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3rd January, 2017: Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and other Newspapers
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Today's lesson covers the Editorials from The Hindu, Indian Express and Livemint. The topics discussed are- discrimination faced by Women, Reservations demand, Andhra Pradesh eGov initiatives, need of special courts, Urban development schemes- AMRUT and Smart cities mission.

Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Deepanshu Singh
Faculty- Indian Polity and Current Affairs| UPSC CSE Reserve list 2015| Consultant-G.O.I. Loves Geography Teaching since 2015

U
Unacademy user
thank you sir please continue your art of solving MCQs course
“Educate a Women, you will educate a family”, this is true in case of health as well. “Take care of the health of a women in the family, and it will contribute to the health of the whole”. India is currently in a criticial phase of its demographic transition and the only way to reap the benefit is better human resources i.e. better education and health. Health has a huge impact on education so if health is not proper, education will not thrive. In India 40% of children are suffering from stunted growth, major cause of it being mlnutrition although sanitation also plays a role in it. “Mid day Meal Scheme”is one such scheme which Should be extended to Secondary education as well. Integrated Child development scheme-“System strengthening and nutrition improvement project” is another such program, which is targeting only children under 6 years, which also needs to be extended to children atleast till age of 15(Mid Adolescent) as most of the development occurs at this stage. Recent studies shows that health of the women also contribute to the health of children, she nutures him in womb as well as through breast feeding. If women is under nourished, the child will also be affected. Schemes like “Indra Gandhi Matritva Sahog Yojana”provide cash benefits to the women to take care of their nutritional requirements, As other schemes this scheme is also focsuing only for lactating mother which needs to be provided for atleast 2 years of the child. Still there are some last mile loop holes as in case of last meal to women. Everything is in place for the right thing to happen, but it is the attitude of people and actual ground level implementation that brings the real change.
I have included some changes in this answer as I felt more diverted from the question. Please review it :)
Aravindkumar M
3 years ago
good introduction and structuring.Suggestion:come out of government policies and suggest innovative measures.
Thank you for the review Aravind :) Yeah I got diverted from the question
Raunak Sinha
3 years ago
You are using unnecessary flowery language and going out of context and the word limit...just writing govt initiative wont help..mention things like use of millets...super food..etc...
Thank you so much Raunak, will incorporate them :)
Your writing skill is commendable in terms of using effective words. But, as far as this particualr answer is concerned I think more attention is needed on HOW TO ADDRESS MALNOURISHMENT IN CHILDREN. Your first part of the answer acutally answers last part of the question, i.e. how important is changing attititudes towards women........... Anyways, overall it is very good and I have seen your provious answers so good work bro.
Thank you :)
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
really awesome,got to know of some new schemes from it.
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
Bro Despite having very good introduction and concluding lines i must praise :) but your measures seems to be not creative one as the question clearly meationed "suggest the ways" you can add something really optimistic eye-catchin to it ... and please review mine one thank you :)
Surya Ragupathy
3 years ago
Good answer Vignesh! but focus must be on giving measures to overcome. You hovered more on govt initiatives. Things like introducing fortified rice in midday meal scheme can be included. And pls review my answer too!
Thank you guys. Yeah I got diverted from the topic
Hi Vignesh, Very good introduction (which you always give to your essay and I always enjoy reading it), well structures (show that you know about topic) but lack on making reference. It will add gravity to your word. Keep writing.
Thank you Vikas. I will improve on that in next answer :)
Mitesh Gajnanda
3 years ago
Vignesh Sir , do review mine .
Malnourishment is loosely defined as not getting proper nutrition as per body requirements.In India a large number of children suffer from malnourishment and stunting.Stunting and malnourishment leads to cognitive disabilities which in turn lead to poor performance at school. This ultimately culminates in low paying job and this “vicious cycle” continues.The ways to tackle this are: 1.Addressing “hidden hunger”. Recently UN agencies came up with this term.It is observed that even in well to do families diet of people especially children lacked proper nutrients. 2.Strengthening of schemes like Mid Day Meals Scheme.It ensures that child gets atleast one proper meal per day.Further millets and biofortified foods can be given to children. 3.Empowering women.Mother’s health has direct impact on child health.In infancy they have highest correlation.For this schemes like Jannai Suraksha Yojana and Nayi Roshni should be implemented robustly. 4.Girl child gets less resources than boy child.This should be targeted by sustained mass media campaign and using celebrities in campaigns.Further schemes like Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls should be pursued. 5.Proper assessment of children’s health shall be done at health centres and health camps.This will let parents know which nutrient children are lacking in.Then a diet can be formulated for them. Today’s children are tomorrow’s workforce.We must ensure that our children get proper nutrition so they can reach their full potential.Further empowering women will lead to “diffusion” of advantages to child and rest of family too.
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
Hey guys, if anyone is awake then please review and early birders please do in the morning :)
HI Hardik, Nice as well as informative answer. Keep it up :)
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
Thanks Vignesh. BTW are you attending night chat with Roman sir? at what time is it starting?
Today it started around 10.10
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
so is it regular now? i want to attend it but always see it after it has streamed.
Yeah it is regular now
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
okie, thanks
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
Hardik Bro this answer really a hats off to you no mistake very good one :) keep it up :) and please review mine one tooo
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
thanks rohit. Sure
Simran .
3 years ago
nicely written piece..
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
Thanks simran
Mitesh Gajnanda
3 years ago
Siroha Ji , review mine too ! ????
The main reason behind the malnutrition of children in India is increase in population, and economic inequality. In present day also most of population lives below Poverty line. Women are also suffering from malnutrition which leads to giving birth to unhealthy babies, so new born infants are unable to get adequate amount of nutrition from their mothers. The World Bank estimates that India is one of the highest ranking countries among the other countries, for the number of children suffering from malnutrition. The 2015 GHI (Global Hunger Index) report ranked India 20th place with serious hunger situation. There are some schemes are initiated by government for eradication of malnutrition : 1. Midday meal scheme in Indian schools 2. Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) 3. POSHAN by Rajasthan state government 4. Bal Kuposhan Mukta Bihar (BKMB) And many other private organisations are also working in India as well for providing healthy food to children. The education and nutrition of women in India will definitely plays very important role in eradication of malnutrition. Government and society have insist on women having healthy food and families also have to give health diet food for girls because a healthy girl will become a healthy woman and after marriage she will give birth to a healthy child. "HEALTHY MOTHER GIVE BIRTH TO HEALTHY CHILD"
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
Please review my answer it is a request to other unacademy followers
Raunak Sinha
3 years ago
"Women are also suffering from malnutrition which leads to giving birth to unhealthy babies, so new born infants are unable to get adequate amount of nutrition from their mothers. " : Redundant lines. The answer is not crisp and is quite repetitive..read the question again..it isasking for innovative measures...not govt schemes.
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Raunak question is asking about the ways to address malnutrition and attitude change towards women will help in it [ i suppose that i answered accordingly ] if it is not please elaborate where is my answer is wrong
Raunak Sinha
3 years ago
"Women are also suffering from malnutrition which leads to giving birth to unhealthy babies, so new born infants are unable to get adequate amount of nutrition from their mothers. " : don't you think there is redundancy in this line?
Raunak Sinha
3 years ago
similarily the question has asked you to suggest some innovative ways... The World Bank estimates that India is one of the highest ranking countries among the other countries, for the number of children suffering from malnutrition. The 2015 GHI (Global Hunger Index) report ranked India 20th place with serious hunger situation. There are some schemes are initiated by government for eradication of malnutrition : 1. Midday meal scheme in Indian schools 2. Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) 3. POSHAN by Rajasthan state government 4. Bal Kuposhan Mukta Bihar (BKMB) And many other private organisations are also working in India as well for providing healthy food to children. The education and nutrition of women in India will definitely plays very important role in eradication of malnutrition. Government and society have insist on women having healthy food and families also have to give health diet food for girls because a healthy girl will become a healthy woman and after marriage she will give birth to a healthy child. "HEALTHY MOTHER GIVE BIRTH TO HEALTHY CHILD" here there is no suggestion...just facts and schemes
Hi Akash, Nice and informative points:) You answer structure is really good. But I think you missed the suggestion part in your answer. It would be better if you can add some more points for the second part of the question.
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Vignesh i agree with you completely i also think the same but i didn't come up with more suggestions next time i will up more emphasis on suggestion also
Sure . Keep writing :)
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
thank you Vignesh
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Raunak "Women are also suffering from malnutrition which leads to giving birth to unhealthy babies, so new born infants are unable to get adequate amount of nutrition from their mothers. " this line is not [REDUNDANT] because the question is also asking for education of women for eradication of malnutrition so this line will get it towards the women nutrition and education also
Raunak Sinha
3 years ago
The use of english my friend..first this: Women are also suffering from malnutrition which leads to giving birth to unhealthy babies....then this: so new born infants are unable to get adequate amount of nutrition from their mothers. this is the same thing you repeated.
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
Oh yes grammatical mistake is there but other wise my answer is right or wrong or what i have to change in it please give suggestion along with example :)
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
a very fact oriented answer bro .. and in introduction as you mentioned economic condition as the main reason it made the rest answer of no use as recent SARI survey pointed out the main reason social mindset not economic condition .. My opinion.. and please review mine one thank you :)
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Rohit thank you for reviewing my answer i will also review yours answer also thank your :)
Nearly half of all deaths in children worldwide under 5 are attributable to undernutrition. Undernutrition puts children at greater risk of dying from common infections, increases the frequency and severity of such infections. In India the condition is worse, even India is one of the highest-ranking countries in the world for the number of children suffering from malnutrition. And strangely the number of underweight children in India is nearly double that of Sub-Saharan Africa. However, the government has accorded high priority to the issue of malnutrition and launched various schemes and programs to keep the situation under control. like, 1. Mid-Day Meal 2. Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) 3. MGNREGA 4. Antyodaya Anna Yojna 5. National Child Labour Projects(NCLP)
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
Intro is good but there are no suggestions and also u have not answered the second part of the question
It has been said that while giving birth, mother gave child a part of her body. Although despite going through so much pain what if the child is weak in activities when child competes with the outer world. The recent surveys done by SARI and IHDS are caught with the statistics which are not in favour, statistics of malnutrition in children. Various social factors are describing India's situation why out of 10 every 4 child is not healthy. Mitigation measures for the health of both women as well as child is : 1)Acc. to the SARI survey, generally woman eat later than men because of the social attitude and the rest of the food is not enough to basically fill the requirement of nutrition in women so to Social awareness programes can help to uplift mentality socially. 2)Right to education to each and every child (girl as well as boy ) so that there must be a level of oppurtunity to both gender equally. 3) In 2017, PM established a new foundation to tackle this problem by providing financial fund of 6000Rs. and various Important vaccianation so that there should be no compromise with the health of both. 4)Proper cleaniness among surrounding under "Bharat Swachh Abhiyan " , under the recent survey it is also concluded that because of harmful enviroment there is direct impact on the health of child which weakens the immune system. 5)Under the report in 2005 although states like Kerala have much less per capita income but very less IMR as compared to states like Punjab and Bihar. "Health is the foremost gemstone for the development of the nation all other kinds of developments only rely on the health of their citizensso that the nation continue to strieve towards excellence."
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
review are welcome people :)
Sumanth reddy
3 years ago
Hi Rohit :) Your answer is good and informative but it is dealing with the health of new born and the mother. The question asked us to write about malnutrition in children. Also, it asked to suggest the measures, not quote the problems. You can add some of the existing measures but there should be some new ones too.
Surya Ragupathy
3 years ago
Hi Rohit! Very good answer but I think you got distracted. Question is about malnutrition and we are asked to give measures to overcome. So things like strengthening ICDS, Maternity Benefit scheme can be included. And Fortified rice in midday meal scheme, spreading awareness about breast feeding will do good. And pls review mine too :)
Hi Rohit, Nice answer. Keep it up :).But you could have added some other suggestions, apart from that it is a very good answer :)
Manu Singh
3 years ago
I second Vignesh and Reddy! Please try to add more suggestions :) Rest your intro part is really good. I would like to emulate you in the next answer ;)
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
very well structured.a little more emphasis on malnourishment would have been better.yet conclusion is rock solid. keep it up.
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
Thank you bro :)
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
HI Rohit your answer is good structure wise and content wise also but friend you can also add some more suggestion in your answer :)
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
Ok thnx
  1. EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS IN LESSTHAN 10 MINUTES rd 3 January, 2017 Presented By chrome


  2. ABOUT ME . Educator Educator @ unacademy . B.Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) .Interests: Music, Quizzing, Fitness & Photography https://unacademy.com/user/deepanshu.n.singh NTSE and Debating Champion Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains RATE REVIEW RECOMMEND


  3. EDITORIALS COVERED IN TODAY'S LESSON The Hindu - When women eat last -What is special about special courts? . The rediscovery of urban India Indian Express - Quotas are for justice, not to plug job holes " Quota demands will only grow with jobless growth Livemint Andhra Pradesh and data-based governance data-based governance


  4. QUESTIONS FOR ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE - Suggest ways to address malnourishment levels in children in India and how important is changing attitudes towards women will help in this? Discuss


  5. IE- QUOTAS ARE FOR JUSTICE, NOT TO PLUG JOB HOLES AND QUOTA DEMANDS WILL ONLY GROW WITH JOBLESS GROWTH (GS-1/2) o Demand of reservation by Dominant castes lately- list of Socially and Educationally Backward Classes (SEdBCs) and provisions for reservation on that basis. This is in conflict with the Constitution. o According to a 2016 report of the Labour Bureau, 42 per cent of the rural population is underemployed. This causes a flow of migrants to towns and cities-declining From 6,40,000 in 2009 to 1,17,000 in 2014, in spite of a 7 to 8 per cent growth rate o Capitalism- no real benefit of FDI in job creation-they are precarious and do not pay well o National and state backward class commissions have found that these communities are not socially and educationally backward and not inadequately represented in the services. The Constitution provides reservation for three social classes: Scheduled Castes (SCs), victims of "untouchability"; Scheduled Tribes (STs), sufferers of isolation under vulnerable "tribal" conditions with all-round deprivation and disadvantage; Socially and Educationally Backward Classes, victims of "social backwardness", a low position in the traditional caste hierarchy and linkages with "lowly" traditional occupations. o Economically upward classes- No such class is recognised by the Constitution because their poverty is not the outcome o the traditionally iniquitous social system o Need for reservation-adopted in the presidencies and princely states of the peninsula well before Independence.


  6. IE- QUOTAS ARE FOR JUSTICE, NOT TO PLUG JOB HOLES AND QUOTA DEMANDS WILL ONLY GROW WITH JOBLESS GRoWTH (GS-1/2) o Reservation is not a programme for the removal or amelioration of poverty and unemployment. It was instituted to remove the imbalance in governance and administration, the monopoly of a few castes and the exclusion of castes that account for the vast majority of the population Reasons cited by SAC against reservation-fragmentation of lands and difficulties faced by certain industries, agriculture, jobless growth o Governments, ruling and opposition parties are falling into a position versus the nation and its Constitution Ruling parties find it is easier to blame the judiciary rather than create jobs o Governments should facilitate small and medium enterprises which have a labour intensity about four times that of large firm, but by ignoring agriculture (and reducing the budget of the MGNREGA) and the SMEs (which are not protected from competition by big firms any more), they aggravate the job problem


  7. TH-1 WHEN WOMEN EAT LAST (Gs-1/2) o Why are Indian women so malnourished? poverty and sanitation play a role along with discrimination. The Rapid Survey on Children (2012-13) found that about 4 in 10 children are stunted and first wo years of life, child depends heavily on her mother for nutrition. In India, girls are less likely to survive infancy than boys, and if they do, parents invest less in their education. Women are far less likely to work outside the home and have their own bank accounts than men. Many report little decision-making power over their own lives. SARI (Social Attitudes Research for India) survey findings-Most of Women in India are the last to eat food-very often gets less or lower quality food than people who eat before her- Numbers reported even higher than IHDS-2011 o One in three adults in Delhi, and six in ten adults in UP said they lived in households where men eat first. Higher reporting in SARI due to Phone interviews, both men and women questioned. o widespread in Delhi and U.P, and that it has important implications for a child's health What can be done about it-No clarity on it, However, o Govt. needs to promote Gender equality (Beti Bachao, sabla, PMUY etc), awareness and publicity. o Encourage education for girls-SSA, Beti bachao, beti padhao, discouraging dowry, supporting marriage choice, and raging female labour force participation.


  8. TH-2 THE REDISCOVERY OF URBAN INDIA (GS-3) o Rapid Urbanization- need to build 22 new Bengalurus besides recasting the landscape of the present 4,041 cities for a better living! o Comparison of JNNURM and AMRUT and Smart Cities mission o INNURM-launched in 2005 was no doubt the first concerted effort to make a difference to the urban chaos. o Only 43 per cent projects were completed during the 10 years- most allocated to a particular state AMRUT-Citizen participation in urban planning and project prioritisation are now made mandatory-Bottom-Up o comprehensive assessment of infrastructure deficit before drawing up city-level action plans. o Ensuring water supply connections to the 2.25 crore urban households, improving sewerage networks, drainage and non-motorised urban transport, parks Smart Cities-to ensure core infrastructure, including health care and education, in an identified area besides improving service delivery across the city through information and communications technology-based solutions. The focus has shifted from a project-based approach to area-based outcomes o Urban renaissance-Credit rating of cities, municipal bonds, PPP, Online integrated single-window clearance etc. o Involvement of citizens, increased sense of ownership- augmenting SBM-Over 500 cities and towns have already become open defecation-free. o Investment of over Rs.2.75 lakh crore has been approved in just a year-Rs.50,000 crore under AMRUT, Rs.48,000 crore for smart cities and Rs.14,643 crore for making cities clean, states getting more autonomy, Coop-Fed, FFC recomm.


  9. TH-3 WHAT IS SPECIAL ABOUT SPECIAL COURTS? (Gs-2) o Reality check of Special Courts-study by Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy-found that only three statutes provided for special courts between 1950 and 1981, whereas between 1982 and 2015, 25 statutes mandated the establishment of such courts o Several such courts were created in response to specific incidents-he largest number of special/designated courts were created between 1982 and 1992. However, there is no categorical rationale for these developments. o Setting up and designating special courts- Laws interchangeably use the terms 'set up' or 'designate' with respect to special courts- Setting up a special court may require new infrastructure and facilities, whereas a designated court merehy adds additional responsibilities to an existing court- irregular implementation by states. o Issues- Five statutes-clusters of economic offences, regulatory offences, law and order, social justice, and national security- Objective of special courts has been unclear- moreover new economic legislations have provision for special courts while previously enacted do not which have huge backlog (SC/ST-POA, NIA Act, PCA 1988 etoc) o several special courts and fast track courts being set up under POCA, NIA-designated courts inspite of Special courts o no exclusivity in "special courts', absence of rationale have rendered the notion of special court superfluous. Poor quality or complete absence of data remains a major concern o Study does reveal much scope to expand the areas of enquiry for research- what's the purpose of Special courts- if existing courts are merely designated as special courts without any new infrastructure being created? o Need of Legislature monitoring the health of special courts and examining whether their original stated purpose continues to be served


  10. MINT: ANDHRA PRADESH AND DATA-BASED GOVERNANCE (Gs-2) " C.M.s vision- Andhra Pradesh to become one of the three best states in India by 2022 and the best state in terms of inclusive development by 2029,top ranked in WB ease of doing business " Transformative ideas-investment promotion and monitoring body like the Economic Development Board (EDB) of Singapore, and most importantly a single one-stop portal for real-time tracking of almost everything that the government does- Core Dashboard - governance model- problem-solving approach led by data, rather than instinct. KPI based data gathering -employed by Malaysia's performance management and delivery unit (Pemandu) EDB -state's investment promotion and external engagement activities like liaising with the Central government investors, multilateral agencies and India's overseas embassies. -" Core Dashboard-33 departments and other parameters, including the number of streetlights switched on, power generated daily, water levels, rainfall, tax revenue, forest plantation rates, and government revenue etc Impact-reduction in impact of droughts, ran guns" to be deployed in a targeted manner to prevent crop wilting . Monitoring of Ujala' to providing broadband, state's flagship pension scheme, called NTR Bharosa (Aadhar based) tracking, MGNREGA, rolling plan for GSDP and its monitoring-only state to do this in India. Unique steps in India- state is not just solving ground-level problems, it is also setting high-level macro targets which allow for greater recognition of progress to the public at large, adopted by Maharashtra, Haryana and Rajasthan