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13th January, 2017: Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and other Newspapers
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Today's lesson covers the Editorials from The Hindu, Indian Express and Livemint. The topics discussed are- Urbanization challenge of India cities, election funding, Droughts, strategic cooperation between India and Rwanda, Science and technology in India

Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Deepanshu Singh
Faculty- Indian Polity and Current Affairs| UPSC CSE Reserve list 2015| Consultant-G.O.I. Loves Geography Teaching since 2015

U
Unacademy user
thank you mam @!@
The word 'Lobbying' is nowhere illegal in world nor in India and it is also a facet of democracy because if is not about "influencing" its about "how you influence". Clearly there is very fine boundary between bribing and lobbying. Regulating lobbying is required in India as constitution has words like "socialist", "secular" in preamble therefore its affect should not be minimized but the ways must be. The need to regulate lobbying can be due to 1) More and more FDI will in some way indirectly affect small businesses and subsistence farmers. 2) The recent events like "Internet.org" by Facebook and Jio's free internet schemes disrupts "competitive" market and makes very less room for other stakeholders. Although TRAI is regulating fairly but still more improvements on various modes of influences are necessary. 3) The strict lobbying of bureaucrats in framing various anti-corruption laws as it has been recently raised by many pressure groups for Prevention of Corruption Bill 2016. 4) The issue of "paid media" houses and newspapers are also very non-regulating system and it influences various factions "right" or "left " wing in their own way. So to put a clearer opinion and to bring an inclusive growth of all factions lobbying should be regulated, it should not be banned or opposed but it should be regulated through rules of procedure and guidelines by either judiciary or any other legislative body.
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Please review.
Ravi Shaw
3 years ago
Hi Utsav.. Very neat answer...I felt u met the exact requirement of the question....loved ur arguments :) keep writing buddy....
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Thank you so much Ravi !
Jyoti Singh
3 years ago
Hey !!! Utsav,An impeccable arguments and points.Very nice answer.I will add your answer on my notebook........!!!
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Thank you Jyoti! You can also add some more points or mention here too if you found any.
Daihrii Pou
3 years ago
great answer.. I like your points.
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Thank you Daihrii !
Jyoti Singh
3 years ago
NO-NO Utsav.Your answer is complete in every sense.....!!!
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Ok Jyoti ! Thank you so much. !
Jyoti Singh
3 years ago
Welcome Alwayss Utsav.Keep writing......!!!
Roobitha Masanam
3 years ago
Nice answer utsav
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Thank you Roobitha !
Good answer Utsav. Keep it up.
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Thanx Vikash !
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
Hi Utsav, I could not understand the 1st and 2nd point of ur answer, may be because I have not read much on it. The rest of the answer I found gr8
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Hi shubham thanx for reviewing , the first point explains about corporate lobbying for opening domestic markets for more capital inflow and they bribe heavily to middlemen like they did in Bofors and Chopper scam and also there was corrupt lobbying for retail sectors too for changing FDI policy. Second point is about the Ambani effect of disrupting market due to its proximity to all political outfits for getting licences and tenders easily. Mark Zuckerberg invited PM for this sole purpose so you can understand how influental he was in getting into it. So monopoly is the result of this corrupt lobbying but it cant be avoided at any cost but it can be regulated by proper rules of procedures as by any competent authority so that inclusion of all factions can be achieved.
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
Thanks for the explanation Utsav :) just a suggestion that the first two points i guess need a little elaboration like corporate lobbying for opening domestic markets/ market monopoly through proximity to political outfits, may be it is already fine, not sure
Great Answer, I like your writing Art! I will add in my Answer Bank.
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Thanx Shubham i would love to refine with your suggested jargons
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Thanx Shravan
Ik
Ishita khanna
3 years ago
very well explained
Yogesh Charan
3 years ago
add lobbying is judiciary in appointment of judges and killing meritorious spirit. lobbying by big lawyers with judges like taking up of cases under a.136 lobbying in inner party killing democracy give examples of failure of congress in strengthening the regional committees. otherwise good answer.keep writing
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Thanx Yogesh but appointment is not lobbying but its rather consultation infected by "nepotism" so its entirely a different prospect so linking that would be shifting of issue to entirely on ethical context and its not a GS 4 question but GS 2.
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Thanx Anshu
Deeps Leelar
3 years ago
Good attempt
Gaurav Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Utsav, Very nicely written answer, I don't have much idea about definition of lobbying but I think your answer perfectly covers the question. Keep it up :)
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Thanks Gaurav !
Lobbying or say influencing someone for personal gains is as ancient as human. It could be used for an useful cause. Lobbying is not officially recognised in any form by our constitution, rather it is not illegal. U.S. and many Western European nations prefer lobbying under strict scrutinising of law. In India too, recent corruption scandals by big business have increased the need for a law to regulate it. Recently a Private member bill introduced in Lok Sabha by Kalikesh Narayan Singh Deo ensures the importance of such a law. Why we need to regulate it? 1) Legalising lobbying will create TRANSPARENCY in the way election campaign funding occurs. 2) provide an open FORUM where transactions would be monitored and Black money generation can be avoided. 3) Some countries have tested lobbying as an economic activity which could generate income and can be adopted in India too. Some Constraints are: 1)Corporate influencing in Indian govt is less when compared to US And hence legalising it would not reduce corruption significantly. Lobbying is a time tested method which connects even common man with policy makers and hence transparent lobbying can be welcomed.
Roobitha Masanam
3 years ago
Kindly review friends:)
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Hi Roobitha can you explain point 3, also its about need on regulating lobbying not legalising as you suggest in last line. But content structure and starting is nice and thorough. keep it up
Roobitha Masanam
3 years ago
Hi Utsav.. For point 3, in countries like Australia it started as a small entity but now has become a popular industry, and many countries use lobbying as a way of tax saving. So only I have included here. And in last line I'm little confused about legalising.. Correct me if I'm wrong :)
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Ok, I think the point has been raised from wikipedia's definition of lobbying but you said that it should be adopted in India but it is corrupting Australia as for every scheme and work you needed a lobby there so what would be the use of introducing that has been corrupted over period of time. Also the point is not about legalising its about managing and regulating the lobbying activities. The economy can be in serious perils if it is legalised as what it has been seen in paper tenders so govt then replaced it by e-tenders. The root of the cause of 2g spectrum scam was uncontrolled corporate lobbying into the dealing and the point should be noted here. Also its all about regulating the "ways" not the "function".
Roobitha Masanam
3 years ago
Thank you for your clear explanation Utsav. I understand the concept and question better now..Actually this is a new concept for me. Thanks for sharing your knowledge:)
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Welcome Roobitha ! keep writing and maintain this spirit .
Roobitha Masanam
3 years ago
Sure Utsav :)
Deeps Leelar
3 years ago
Very nicely written
Roobitha Masanam
3 years ago
Thank you Deeps
Deeps Leelar
3 years ago
Plz review mine as well
Lobbying is essentially a necessary part in a democratic process or any other forms of governance. It helps both the electors and the representatives to hear grievances as well resolved it in the most transparent manner. In fact there are no government across the globe where lobbying is nonexistent. Indian with the advantage of being fastest growing economy in the world, and with initiatives like ‘make in India’, ‘skill India’ etc. is definitely going to attract investors both from domestic as well as outside India. Therefore, we urgently need a proper law to regulate lobbying both from domestic and foreign entities so as to ensure transparency. In the present scenario, lobbying is equated with bribery or corruption in India because there is no regulation. It is also a reason why many foreign companies are not too keen to invest in India where corruption and bribes thrives. Also, it is in the absence of transparent lobbying that corruption flourishes. Regulation of lobbying will certainly allow everyone from big corporates to men on the street to push for their interest to the decision makers. There can be much fairer political decision if lobbying is legalized and regulated properly through an act of parliament. The ambiguity surrounding lobbying in India have certainly created negatives about lobbying in the public minds. Thus, we urgently need a law to handle the crisis.
Ravi Shaw
3 years ago
Well structured and to the point explanation...keep writing buddy :)
Jyoti Singh
3 years ago
Well Written. Covered many aspects. Keep Writing and Improving.....!!!
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Hi Daihrii ! Nice answer but question demands the regulation not legalising Lobbying as it will indirectly shield bribing behind it. So conclusion should be clear and just , context is apt so keep it up!
Daihrii Pou
3 years ago
thanks Ravi. through sharing and Review we learn better.
Daihrii Pou
3 years ago
thanks Jyoti.
Daihrii Pou
3 years ago
thanks utsav for making that point. I ll work on that.
Deeps Leelar
3 years ago
Good attempt
The word lobbying has an associated negative connotation in India. The Imperative Need--- Passing legislation alone does not ensure that lobbying entities will actually disclose themselves. Lithuania had 13 lobbyists register in the seven years after it had introduced laws requiring registration, or in Hungary's situation which abandoned its lobbying regulation laws in 2011 after failing to motivate.On the other hand only Japan, the US and Slovenia, among countries which have regulated lobbying, have mechanisms to proactively conduct such scrutiny.Before Regulating Lobbying government need to,create parallel enforcement capacity for monitoring and enforcing campaign finance and conflict of interest laws, Without this lobbying regulation is destined to fail. Law has its own limitation. Yes, we do require law which will facilitate more transparency, which will facilitate more disclosure, which will bring more accountability but we should not think that law is solution for every kind of problem. lobbying is not illegal in India. However it is unregulated which should not be the way it is.
Najeeb Shaik
3 years ago
got some knowledge about topic
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Hi Jyoti! a lot of improvement in your writings keep it up! Also you can write answers in points if you feel to. Keep writing and reviewing.
Jyoti Singh
3 years ago
Hi !!! Utsav,Yeahhh.Thanx a lot.Otherwise last time it was huge mess......!!!
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
You are learning fast. keep it up
Ravi Shaw
3 years ago
Hi Jyoti....Great going!.. U came up with good points...just take care a bit of the structure or sequencing of sentences...All in all a good analysis :)
Daihrii Pou
3 years ago
you have mention good points in your answer but I think your answer should give enough focus on the question too.
Roobitha Masanam
3 years ago
Nice answer Jyoti.. A good analysis:)
Jyoti Singh
3 years ago
Thanx for the read and suggestions Daihril .I will try my best to write a good answer.....!!!
Daihrii Pou
3 years ago
we learn when we share. please review mind too..
Jyoti Singh
3 years ago
I totally agree with you Daihril.....!!!
Jyoti Singh
3 years ago
Thanx Roobitha.....!!!
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
Hi jyoti, ur answer is very informative, I got an entirely new perspective towards lobbying :) I think intro needs to discuss lobbying more, what I could understand from other answers is that it is not necessarily bad.
Jyoti Singh
3 years ago
Hi !! Sagar,Thanks for reviewing and your valuable suggestions.....!!!
Deeps Leelar
3 years ago
Info.are good
In indian Constiution under part 3 of fundamental rights of Article 19 provides Freedom of speech and expression to every individual in current scenairo both electronic and print media is playing crucial role.because of Electronic media today layman can also understand what is happening in and around some of recent incidents about slogans in Bengalaru and JNU incidents media plays prominent role to spread news Indian film industry regulating body CBFC is there and for Telecom TRAI is their to regulate them.because of some incidents media to need lobbying regulating body is necessary that need to regulate news which is threatning to national interest and unity and integrity of nation
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
HI najeeb you should elaborate your answer and touch some more dimensions in explicable ways. keep writing
Deeps Leelar
3 years ago
Focus on question..not divert
Najeeb Shaik
3 years ago
thank you for reviewing I will try to sort problem
  1. EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS IN LESSTHAN 10 MINUTES th resented E shu chrome


  2. ABOUT ME . Educator @ unacademy B.Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) NTSE and Debating Champion Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains Interests: Music, Quizzing, Fitness & Photography RATE REVIEW RECOMMEND https://unacademy.com/user/deepanshu.n.singh


  3. EDITORIALS COVERED IN TODAY'S LESSON The Hindu The city's bleak future Resolving the drought Strategic partnership. Really? Livemint Improving India's scientific capabilities - How to make publicly-funded elections a reality


  4. QUESTIONS FOR ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE " Why is there a pressing need of regulating lobbying in India?. Critically analyse.


  5. TH: THE CITY'S BLEAK FUTURE GS-1 The city is never a function of concrete objects assembled in space, but rather, how people live together, prosper and create better lives for themselves- o Issues with Modern-day cities- Uncontrolled Growth despite flow of funds for infiastruecture, most Indian cities have been unable to expand toad networks and metro lines Population pressure (Delhi metro till ntable to cater to filldemands) o despite flow of funds for infrastructure, most Indian cities have been unable to expand road networks and metro lines in keeping with the growing demand Population pressure (Delhi metro still not able to cater to full demands) o Migration-Migrant flow into cities has exceeded all expectations, with a weekly influx of 4,000 families in Mumbai alone o Public Infra projects-remain woefully inadequate. o Urban planning process is flawed (Delhi-60% unrecognized o Cities have turned into commercial symbols which should have catered to more pressing demands of the citizens. (Los Angeles as film Copenhagen as fishing village, Boston as trading post-commercial, cultural and professional attributes have invariably defined the nature of citizenship)- that is not the case with India. o Indian cities have diverse challenges- conventional approaches will not work.


  6. TH: THE CITY'S BLEAK FUTURE GS-1 o 3 categories- Metros, Tier-2 (Pune, Jaipur, Bhopal and Lucknow, merely smaller replicas of the metros) and small towns (as Meerut and Hubli _part rural, part cantonment-mandi townships, essential to maintaining commercial links to surrounding villages.) o What can the Govt. do to address these challenges? o It must devise a development strategy for small Tier-3 towns o It must take into account new forms of public housing, regulate bye-laws that restrict commuting and delineate public space over private commerce. It must simultaneously relieve larger towns of the burden of new citizens, need to reverse the processes of long- range connectivity, in favour of local outlooks that include pedestrianisation, conversion to mixed-use streets, reduction of commercial activity and an eradication of gated neighbourhoods (link smart cities, RURBAN mission) o Needs to motivate all participants to live together encourage a sense of community and inclusion that erodes o Attitudinal realignments are required- both of citizens and Govt machinery-Traditional methods have to be o European cities like Berlin and Stockholm can be a leading example but they can't be copied exactly in the Indian context differences of ethnicity, profession, caste, social and economic position. reformed to include a mix of culture and modern technologies- new guidelines for urban planning. as our needs of of urbanity are closer to those of Lagos or Cairo than of European or Chinese cities ( where 60% of the citizens are without local housing or access to municipal utilities, 40% move about as pedestrians, with a third of those without conventional livelihood


  7. LIVEMINT: How To MAKE PUBLICLY-FUNDED ELECTIONS A REALITY GS-2 o There is growing political consciousness among citizens, reflected in the massive voter turnouts that make clear decisions- (link-efforts of ECI in spreading and raising awareness- Voters day, voter's week etc.) o Rights consciousness in people, particularly the young, who are beginning to demand accountability from elected governments. Despite all the efforts of the ECL it is unable to ensure a level playing field in the contest for political power due to its failure related to election finances. History-role of money in politics, which surfaced after 1967, gathered momentum in the 1970s and 1980s to become established practice by 1990, thereafter it spread in range and depth with the passage of time. Problem with money and muscle use in Elections-Those with money progressively acquired an advantage over those without money in the battle of the ballot creating barriers to entry in politics- a natural outcome ( pre-elections, horse trading in legislatures etc.) Mone is omnipresent in election season from socal media to campaigning Group interests such as the land mafia, real-estate developers, mining interests, corporate lobbies, and even criminals, are closely connected to political leaders and interwoven into the political fabric. o Money is the only means of circumventing these obstacles that are almost insurmountable for the ordinary citizen. -Extremely difficult to estimate the election expenditures of candidates, they bypass and tweak the laws in their favor (link RTI, black money etc.)


  8. LIVEMINT: How TO MAKE PUBLICLY-FUNDED ELECTIONS A REALITY GS-2 Even though EC imposes a limit on the total campaign expenditure of each candidate which is, at present, Rs28 lakh for state assembly constituencies and Rs70 lakh for Lok Sabha constituencies- however, no stipulated limit on what political parties can spend on behalf of their candidates- which is difficult to monitor. (also Rs 20,000 above payment in cheque) o political reform is seldom on any agenda for discussion because of vested interests of those who decide lie in preserving the status quo o Way forward- Doing with MPLAD MLALADS funds and using the money for election funding- much as Rs53,000 crore over five years, are often underutilized or misused without social audit or public accountability The sums could be disbursed either directly to the electoral candidates or to political parties-dong to candidates is better in lieu of eroding intra-party democracy The funding received should be only in cheque with accountability of every single penny also making it available in public domair.


  9. LIVEMINT: IMPROVING INDIA'S SCIENTIFIC CAPABILITIES GS-3 o India performs below its potential on just about every indicator of scientific progress and achievement there is: be it the amount of public and private funding earmarked for research, the number of prestigious awards won by Indian scientists working in Indian institutions, the number of patents registered in the names of Indians or the number of articles published in well-known peer-reviewed journals, Nobel Prizes can be counted at fingertips! o What Govt. needs to do? Focus on improving science education at the school level PMModi- mentioned scientific social responsibility wherein premier laboratories and research institutions could partner with nearby schools and colleges to create an environment that supports scientific education and nnovation. 1. 2. 3. Filling up vacant teaching positions at secondary, and University level. 4. More autonomy to educational institutes while maintaining accountability 5. Strengthening the links between S&T and industry. (most funding comes from Govt than private sector-and that too is 0.9% of GDP Compared to Israel, south Korean and Japan) Need of ground-level work, otherwise-financial incentives like the one announced by Andhra CM -Rs100 crore in prize money for anyone from his state who wins the prize-will not be enough. 6.


  10. TH: RESOLVING THE DROUGHT: GS-1 Tamil Nadu's move to declare a drought, is an important step to address the agrarian distress that is sweeping the State following poor rainfall during the northeast monsoon.-excessive reliance on water-intensive rice cultivation, and lower priority for hardy millets have raised the risk for many farmers. o Particularly in the Cauvery delta rice belt that has received little water from Karnataka in recent times. o An official declaration of drought brings relief: postponement of loan recovery, waiver of land tax and alternative employment through schemes such as the MGNREGA o MSS has called for looking ahead and institute reforms in draught management o For Example: Monsoon Management Centre that helps use scarce resources conservatively during a draught o Such assistance could be provided by the National Disaster Response Fund and the Prime Minister's crop insurance scheme-National Commission on Farmers pointed out that successive droughts, illness, high expenditure on social obligations and asset loss push farmers to the brink o Swaraj Abhiyan Case: SC passed landmark orders in May after hearing Swaraj Abhiyan's petition seeking directions to the Central and State Governments to provide timely and effective relief to drought affected people in several States. The Supreme Court, after passing orders, in the case, decided to monitor its implementation. o Drought Management Manual must be updated-The Manual for Drought Management has been developed by the National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM). This helps understand drought, Monitoring Drought, Declaring Drought, Providing relief and Mitigatingit. It was prepared in November 2009