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10th January, 2017: Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and other Newspapers
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Today's lesson covers the Editorials from The Hindu, Indian Express and Livemint. The topics discussed are- Syrian conflict, Transgenders rights bill and Urbanisation and census towns

Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Deepanshu Singh
Faculty- Indian Polity and Current Affairs| UPSC CSE Reserve list 2015| Consultant-G.O.I. Loves Geography Teaching since 2015

U
Unacademy user
YB
thanks , please make more videos on the places which were in news and imp for 2019 prelims
Union Budget is scheduled to be announced by February 1st week from 2017 onwards. There were lot of advantage in doing so, most important being: 1) Avoid March rush 2) Provide farmers enough time and fund, so the Kharif sowing as well as Rabi Harvesting will take place seamlessly. But this year, the date of election on 5 states is conflicting with the Union Budget as the union budget precedes the election dates. There are certain reasons for the opposition parties fear: 1) More policies and budgetary allocations to a certain group of people may attract them to their party. 2) It may force some their MPs to be available in Parliament and cannot actively participate in election campaigns. There is also another issue of conflict with Moral code of Conduct. But since simultaneous elections are not adopted yet, elections of various state governments take up 9 months out of the 5 year term of Union, so it is not a good practice to block the initiatives of Union by citing the elections. Also as per the SC and EC as long as the policies do not have direct impact on that particular state, there is no need for postponing the budget.
Please review :)
Dinkar G
3 years ago
Short and comprehensively answer. But can u please explain the second point against the motion? Personally I didn't understand that
Sumanth reddy
3 years ago
Nice Answer Vignesh :) I too didn't find many points to write. But only part of your answer corresponds to what is asked in the question. I am also doubtful about the role of MPs in state assembly elections. I found fault with the question though. It should have asked to comment and not critically analyse as there is nothing much to analyse critically.
Gaurav Sharma
3 years ago
HI Vignesh, very nice answer, conclusion is best part! However I think you did not cover the question completely, I also don't have much idea on the implications of this so can't suggest anything :) Also Kharif sowing starts from June month since a monsoon crop. Correct me if I am wrong.
Hi Dinkar, When Budget session is in progress, MPs needs to be present in the session and cannot go for the election campaign, most of the times they will be very influential people and their absence will be a loss to the parties.
Hi Gaurav, You are right, Sowing start on July but funds for farmer welfare schemes and subsidy needs to be in place before that right as Appropriation bill will take a longer time, if the budget is in March, it will not reach the farmers in time, so they would have to borrow from money lender. This situation can be avoided if budget is passed earlier :)
Hi Sumanth, Thank you for the review :) As the question demands a critical review, we need to show both the negatives and positives and then have to take a side :)
Gaurav Sharma
3 years ago
Vignesh, yes got your point, I did not get that in first reading, it is a very good point. But I think it is more of politically motivated keeping and eye on UP election which is very important to a populist goverment to leverage it's leaders' popularity and also demonetization, rail budget merging, all are long planning. But it could be some other thing. :)
It depends on individual perspective Gaurav, I do not think so, we have assembly elections all the time :P
Ritesh Majumdar
3 years ago
Nicely Written
Nice answer...I think your answer does not focus largely on model code of conduct. Also suggestions, solutions are missing to mange this issue Plus it says critically analyse...so both sides of the coins should have been mentioned... Please review mine too..:)
Thank you Roopanshi :) actually I thought the questions focus is on whether the budget can be introduced or not only and that's why I thought it is not necessary to mention about MCC. I do not think we need to give any solution as well, do we??
We are not asked too..but I just feel that giving solutions can get us extra marks...this is just my opinion:p
Oh Okay :) That is right, we may get more marks but I feel very difficult to mention them as well within the word limit :(
Abhishek Panwar
3 years ago
i THINK ISSUE is about jurisdiction of Election commission under MCC to direct central govt to postpone budget
But I think EC has Jurisdiction to do that right? even if EC does not have SC can take up that part..
Abhishek Panwar
3 years ago
but this very fact as you stated is against the spirit of mcc, ROLE OF sc comes into picture after elections,not during the elections, thats what question has asked whether election commission is empowered under MCC to give directions to Central govt before elections
Abhishek Panwar
3 years ago
u can review my answer if you want to
No I think you got the question wrong, It asks us our opinion on this issue and it should be backed with a critical analysis. It is not about the Jurisdiction of EC on the issue or the content of MCC :)
Abhishek Panwar
3 years ago
obviously if something falls outside the jurisdiction of Election commission, as MCC talks about jurisdiction of ELECTION COMMISSION OVER issues on which it can exercise discretion, would not violate the MCC,
See EC may not have jurisdiction to postpone budget but it can postpone the election. And MCC is just a guideline which is only morally binding and it is not legal bind :)
Dinkar G
3 years ago
Hi Vignesh. I don't know much about the MCC to be honest. So I just want to know why do all political parties follow it. There must be some consequences right? And I am asking this just because I don't know.
Consequence is next election :p if I do not follow the MCC THIS TIME then You also will not follow it next time, the entire system will be in mayhem
Deeps Leelar
3 years ago
HI Vignesh nicely written but one thing that I actually don't know that you mentioned the presence of MP during budget session is essential, can't go to their States for campaigning?? Anyway your contents is good... Please review mine also
Ideally they should be present in the session to discuss on the budget which is also very important :)
Deeps Leelar
3 years ago
But in reality it is going to be tough
Akash Prabhakar
3 years ago
Nicely written...but one thing I doubt is the March Rush. What I have read is that at the end of the fiscal year, the amount left from the total allocated to the govt by the parliament goes back to the consolidated fund of India...and govt in order to save that unused money going back to the CFI...rushes to consume that too...this is called the March rush...so I couldn't understand what u said-"to avoid March rush"
Hi Akash, you have to read both first and second points together, see if we are not able to spend the more amount(say subsidy to farmers) in a timely manner it will just stack up and at the end of the financial year it will be just spent on some unnecessary things(because we cannot carry forward the amount so executives tend to spend it on anything). But now since we have more time before harvesting, more funds will go into productive activities so we will not have much amount left behind to trigger this rush next year February, so we will not have a February rush next time. Hope I answered your question :)
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
Hi Vignesh, nyc answer I got some great points from your answer, I just feel that the answer should have focused more on MCC and budget at the same time time
Thank you Shubham :)
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
Plz review mine as well
Udit Punetha
3 years ago
What's the meaning of March rush?
The Model Code of Conduct is a set of guidelines issued by the Election Commission of India for conduct of free and fair elections.. Due to this the ruling party cannot launch new welfare programmes to attract the voters. The union budget is a central level policy and applies to whole of India whereas the assembly elections are being held in just a few states. In a recent study, it was found that voters are generally influenced by long term polices rather than short terms laws. So citizen friendly provisions in the union budget can't be directly called a measure to sway people. However the argument against it is that due to prevailing illiteracy, people get carried away by the recent schemes of the central govt and tend to vote in its favour even in assembly elections without considering the manifesto of other contesting parties. Legally, the announcement of budget before assembly elections doesn't violate the Model Code of conduct because centre and state are independent. But politically, it is mandatory that effective measures should be in place to keep a check on ruling party and ensuring unethical campaigning is not present.
Dinkar G
3 years ago
Please review
Sumanth reddy
3 years ago
Very good answer Dinkar :) I don't think it can get better than this :) But mention the source of study if possible :)
Hi Dinkar, Nice points :) But you can also mention one more point, for example elections in southern India are hardly affected by this central schemes as the national parties do not hold majority in states like TN and Andhra :)
Dinkar G
3 years ago
Hi Sumanth thanks a lot. Although I thought that I lack a lot of points. And the introduction was from Wikipedia. Rest everything was personal opinion :)
Dinkar G
3 years ago
Hi vignesh. Thanks for the new info but as a general fact, literacy in South India is high as compared to other parts. So the point of illiterate voters can be considered inclusive of this that due to high literacy in South India, the voters aren't affected by central schemes. Although I didn't think of this point before.
Actually literacy rate does not decide politics in our country, This was one of the arguments the government when Universal adult franchise was first introduced in India.
Dinkar G
3 years ago
Theoretically u r right but practically level of education does have some influence in voter's mindset. For example, take demonetization. The views of people vary substantially on the same issue. Whereas the rural people just think about the sufferings they had to face due to poor infrastructure, urban people look at it as a move to eliminate the shadow economy which will have positive effect in future on the lower as well as middle class.
Hey Actually I think in Demonetisation, the most confused are educated ones. You can see that trend in all the debates as well, even most of the economists have difference of opinions right?
Gaurav Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Dinkar, very nicely written answer. Ideally it is not violating but it is we can't deny it is not in relation with the election as the election are in Feb second week and budget used to start on last day of Feb. Also literacy point is contradicting as TN is having high rate but still people carried away in the name of scheme by populist leader. But it happens in politics. Nice answer ..... Keep it up.
Dinkar G
3 years ago
I am not any particular party supporter. The debates were kind of politically motivated and it is hard for anyone to take any one stand. Demonetisation was a completely unanticipated move. Although the facts related to political interest of the ruling party are not known to anyone, but the common man will surely benefit if everything goes well.
Dinkar G
3 years ago
Hi Gaurav. Thanks for the suggestions. Although I personally think that the only politically important state in which elections are to be conducted recently is UP. There are many other states too like Maharashtra, Bihar etc. So it can't be said that the preponing was just in political interest. But ur opinion is also correct :)
Abhishek Panwar
3 years ago
vignesh i think since election commission has not power under MCC TO DIRECT central govt to pre-pone budget, so central govt can pass budget before elections, hence this action of govt would not be violative of MCC
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
Hi Dinkar, very good answer :) just feel it is not just illiteracy that people get can get swayed away due to, there are many stakeholders and interest groups and govt can take initiatives to lure them. plz review mine too
Our separate election process for states and Centre has caused the inconvenience in presenting the budget many times. In 2012, in a similar scenario, the opposition party BJP protested the UPA govt.s decision to present the budget before elections and got it postponed. In 2014, UPA govt. announced the bifurcation of the state of AP just before the states' elections and the EC stayed silent about it. Violation of the MCC should be considered when the parties specifically point measures to the poll-bound states(like in the case of latter) but the Union budget is same for all the states. It has been preponed for the effective utilisation of the funds in a fiscal year and not for election purposes. Elections happen in Feb and Nov during the budget presentation years but the optimal time for the budget presentation happens to be from Mid-Oct to Early-Feb. Every year some states will go for elections and the budget cannot be deferred because of this. Exceptional case is only when parliamentary elections clash with the budget. This problem can only be solved by either going with simultaneous polls for both centre and the states or by preponing the elections in these 5 states from the next election. EC has make sure that the budget is not misused by the ruling party in the poll-bound states.
Sumanth reddy
3 years ago
Please Review :)
Gaurav Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Sumanth, I think it is very good answer, very well covered with suggestions. One query - but why only this time govt preponed it as elections happening every year. Seems like political motivated decision as UP is a big and important state, also demoentization decision two months back is also hints the same. I think Populist leaders factor also count when you can leverage the popularity in the state elections. Let me know your views on this.
Hi Sumanth, Nice answer :) You have also included lot of informative points, Thank for that, Keep writing and reviewing :)
Sumanth reddy
3 years ago
Hi Gaurav :) It may be a coincidence or may not be. But even if the budget preponing happened last year, I think the situation would still be the same. They would have asked to postpone the budget this yer anyway. Coming to using the demonetization as a tool, I would again say may or may not be. But we can't say every move of the government had some political motive behind it. My views on demonetization are a lot but postponing it to a point after the elections is not one of them. If the govt. was worried about the election campaigning, it would not have demonetized because it is a cash crunch for them too(They too need money during elections :P )
Gaurav Sharma
3 years ago
Haha, yes Sumanth, this point is also correct. Keep writing :)
Dinkar G
3 years ago
Good answer. U quoted examples both in favour as well as against the motion. And including remedy makes it complete. :)
good answer :) so many points ....Positves,negatives n solutions n acompact way :) keep going :)
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
Hi sumanth, grt answer :) all aspects covered just a suggestion that while quoting political answers try to be very formal Plz review mine as well
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Sumanth please review my answer i posted after the summary of the course
Recently the opposition political parties have Argued against the advancement of budget saying it is against model code of conduct.it was opposed as there were apprehensions that the govt's announcement of new policies in budget will appease the voters and hamper the election result in favour of political party at the centre. The state elections are scheduled in 5 states and the model code of conduct for political parties has already been implemented. The debate regarding this issue are based on following arguments. No, it does not violate the code of conduct because: 1. The budget date was announced before the announcement of election dates. Thus EC already knew 2. Model code of conduct talks about not announcing new policies, new inaugurations, distributing freebies but does not mention the word " budget" 3.the budget is for the entire country and not for any specific state Yes, it does violate the code of conduct because: 1. The party in power can make use of budget to appease the voters. For eg. A announcement regarding subsidies for farmers will affect election results in Punjab and UP which are agrarian states. Way forward: 1.The EC should take a stand on the issue. 2. Proper guidelines should be issued to decide what policies can be issued before the elections. 3.Out of 5 years,state elections are conducted for 9 months for one or the other states, postponing budget will not be feasible as such demands then further be put up by other states as well. 4. State specific policies can be announced after the budget 5. Simultaneous elections should be considered as an option.
Hi Roopanshi, Nice answer. Your choice of words are as good as usual :) Only thing is you can reduce the content a little, Keep it up :)
Dinkar G
3 years ago
Hi Roopanshi. Very good answer. But I want to emphasize on a point that model code of conduct is just a set of rules. So either it is violated or it is not. U can mention the negative effects under a separate heading. Overall a very nice answer :)
Point noted..thanks ..
Gaurav Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Roopanshi, good one with points and also suggestions, especially 3rd one - other state would also demand the same. I think it is ideally not violating but actually it is not a good practice and there are implications.
Thanks Gaurav ..
Dinkar G
3 years ago
Please review mine also :)
Deeps Leelar
3 years ago
HI Roopanshi, your view is good and it differentiate from other as well.. Please review mine also
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
Hi Roopanshi, great answer i would just suggest that u can work on it make it shorter and more presentable. Also as Dinkar noted wisely it can have both positive and negative implications but it cannot violate and not violate at the same time :)
Megha jangra
3 years ago
Hi Roopanshi ,overall nice answer.But this line is tickling (Proper guidelines should be issued to decide what policies can be issued before the elections. ) my mind. Whether election commission could recommend a change in budget policies ...how
Megha jangra
3 years ago
And earlier Deepanshu Sir include a survey report in Hindu Summary which states that Generally; it is state which get the credit for policies/subsidies whether they are implemented or granted by centre or state .We can include this in our answer??
The Model Code of Conduct kicked in with immediate effect after the Election Commission's announcement of the date of for the high stake Assembly elections. It aims at regularizing the conduct of our neta's or the political parties who are often seen to cross their lines to gain the favor of the voters. But this time the doubt has been raised whether the Central Govt. 's bid to roll out the union budget earlier i.e. first of February could be an indirect move to sway away the voters. This Time the Railway budget has also been included in the Central Budget and has broken the decade old practice to announce former separately. This has plugged a hole of insecurity in the opposition parties who also wrote to President of India to postpone the Budget announcements. However, the Union budget is an activity which is central to all the states and not specific to only poll bound states , and has nothing to do with the influence or manipulation of people's mind. Since, the term of Modi Govt. has commenced the current scenario of our Indian politics has turned into an exercise of McCarthyism and level of politics has stooping very low. Despite of the fact the political parties know it don't has any direct impact they want to blockade the effort of the Central Govt. as their minds are filled with with insecurity as they are deeply drowned in their acts of bamboozlement . It will be highly problematic to avoid the clash between the dates of Union Budget and assembly elections as each year elections are due in one or the state. Such clashes are generally avoided at the time of parliamentary elections or else, the Union Budget is cut to vote on account, which is a special provision to obtain a vote from the Parliament to withdraw funds from the budget when the Union Budget for the fresh year has not yet been released.
Kindly review please.
  1. EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS IN LESSTHAN 10 MINUTES resented B 10 January, 2017 shu chrome


  2. ABOUT ME . Educator @ unacademy B.Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) NTSE and Debating Champion Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains Interests: Music, Quizzing, Fitness & Photography RATE REVIEW RECOMMEND https://unacademy.com/user/deepanshu.n.singh


  3. EDITORIALS COVERED IN TODAY'S LESSON The Hindu A rights bill gone wrong - Respite, not reconciliation Livemint Acknowledging the new face of urban India Acknowledgng the new tace ot urban india


  4. QUESTIONS FOR ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE " What do you think about Union budget being allowed before assembly polls violates Model code of conduct? Critically analyse


  5. TH: RESPITE, NOT RECONCILIATION o Ceasefire and peace talks in Syria and the present situation of Syria and how it is affecting that region. At present,regions under their control Aleppo Damascus and Idlib Northern city of Ragga Groups Syrian Arab Army Opposition armed forces Islamic state This shows that the Syrian government is in charge of the main population centres in the country. Much wanted Peace Talks: Peace talks are to begin on January 23 in Astana (Kazakhstan) o Iran, Russia, the Syrian government, sections of the Syrian opposition, Turkey and the United Nations will be attending But interestingly, The United States and the Europeans will not be attending This peace talk might not be an end to the war since extremist groups such as the IS and the al-Qaeda-backed Jabhat Fateh al-Sham continue to operate and they have nothing to lose in surrendering or when reconciling. How the West predicted Syria to be and how it has moved away from their predictions? For the past five years, the main slogan from the Syrian opposition and its Gulf Arab, Turkish and Western allies was 'Assad Must Go'. It now turns out that the government of Bashar al-Assad will remain.


  6. TH: RESPITE, NOT RECONCILIATION Direct Western military intervention was curtailed because of the situation in Iraq-by the lack of domestic appetite in the West for the use of sufficient numbers of troops to fight in Syria. Regime change in Libya and its disastrous aftermath closed the door for a UN authorisation for war on Syria. By 2012, this meant that the Assad government could not be easily defeated. o Thus rebels grew up and implemented attacks,hoping that MrAssad would negotiate. o U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry remarked at the Dutch Mission to the United Nations which was leaked by the Wikileaks which revealed the general Western consensus on the Syrian conflict. Mr. Kerry indicated that the U.S. had watched the growth of IS, and had hoped to use it as a bargaining chip against the Assad government. As it turned out, Mr. Assad turned to Iran and Russia for help, which is when the Russians intervened directly in September 2015- ending any possibility of regime change in Damascus and of an IS capture of Damascus. With Mr. Assad now safe Turkey's border were closed which were once used to supply the rebels in Northern Syria This weakened the rebels and the Syria govt. Used this opportunity to capture Aleppo. Syria and neighbouring nations: Iraq-Iraqi forces cleared the road from Haditha to al-Qaim, which is on the Iraq-Syria border Talks with Syria happened on a mutual fight against IS. o Egypt- Egyptian army officers went to Syria to re-establish connections.Egypt is ready to send peacekeepers' to help manage the ceasefire


  7. TH: RESPITE, NOT RECONCILIATION o Turkey- conversation about the status of the Syrian Kurdish enclave on the Turkish border about the restoration of legitimacy to the Assad government. o The End Is Far Extremists attack will still be a problem. Attacks in Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Turkey'-all accused, rightly, of abandoning the uprising-will continue to be a serious problem. o In Iraq-strategically targeted against Shia neighbourhoods and religious places in order to deepen the trough of sectarianism. Sunni leader Sheikh Mahdi al-Sumaidaie, the Grand Mufti of Iraq, made a plea that echoed across the Arab world: "I confirm that Shias and Sunnis will meet and hold accountable all who betrayed, deceived and burned Iraq." It was a statement of patriotism out of desperation. This seam of patriotism will be hard for the extremists to break. o The final and the most important thing is water supply. The al-Fija spring, situated in North-west of Damascus is Souq Wadi Barada is a crucial source of water for the capital and the extremists control it. The fall of Aleppo has led to new fighting in the area, with water now firmly cut off from all but one tank, which the military controls. Damascus is in trouble.Negotiations are on to let the water flow again. When the water flows again,hope will be there for reconciliation process to flow .


  8. TH: A RIGHTS BILL GONE WRONG o What this article is about? The Transgender Persons Bill 2016 uses the word rights in its title but deviates from a rights-based approach Thus it is the product of an insincere attempt at lawmaking. What do they say about in general about lawmaking in India? laws are often drafted without research o Another is that a culture of tokenism prevails regarding pressing social issues, which is seen in this bill. sequence of events which lead to the current The Transgender Persons Bill 2016 April 2014, the Supreme Court delivered the landmark judgment of NAI SA v Union of India which affirmed the fundamental rights of transgender persons. The court asked the government to institute welfare measures for transgender persons. It also directed that the Expert Committee Report by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (MSJE) be implemented o December 2014, Truchu Siva,a Rajya Sabha MP introduced the Rights of Transgender Persons Bill, 2014 as a Private Member's Bill On April 24, 201, in a rare instance, the Rajya Sabha unanimously passed the Bill. However, it never made it to the Lok Sabha. But the government decided to get its own Bill The Rights of Transgender Persons Bill, 2015


  9. TH: A RIGHTS BILL GONE WRONG o But the government decided to get its own Bill The Rights of Transgender Persons Bill, 2015 The difference between 2015 Bill and 2014 Bill where there were no provisions on Transgender Rights Courts and the National and State Commissions. o In April 2016, the 2015 draft Bill was sent to the Law M nistry, in uly the Cabinet approved it, and in August it was introduced in the Lok Sabha. o The mystery is the Bill introduced in the Lok Sabha was different from the 2015 Bill. The more mysterious part is no one knows when these changes occurred in the above sequence of events.There were no references on the NALSA judgment, the Expert Committee Report,and public comments in the bill. The 2016 Bill has nowbeen referred to a Standing Committee. o What led to such radical changes in the new draft? o Political disinterest has led to ignoring the previous judegments and bills. Legislature were not much concerned about it. o What were those changes which surprised many? Clause 26) of the Bill, which defines the term transgender person',which has been borrowed from a provision of the Autralian Sex Disrimination Amendment (Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Intersex Status) Act 2013, which defines the term 'intersex'


  10. TH: A RIGHTS BILL GONE WRONG o The Expert Committee Report clearly explained the difference between transgender and intersex identities. The 2014 and 2015 Bills had more accurate definitions of the term transgender which gave transgender person the right to identify as either 'man', 'woman', or transgender-absence of a provision on reservation, which previous judgements and bills had mentioned about it. o How the bill is not a rights based approach oriented bill? o NALSA judgment stressed the fundamental rights of transgender persons in Articles 14, 19 and 21 of theConstitution. o NALSA judgment says the need for making civil rights accessible to them. o But the bill does not consider the above two facts and its impact on other laws like marriage,adoption, criminal sexual offences where male and female is recognised ,but nothing is mentioned about transgenders and how law should deal with them in the above issues. The cisnormative (the assumption that everyone has a gender identity that matches the sex the person was assigned at birth) foundation of the law remains a significant barrier to access to legal justice for transgender persons o Not only the current Bill, but the previous versions have failed to address the issue of Section 377, which is frequently used to harass transgender persons, specifically transgender women. The conventional understanding of Section 377 is that it criminalises all sex that is not between people of opposite genders. The argument is you give rights to non-conforming genders but you are criminalising people with not proper sexual orientations. o India is on the verge of recognising a marginalised community but bad law like the current bill will not make that possible