Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS IN LESSTHAN 10 MINUTES th resented E shu chrome
ABOUT ME . Educator @ unacademy B.Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) NTSE and Debating Champion Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains Interests: Music, Quizzing, Fitness & Photography RATE REVIEW RECOMMEND https://unacademy.com/user/deepanshu.n.singh
EDITORIALS COVERED IN TODAY'S LESSON The Hindu The city's bleak future Resolving the drought Strategic partnership. Really? Livemint Improving India's scientific capabilities - How to make publicly-funded elections a reality
QUESTIONS FOR ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE " Why is there a pressing need of regulating lobbying in India?. Critically analyse.
TH: THE CITY'S BLEAK FUTURE GS-1 The city is never a function of concrete objects assembled in space, but rather, how people live together, prosper and create better lives for themselves- o Issues with Modern-day cities- Uncontrolled Growth despite flow of funds for infiastruecture, most Indian cities have been unable to expand toad networks and metro lines Population pressure (Delhi metro till ntable to cater to filldemands) o despite flow of funds for infrastructure, most Indian cities have been unable to expand road networks and metro lines in keeping with the growing demand Population pressure (Delhi metro still not able to cater to full demands) o Migration-Migrant flow into cities has exceeded all expectations, with a weekly influx of 4,000 families in Mumbai alone o Public Infra projects-remain woefully inadequate. o Urban planning process is flawed (Delhi-60% unrecognized o Cities have turned into commercial symbols which should have catered to more pressing demands of the citizens. (Los Angeles as film Copenhagen as fishing village, Boston as trading post-commercial, cultural and professional attributes have invariably defined the nature of citizenship)- that is not the case with India. o Indian cities have diverse challenges- conventional approaches will not work.
TH: THE CITY'S BLEAK FUTURE GS-1 o 3 categories- Metros, Tier-2 (Pune, Jaipur, Bhopal and Lucknow, merely smaller replicas of the metros) and small towns (as Meerut and Hubli _part rural, part cantonment-mandi townships, essential to maintaining commercial links to surrounding villages.) o What can the Govt. do to address these challenges? o It must devise a development strategy for small Tier-3 towns o It must take into account new forms of public housing, regulate bye-laws that restrict commuting and delineate public space over private commerce. It must simultaneously relieve larger towns of the burden of new citizens, need to reverse the processes of long- range connectivity, in favour of local outlooks that include pedestrianisation, conversion to mixed-use streets, reduction of commercial activity and an eradication of gated neighbourhoods (link smart cities, RURBAN mission) o Needs to motivate all participants to live together encourage a sense of community and inclusion that erodes o Attitudinal realignments are required- both of citizens and Govt machinery-Traditional methods have to be o European cities like Berlin and Stockholm can be a leading example but they can't be copied exactly in the Indian context differences of ethnicity, profession, caste, social and economic position. reformed to include a mix of culture and modern technologies- new guidelines for urban planning. as our needs of of urbanity are closer to those of Lagos or Cairo than of European or Chinese cities ( where 60% of the citizens are without local housing or access to municipal utilities, 40% move about as pedestrians, with a third of those without conventional livelihood
LIVEMINT: How To MAKE PUBLICLY-FUNDED ELECTIONS A REALITY GS-2 o There is growing political consciousness among citizens, reflected in the massive voter turnouts that make clear decisions- (link-efforts of ECI in spreading and raising awareness- Voters day, voter's week etc.) o Rights consciousness in people, particularly the young, who are beginning to demand accountability from elected governments. Despite all the efforts of the ECL it is unable to ensure a level playing field in the contest for political power due to its failure related to election finances. History-role of money in politics, which surfaced after 1967, gathered momentum in the 1970s and 1980s to become established practice by 1990, thereafter it spread in range and depth with the passage of time. Problem with money and muscle use in Elections-Those with money progressively acquired an advantage over those without money in the battle of the ballot creating barriers to entry in politics- a natural outcome ( pre-elections, horse trading in legislatures etc.) Mone is omnipresent in election season from socal media to campaigning Group interests such as the land mafia, real-estate developers, mining interests, corporate lobbies, and even criminals, are closely connected to political leaders and interwoven into the political fabric. o Money is the only means of circumventing these obstacles that are almost insurmountable for the ordinary citizen. -Extremely difficult to estimate the election expenditures of candidates, they bypass and tweak the laws in their favor (link RTI, black money etc.)
LIVEMINT: How TO MAKE PUBLICLY-FUNDED ELECTIONS A REALITY GS-2 Even though EC imposes a limit on the total campaign expenditure of each candidate which is, at present, Rs28 lakh for state assembly constituencies and Rs70 lakh for Lok Sabha constituencies- however, no stipulated limit on what political parties can spend on behalf of their candidates- which is difficult to monitor. (also Rs 20,000 above payment in cheque) o political reform is seldom on any agenda for discussion because of vested interests of those who decide lie in preserving the status quo o Way forward- Doing with MPLAD MLALADS funds and using the money for election funding- much as Rs53,000 crore over five years, are often underutilized or misused without social audit or public accountability The sums could be disbursed either directly to the electoral candidates or to political parties-dong to candidates is better in lieu of eroding intra-party democracy The funding received should be only in cheque with accountability of every single penny also making it available in public domair.
LIVEMINT: IMPROVING INDIA'S SCIENTIFIC CAPABILITIES GS-3 o India performs below its potential on just about every indicator of scientific progress and achievement there is: be it the amount of public and private funding earmarked for research, the number of prestigious awards won by Indian scientists working in Indian institutions, the number of patents registered in the names of Indians or the number of articles published in well-known peer-reviewed journals, Nobel Prizes can be counted at fingertips! o What Govt. needs to do? Focus on improving science education at the school level PMModi- mentioned scientific social responsibility wherein premier laboratories and research institutions could partner with nearby schools and colleges to create an environment that supports scientific education and nnovation. 1. 2. 3. Filling up vacant teaching positions at secondary, and University level. 4. More autonomy to educational institutes while maintaining accountability 5. Strengthening the links between S&T and industry. (most funding comes from Govt than private sector-and that too is 0.9% of GDP Compared to Israel, south Korean and Japan) Need of ground-level work, otherwise-financial incentives like the one announced by Andhra CM -Rs100 crore in prize money for anyone from his state who wins the prize-will not be enough. 6.
TH: RESOLVING THE DROUGHT: GS-1 Tamil Nadu's move to declare a drought, is an important step to address the agrarian distress that is sweeping the State following poor rainfall during the northeast monsoon.-excessive reliance on water-intensive rice cultivation, and lower priority for hardy millets have raised the risk for many farmers. o Particularly in the Cauvery delta rice belt that has received little water from Karnataka in recent times. o An official declaration of drought brings relief: postponement of loan recovery, waiver of land tax and alternative employment through schemes such as the MGNREGA o MSS has called for looking ahead and institute reforms in draught management o For Example: Monsoon Management Centre that helps use scarce resources conservatively during a draught o Such assistance could be provided by the National Disaster Response Fund and the Prime Minister's crop insurance scheme-National Commission on Farmers pointed out that successive droughts, illness, high expenditure on social obligations and asset loss push farmers to the brink o Swaraj Abhiyan Case: SC passed landmark orders in May after hearing Swaraj Abhiyan's petition seeking directions to the Central and State Governments to provide timely and effective relief to drought affected people in several States. The Supreme Court, after passing orders, in the case, decided to monitor its implementation. o Drought Management Manual must be updated-The Manual for Drought Management has been developed by the National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM). This helps understand drought, Monitoring Drought, Declaring Drought, Providing relief and Mitigatingit. It was prepared in November 2009