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26th April 2017: Daily Summary and Analysis of The Hindu
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Today's Hindu summary covers in-depth analysis of National, International and Business news with background information about articles linked to the syllabus of the examination.

Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Deepanshu Singh
Faculty- Indian Polity and Current Affairs| UPSC CSE Reserve list 2015| Consultant-G.O.I. Loves Geography Teaching since 2015

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The Ol Pejeta Conservancy is a 90,000-acre (360 km2) not-for-profit wildlife conservancy in Central Kenya's Laikipia County. It is situated on the equator west of Nanyuki, between the foothills of the Aberdares and Mount Kenya. The Conservancy boasts the largest black rhino sanctuary in East Africa, and in 2013 reached a population milestone of 100 black rhino. It also houses the three remaining northern white rhino in the world, who were moved here from Dvůr Králové Zoo in the Czech Republic.
According to data from Oil Ministry’s Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell, China is the world’s largest importer of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), where as India toppled Japan to acquire second position. It is because of Indian government’s drive to provide free cooking connections to women from extremely poor households resulted in 32.5 million new LPG connections being added in FY17. The government’s efforts have pushed up India’s active LPG user count to about 200 million. It aims to increase the households using LPG to 80% of total households in India by FY19 from 72.8% as on April 1, 2017. On the other hand, Japan is cutting back on LPG as cooking fuel and is moving to cheaper alternatives such as natural gas. According to World Health Organisation (WHO), hazardous cooking fuels like wood and cow dung cause air pollution on burning and are responsible for 1.3 million pre-mature deaths a year.
sir plz dont put headlines in right corner coz its not visible clearly due to the logo of UNACADEMY
The Ol Pejeta Conservancy is a 90,000-acre not-for-profit wildlife conservancy in Central Kenya's Laikipia County. It is situated on the equator west of Nanyuki, between the foothills of the Aberdares and Mount Kenya. 
Ol Pejeta Conservancy is in Kenya.
  1. DAILY SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS OF THE HINDU In English Deepanshu Singh CSE & IFoS mains, Public Speaker NTSE topper and debating champion. Avid traveller, fitness, music and fashion cognoscenti Edit 26t Tll 2017 100k Followers 15 Following


  2. Hello! I am DEEPANSHU Singh Educator at Unacademy since October 2016 B. Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains NTSE Gold Medalist National-level Debating Champion Interests: Fitness, technology, travelling and photography Follow me: https://unacademy.com/user/deepanshu.n.singh Rate Review Recommend


  3. Practice Question Which country has become the world's largest LPG importer recently? a) India b) Japan c) China d) Bangladesh The Post your answers below! (without googling)


  4. Yesterday's Practice Question Who has won the 2017 Goldman Environmental Prize? a) Praffula Samantra b) Wangari Maathai c) Devi Shukla d) Rajendra Agrawal Answer-> A


  5. UP cancels 15 holidays on birth and death anniversaries Jhum cultivation Jhum' fields are prepared by the slash- The State Cabinet at its meeting chaired by Chief Minister Yogi and-burn method in forests Shifting cultivation in India is known as jhum in Assam, punam krishi is Kerala, now be taught about the great personalities on these days, podu in Andhra Pradesh and Oris bewar, mashan, penda and beera in different parts of Madhya Pradesh. About 20 lakhs hectares of forests are cleared every year by felling and burning academic session due to increased holidays the trees and shrubs These clearings are cultivated under very crude and extravagant methods for 2-3 years and then abandoned when fertility dwindles or soil erosion makes it unfit or forests reappear Paddy, buck wheat, maize, millets, oba are grown on the burnt over clearings and anniversary (Apr 17), Para shu Ram Jayanti (Apr 28), Maharana the products shared jointly by the clan . Dry deciduous forests are especiallyRamzan), Chhat Puja (Oct 26), Eid Milad Un Nabi (Dec 2), suited to jhumming Adityanath on Tuesday decided to cancel 15 public holidays in educational institutions. "Instead, students in schools and colleges would An official release later clarified that government employees were free to avail restricted holidays on these days The CM had in his address on the occasion of Dr B.R. Ambedkar's 126th birth anniversary here expressed concern over the shrinking "There should be no holidays in schools on birth anniversaries of great personalities." The 220-day academic session has been reduced to only 120 days due to such holiday Public holidays that have been scrapped include Jan Nayak Karpori Thakur birth anniversary (Jan 24), Maharshi Kashyap and Maharaj Guha birth anniversary (Apr 5), Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin ome vegetables and bananaChisti Ajmeri Gareeb Nawaz Urs on (Apr 14), Chandrashekhar birth Pratap Jayanti (May 9), Jamat Ul Vida on June 23 (last Friday of Chaudhary Charan Singh Jayanti (Dec 23)


  6. Himachal announces grant for farmers on Electric fences . The State Agricultural Department has announced a grant for farmers, including fruit orchardists, to erect electrified fences around their fields with solar and power panels. The grant would cover at least 80% of the cost of these fences Odisha's famous tiger dance is losing its charm for many . The biennial Thakurani Jatra festival of Berhampur showcases the famous tiger dance or Bagha Nacha', experts feel that the standard of this folk form has gone down over the years. "The Thakurani Jatra festival can be used as a platform to keep this tribal dance form alive among the common people. But till now it has not been used for this purpose,"Performers at the festival do not show serious interest in this unique dance form or in learning its intricacies It was part of the tribal life in the hilly regions of Bhanjanagar in Ganjam and adjoining Kandhamal districts. During the 21-day-long Thakurani Jatra festival, which is currently in progress in Berhampur, several people including children, get their whole body painted like a tiger as a homage to Goddess Budhi Thakurani. . . .


  7. China for Government level talks on BCIM corridor Beijing would like to upgrade the Bangladesh- China-India-Myanmar-Economic Corridor (BCIM-EC) dialogue from Track I (official diplomacy) to the "intergovernmental level" The BCIM is a sub-regional group to review economic development of the region while facilitating the construction of a 2,800-km economic corridor from Kunming in south-west China to Kolkata via Mandalay in Myanmar, Imphal (Manipur) and Silchar (Assam) in India, and Dhaka and Jessore in Bangladesth . The idea gained momentum after a meeting between Chinese Premier Li Keqiang and former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in 2013 China's suggests to upgrade the joint study group dialogue to the "intergovernmental" level The BCIM meeting on Tuesday was held to review the economic integration process while facilitating the construction of the economic corridor HMT land to be sold to ISRO Space that produced the iconic HMT watches in Bengaluru and Tumakuru for over 50 years is set to change hands and will start ticking again, this time for satellite launchers and planetary missions About 208 acres of land belonging to the public sector, HMT, in the two locations are being acquired by the Indian Space Research Organisation in a 1,194-crore plan to expand and de- congest its facilities. This could be one of ISRO's big expansions in recent years since it took up around 500 acres in the multi-agency science complex' at Challakere. The Union Cabinet cleared the land sale to ISRO on March 31


  8. The Karnataka man who is saving the wild mangoes Mangifera indica is indigenous to the Indian subcontinent; domesticated over 2000 years ago; it is now also cultivated in east Asia, Africa and the Americas The breeds we squabble about are the result of selective breeding and hybridisation All over the country, countless natural varieties grow wild, each with characteristics influenced by local soil and climate conditions Wild mangoes tend to be small, rich in fibre and thus good for digestion, and the trees are hardier and more disease-resistant than commercial varieties. But, development's inexorable march has meant land being cleared for infrastructure projects or plantations and farms, and so there is the very real risk of some wild varieties being lost forever In a Markanja village, Dakshina Kannada district, Karnataka, Mapalathota Bhat is doing his best to preserve as many as he can. He isn't a scientist or researcher: he calls himself a common farmer, and over the last 25 years, he has used a part of his land to grow as many varieties of wild mango as he can get his hands on .He has personally collected seeds of 80 varieties from the neighbouring districts of Uttara Kannada, Shivamogga, Udupi, Chikkamagaluru and Kodagu, and motivated by nothing else than a desire to conserve the breeds, he has planted and nurtured at least two trees of each Only one other factor guides his choices: all of them are varieties he has personally tasted and liked Among the varieties he has are the Sambar Mavu, used to make sambar, Jeerige Appe, which tastes like jeera, and Mente Appe, which tastes minty.


  9. Delhi Shimla flight from April 28 India assures Nepal of help with polls National carrier Air India's subsidiary Alliance Air will be the first airline to start operating flights between Delhi and Shimla under the Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS). The first flight, under the government's pet scheme 'Udey Desh ka Aam Nagrik' or UDAN, will be flagged off by Prime Minister Narendra Modi from Shimla on April 27 Alliance Air will operate regular flights using a 48seater ATR-42 all-economy class aircraft from April 28 Due to the short runway length, height and temperature restrictions the aircraft will not be able to fly the total capacity of 48 passengers Viability Gap Funding "On the Delhi-Shimla leg, we will carry 35 passengers while on the return only 15 passengers will be able to fly The government will compensate for the loss with a Viability Gap Funding of about 3,000 per seat Prime Minister Narendra Modi assured his Nepali counterpart Pushpa Kamal Dahal 'Prachanda' of "all possible help" in organising the three- phase election- covering local, provincial and central levels that will begin in the Himalayan country on May 14 . . . . . The PM's statement, which indicates a softening of policy towards Nepal's democratic process, came two days after Madhesi agitators agreed to participate in the elections though their demand of redrawing provincial boundaries before proceeding official . The last flight to Shimla's Jubbarhatti airport had operated from Delhi by Air India on September 6, 2012. "Therehave been no flights to the Himachal Pradesh capital since because of soil erosion leading to the shrinking of the runway 128 routes During the inauguration, Mr. Modi is expected to announce Alliance Air's RCS flights between AmritsarNanded and Kadapa- Chennai. A total of five airlines-Alliance Air, SpiceJet, Turbo Megha Air Odisha and Air Deccan- are set to start operating on 128 routes this year . h the polls was not met


  10. Boots on the ground alone won't help Security experts are calling upon the government to come up with a cohesive response to internal security challenges, against the backdrop of the deadly attaclk on CRPF personnel on Monday in Chhattisgarh and unprecedented scenes of protests in Kashmir The "incoherence of policy" had worsened the internal security situation, with violence in both Maoist-affected areas and Kashmir breaking new records in recent years. In Chhattisgarh, for example, the number of security Wikipedia launches new services personnel killed in 2017 is already 72, higher than the 67 Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales is launching a project in 2011, the highest in recent years. In Kashmir, total casualties last year was 267, the highest since 2010, and in 2017, already 64 people havesays on its website, after Mr. Wales announced the plan been killed aimed at reshaping the news media called WikiTribune ."The news is broken and we can fix it," WikiTribune late on Monday focussed on "evidence-based journalism" What the Army called human terrain, such as ground conditions, impact of social media, radicalisation and so on, were not being taken on board for policy making In the case of naxal areas, intelligence and equipment for paramilitary forces need to be urgently stepped up WikiTribune aims to tackle the epidemic of fake news and misinformation by using crowd-sourcing or the broad online community of journalists and others as fact checkers The new service will be free, without advertising, relying on contributions from users


  11. 14 States set to pass GST bill by mid-ma Fourteen state legislatures will approve their respective State Goods and income Services Tax (SGST) law by mid-May Bihar and Telengana have already passed the SGST law.Rajasthan is likelyhas suggested that agriculture income to pass it on Wednesday .The new regime would not have any inflationary impact on the economy since the country would be shifting from multiple-level taxes that had a cascading effect to the GST that would_do away with such a scenario and aid in easing inflation .In the GST regime prices of most items would fall and those of services might stay at the same level "Around 60% of the income of the Centre and States comes from items that attract 12.5% excise duty and 14% value added tax There will be a likely reduction on the tax on these items under GST," exempted from Income Tax regardless NITI Aayog moots taxing agriculture Government think-tank NITI Aayog be brought under the purview of personal Income Tax in a bid to curb tax evasion In its three-year action agenda discussed at the Governing Council meeting, the Aayog reasoned that non- agricultural entities sometimes use the blanket relief to evade taxes All agricultural income is currently Majority of the services would see service tax going up to 18% in the GST regime from the current 15%, most services would get the benefit of o protect farmers, non-agricultural input tax credit on purchases, and, therefore, the overall tax incidence would entities sometimes use it to evade stay the same of its size. While the provision is meant taxes by declaring agriculture as the source of their income," GSTN had shortlisted 34 companies to be empanelled as GST Suvidha Provider (GSP) GSP will develop applications for taxpayers for quick monitoring of GST compliance activities, and provide role-based access to divide various GST this group, only 1.91 crore individuals related activities like uploading invoice and filing returns among different se r around 1.5% of the population paid of users In assessment year 2014-15, only 3.65 crore individuals filed returns. Of any Income Tax at al


  12. Louvre Pyramid creator turned 100 The modernist architect I. M. Pei, who was once pilloried for plonking a glass pyramid into the courtyard of the Louvre, turns 100 on Wednesday, with his controversial creation now an icon of the French capital. The Chinese-American designer endured a roasting from critics before the giant glass structure opened in 1989, with up to 90% of Parisians said to be against the project at one point. -The Louvre's glass pyramid was built in 1989 and is 21 metres high. It is made solely of glass and metal and is now one of the city's most recognisable landmarks .It's erection, however, caused a fair bit of controversy, as the architect, IM. Pei, was the first non-French architect to work on the Louvre. The glass pyramid is one of four, as three smaller glass pyramids surround the courtyard, Cour Napoleon The large pyramid serves as the main entrance to the Louvre Museum.