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22nd April 2017: Daily Summary and Analysis of The Hindu
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Today's Hindu summary covers in-depth analysis of National, International and Business news with background information about articles linked to the syllabus of the examination.

Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Deepanshu Singh
Faculty- Indian Polity and Current Affairs| UPSC CSE Reserve list 2015| Consultant-G.O.I. Loves Geography Teaching since 2015

Unacademy user
You r so greatfull and helpful teacher for every teacher...thank u so much sir....
The first-ever World Ocean Festival (WOF) will be held in New York City, United States from June 4, 2017, which will be organized by the Global Brian Foundation (GBF). As part of the festival, activists and enthusiasts will take to the streets and waterways of New York City to raise their voices to reverse the declining health of our oceans. The week-long event will galvanize people across the world to bring public attention to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), specifically Goal 14, on conservation and sustainable use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
Abhishek Prakash
3 years ago
pls somebody help me by explaining what is the difference between stone built architecture and rock cut architecture....pls
Atul Singh
3 years ago
Rock Cut are built or carved out a single rock.
thank u ji...but what about stone built..
Ab Shyara
3 years ago
Rock cut basically carved on a single rock and stone cut means use of stones in a architecture.
thank u ji...
plzzzzzzzzzzzzzz make ur UNACADEMY logo more invisible..... so that we can read the text behind.
Deepanshu sir.... thank you so much. Bhagwan kare apki rank top 5 me aye iss bar
Vladimir Putin
3 years ago
BTW was that a gunshot @ 6:52 ?
Deepanshu Singh
3 years ago
Hahah...thanks.. yea it was some sort. Of bursting of crackers.. noise pollution u know! :P
Dear sir, any update when your are going to upload Hindu summary for May & June ?
  1. DAILY SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS OF THE HINDU In English Deepanshu Singh CSE & IFoS mains, Public Speaker NTSE topper and debating champion. Avid traveller, fitness, music and fashion cognoscenti 22nd 2017 Eede 100k Followers 15 Following

  2. Hello! I am DEEPANSHU Singh Educator at Unacademy since October 2016 B. Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains NTSE Gold Medalist National-level Debating Champion Interests: Fitness, technology, travelling and photography Follow me: Rate Review Recommend

  3. Practice Question Consider the following statement about first-ever World Ocean Festival (WOF) ? I. It is being organised by UNEP II. USA is hosting this event Choose the correct options from below- a) I is correct b) II is correct c) Both are correct d) Both are wrong The Post your answers below! (without gogling) The Post your answers below! (without googling)

  4. Yesterday's Practice Question The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has conducted its first-ever mock exercise on forest fire in which state? a) Arunachal Pradesh b) Uttarakhand c) Jharkhand d) Manipur Answer-> B, The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) will conduct its first ever mock exercise on forest fire in Uttarakhand on Thursday (April 20, 2017) to help improve the preparedness and response mechanism in the event of a forest fire

  5. Brideshwara Temple The Big Temple of Thanjavur was called as Rajarajeeswaram, abode of the Lord of Rajaraja Chola or the Temple for Lord Iswara built by Raja Raja Chola the great. With the fall of the Cholas, Thanjavur was resurrected by the Nayaks and Marathas during that time frame the name was sanskritised and called Brideshwara temple. .The temple is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Temple stands amidst fortified walls that were probably added in the 16th century. The vimanam(temple tower) is 198 ft (60 m) high and is one of the tallest in the world. . The Kumbam(the apex or the bulbous structure on the top) weighs around 80 tons.There is a big statue of Nandi (sacred bull), carved out of a single rock measuring about 16 ft (4.9 m) long and 13 ft (4.0 m) high at the entrance.The entire temple structure is made out of granite, the nearest sources of which are about 60 km to the west of temple

  6. Prambanan Temple,Indonesia Candi Prambanan or Candi Rara Jonggrang is an 8th-century Hindu temple compound in Central Java, Indonesia, dedicated to the Trimurti, Brahma, Vishnu) and Shiva The temple compound is located approximately 17 kilometres (11 mi) northeast of the city of Yogyakarta The temple compound, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the largest Hindu temple site in Indonesia, and one of the biggest in Southeast Asia The construction of Prambanan probably was meant to mark the return of the Hindu Sanjaya Dynasty to power in Central Java after almost a century of Buddhist Sailendra Dynasty domination -The construction of this massive Hindu temple signifies that the Medang court had shifted its patronage from Mahayana Buddhism to Shaivite Hinduisnm

  7. Kanchi Kailasanathar Temple The kanchi Kailasanathar temple is the oldest structure in Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu Dravidian architectural style .It is dedicated to the Lord Shiva, . The temple was built from 685-705AD by a Rajasimha ruler of the Pallava Dynasty -The temple is located on the banks of the Vedavathi River at the western limits of the Kanchipuram The temple has retained the Pallava architecturee in its original stylized form with influence of the later styles developed by the Chola Dynasty and Vijayanagara Emperors . It is of stone built architecture unlike the rock cut architecture built into hallowed caves or carved into rock outcrops as in Mahabalipuram The tall gopuram (tower) is to the left and the temple complex is to the right The main shrine has a 16 sided Shivalinga in black granite stone deified in the sanctum sanctorum

  8. Dharamraja Ratha Dharmaraja Ratha is a monument in the Pancha Rathas complex at Mahabalipuram, on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal in the Kancheepuram district of the state of Tamil Nadu. It is an example of monolith Indian rock-cut architecture. Dating from the late 7th century, it is attributed to the reign of King Mahendravarman I and his son Narasimhavarman I(630-680 AD) of the Pallava Kingdom The entire complex is under the auspices of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) . It is one of the Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram that were designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1984 Resembling a chariot (ratha), it is carved out of a single, long stone of pink granite Dharmaraja Ratha is the most prominent architecturally of the five rathas and also the tallest and largest. lt is a trithala or three-story vimana, square in plan, with open porches- and a terraced pyramidal tower. and an octagonal shikhara(pinnacle) at the top. Small-sized model shrines called kudus make up the ornament of the upper part of the tower. There are many sculptures on the corners of the sanctum, which depict Shiva; Harihara, Brahma-Sasta ,Skanda Brahma, Ardhanarisvara(half Shiva half parvati)land Krishna are depicted alongside an inscribed portrait of a king, indicated to be Narasimhavarman

  9. Woman, who debated with the Buddha . Neelakesi (the blue haired one) is an intricate, often difficult to comprehend, philosophical work. The narrative centers round a female protagonist - Neeli, a demoness who is converted to Jainism and becomes something of philosohical prodigy Neelakesi is a fascinating work for other reasons, discussing all sorts of questions- from vegetarianism to ahimsa, whether the soul experiences pain, whether plants sleep, to complex doctrines such as that of the Buddhist Skandas, or the Carvaka materialist doctrine. At one point, Neelakesi even debates with the Buddha. Neeli travels around the all of India debating various opponents, Buddhists, the Ajivtakas, the Carvaka, even the descendants of Vyasa and manages to defeat them all. It is a polemical work, one written to advance Jainism, and Kundalakesi (the short-haired one) features in the first chapter There is a well known story that centers around another Neeli - one that is still very much alive today, who features in the Saivite tradition. The story of Neeli of Pazhayanur is the story of an abandoned wife, who seeks Justice from a council of village elders when her husband abandons her She turns into a vampire figure ho kills her husband out of vengeance and thus also sentencing to death the elders , who have promised to sacrifice their lives if something happens to her husband . . . .

  10. The monks behind 108 monasteries Lotsawa Rinchen Zangpo is known as the father of culture in Ladakh With the cold winds whistling through the Trans-Himalayan desert, and temperatures plummeting to minus fifty degrees, the painters, sculptors, skilled artisans and artists from Chamba, Kullu, Kinnaur and Kashmir worked with a religious zeal under the guidance of the great Lotsawa Rinchen Zangpo (958-1055A.D.), the chief priest and the Vajracharya of Tholing of the Guge Kingdom in Tibet. .They toiled day and night, adding a celestial dimension to the simple mud and stone monastic structures. They covered the walls with paintings depicting divine stories from the Buddha's life, drew mystic mandalas and created heroic size stuccos of the Buddhist deities These ethereal mud edifices served as epicentres of the local art and culture of the religion and philosophy of the Vajrayana sect of Buddhism contributing greatly to the ancient and rich cultural relics of our country Rinchen Zangpo is believed to have constructed 108 gompas, most popular among them being the Tabo monastery known as the Ajantha of the Himalaya in Spiti, where rare manuscripts, thankas, frescos and murals are well preserved The others include the Lalung, the Alchi, located in Khalsi on the banks of the river Indus, Lamayuru Monastery, the Wanla, the Mangyu and the Sumda Legend goes that while undertaking the divine task of building these monasteries overnight, Rinchen Zangpo carried withered willow sticks with him to different sites in Ladakh, Zangskar, Spiti, Kinnaur, Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh. Here, he planted them and wherever the sticks sprang to life and turned green, a monastery was constructed

  11. NATIONAL unacademy PRECISION STRIKE W CHARACTERISTICS Navy test-fires landatak variant of BrchMos missile PRECISION STRIKE WEAPON 3 EXPORTS Supersonic air-breathing missile India &Russia had earlier agreed to sell BrahMos to 'friendly third-world countries identified by cruise missile with a 290-km range erie agre eSuessful maiden test-firingof thelanddtark variantof I > Supersonic BrchMos supersonicaruise missilefromIndian Navd ShipTeg frontline vessels capdbilities away from coost, fromstand-off ranges dt sea predsely missile, is ajoint produd of Indaand Russia speed (Mach 2.8) all Developed jointly through the flight | Nary hcs induded only the anti-shipvcriant inma yof the by India & Russia after project sanctioned in October 1999 Fire& Forget principle of operation o enpa vahesodatark variant provicdes the navd ships the various land atak variant provides the nod ships the vrious One a ongisto neutrdize seleded targetsdeep inland for BrchMos, derived from Russian P-800 Oniks or Yckhont BrahMos is 290 km, process of being extended up to 450 km to export BrahMos to Vietnam, Indonesia 8 > Higher destructive capability reinforced by large kinetic Named after Brahmaputra & Moskva rivers Philippinesas well as some countries in | Precision-strike, energy of impact Gulf& Latin America 2 INDUCTION Indian armed forces have placed orders worth over Rs 31,000 croretill now Navy has inducted the missile on 10 warships IAF Sukhoi-30MKI fighter conducted Army has already inducted three BrahMos regiments BrahMos carriage trials in June. Separation trials later this month

  12. Nepal President to address musk dearth at PuritempleNepoi President Bidhya Devi Bhandari, who visited Shri Jagannath Temple in Puri, assured the temple administration that she would take up the issue India South Korea ink pact on artille guns India and South Korea on signed two agreements to build artillery guns for the of musk (Kasturi) supply to the temple with her government Indian Army and for collaboration in shipbuilding .One of them is an Inter-Governmental Agreement (IGA) between the governments while the other is a manufacturing agreement between two Trump is different from others private companies. india has already nominated Hindustan Donald Trump is different from other politicians who have played the Shipyard Limited (HSL), Visakhapatnam while South Korea designate their shipyard soor The MoU was conceived under the overall umbrella of the 'Special Strategic as increasing the country's share in global merchandise exports Partnership' between both sides Indian engineering conglomerate Larsen & Toubro (L&T) and Hanwa Techwin of South Korea signed a contract to manufacture the K9 Vajra-T tracked, self-propelled artillery guns happens there outside of it,"To spur job creation, Indian entrepreneurs for the Indian Army .Kasturi, the musk obtained from a stag's navel, is used in some special rituals in the Jagannath temple The temple administration had last received musk from the erstwhile King of Nepal in 2002, and the stock has almost got exhausted NITI Aayog vice-chairman Arvind Panagariya said that U.S. President protectionism card in past electoral campaigns he is actually "carrying forward" what he had promised ahead of the election India, however, shouldn't take a "terribly pessimistic view of the situation of global protectionism. India must focus on the domestic marke t as well The global market is an extremely large market. Merchandise exports alone are worth about $16-$17 trillion. Our share in merchandise exports is about 1.7%,"If we can get 4-5% of this pie, regardless of what happens to the size of this pie, we will go places It is important that we focus on what happens in India than what need to enter sectors such as clothing which are labour-intensive

  13. Civil Aviation Ministry to check overbookin Airlines The Civil Aviation Ministry has swung into action to crack down on the incidents of overbooking on domestic flights which rose by more than 60% in the last eight months despite stiff compensation rules for airlines Such overbooking has resulted in thousands of passengers being denied boarding despite holding a ticket .While an outright ban on the practise of airlines overbooking flights is not being considered yet the Ministry may issue fresh guidelines for domestic airlines on overbooked flights .In the eight months between August 2016 and March 2017, 14,270 passengers on domestic Indian flights were not allowed to board their flights-a 60% increase from the year-earlier period Jet Airways accounted for the highest proportion of cases related to boarding denial at 84% followed by Air India with 11.1% of such cases from August 2016-March 2017 after the higher compensation regulation kicked in. Pacemaker for brain may stimulate human memory Well-timed pulses from electrodes implanted in the brain can enhance memory in some people, scientists reported, in the most rigorous demonstration to date of how a pacemaker-like approach might help reduce symptoms of dementia, head injuries and other conditions Zapping memory areas when they are functioning poorly improves the brain's encoding of new information Researchers cautioned that implantation is a delicate procedure and that the reported improvements may not apply broadly The study was of epilepsy patients; scientists still have much work to do to determine whether this approach has the same potential in people with other conditions The new report gives scientists a needed blueprint for so called closed-loop cognitive stimulation: implanted electrodes that both monitor the functional state of memory areas moment to moment, and deliver pulses only in the very microseconds when they're helpful The hope is that such sensitive, timed implants could bolster thinking and memory in a range of conditions, including Alzheimer's and other dementias, as well as deficits from brain injury

  14. How a burrowing rodent survives near-suffocation naked mole-rats are homely, buck-toothed, pink, nearly hairless and just plain weird, but one of the many odd traits of these rodents that live in subterranean bliss in the deserts of East Africa could someday be of great benefit to people. When deprived of oxygen in their crowded underground burrows survive by switching to a unique type of metabolism based on the sugar fructose rather than the usual glucose, the only animal known to do so. Metabolising fructose is a plant strategy Researchers now hope to harness lessons learned from this rodent to design future therapies for people to prevent calamitous damage during heart attacks or strokes when oxygenated blood cannot reach the brain. Naked mole-rats,, can survive up to 18 minutes with no oxygen and at least five hours in low-oxygen conditions. "Naked mole-rats have evolved in an extremely different environment from most other mammals and they have had millions of years to figure out how to survive dramatic oxygen deprivation," In low-oxygen conditions, they enter a coma-like state and release fructose into the blood. By shifting their metabolism from the normal glucose-based system that relies on oxygen to a fructose-based system that does not, they can fuel vital organs such as the heart and brain