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27th April 2017: Daily Summary and Analysis of The Hindu
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Today's Hindu summary covers in-depth analysis of National, International and Business news with background information about articles linked to the syllabus of the examination.

Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Deepanshu Singh
Faculty- Indian Polity and Current Affairs| UPSC CSE Reserve list 2015| Consultant-G.O.I. Loves Geography Teaching since 2015

U
Unacademy user
Hey I am bhavya , nd plsz advised me for Neet exam in a good score
Swasti Nagar
a year ago
you can watch my NEET strategy course 😊
Bhavya Pandey
a year ago
ohk
Bhavya Pandey
a year ago
thanks
Swasti Nagar
a year ago
😁
sir i've been following all your videos and they are of great help. thank you so much for ypur efforts. and also i wpukd like to ask you that sir do we need to study the current affairs of april n may too for the prelims 2017? just prelims?
Aarav Vikrant
3 years ago
Yep, Btw You can leave 18 days of june if you want. :)
Shiva shambhavi
3 years ago
thank you :)
Rohit Maurya
3 years ago
may 30
Manoj Kumar
3 years ago
It will be always better to read newspapers till 18 june . As UPSC is unpredictable n news papers also covers important topics of late.
Rohit Maurya
3 years ago
ok
Mayank Golwalkar
3 years ago
For prelims 2017, U should read April n May's current affairs as questions can be framed from this month. U can leave June's current affairs.
Rohit Maurya
3 years ago
that is what i said
Mayank Golwalkar
3 years ago
OK
Somnath Temple, Charminar among new places chosen for Swachh iconic places initiative. The government has announced the names of ten new Iconic places under the Phase II of Swachh Iconic Places initiative. Swachh Iconic Places (SIP) is an initiative of Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation under Swachh Bharat Mission. The ten new iconic places that will be undertaken in Phase II of Swachh Iconic Places initiative are: Gangotri, Yamunotri. Mahakaleshwar Temple (Ujjain), Char Minar (Hyderabad), Church and Convent of St. Francis of Assissi (Goa), Adi Shankaracharya’s abode Kaladi in Ernakulam, Gomateshwar in Shravanbelgola, Baijnath Dham (Devghar), Gaya Tirth (Bihar) and Somnath temple in Gujarat. The ten Iconic places that are already under implementation in Phase I are: Ajmer Sharif Dargah, CST Mumbai, Golden Temple (Amritsar), Kamakhya Temple (Assam), Maikarnika Ghat (Varanasi), Meenakshi Temple (Madurai) Shri Mata Vaishno Devi (Katra, J&K), Shree Jagannath Temple (Puri), The Taj Mahal (Agra), Tirupati Temple (Tirumala). The aim of this initiative is to make these places intensely clean and transform them as model ‘Swachh Tourist Destinations’, that will enhance the experience of visitors from India and abroad.
sir please make video on engineering services exam paper 1 general studies specially current affairs and highlight which Areas to focus based on 2017 ESE ANALYSIS OF PAPER 1
plz don't stretch the graphics for the sake of fitting it into the blank space. skewed aspect ratio of its dimensions makes it difficult to read the text within.
Here is the link to the article on water scarcity. Link: http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/dry-date-excessive-borewell-drilling-savages-andhras-water-table/article18249405.ece
Deepanshu Singh
3 years ago
Thanks :)
  1. DAILY SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS OF THE HINDU In English Deepanshu Singh CSE & IFoS mains, Public Speaker NTSE topper and debating champion. Avid traveller, fitness, music and fashion cognoscenti th 2 2017et 100k Followers 15 Following


  2. Hello! I am DEEPANSHU Singh Educator at Unacademy since October 2016 B. Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains NTSE Gold Medalist National-level Debating Champion Interests: Fitness, technology, travelling and photography Follow me: https://unacademy.com/user/deepanshu.n.singh Rate Review Recommend


  3. Practice Question Which of this is not under the Swacch Iconic Places Initiatives: a) Somnath Temple b) Tirupati Temple c) Taj Mahal d) Brihadeshwara Temple The Post your answers below! (without googling)


  4. Yesterday's Practice Question Which country has become the world's largest LPG importer recently? a) India b) Japan c) China d) Bangladesh Answer-> C According to data from Oil Ministry's Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell, China is the World's largest importer of LPG where as India topppled Japan to acquire second position.


  5. Aadhar-Pan linkage meant to plujg tax leaksVoluntary versus mandatory Aadhar-Pan linkage meant to plug tax leaks says SC Slamming a tendency in the country to evade taxes, the Supreme Court referred to the mandatory linking of Aadhaar to the Permanent Account Number (PAN) and Income Tax returns as an instance of the government's efforts to bring "new and new laws to stop leakages." The court was hearing petitions filed by Ramon Magsaysay award winner Bezwada Wilson, former Kerala Minister Binoy Viswam and ex-Army officer S.G. Vombatkere, represented by senior advocates Arvind Datar, Shyam Divan, Sriram Prakkat and Vishnu Sankar, challenging the constitutionality of Section 139AA inserted in the Income Tax Act by the Finance Act, 2017. .five to 10 lakh fake PAN cards generated every year At least 34,000 agencies which dealt with collecting data for Aadhaar were blacklisted. The question whether the government can insist on citizens having an Aadhar number has been hanging fire since 2013, with the Supreme Court passing a series of interim orders SEPT23,2013SCARCH 24 20L4 No person shall be OCTOBER 15, 201s SC adds Jan Says, No person e of any service for want Dhan,MGNREGS, EPF and social should suffer forof Ar number in case hesheis assistance pension to schemes for not getting Aadhaa othiseeligible/ entitled which Aadhaar ls permitterd card in spite of fact hatsome authrtyAUOUST 11,2015 AUGUST 11, 2015 SCasksCentre MARCN 28, 2017 SC Bench says sued a drcular makivie publiaty that it is government is free ta press hg tmdtmatory for ctizen to get for Aadharr tdtofor Aadhaar card allows its use in PDS transactions,such as fiing tax and LPG distrlbutilon scheme retums and opening bank accounts is notfur ths outoquestion the wislomof Parlament and say PANis betterthan Aadhr Parliament and say PAN is better than Aadhaar. We cannot question Partiamentslaw umless there ls a vlolation offuamntalrghts USTICE A.K.SIKR


  6. A shrinking home for endemic birds . Birds endemic to the biodiverse Western Ghats appear to be in greater danger than they were thought to be, because the range of places they live in may have been overestimated The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), found that for 17 of 18 bird species, the distribution was smaller than IUCN estimates. The Red List' classifications of the IUCN serve to guide protection policies less vulnerable' species receive a lower conservation focus The study published in the journal Biological Conservation, argues that IUCN overestimated the habitat of these bird species by up to 88% Of the 18 species, habitats of 12 were overestimated by over 50%. Under the new model, 10 species could be bumped up on the IUCN scale, for a higher risk An example is the Malabar grey hornbill which IUCN classifies as 'Least Concern' and believes is distributed across 2.3 lakh sq.km in Kerala and Karnataka. But when researchers used a spatial modelling technique, they found its range wasjust 43,060 sq.km, or, nearly 81% less than the estimates. This would put the bird in the 'Near Threatened' category The Nilgiri pipit appears to have lost 88% of its habitat, making it "endangered" rather than "vulnerable". IUCN uses expert sightings and other records, while the study used land cover, forest type (satellite imagery), temperature, precipitation and-citizen science' using the eBird online birding checklist . . . . .


  7. High Court spells out steps to stop pollution in Dal Lake Coming down heavily on the caretaker body Lakes and Waterways Department Authority (LAWDA) and the civil administration for their "lax approach and insufficient staff, the Jammu & Kashmir High Court pulled them up for "failing" to preserve the famous Dal Lake. "Environmental degradation, pollution caused due to letting out of discharge by residential buildings, growth of weeds and discharge of toxic effluents have caused serious damage to the world-famous water body." 9 11 Noting that existing Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs) "were not functioning effectively and needed to be upgraded", It asked the authorities to rope in non-governmental and other organisations "for technical experience" and to install CCTV cameras "to strengthen" the LAWDA's Enforcement Wing >The court directed the State government to ensure rehabilitation of residents at Rakh-l-Arth housing colony, a rehabilitation project for lake-dwellers who are being displaced as part of the conservation programme >The court also stressed the need to seek guidance of the World Wildlife Fund, which has created a network called the India Water Stewardship Network and Alliance for Water Stewardship, "to ensure sustainable water management".


  8. SC pulls up States on food Panel . The Supreme Court on Doctors worry about about quality as Centre pushes for Generic Following the Centre's advisory to physicians to prescribe drugs with generic names, doctors across the country are worried that any change in drug -especially for patients with chronic illnesses and critical care may risk patients not getting the full benefit of a particular drug A section of doctors argue there is no concrete evidence to show that generic drugs are equal to branded drugs, with respect to bioavailability potency, efficacy and impurity content There can be complications and some of the ailments and diseases can go out of control, they argue. Besides,_some of the branded drugs are available at a lower cost than generic drugs as they have been price capped under the National List of Essential Medicines (NLEM) Anywhere else in the world, generics undergo scrutiny and a particular drug is manufactured by a single company. Here, tens of companies manufacture the same drug and the final call will be taken by the chemist who will use the opportunity of selling the drug for which he gets the highest margin," The Indian Medical Association (IMA), while welcoming the push for generic drugs, insists that it is "discretionary and non-mandatory". "The government itself admits that less than 0.01% of the drugs produced in the country are tested for quality. It will not be fair on the part of the government to expect doctors to prescribe substandard drugs," he said . Wednesday criticised the governments of drought-hit States of Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and Karnataka for not appointing State food commissions under the National Food Security Act (NFSA) . The court pulled up the Bihar government for not appointing two members of the commission, asking whether it thought that food for people was not important The Bench, however, granted exemption to the Chhattisgarh Chief Secretary due to the recent Naxal attack and recorded that the commission had been appointed . .


  9. Bengal Govt. renames scheme Home Ministry Security Adviser rules out knee-jerk reactions . The Sukma ambush is a "temporary setback" but there will be no The West Bengal government has decided to drop the tag Pradhan Mantri" from "Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojna" and rename it as "Bangla Fasal Bima Yojna", The reason behind the decision to drop the Pradhan Mantri tag, taken at a State Cabinet meeting Earlier this month, was that the Centre's share in such schemes had come down to 50:50, State Agriculture Minister Purnendu Basu explained to PTI. "We do not see any necessity in continuing with the Pradhan Mantri tag on a project for which the State government has been contributing much. "knee jerk-reactions" to the incident where 25 CRPF personnel were killed by a large group of Maoists on Monday, told K. Vijay Kumar, Senior Security Adviser in the Home Ministry. "The CRPF personnel were outnumbered by the Maoists. They were scattered in two groups of 36 each and further into four sub-groups and were at a distance of 400-500 metres away The Maoists used large number of children, women and old people as a shield to advance near the road construction site. They first pinned down some jawans stationed on one side of the road by using diversionary fire and then fired at the other team on the other side . . . . The 56 km road between Dornapal and Jagargunda has been under construction for more than two years and tender floated for it on 18 occasions as no contractor came forward to execute it. . Only 10 km has been constructed so far as the area is considered the stronghold of the Maoists


  10. SC seeks to regulate NGO funds. The Supreme Court suggested that the government ought to frame a statutory law to regulate the flow of public money to the NGOs even as the Council for Advancement of People's Action and Rural Technology CAPART) recommended the registration of 159 FIRs against various NGOs for swindling government funds A three-judge Bench led by Chief Justice of India J.S. Khehar suggested introducing a law after perusing guidelines handed over by the government to the court, appointing NITI Aayog as the nodal agency for NGO registration The Union Rural Development Ministry had framed the accreditation guidelines to regulate the manner in which the VOs/NGOs, which are recipient of grants, would maintain their account, the procedure for audit of the account, including procedure to initiate action for recovering of the grants in case of misappropriation and criminal action" The court, gave the government the liberty to start civil and criminal proceedings against 703 NGOs, which according to CAPART, have defaulted .CBl records filed in 2016 in the Supreme Court had shown show that only 2,90,787 NGOs file annual financial statements of a total of 29,99,623 registered ones under the Societies Registration Act. The Supreme Court had expanded the scope of a PIL petition alleging misuse of funds by Anna Hazare's NGO Hind Swaraj Trust to include the status of all NGOs


  11. A data glove for the speech-disabled A data glove, which measures the individual joint angles of all the five fingers to understand the activity of daily living, developed by Nayan Bhatt, Research Scholar from the Department of Applied Mechanics, IT Madras, recently won the Budding Innovators Award given by the Delhi-based National Research Development Corporation (NRDC) The data glove has 15 sensors (plus an additional reference sensor) that help in gathering information about kinematics or hand motion. The sensors are placed on the segments of a finger-each finger has three segments and the junction between two segments forms a joint Each sensor is connected to a microcontroller board using a flexible wire to collect data. "The sensors measure the joint angles through the change in orientation information In the case of people with Parkinson's disease, the data glove will provide information about hand kinematics and help clinicians assess the severity of disease. It will complement the traditionally used Universal Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale. The development may find application in animation and other industries One finger can move in different directions. So the total number of joint angles is about 21. Sensors have been used to sense all the 21 angles


  12. DRY DAYS LANDSCAPE OF SCARCITY A meagre incre Desperation-fuelled drilling average depth Badyiin March 2016 Excessive borewell drilling has savaged the landscape and water table of Andhra Pradesh, and hit the livelihoods of water-starved farmers badly arh lova 3.41 mbg year due to a and the State's select water V.K. RAKESIH REDDY March 2017 has Venkata Narayana Redly, owner of well-to-do, big agriculturist in Kau- tapalli village, in Nallamada mandal of the arid Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh. He had an annual income of 3 lakhs from he mulber. ry he cultivated, and a silk rearing unit. But this was 1O years ago. to last year bodies (Metres Below Ground Level In a tragic twist, there was a dras tic drop in the water table in his farm, and Mr. Reddy lost everything. Accruing a debt of lakhs from six failed borewells, he migrated to Hy KERALA borewells, hom six he threw hi. One day Reviving irrigation Degrading the potential derabad searching for work. One day he threw himself under a running hilly terrain train and ended his life. This is not the story of just one farmer in Anantapur district. Failed borewells have bled thousands of farmers of their means of ivelthood and pushed them into debt traps. Several big farmers have been re duced to farm labour to feed their families and repay massive debts. As the land of 44 rivers, Kerala used to For farmers of the semi-arid region recelve an average annual rainfall of of Telangana, Mission Kakatiya, the 3100 mm. However, the State is facing flagship programme of the State govan acute water scarcity, which experts ernment, has brought some cheer this attached to the National Centre for year. Desilting and restoration of tanks Earth Science Studies (NCESS), Thiru in the rural areas, the main objective ofvananthapuram, attribute to the loss of sem- arid region werver, the snich esperts The who have raised loans to cover ex the mission, has boosted agriculturalhills, giant rocks, and forest cover. operations in the current Rabi of Pathanamthitta district, where the of over 4 crores in the Thirst spares none: A man along with his children travels to collect a few pots of water from a borewell at one year, have sunk as many as Yerragondapalem in Prakasam district of Andhra Pradesh. NOMMURNVAS 500 borewells and attained the dui ous distinction of having a bre ell each for every male, adult and chid. owner Venkatanarayana Reddy ampally village in Sangareddy district- ed, presents a classic case of a kind has cultivated his two acres of land for scape undergoing rapid change, with the first time. Two important tanks in hills such as Chemt an nu i Pormala and Avolimala being Cheruvu were filled with water from razed by the hour, weakening the wa Every time abre ell stops water he drills another one. elding around 40% in 1960 to less than 3% in 2006 and to less than 2% by 2012. jai, As the area under tank irrigaton of diesel last year alone said bunk : the area-Anna Sagar and Ando! Pedda ugundlapalii Venkat Reddy, a has seen it all, the riches brought by silkwonn lease put my husband in am afraid that he will commit suicide once the borewells he is drillingstop Big transformation dropped, the area under borewellthe Singur reservoir, after desiltation. ter holding capability of the terrain. Irrigation rose from 0.0 % to around Consequently, the farmers cultivated for its silkworm rearing, thanks to the cultivation ANDHRA of mulberry in over 90% "Removal of five- to six.metre thick rearing as well as today's yielding water," says lakshmi Devi, 53% in 2006 and up to 66% by 2012 an area of600 acres under Anna Sagar upper layer of the hills that used to borewell proliferation his wife. Mr. Venkatesulu is barely The government spent over t170 a1,200 acres under Andol Pedda retain rainwater in a big way prior to He once had 25 bore eking a sustainable livelihood from crores on borewells in the last four Cheruvu, almost twice the area theyadvent of rampant granite quarrying PRADES usually cultivate under the two tanks. has wells on the 12 acres of agriculture, so he sends Lakshmi decades and spends close to t20 land he owned. Now all Devi and his children to work in oth crores every year on either drilling that he is left with are ers Farms to make ends meet. evidence of its erstwhile pastoral glory is the array of 1,500 dried up borewells that pockmark the once green land become poor by just drilling bore districtfour acres and six boreWhile there are over four lah What these statistics show is irthere are now endless stretches of greenPampa Parirakshana Samithi, which has been campaigning for the cause of River Pampa for the past three decades. In a landmark judgment on Rebruary government proposes to restore 46.531 27, 2012, the Supreme Court of India tanks. So far,11,000tanks were restored, ruled that mining affecting the natural ells in the district, only 10% rational, unglanned use of ground v ells, all of which are dry, It's as if the entire village has bore of which are functional, the number packly tield after fanners began grow ing a second crop again after decades. water with no plan and long-term ! of borewells in the governments re sion to rejuvenate the ground water says Yv Malla Reddy of the AFE ology Cen sting1estored,20,preme ct on Rebruary costing ,800 crores. Independent re- l water flow should not be permitted. Under Mission Kakatiya, the State wells, he says cords is only 2.3 lakh. One of the prime reasons for the The borewell drilling companies touched everything in the small vi Persisting frenzy eAvernimer lage. The local petrol bunk got over Kuruva Venkatesulu of Marur vil said to be the severe drop in area un tose The local petrol bumk Sorewell lage, Rapthadu the severe drop in vater is der tank irrigation. "the net area un- the groundw TOMORROW: TRAVELLING FOR WATER search by the groundwater departmentHowever, freshwater sources continue found a significant rise in water levels to be converted, making a mockery of wate levels tobe 50% of its earnings from borewell lage, Raphada mandal, has sunk hnwandal, has sunk down