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2nd January, 2017: Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and other Newspapers
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Today's lesson covers the Editorials from The Hindu, Indian Express and Livemint. The topics discussed are- Playing the angles with Russia, Not just about a Quota, Note Ban and Supreme Court's earlier decision and GST: anti-profiteering measures.

Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Deepanshu Singh
Faculty- Indian Polity and Current Affairs| UPSC CSE Reserve list 2015| Consultant-G.O.I. Loves Geography Teaching since 2015

U
Unacademy user
Protest against the marginalized section of people in India has been rising in the past few years. One of the most common example is the protest to amend prevention of Aristocracies act and other uprisings in western India (Jat as well as Patiadar). The problem arises when the people belong to a non-SC community faces difficulty to earn livelihood due to various economic as well as political reason. Although these hardships are due actions of people in their own caste or people of high economic status the hatred and frustration of these people are turning against the Dalit. This is because of the reason that when these people turn to government jobs they were at disadvantage as compared to their SC counterparts. The only way to improve the issue is to provide these Non-SC community youths with proper livelihoods. Since most of them are farming communities, lack of productivity of land is one another reason for seeking other government employments where reservation plays a major role. Per drop more crop and PMFBY are some of the moves in such direction. Government must actively engage in increasing the farm productivity which will provide livelihood as well as quench the communal tension as well as better food security.
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
one of your best works Vignesh, your answer really stands out in this question. :)
Oh Really Thank you :) I thought I did not answer this question properly.
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
you actually struck the blow where its supposed to be struck, although blow could have been stronger but target was spot on :)
Dinkar G
3 years ago
Really out of the box thinking. Most of the answers were based on education and awareness, but your answer highlights empowering the non SC community which is appreciable. You could have included more points on how we can change the attitude of people. Apart from that everything was perfect , be it causes, the language u have used, the flow of answer etc. :)
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
Great example quoted and very well written... although It was very innovative but I felt u got little deviated as even if economically people get better but their social attitude might not change... still learning from ur answers :)
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
Introduction is verrrryy good :) best but bro you take the your whole answer along one side its very multidimensional nature you missed it .. sorry to say ...
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
and please review mine one strictly and very strictly check it
Thank you for the review guys :)
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
review mine one vignesh
Yes Shubham agreed. But changing economical attitude is far easier and faster process than changing social attitude :)
Dumb Hero
3 years ago
The word non SC is not god to hear ! Have you forgotten ST & MBC'S? before answering Read data on ministry of social justice and empowerment , ST ,SC commission reports and reports on MBC's
Thank you Gokhan, I think Non SC is a comprehensive terms instead of mentioning OBC, MBC and ST. and if you read my answer you will find that, in that sentence I was mentioning only about reservation of Dalit who comes only under SC, so I mentioned all the other caste as non SC. One more thing is reservation is different for ST as well as MBC :)
Dumb Hero
3 years ago
SC&ST belongs to same ...according to reservations point of view both reservations ARE based on Social status not economic status not like MBC'S AND OBC'S ... So it is wrong to say non SC... even ST also untouchables according to Manu dharmam
Oh okayThank you . Since in my example there were only against Dalit, I mentioned in that way.Anyway Thank you for clarifying :)
Sumit p
3 years ago
Great answer Vignesh, true to the fact I don't even know many facts you mentioned but hell yeah reviewing you gained me few :) overall a perfect answer to me :)
Thank you Sumit :)
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
well written Vignesh, also some sense of respect for private sector jobs should be promoted by govt and other agencies. review mine too.
Sure. Thank you :)
Non Alignment refers to not joining any alliance and exercising “strategic autonomy”. India spearheaded this ideology during Cold War era.NAM has always been controversial.In present times with Cold War 2.0 emerging, the relevance of it is once again challenged.The main arguments against it are: 1.India is having “strategic partnership” with 30 nations.This already dilutes the founding principle of NAM 2.PM Modi’s decision to not attend Venezuela NAM summit clearly shows India’s lackadaisical attitude towards NAM. 3. India approaching IMF post 1991 crises clearly indicated its shift away from NAM. 4.India could never maintain it in practise.Treaty of Friendship with Russia clearly showed it. 5.NAM costed India its territorial sovereignty in 1962 war as none of the major power came to its support. 6.Division within NAM has brought it to a naught. However,NAM should also not be discarded.The arguments in its favour are: 1.The very basic nature of not having any “binding principles” make NAM an ideal platform. 2.India has been able to influence UN through NAM 3.NAM still serves as a forum to project anti terrorist sentiments 4.NAM prevented neocolonisation and created South-South block. 5.Pakisthan despite having been in CENTA and SEATO ended up being a pawn. Foreign policy requires “long term vision” rather “knee jerk” reaction.India can retain in leverage by upholding NAM principles.Today it need to “compete” as well as “cooperate”. NAM provides the best opportunity for it. Strategic alliances should be pursued without abdicating sovereignty, the best case being recent LEMOA with USA.
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
Please review:)
Nice points Hardik :). I think NAM lost its significance in present world.
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
Thanks Vignesh, well i tried to strike a balance rather than just thrashing it cause govt hasn't declared its termination till now no.
I think government is also in dilemma as of now. As a founding member we cannot just leave the group
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
even i feel so, however foreign policy is surely not getting the requisite attention in our country. BTW review my other answer too i just posted it.
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
great answer... would just like to suggest that u cud have added how govt's approach has shifted from non alignment to multi alignment eg. balancing its interest in middle east and with both Russia and US
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
@akash ok i will
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
@subham thanks buddy. ya you're right, good point thanks :)
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
Hardik Very good answer and well structured :)
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
Please review mine one too
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
Thanks Rohit, sure.
Caste is a salient feature of Indian society. Marginalisation of certain sections is a corollary of this.Due to this our Constitution makers gave a provision of “affirmative action” in Article 16(4) of our Constitution. However, the resultant reservations have created discontent among people.Jats,Gujjars, and Maratha’s demand for inclusion in reserved caste is a manifestation of same.To bring any attitudinal change a two front action is required, institutional and societal.The approach should be: Institutional: Govt should focus on job creation as it would blow of the steam of youth and other caste. Setting up of more educational institutions should be emphasised. Schemes like Start up India should be promoted.With increasing business the anger of masses will automatically go down Present measures like Prevention of Atrocities against SC/ST should be properly enforced.It would be a bulwark against resentment. Societal: A sustained campaign though mass media is required.People should be made aware of the reason of existence of such reservations. Messages should be spread that its cause of discrimination meted out by people themselves. If they start assimilating marginalised sections in society than gradually and slowly reservation can be done away with. Exercises like done by a Bihar DM by eating food cooked by a Dalit widow should be promoted.It would lead people to join your cause. Lessons in equality and fraternity should be given in schools. By adopting a mix of above we can bring significant changes in attitudes of people.Both institutional as well as moral checks should be created against this notion of resentment.Only then can we move towards an ethical society and “dignity of all” as enshrined in Preamble would be upheld.
Excellent answer Hardik. I really liked your 2 pronged approach as well as your Bihar DM example :)
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
thanks buddy :)
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
very well written and have lot of positivity, one more point, (though it is late for me to answer here )is judgment like SC gave yesterday that election should be secular is also an affirmative step and should be included as model code of conduct in elections. political divide breaks.
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
review mine too
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
thanks utsav :)
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
ok, i will
Very Strong Laws including SC/ST prevention of atrocities act 1989,Untouchability act 1955 and various constitutional provisions etc have been framed but have failed to this discrimination. So,It is important to address the following concerns rather than making stronger legislation which are strong enough on paper . 1 Attitudinal change need to brought about among the upper caste through the use of local Panchayat level officials who need to dessiminate information regarding the rights ,legal provisions and ensure community places are open to all. 2 Police need to sensitised to take due notice of violation of dalits rights and act stringently rather than turning a blind eye. 3 School,College administration ,the staff and students need to be sensitised as attitudinal change can effectively be brought about through education and textbooks. 4 Dalits fear reporting such crimes fearing backlash in the community they live.Such barriers need to be dispelled by the strengthening and reaching out to them through institution already in place namely National Commission for SCs etc. Stringent laws alone can never work .Attitudinal change in perception toward the dalit and for dalit toward themselves need to change through active intervention which is possible within the existing framework.....!!! change
Varsha giri
3 years ago
good points
Jyoti Singh
3 years ago
Thank You So Much.....!!!
Hi Jyoti, Nice points but I think you got diverted from the demand of the question but suggesting measures against the marginalisation of Dalit. It is only regarding the reservations :)
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
good structure, although even i agree with Vignesh on the deviation of answer.
Varsha giri
3 years ago
'Reservation'word should be clear in mind before any social change against it, it is policy tool ,to strength and uplifted the weaker and marginalised section of our indian society,and provide equal rights so that ttey are not left behind. meaure should be taken care to change social attitude against it 1-through education ,at early stage of life,in school about caste,ethinicity,gender,and regional diversities. 2-create awareness based tv programme ,hosted by some famous personalities,help in reducing discrimination or deep seated biasness 3-lower and panchyat level,people should consider each and everyone view points,help in reducing social and attitudinal perception aboout reservations
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
Varsha you should add some intro and conclusion. Also institutional changes shall be emphasised a little too.
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
Hi Jyoti, I think you mixed marginalisation of dalts and change of attitude towards reservation policy.... But got to learn some great points from your answer which I missed like use of Panchayats
Jyoti Singh
3 years ago
I totally agree with you....!!!
Reservation has always been the debating topic for only the people not the politics. The electoral politics has blindly shifted the cause of reservations to a single direction of vote bank politics rather than analyzing the till now effects of it. The effect has deepen the sense of marginality among those who are not included in the benefactors list as we see in frequent protests by some community demanding it regularly. The attitude can be changed by-1) Influential social reformers are absent today as people are making opinion and giving direct judgement through social media without deep thinking so social reform like happened in 18th century is much needed. 2) Barring those from getting benefits through reservations again and again as it creates an infinite loop while large section of marginalized are still left due to repetitive use of policy through same caste benefactors. 3) Promoting employment security in private sector jobs for a specific period so that social attitude towards govt jobs can be changed. 4) Promoting inter-caste marriages with strict law protection and also incentivise them like one child policy was done in China.
Hi Utsav, your answer is very short and crisp. Keep it up. I feel like your answer is more generalised except point 3. It would be better if you can mention some specific suggestions. Apart from that your answer structure is very good. :)
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Thanks Vignesh . Could you suggest some specific not general points as i think court verdicts, politics and education have already been unsuccessful regarding correction of attitude problems. Economic solution along with social reforms is more required than enforcement.
Yes you are right, economic improvement is the only way out of this. If economy of a person improves, social discrimination will slowly fade away. You can mention some measures to improve the economic welfare of people.
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
2 and 3 were economic points and 1 and 3 are social points, may be i guess elaboration is required. isn't it?
Yup :)
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
its good,keep writing :)
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
thanks Hardik !
  1. EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS IN LESSTHAN 10 MINUTES 2nd January,2017 resented B Deepanshau S chrome


  2. ABOUT ME . Educator . B.Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) Educator @ unacademy NTSE and Debating Champion Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains Interests: Music, Quizzing, Fitness & Photography RATE REVIEW RECOMMEND https://unacademy.com/user/deepanshu.n.singh


  3. EDITORIALS COVERED IN TODAY'S LESSON The Hindu - Playing the angles, with Russia . Not just about a quota . Note ban: What Supreme Court said earlier - GST: anti-profiteering measures necessary? Indian Express Livemint


  4. QUESTIONS FOR ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE - Survest ways to change social attitudes of people against " Suggest ways to change social attitudes of people against reservation for marginalized sections in India. Comment. How relevant are the principles of Non-alignment for India in the present times of emerging so called Bipolar World order with U.S. and NATO allies on side and China and Russia on the other end? Comment - How relevant are the principles of Non-alignment for India in the present times of emerging


  5. TH-1 PLAYING THE ANGLES, WITH RUSSIA (Gs-2) " U.S.- RUSSIA partnership- two sides of the spectrum-together in Iran nuclear deal at loggerheads on Syria and ISIS- relations at the lowest point since the end of the Cold War. - Recently-President Obama announced the expulsion of 35 Russian diplomats from the US- influencing U.S. elections. . From Nazism to Communism-The notion of an irreconcilable enemy figure, in a binary world of good and evil, has been the hallmark of American foreign policy for most part of the last century - Revival of Cold War logic- Bush tried to resuscitate a dead Cold War logic but emerging challenges from terrorism and complexities of world from friends and enemies mutated and fused among themselves- unfamiliar territory- Obama for the tempering qualities of humility and restraint. - Russian View- Blame Obama's and U.S.-NATO Policies for rising global crisis. - relations got complicated by an aggressive US policy of systemic containment of Russia- BMD Georgia, Crimea-Black Sea etc- Democrats and Republicans are united against Russia- their single biggest foe! - Trump believes that NATO has to repurpose itself and focus on fighting Islamist threats in partnership with Russia and is bothered about Russia's human rights track record or its expansionist posturing. - Wants to contain China in a pragmatic manner, no issue with Assad regime-major concern is Iran and Afghanistan - While Mr. Obama theorised the polycentric world, Mr. Putin appears to have done a good job navigating it, striking strategic and commercial deals - Resetting ties- could trigger a cascade of geostrategic realignments across the world


  6. TH-2 NOT JUST ABOUT A QUOTA (Gs-1/2) o SARI (Social Attitudes Research for India) survey findings- what people in cities, towns, and villages think about reservations. o Findings- Majority of well educated families against Government's reservations to marginalized sections of India o 3 maior reasons for opposition 1. Merit- people from reserved categories are often given a concession ignoring the important disadvantages that people from reserved categories face in going to school or getting a job today o ability to decipher test answers or speak confidently in an interview is often the result of being nurtured in an 2. Equality- Reservation is a policy tool that promotes equality rather than undermines- written into India's Constitution 3. Based on Income- reservation is intended not to be an anti-poverty programme.-Dalits, backward Muslims, and environment that is a result of accumulated economic, social and cultural capital was to ensure representation of all social groups in positions of power Adivasis face social discrimination and exclusion that poor people from general caste backgrounds do not face. Practiced in other countries as well- reservation or other types of affirmative action are used to try to overcome human prejudice based on race, gender, ethnicity, religion, caste or any other group identity, and to encourage representation of and participation by groups traditionally excluded and discriminated against. Need to educate children in schools about caste, ethnic, gender and regional diversities and the need for public policy interventions to make society more equal and fair.


  7. LIVEMINT- GST: ANTI-PROFITEERING MEASURES NECESSARY? (GS-3) o Revised draft model GST- to constitute an authority to monitor the prices businesses charge for goods and services. o The authority will examine whether any reduction in a business' cost base, or in the tax rate on goods and services as a result of the introduction of GST, is passed on to consumers in the form of appropriately reduced prices. result of the introduction of GST, is passed on to consumers in the form of appropriately redueced prices. o Issues- No clarity on the authority also an additional compliance burden on Indian businesses. o Oversees experience- anti-profiteering provisions are only effective with proper Education and awareness of consumers and business- Australia was the first country to enact similar provisions Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC), In Malaysia it led to widespread litigation and was found to be administratively difficult to implement. o From a business perspective, exploiting customers is not a viable business strategy-Ultimately, it is competition and an open marketplace that is the best tool for keeping prices in check o General belief- in Dynamic and competitive market such as India, market forces will ensure that any reduction in an Indian business' cost base will flow through to lower prices o Implementation challenges-need of detailed guidelines detailed on the mechanism for computation of benefit and administration, Litigations- time and cost etc. The Govt should make it easier for businesses to comply with the GST rather than imposing another compliance regime which adds nothing to the economy and detracts from the benefits of moving to a GST


  8. IE-1: NOTE BAN: WHAT SUPREME COURT SAID EARLIER (Gs-2) o Similar Petitions in court against Demonetisation- 38 years ago a Constitution Bench adjudicating on the validity of the High Denomination Bank Notes (Demonetisation) Act, 1978. The court also went into the issue of banks refusing to exchange the high denomination notes of some petitioners on various grounds. o It took the five-judge Bench 18 years to deliver its judgment in Jayantilal Ratanchand Shah versus Reserve Bank of India and Others in 1996 o Ordinance that came into force on January 16, 1978- and was subsequently passed as law by Parliament Petitioners contended that the Act violated their fundamental rights, including the now-deleted Article 31 (Right to Property)- also argued that the move was illegal because the "acquisition" of old notes served no public purpose- under Article 31 no property could be compulsorily acquired except for public purposes. tal rights.


  9. READ IE : The Middle Ground On Water (GS-2) LIVEMINT : The return of uncertainty (GS-1/2)