar lights and fencing to fend off wild elephants He also introduced mobile apps at the event. . According to the elephant census in 2015, Odisha is home to 1,954 elephants. The Mahanadi Elephant Reserve, of which Satkosia Wildlife is a part, has the highest number of elephants, 668

  7. Child artists can work only 5 hours a day The Labour Ministry has proposed draft rules to fix the working conditions for child artistes and for employing children in family enterprises While a child artiste will not be allowed to work for more than five hours a day, a child "assisting" in a family business can only work for three hours a day, according to the proposed amendments to the Child Labour Rules, 1986. "No child (artist) shall be allowed to work for more than five hours in a day, and for not more than three hours without rest," as per the draft Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Rules 2017.) . . The NDA government had brought a new law to govern child labour, known as the Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016, which put a blanket ban on employment of children below 14 years of age. It had made two exceptions in favour of child labour: children could work as child artistes (in the entertainment sector), and could "help" in their family enterprises. Under the proposed rules, at least 20% of the income earned by the child artiste will be required to be deposited in a fixed deposit account "in a nationalised bank". The money would be credited to the child after she turns 18 The permission of the district magistrate would be mandatory for engaging a child artiste. The production unit must nominate a person, who would be held responsible for the safety and security of the child artiste, according to the draft rules A child cannot take part in a "street performance for monetary gain" as per the proposal .

  8. Pragati Maidan icon is gone Just three days after the Delhi High Court dismissed the plea of architect Raj Rewal against the demolition of the iconic Hall of Nations building complex as part of Pragati Maidan's redevelopment plan, the structure was reduced to a pile of rubble The swift action was taken overnight on Sunday though the case was still under consideration in the High Court and hearings were scheduled for April 27 and May 1 The Hall of Nations and Industries Complex along with the Nehru Pavilion were a part of the design and the ITPO wanted them demolished What worked against the iconic structure-built to celebrate 25 years of India's independence, technological progress and indigenous talent-was that it was less that 60 years old and therefore could not be considered a heritage structure. The structure allegedly obstructed the India Trade Promotion Organisation's (ITPO) plans to construct a state-of-the-art convention and exhibition space at Pragati Maidan

  9. Niyamgiri's hero gets Goldman Prize Activist Prafulla Samantara was named on Monday as one of the six winners of the Goldman Environmental Prize for 2017 The prize citation said he was honoured for his...historic 12-year legal battle that affirmed the indigenous Dongria Kondhs' land rights and protected the Niyamgiri Hills from a massive, open-pit aluminum ore mine." Mr. Samantara was one of the key leaders responsible for rallying tribes, indigenous to Odisha's Niyamgiri region, and using legal provisions to thwart mining-to-metals conglomerate, Vedanta. The company has been forced to suspend plans to mine bauxite in the region. THE GOLDMAN ENVIRONMENTAL RLZE MADHYA RADESH alcutta | Since 1990 when the awards were first instituted, six Indians-Medha Patkar, M.C. Mehta, Rasheeda Bi, Champaran Shukla, Ramesh Agrawal CHHATTISGARH ORISSA and Prafulla Samantara have won the prize INDIA Goldman Prize Bhubaneshwar Niyamgiri Vedanta plans to open a bauxite mine Apart from a medal and citation, winners receive a substantial cash award though the exact amount is not revealed. Reuters reported in 2014 that individuals won $175,000 ( 1.13 crore approx) as prize money BAY OF BENGAL The Goldman Environmental Prize recipients are selected by an ANDHRA PRADESH Kakinada international jury from confidential nominations submitted by a worldwide group of environmental organizations and individuals. The winners are announced every April to coincide with Earth Day. 0O MILES

  10. SC for broad anti-torture legislation India may be finding it tough to secure extraditions because there is a fear within the international community that the accused persons would be subject to torture here, the Supreme Court said on Monday A matter of both Article 21 (fundamental right to life and dignity) and of international reputation that the government must consider promulgating a standalone, comprehensive law to define and punish torture as an instrument of "human degradation" by state authorities. The court referred to the setback suffered by the CBl in its efforts to get Kim Davy -a Danish citizen and prime accused in the Purulia arms drop case of 1995 India, which had signed the UN Convention against torture way back in 1997, had still not ratified it. The Convention defines torture as a criminal offence. No steps had been taken to implement the Prevention of Torture Bill 2010 even six years after it was passed by the Lok Sabha on May 6, 2010 and recommended by a Select Committee of the Rajya Sabha Some States were not in favour of such a law and the Indian Penal Code and the Criminal Procedure Code were more than sufficient. The Indian Penal Code did not specifically and comprehensively address the various aspects of custodial torture and was "grossly inadequate in addressing the spiralling situation of custodial violence across the country." > A standalone legislation will certainly go a long way in creating the necessary environment to prevent abuse of custodial torture and human dignity of citizen

  11. India aims to cut oil products imports as it spurs alternatives India is aiming to cut its oil products imports to zero as it turns to alternative fuels such as methanol in its transport sector India also plans to start 15 factories to produce second-generation ethanol from biomass, bamboo and cotton straw as it aims to develop its mandate to blend ethanol into 5% of its gasoline, Bamboo is available from tribal areas, vision is to be cost effective, import substitute and pollution free. India imported about 33 million tonnes of oil products over April 2016 to February 2017, up almost 24% from the same period a year earlier, government data showed The majority of the imports comprise petroleum coke and LPG Energy consumption in India, the world's third-biggest oil consumer, is expected to grow as it targets between 8% to 9% economic growth this fiscal year from about 7% in 2016/I7 To cut the carbon footprint, New Delhi wants to raise the use of natural gas in its energy mix to 15% in 3-4 years from 6.5% now. India is developing LNG bunker ports and plans to develop its electric vehicle fleet