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16th April 2017: Daily Summary and Analysis of The Hindu
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Today's Hindu summary covers in-depth analysis of National, International and Business news with background information about articles linked to the syllabus of the examination.

Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Deepanshu Singh
Faculty- Indian Polity and Current Affairs| UPSC CSE Reserve list 2015| Consultant-G.O.I. Loves Geography Teaching since 2015

U
Unacademy user
sir if you could find some time please prepare a course on ancient like you did for modern . it helped me a lot thanks
Its just equal to spoon feeding...thnku sir for ur notes and summaries its very helpful mainly of sundays.
since last few days your energy to explain the videos is decreasing.....
sir please use light colour background that u used initially..thanks
SK
Handwritten notes followed by brief explanation helps to get into the topics well.. Thanks for ur effort..
Awesome work sir, bringing summary of 40 pages in approx 12 slides is so good. thanks
  1. DAILY SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS OF THE HINDU In English Presented b Deepanshu Singh CSE & FoS mains, Public Speater NTSE topper and debating champion Avid travelec fitness, music and (atihion cognoscenti 16th Aprilzo17 l2017 100k folowess 15 Folloeng


  2. Hello! I am DEEPANSHU Singh Educator at Unacademy since October 2016 B. Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains NTSE Gold Medalist National-level Debating Champion Interests: Fitness, technology, travelling and photography Follow me: https://unacademy.com/user/deepanshu.n.singh Rate Review Recommend


  3. YESTERDAY'S PRACTICE QUESTION "Sagarmatha Friendship-2017" is a military exercise conducted between which two countries? a) India and Nepal b) Nepal and China c) India and Sri Lanka d) India and China AnsrB. Nepal and Chinae for thc first tine Answer-> B, Nepal and China- for the first time


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  7. FRONT PAGE Hackers release files indicating NSA monitored global bank transfers U.S. National Security Agency had accessed the SWIFT interbank messaging system .This allows them to monitor money flows among some Middle Eastern and Latin American banks Hackers released documents and files + computer code (these are adapted by criminals to break into SWIFT servers and monitor messaging activity) SWIFT www.swift.com Society for Worldwide Inter-bank Financial Telecommunication HQ La Hulpe, Brussels, Belgium Provides reliable, fast tele-communication facilities for exchange of financial messages all over the world between Banks and FIs As non-profit making co-operative society in 1973 by 239 banks in 15 countries Hubs in Brussels, New York and Netherlands Rules in 1975; first message in 1977 >7,000 members in 200 countries now Handles over 7 million messages every day India a member since 1991 88 Indian banks are members as on date Microsoft, maker of Windows are not been warned by U.S. government (that files existed or had been stolen) Why the gap here? NSA knew about the Shadow Brokers breach earlier There is a White House process established by former President Barack Obama's staff SWIFT messaging system-used by banks to transfer trillions of dollars each day: it is Belgium-based: It regularly releases security updates and instructs client banks (to handle known threats) Reason (may be)-local messaging systems of some SWIFT client banks had been breached & so NSA may have accessed the SWIFT network through service bureaus . . ess point to the SWIFT system hack the service bure au access to all of their clients, all of the banks .


  8. FRONT PAGE unacadem TODAS Three new species of plants belongs to Balsaminaceae family in Mukurthi National Park in the Nilgiris Impatiens kawttyana, Impatiens taihmushkulni and Impatiens nilgirica more than 135 endemic species of plants in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve Impatiens kawttyana-large, white flowers, glandular hairs, white hairs at the throat, named after a Toda deity hill, 'Kawtty Impatiens taihmushkulni- the Toda deity hill, Taihmushkuln' . Toda people are a small pastoral community who live on the isolated N giris plateau of Southern India . They traditionally trade dairy products with their Nilgiri meighbor people . The last decade both Toda soclety and oulture have also become the foous of an intemational effort at oulturaly sensitive environmental restoration Todas believe that their god 'Aihhn' resides and rules the Toda afterworld from the hill Todas' crucial role in maintaining pristine ecosystems, especially in the Mukurthi National Park . The Toda lands are now a part of The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, a UNESCO-designated International Biosphere Reserve, their teritory is declared UNESCO World Heritage Site 4 he Toda language is a member of the Dravidian family egistrar of Geographical Indication gave Gl status for this unique embroidery, a practice which has been passed on to generations. The status ensures uniform pricing The hut of a Toda Tribe of Nilgiris, India. Note the decoration of the front wall, and the very small door or Toda embroidery products and provides protection against low-quality duplication of the art


  9. NATIONAL unacademy oti, initiative of Department new system proposed from July 1 Vigyan Jy of Science and Technology It envisages 500 contractual faculty positions for five years in universities and research organisations Also, scholarships for school girls India at 35% than the U.S., European Union, and several Asian countries in women in science and engineering But, workforce is only 12% This proposal is a key part of a report, Vigyan 2030: Science and Technology initiative Aims: to encourage moreA rare Egyptian Vulture/ Neophron percnopterus/"white scavenger girls and women to take up careers in the domain of science and engineering Because, here is where they are under-represented Goods and Services Tax or GST will replace-local, State-level and Central taxes Petroleum products and alcohol are odd man out GST Council-including five rate slabs (zero, 5%,12%, 18% and 28%) and an additional cess on sin goods, such as luxury cars and tobacco are a no now Benefits: improving tax compliance from traders, to boost economic growth by a percentage point, the government and industry bodies reckon Investors- find easier and attractive to do business in the country, generating more employment to youths . . S., European Benefits: i . vulture or pharaoh's chicken" . It is is the smallest among all vultures . A globally endangered species on the IUCN Red List . The vulture - a useful scavenger . It plays an important role in the ecosystem (by feeding on carrion)


  10. ECONOMY unacademy Some of the common products of technical textiles are Technical textiles or functional textiles- sector in the country because of its value addition: can be woven or non-woven Bullet-poofjackets . Uses infrastructure projects, including ports, roads, and railways, and agriculture Promoting the use of textile products- improves productivity, health standards, and infrastructure Geo textiles/are permeable fabrics/used in association with soil/ability to separate and filter agro-textiles are used in shading and in weed and insect control It has annual growth rate of 12% for the last three years. Hoses Ropes Dry belts Computer ribbons Battery separators Filters . Seat-belts Airbags Nylon tier cord fabrics Seat covers Car-body covers Automobile interiors carpets VHelmets .Need of the hour: better awareness, interface initiatives with other ministries . aim is to create awareness, promote use of technical textile products, usage Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme supports many of the technical textile products Smart textiles (sensor embedded textiles) is the future challenges: awareness among consumers, technology and knowledge among entrepreneurs, investments and time needed to be innovative ,develop applications, raw material availability China-ahead in production of technical textiles . .


  11. CYBER SECURITY unacademy nvestigatorsand cyber security agencies facing more breaches of banking transfer security Found that "non-state" actors are increasingly targeting India .Found through: hack of $171 million in July 2016(mandated a seven country hunt) . hack involved a transfer double the size of the Bangladesh Central Bank that lost $81 million in February 2016 .while the attack was serious, all of the money had been retrieved within days .The bank succeeded in blocking the transfer of funds . the entire amount was credited in a record period of six days . SWIFT (Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication) payments was checking statements for the day from their dollar account amount of $171 million had been debited from the bank without his authorization . Found: money had found its way to at least five locations(Cambodia's,RHB IndoChina Bank, Thailand', Taiwan,Australia) hacking had occurred by sending malware to a bank official, who mistakenly opened an email that enabled the robbery


  12. S&T unacademy . Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bengaluru- two new, potent molecules -acetylated compound (AC compound) . A very good inhibitors of stress response .Antibiotics- target the bacterial metabolism by aiming at the cellular components and acetylated benzoylated compound (AB compound) Impacts severelythe survival of mycobacteria(Mycobacterium tuberculosis that causes TB) .This molecules inhibit the stress response pathway of mycobacteria. stress response pathway-vital for bacteria to survive during hostile conditions inhibition of this pathway will lead to its death . .Bacteria Under hostile conditions form biofilms biofilms protect the bacteria from stress and induce tolerance to antibiotics tuberculosis bacteria that cannot form a biofilm cannot survive inside the host master regulator of stress pathway for mycobacteria is (p)ppGpp Guanosinepentaphospahte or Guanosinetetraphosphate) They affected the rate of synthesis of (p)ppGpp and also reduced the cell survival two molecules were not toxic to human cells and were able to penetrate the human lung e