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EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS IN LESSTHAN 10 MINUTES resented E i6thJanuary,2017 shu chrome
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EDITORIALS COVERED IN TODAY'S LESSON The Hindu . Smoking e-cigarettes is injurious to health . Drowned by state failure Indian Express In fact: Delhi, Puducherry, different LGs, varying powers Livemint Water as a force for peace
QUESTIONS FOR ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE The recent growth of the economy has been described as 'jobless growth' What are the challenges that India is facing in creating more jobs? ges that India is facing in creating more jobs -Use Un academy Discuss site to answer the daily practice questions from now on.
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injurious to health What is this article is about? E-Cigarettes and there is no evidence to prove that they really are a solution for quitting smoking or harmful E-cigarettes: o Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), the most common prototype of which are e-cigarettes, are to the health. for people trying to quit smoking They contain nicotine and no tobacco they are projected as tobacco cessation, products but there is no strong evidence to say so. o Research and Markets Report on E-cigarette Market in India 2014.2018) projects the compound annual growth rate of the Indian e-cigarette industry at 63.38 per cent E-cigarettes do not fall within the Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products (Prohibition of Advertisement and Regulation of Trade and Commerce, Production, Supply and Distribution) Act, 2003 (COTPA), which mandates stringent health warnings on the packaging and advertisements of tobacco products, because they contain only nicotine.
A Survey of e-cigarettes and its warnings: o This survey is about ecommerce websites which sells e-cigarettes and whether they have published warnings about it. Warnings: 1.addictive properties of nicotine 2.possibilities of the product exploding WARNING! 3.accidental consumption of the liquid inside the e-cigarette, which leads to death. o 50 % of the ecommerce sites-have no health warnings on the consumption of e-cigarettes 30 %-display warnings in an inaccessible manner. <not displaying in the description part> Why this is important for India? In India,number of smokers is on the decline according to WHO Global Report, 2015 and it increases the possibility of e-cigarettes becoming a gateway for smoking by inducing nicotine addiction and making smoking attractive o Global Adult Tobacco Survey 2009-2010 suggests that tobacco control laws, particularly the pictorial health warnings and advertisements, mandated under COTPA, have been highly effective in increasing awareness of the health risks of tobacco More than 70 per cent of persons surveyed noticed health warnings on cigarettes, while approximately a quarter thought of quitting on seeing this warning This has been accepted by WHO.
What did our Government do? Our response was slow. as slow. o 2014-first declaration to ban e-cigarettes containing nicotine POISON But only few states have implemented the ban o Maharashtra-banned it since it is an unapproved drug Kerala 0 ,Karnataka Punjab-classified nicotine as poison -Each state is approaching its own way and no uniform way to deal with the problem which is only compounding the issue and highlighting the fact that we are at delay in dealing with a serious problem. What should the government do? o First is Regulation-the Indian government should impose appropriate restrictions on the sale and advertisement, online and otherwise, of e-cigarettes, including proper health warnings Second is commission independent scientific research on the benefits and risks posed by these products in the Indian context.On basis of this research,government should classify ecigarettes.
Drowned by State Failure o It was a Auspicious day "Makar Sankranti day", o a Sacred River "Ganga" but the sad new is the "Boat Tragedy" This boat tragedy happened at Diara, near Patna, a large number of people had got themselves into a small boat for a free ride after witnessing a kite festival.The boat overturned and 24 people lost their lives boat involved appears not to have used its engine at the time of the accident, even the absence of safety training for operators is also revealing and insufficient supply of boats. Now why this is important? safety in public transport remains a low priority for governments. o last year Government, expanded the National Waterways programme and notified several stretches of rivers and canals for a new deal for inland water transport but what about the safety issues?
Boat accidents have a lot of injured and dead when compared with the road accidents o . The Centre, which talks of a shift in freight and passenger transport using inland waterways should respond to this boat safety issue by firmly implementing existing laws and introducing new measures along with the States. The relief offered to the kin of the dead and injured both by the Centre and the Bihar government should not obscure the fact that the loss of life was entirely the result of official failures. This was obviously the result of serious neglect of safety norms for which accountability must be fixed. Who is responsible? Judicial commison should inquire into this. WHO o Judicial commission should inquire into this.
IE: IN FACT: DELHI, PUDUCHERRY, DIFFERENT LGs, VARYING POWERS GS-2 o The LG of Delhi enjoys greater powers than the LG of Puducherry o The LG of Delhi has "Executive Functions" that allow him to exercise his powers in matters connected to public order, police and land "in consultation with the Chief Minister, if it is so provided under any order issued by the President under Article 239 of the Constitution o The powers of the LG of Puducherry are different from the ones of the LG of Delhi, the other UT that has an elected legislature and government. o While the LG of Delhi is also guided by the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 1991, and the Transaction of Business of the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Rules, 1993, the LG of Puducherry is guided mostly by the Government of Union Territories Act, 1963 o Constitutional provisions- Articles 239 and 239AA of the Constitution, as well as the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 1991, clearly underline that Delhi is a UT, where the Centre, whose eyes and ears are the LG, has a much more prominent role than in Puducherry. The Government of Union Territories Act, 1963 provides for a Legislative Assembly of Pondicherry o Section 18 of the Act- "may make laws for the whole or any part of the Union Territory with respect to any of the matters enumerated in the State List or the Concurrent List" section 44 of the Act, the Council of Ministers headed by a Chief Minister will "aid and advise the Administrator in the exercise of his functions in relation to matters with respect to which the Legislative Assembly of the Union Territory has power to make laws.