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23rd April 2017: Daily Summary and Analysis of The Hindu
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Today's Hindu summary covers in-depth analysis of National, International and Business news with background information about articles linked to the syllabus of the examination.

Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Deepanshu Singh
Faculty- Indian Polity and Current Affairs| UPSC CSE Reserve list 2015| Consultant-G.O.I. Loves Geography Teaching since 2015

U
Unacademy user
mam pls make more videos that's very interesting and u provide detailed knowledge thank you mam
Shrishti Gupta
2 years ago
yeah sure. and I'm glad you liked it. :)
Simran kamra
2 years ago
mam I can't found previous year question 2017paper of AIIMS please help me mam what should I do I shell be great thankful to u for this
Shrishti Gupta
2 years ago
actually we don't get a hard copy of aiims paper. but yeah I'll try to fimd it. i think you can find it in mtg books
thnx a lot .. someone pls tell where i can get previous year questions along with explanation of Prelims .
Sandip Patel
3 years ago
Go to this below link- you found previous year question paper with explanation. http://visionias.in/student_open/login-form.php
Shailee Jain
3 years ago
Thnx a lot
thanx sir... its very good that u doing... only piece of suggestion if u can please extend to the basic facts about the news and its preliminary idea.. will be helpful 4
AMAZING you are just TERRIFIC everything was great presentation explanation your enthusiasm just BRILLIANT. THANKU VERY MUCH
please remove the unacademy logo on the right top corner..
Ajay Singh
3 years ago
yes its irritating and sometimes cover important words although its transparent.... .
pls somebody clear what is tribanga posture.......
Priyaanka M
3 years ago
=>literally meaning three parts break, consists of three bends in the body; at the neck, waist and knee, hence the body is oppositely curved at waist and neck which gives it a gentle "S" shape and is considered the most graceful and sensual of the Odissi positions. => It has been closely associated with the Hindu deity Krishna who is often portrayed in this posture....
thank u so much ji....
  1. DAILY SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS OF THE HINDU In English Deepanshu Singh CSE & IFoS mains, Public Speaker NTSE topper and debating champion. Avid traveller, fitness, music and fashion cognoscenti 23 207 Edit 100k Followers 15 Following


  2. Hello! I am DEEPANSHU Singh Educator at Unacademy since October 2016 B. Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains NTSE Gold Medalist National-level Debating Champion Interests: Fitness, technology, travelling and photography Follow me: https://unacademy.com/user/deepanshu.n.singh Rate Review Recommend


  3. Yesterday's Practice Question Consider the following statement about first-ever World Ocean Festival (WOF)? I. It is being organised by UNEP II. USA is hosting this event Choose the correct options from below- a) I is correct b) II is correct c) Both are correct d) Both are wrong Answer (B) The first-ever World Ocean Festival (WOF) will be held in New York City, United States from June 4, 2017, which will be organized by the Global Brian Foundation (GBF)


  4. Practice Question What is/are unique about 'Kharai camel', a breed found in India? 1. It is capable of swimming up to three kilometres in seawater. 2. It survives by grazing on mangroves. 3. It lives in the wild and cannot be domesticated. Select the correct answer using the code given below. a) 1 and 2 only b) 3 only c) 1 and 3 only d) 1, 2 and 3 The Post your answers below! (without googling)


  5. The Swimming Camels of Kucch The Kharai camels are left to themselves on one of the seven mangrove islands that dot the creek at Mohadi in Kutch district of Gujarat. They swim 10 km, along with their handlers, taking anywhere between two and three hours to reach the islands, locally called Bet, along the Gulf of Kutch. The camels are unique and if you drink their milk, you will be cured of diabetes and have smooth long hair that can be used in products such as stoles, bags and rugs" During the monsoon, the camels are often left on the mangrove islands for three months. An adult camel requires about 20 to 40 litres of water a day. During summer and winter, their stay on the islands last three days at a time The number of these camels, spread out across six coastal districts of Gujarat, has dwindled to 5,000. They are bred by two distinct communities-the Fakirani Jats, the handlers(live in Bhachau, Mundra, Lakhpat and Abdasa talukas as well as in other coastal districts of Gujarat, such as Ahmedabad, Bharuch, Anand and Bhavnagar.), and the Rabaris (spread across Bhachau and Mundra talukas), the owners. The steadily decreasing mangroves (because of heavy industrialisation along the coast) have affected the traditional grazing routes, with declining camel sales and the low price of milk, the socio-economic status of these communities is precarious


  6. In the quest of yet another koh-i-noor While India's battle to reclaim the Koh-i- noor diamond continues, summer has given a new lease of life to the mines along the Krishna river that spawned the crown jewel. They have surfaced after months under the waters of the Pulichintala irrigation project in Guntur district.. The Kollur mine, the 'Eldorado' that yielded the enigmatic diamond and the eponymous village in Andhra Pradesh lie in a forested region some 100 km from Vijayawada, enveloped by Pulichintala project or the Dr KL Rao Sagar project on the Krishna river. The region has been home to diamond mining for centuries, reaching its zenith under the Qutub Shahi dynasty with believed to have been mined from Kollur between the 15th and the 19th century.


  7. HISTORY OF KOH-I-NOOR Up until 1304 the diamond was in the possession of the Raias of Malwa In 1304, it belonged to the Emperor of Delhi, Allaudin Khili In 1339, the diamond was taken back to the city of Samarkand, where it stayed for almost 300 years.." In 1526 the Mogul ruler Babur mentions the diamond in his writings, Baburmama; was gifted to him by the Sultan Ibrahim Lodi The Persian general Nadir Shah went to India in 1739. Sultan Mahamad. lost the decisive battle and had to surrender to Nadir It was him the one that gave the diamond its current name, Koh-i-noor meaning "Mountain of light" A descendant of Ahmad Shah, Shah Shuja Durrani brought the Koh-i-noor back to India in 1813 and gave it to anjit Singh the founder of the Sikh Empire) In 1849, after the conquest of the Punjab by the British forces, the properties of the Sikh Empire were confiscated The Koh-i-noor was transferred to the treasury of the British East India Company in Lahore In 1852 the Queen decided to reshape the diamond and it was taken to a Dutch jeweler, Mr Cantor who cut it to 108.93 carats After Queen Victoria's death, the Kohinoor became part of the Crown Jewels


  8. Simachalan Temple, Vishakapatna, .lt has Sri Varahalakshmi Narasimha Swamy as the presiding deity The deity at Simhachalam, the lion-man incarnation of Lord Mahavishnu is usually covered with sandalwood paste . The original shape of the deity in the tribhanga posture has two hands with the head of a lion on a human torso An inscription dated as far back as 1098 AD of the Chola king Kuloththunga provides some clue as to its antiquity esa@ & 0 Another inscription shows a Queen of the Eastern Ganga of Kalinga(ancient Orissa) (1137-56 AD) covering the image with gold. While a third inscription says the eastern Ganga King of Orissa Narasimha Deva built the main/central shrine in 1267 A.D. With more than 252 inscriptions in Oriya and Telugu describing the antecedents of the temple, it is a historically important monument Sri Krishna Deva Raya after defeating the Gajapati ruler of Orissa Gajapati Prataparudra Dev visited the shrine twice in 1516 AD and 1519 AD and offered numerous villages for maintenance of bhogam (worship) along with valuable jewellery of which an emerald necklace is still in the temple For the last three centuries the Royal family of Vizianagaram " The Pusapati Gajapathi's" have been the temple's trustees


  9. IISc team unravels how vitamin C helps kill bacteria Vitamin C, an anti-oxidant agent, boosts and strengthens immunity It has ability to speed-up recovery from tuberculosis and impede the TB causing bacteria from causing disease, and even kill the bacteria in culture at high concentration Now, a study by a team of researchers at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Campaign to save 4,000 trees gains momentum Thousands of people signing an online petition; a documentary film doing the rounds on social media; a campaign of hugging of trees Bengaluru has found the molecular mechanism by which vitamin C impedes like the Chipko movement and a legal battle in the Calcutta High Court the campaign to save 4,000 trees presence of antibiotics, bacteria tend to come together and form a biofilm to that are facing imminent felling due to the widening of the NH 35 has finally gained momentum bacteria in West Bengal's North 24 Parganas district. More than 4,000 trees would be cut for widening the 61 km stretch from Barasat Dak Bunglow More to Petrapole (checkpoint on India Bangladesh border) on the NH-binding to the Rel enzyme, thus inhibiting (p)ppGpp synthesis. At about 10 mM 35, also known as Jessore Road and even kills Mycobacterium smegmatis, a non-pathogenic bacterium that belongs to the same genus as the TB-causing mycobacteria. During times of stress or hostile conditions, such as increased temperature and protect themselves. The stress response pathway is crucial for bacteria to survive during hostile conditions. So blocking this pathway is a sure way of killing the In mycobacterium, the (p)ppGpp (Guanosine pentaphospahte or Guanosine tetraphosphate) is a key molecule in the stress response pathway. The (p)ppGpp is synthesised by Rel protein, which in turn is made by the Rel gene vitamin C's structure is similar to (p)ppGpp In vitro studies showed "significant" inhibition of (p)ppGpp synthesis in the presence of vitamin C The more the vitamin C concentration, the greater the possibility of vitamin C concentration, the synthesis of (p)ppGpp molecule was completely inhibited


  10. Bird's eye view and quantum biology A group from IIT Bombay affirm about the way migratory birds navigate across the earth, that it is due to the interplay of chemical reactions, electron spins and the magnetic fields present They have biological sensors that can sense the earth's magnetic field, and guide them in their long journeys spanning continents, these are located in the eyes more specifically, in the right eye, as studies on the European Robin reveal The "compass" is generated by an interplay of the electron and nuclear "spins The avian compass has a sensitivity that peaks at values matching with the earth's magnetic field If nature is indeed able to harness quantum spins in avian compass, understanding how [it works] might afford useful lessons to us in engineering quantum mechanical systems, such as sensing or computing hardware that is incomparably more powerful than what we have today What happens to the dust we breathe in? The small hairs present in our nose act as filters stopping bigger dust particles and smaller dust particles will be expelled by sneezing The dust that is smaller in particle size reaches bronchi and branchioles through wind pipe trachaea and will be expelled in the form of mucous secreted by the cells lining these ain passages The dust surrounded by the mucus will be pushed upwards with the help of cilia present in the bronchioles and bronchi and comes out in cough, spit from the throat Still smaller particles of dust might reach the alveoli (where exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place). . Here macrophages take care of the defense mechanism by surrounding the minute dust particles As there are no cilia in this region, this dust can only come out in the form of spit or it will be sent out through the digestive system.


  11. Govt. plea aginst military upgrade sparks unease Flamingo Festival The Bombay Natural History Society's (BNHS) flamingo festival at the Sewree Jetty on Saturday attracted a large crowd of Mumbaikars, who flocked to see the exotic birds that migrate to the city from Kutch every year Setting off widespread discontent among military personnel, the Centre on Friday moved the Supreme Court against the judgment of the Armed Forces Tribunal (AFT), which grants Non- Functional Upgrade (NFU) to the armed forces. The Special Leave Petition (SLP), filed by the Centre, came even as the military personnel are yet to receive their new salaries recommended by the Seventh Pay Commission Apart from bird watching, the BNHS also organises quizzes, exhibitions and interactive sessions at the event. According to a Ministry of Defence official, the decision to challenge the ruling of the AFT to grant NFU was prompted by its legal stand that the tribunal has no authority to take such a sweeping decision. A step forward for Indo-Bangla ties The Tripura government has commenced the land acquisition process for the construction of India-Bangladesh Friendship Bridge over river Feni that demarcates boundaries between the two countries in south Tripura. The process for acquiring land for a four-lane approach road and a connecting road on Indian side in southern Tripura has also begun Government of India is bearing the entire burden of expenditure towards the construction of the 150-metre bridge which will connect Sabroom of India and Ramgarh in Bangladesh Rehabilitation package is ready to compensate people who would be dislodged for construction purposes.


  12. Additional Secretary in th Min stry of Urban Devel opment, said that the RRTS was a comfortable, 37,539 crore..itsafe and faster way of The 180.5-km On the fast lane GATE NEWDELHIRAILWAY STATION ISBT KASHMERE GATE project would cost Ministry of Urban Devel- SARAIKALE KHAN an estimated LENGTH OF THE Delhi-Rewari-Alwar corridor-180.5 km UAN DHAULAKUAN MAHIPALPUR will be funded by the Centre and State governments concerned IFFCO CHOW travelling. CYBER GTY Elevated stretch 124.5 km KHERKI DHAULA etch km Boost economic activity RRTS consists of three prioritised corridors: It will also trigger eco- nomic development and employment generation in I. MANESAR V.K.SINGH Managing Director, National Capital Region Transport Corporation PANGHGAON the region, said Mr Mishra, adding that the three months to begin NCRTC should consider adding more stations to DHARUHERA work within one year. esi With a design speed of the corridor. speed 100 km/h 180 km/h Ghaziabad-1 eerut-g0 km.speed of 160 km/h and an ture of the Governments of s - 180 km/h, an operating The NCRTC, a joint ven average speed of 105km/h, India, Haryana, Delhi, Ut tar Pradesh and Rajasthan and Alwar could be com is planning to undertake pleted in 104 minutes, said three prioritised RRTS cor ridors Delhi-Alwar Delhi- GOING WORLD-CLASS the journey between Delhi e RRTS trains will have comfortable AC coaches divided into business and economy class. Trains will be available every five to 10 minutes TIME TRAVEL Manesar Rewar Alwa Mr. Singh KHAIRTAL 30 minutes and Trains would be avail- able on the corridor every five to 10 minutes, depend Delhi-Meerut Panipat. -57 minutes. The project will help reduce ALWAR Also, eight such cor ing the time of the day, he ridors have been identified added. With a six-car com under the Integrated According to Mr. Singh, of 124.5 km wil be bination to begin with,, Transportation Plan, 2032, each train. is expected to prepared by the National pital Region Planning pollution and congestion on the roads 104 minutes that the 180.5-km project would cost an estimated the project wil include 19 elevated K37,539 crore. The project, stations with the first 56 He added that the carry 1,154 passengers. which is expected to be km being underground NCRTC was targeting ap- Mr. Singh also said that Board (NCRPB). completed in about six years, will be funded by between ISBT Kas and covering the stretch proval by the Board in the there would be no land ac- quisition issues as the en- )Among the other RRTS years, wil be funded by between ISBT Kashmere next two months, and ap the Centre, State govern Gate in Delhi to Cyber City proval from the Delhi, tire corridor is eith ments concerned and in Haryana. other funding agencies hmere next two months, and ap corridors are Delhi-Barau er un Delhi-Hapur, Delhi-Khurja, Haryana and Rajasthan derground or elevated elhi-Palwal Durga Shanker Mishra, Delhi-Rohtak. aining stretch governments in another an


  13. RUBRIC The last boats n medieval times, Mandvi in Gujar- ats Kutch district was a thriving port Founded by Maharao Khengarji I in 1580, It was a gateway West Asia and Africa, buzzing with Mandvi's 400-year-old dhow-making tradition is just no match for the modern, giant ships of stee tion of the spice route and the camel longing to the seafaring Kharva com- munity of both Hindus and Muslims developed a new expertise: boat-mak- Ing and repairlng to add to thelr traditional navigational skilsTheybe- came adept at bulding thelr own ships, known as dhows, for use in their thriv ing cargo trade. Today, this almost 400- yearold tradition and craft still en- came adept at bualdoThey entirely of sal wood imported from Malaysia, In- donesle, and Burma, or procured loc- ally from Gujarat's babool trees. Built by hand by craftsmen who are barely liter- ate and have no training in engineering, he ships come up expertly nuch as a sketch being referred to. nuchas askxrtly without so The shipbuilders are mostly from the arpenter community. "It's an art re uiring hard work," says Ahmed Juneja, businessman from Mandvi who owms shipbuilding enterprise. "The tradi- onal skills have been modified over any generations. During my grand- ther's time, we used to make ssels of 40 tonne capacity. Now, we ake vessels with capacity up to 2,000 nnes, but the process used is more or dhows under construction craftsmen are hired mostly older ships. Mandvi is not the only pla jarat for the handmade shipb dustry. Along the State's long rge planks and long curves e long and elaborate process of build- a dhow starts with a pathan, a single m that will form the base of the p's hull. This is followed by the mak of a frame to support the boat's pe. Large planks of woods or vakias chiselled Into shape and mounted tion thrives: Veraval, Por Jam Salaya in Saurashtra, fo But the vessels made here fishing trawiers popular in also in Karnataka, Andhra E The process is almost entirely handmade, with hardly any machinery used except for the odd adzes and hand-hel drills now in vogue s the long curves of the body rges, the last layer of patas, which e the outer skin of the boat, are fit- n. The planks of wood are gently over fire and fitted together tight "Of the wooden cargo v are around 1,000 of them of them in Gujarat, says and vessel owner Isha Sidh Thaim is the owner of t Kaushar, which was rece by Somalian pirates while Al Mukala port In Yeme with 11 crew members o boat was released after th mooth. e boat-makers handle the wood as were clay, bending, curving and ing the planks into the desired s. A layer of mud is first applied e planks and then they are slowly d on a filre before being curved with items such as like dates Impor the planks are fitted together deeds of nuts and bolts, the only In wooden vessels. But now that's Piracy and the war hn men have affected the car uses wooden vessels the n These businessmen have now between aots, the Shaping up slowty The boat-makers at Mandw shlpbullding yard handie wood asjtre in n between are flled with sealan