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4th January, 2017: Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and other Newspapers
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Today's lesson covers the Editorials from The Hindu, Indian Express and Livemint. The topics discussed are- SC's decision on elections and use of religion, AFSPA in Manipur, Tibet Issue and rate cut by banks.

Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Deepanshu Singh
Faculty- Indian Polity and Current Affairs| UPSC CSE Reserve list 2015| Consultant-G.O.I. Loves Geography Teaching since 2015

U
Unacademy user
Very good video lecture
Bhavuk Pujara
10 months ago
Thanks Dharmesh, I’m glad you found it good. Hope it added value for you.
Protectionism, Isolationism and America First are going to be the future US policies as observed from the speeches of President Elect. This not only have Economic and Military effects but Environmental effects as well since Mr. Trump is against Climate Change and consider it as a “Scam”. Negative effects on Economy: 1)Employment for immigrants in US is going to sink as we can expect tough visa regimes coupled with UK’s style Isolationism. 2) There is also a huge possibility that there will be lot of restrictions on FDI outflow as the same dollar can give employment to Americans if invested in domestic market. Both are going to have a disastrous effect for India. Military effects: 1)As per the speeches of President Elect, US may withdraw from West Asia and will put the entire region into turmoil as US is one of the energy engines in the ongoing Syrian issue both in sense of positive as well as Negative. US leaving the arena may have negative effect as well, especially in war against ISIS. This will also have an impact on India, which is recently recognized as major partner, though we have legal backing, we may have to face some discrimination in Mr. Trump regime.
Kindly review :)
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
Good one Vignesh, this was a tricky one and you have played it well. One line description of these ideologies could have been added.
Yeah you are right, I think I did not add any introduction in this answer :)
Jyoti Singh
3 years ago
Hi !! Vignesh I really like your answer and I am going to add this on my notebook.Even I try to scribble down on the given topic but could not.
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
Very well written Vignesh :) short and crisp...gr8 point regarding the FDI, just like to suggest that u cud have added a few more dimensions to the military effects like effect on NATO and nuclear pact with Iran
Yeah you are right Shubham. That did not cross my mind while writing. Thank you for pointing out :)
Thank you Jyoti :)
nice :)
Jyoti Singh
3 years ago
Welcome Always Vignesh....!!!
Gaurav Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Vignesh, nice short answer, however it could little more elaborated, and you can add points like internal racial, unemployment issue and less growth rate, also NATO and relation with China, Russia could be added.
Yeah Gaurav, Thank you :) since I crossed the word limit I was not able to include those points
Hi Vignesh..nice answer, up to the point but i believe you can have added some more global percussion of these policy which had also proved fatal in past. Keep writing and review mine answer too.:)
Yeah you are right Vikas, Given the word and time limit I decided to stick to the impact on India :)
Prashant Mohan
3 years ago
Nice answer...Some specific cases like Disney employment case can be added..
Neel Harale
3 years ago
What is your source of study for this question? Please suggest
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Hi vignesh i read you answer , i think the disastrous effect has been left out slightly but overall the consequences are nicely explained. good answer.
Only news paper source @ Neel
Thank you Prasahat. :) But what is that Disney employment case?
Thank you Utsav :)
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
please review mine too !
Megha jangra
3 years ago
US veto on Palestine issue could be added??
Thank you for the review Megha :)
Dumb Hero
3 years ago
Good answer bro
Megha jangra
3 years ago
at a particular point of time ; it is true that if there is an increase in production of capital goods then there would be less production of consumer good. How ?unable to understand this line ....help!!! reply
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Hi megha in which context you are asking this?
Megha jangra
3 years ago
It seems that there is a contradiction between production of consumption good and capital good But it is not how? #Economy this line is from answer of this particular question
Hi Megha, in my point of view, increasing capital goods will only increase the production of consumer goods, that too in lesser price as we need not to import them. I can tell you via example of Biscuits Market: Machine which makes the biscuit is capital good and the biscuit is consumer good. If there is no production of biscuit making machine in the country, we have to import it- more cost of import- more cost of production of biscuit-more cost of final output(Biscuit)- lesser demand- so less production of biscuits. But if the machine is manufactured in the country itself, then the cost will be low- setting up cost is low and hence the final biscuit cost will be low.. so it will only act as booster :)
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Vignesh you are saying the same thing as Megha said. But how in some cases can increase in production of capital goods leads to decrease in consumption of goods?
@Utsav I disagree with that view because I donot think it will happen..Can you give an example on that?
Megha jangra
3 years ago
Thanks Vinesh :) i was thinking in the same mannner but due to lesser knoeledge of economics was confused and the line given is in the test series content i enrolled for ..
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
See that is the case of deflation's side effects- If we have more and more machines to build consumer goods then employment will be low as people required will be low and thus that will indirectly lead to fewer consumption of goods. Like happened in USA's recession case. They have so many houses for loans and even houses were given on the name of dogs and that price was low but when suddenly repayment started people were gone and in severe debts, banks NPA became too high after that. Unemployment followed and that mortagage bonds lowered misreably.
@ Utsav, What you are telling is like an very indirect effect :P. This may be true in case of the capital goods being Automation based and has the capability of reducing labor but Capital good has a wider connotation, even steel products(like crane and bars) is a capital good right? Increase in those will boost the infrastructure industry - more employment for construction labor and more consumption of good. :).
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
yeah steel production is capital good but why people will make use of steel if there is no employment. Manufacturing can boost only when there is demand for it and demand can be made only through high rates of employment and that too required for in every sector. Thats why inflation below 2% is bad and in long run that will impact economy. For example suppose for any capital good production i needed 2 men but suddenly costs become low due to high consumption but i cant reduce the wage of worker so i will remove one so that profits cant be affected, thats the side effect of deflation.
This is like the issue of which one is first " egg or the Chicken" :P
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
yeah Vignesh its a cycle and thats why we need a moderate inflation rate always to maintain the balance. US recession predictions were undermined but if you want to see how economy rolls down and plays gamble you can watch movie Big Short, its an excellent movie based on US recession phenomenon. MPC in India was created for this maintenance of inflation rate at 4-6% always.
Thank you for the discussion :) What is your optional?
Megha jangra
3 years ago
0 Thanks a lot to you both @ Vignesh & Utsav :) what statement should be consider here to write answer or to choose option
@ Megha Whichever you feel is right, you can take that side :)
Neel Harale
3 years ago
When I will be able to debate like you guys :( I'm new to UPSC studies
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
Hey guys, just read your whole argument.Really nice discussion, However,there are some wrong assumptions which are snowballing into wrong results. 1. Its not necessary that domestic production of a good will reduce its price. Its a possibility that another country which has expertise in it might be in a position to provide it you at a cheaper price. This was the whole founding idea of WTO. 2. Not importing can sometimes lead to serious ramifications.The best example is first three FYPs. Govt didn’t import machines required for larger industries.This was a major drawback of Mahalabonis model too. 3. Automation would need to job loss.When we give this argument we forget that other jobs would be created too.For example machines into agriculture displaced agricultural workers in Europe but then due to those machines other venues also got opens up.Like let us say an amusement park like Disney Land.This argument only hold true when only a particular niche in a sector is getting automated and the affect is only restricted to it.
Yes Hardik you are right :) We also finally came to a conclusion that there are lot of possibilities and these possibilities are very dynamic in nature. So I think anything can happen based on that particular context, for example if there no efficient manufacturing technique of a product then it will lead to cheap price if manufactured domestically. So it all depends on the context :)
Utsav Srivastav
3 years ago
Hi Hardik! your point is fare but this inflation-deflation cycle is way too much complex and we dont know actually what leads to what exactly so its better to have a balanced approach rather than depending on one context in my view.
USA is a nation created by immigrants.Capitalism, promise of a “Great American Dream” and globalisation have been the salient feature of its society. In contemporary times, a strong “anti globalisation” and “ultra nationalist” wave has struck the world.In the wake of this the repercussions and benefits can be: 1.Protectionism: It is defined as a strong interference and erection of barriers in economy.USA which propagated “capitalism” and “free trade” would sent ripples across the globe with it.It’s manifestation will be in anti immigration.This will push up the cost of doing business and ease of operability for firms.With “interlinked” economy of 21st C this will be a big blow to whole world. 2.Isolationism:This policy was followed by USA till WW 1.However,today in a largely unipolar world USA is the “net security provider”, guardian of “sea lanes of communication” and “sole superpower”.It will lead to rise of Jihadist element, more volatility in Middle East and absence of a global “arbitrator”.However, an isolationist USA will also reduce the “proxy wars” and can lead to greater stability in certain areas too. 3.America First:Description of climate change as “hoax” and stiff opposition to Iran Nuclear deal are insinuations of same. At a time when “problems without borders” are coming up solutions also has to be “without border”. In such a scenario such a policy can cause “tectonic effects” Its said that “with great power comes great responsibility”.World can’t afford adoption of such ideologies by USA.The results of same will unlikely be anything seen till now.
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
Hey people, do review :)
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
Hi Hardik, very well written, must say a g8 answer... would just like to suggest you could have added a point or two about TPP and H1B visas... Still great job done :)
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
Thanks Shubham , ya you're right i skipped them.
Hi Hardik, very nice points. The answer structure as well as content is very good :)
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
Thanks Vignesh
very well written :)
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
Thanks Soumyadev
Good answer.Framed in right way. Plz review mine too.:)
Gaurav Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Hardik, nice structured answer ! well covered the question. One point if you want to add of Visa issue to curb the jobs from China, India, Japan Also Isolcation approach due to internal issues in America like attack on african-american etc.
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
Thanks Vikas, i surely will
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
Thanks Gaurav, ya i missed that one could have been added.
Dumb Hero
3 years ago
Good answer with interested points .... God job
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
Thanks buddy
The new elected U.S.A President Mr. Donald Trump is very clear about how to deal with international affairs and internal matters of the country. Protectionism, Isolationism and America First is the main idea of the new US president. He announced and took some steps accordingly are as follows:- 1. USA made changes in visa policy for foreigners who applied for jobs. 2.Business outsourcing will get a dip and try to generate jobs for homeland residents 3. President Mr. Trump is a businessman so he pushing the other businessmen on investing money in America. 4. US show its isolationism by not vote in the favour of Israel and not interfering its matter of territory dispute with Palestine. 5. US also will withdraw military from middle east (Afghanisatn, Sriya) but never tolerate terrorism. But all these steps will put some effect on India still we have to be prepare for those scenarios and in future it will may become favourable towards India by exception for Indians because Mr Trump said that he is looking forward to establish good relation with our country and with Prime Minister Modi also.
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
please review my answer
Hi Akash, You have mentioned about the new policies of US government well :) But what's missing is , you did not mention what exactly is the economic and strategic impact of those measures. It would be much better if you could include them as well :)
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
Vignesh please tell me what more i can write, please with example it will help me to take your points as my notes
For example Economic impact: Change in Immigration policy will limit the employment opportunities of lot of Indians, especially people working in IT sectors and will also reduce the remittance. If there is any change in Federal reserve rates as well as reduction in tax(as promised by Trump) then there will be a slump in amount of dollars going out of US(FDI to India), which will hugely impact our economic growth, even schemes like Make in India will get affected to some extent.
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
THANK YOU VERY MUCH my friend VIGNESH
Gaurav Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Akash, answer is well structured, keep it up in this word limit. However impacts are not covered properly and issues are missing like NATO, internal issue and why these three policies are necessary to us despite we are thinking they could be disastrous.
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Gaurav thank you for reviewing my answer i will take care of that in next question :)
The advent of the trump era can possibly mean a mammoth shift in course for US. An ardent supporter of globalisation and a flag bearer in the developing world has lost support for the same in its own backyard. Following could be the impact: 1. Political: will result in loss of trust among the NATO allies and other long-time allies in the face of rising Russian and Chinese challenge. American interests secured through huge political and economic investments will be in danger. World could move towards Nuclear proliferation with breakdown of US-Iran deal. However, it will also significantly reduce US intervention in internal conflicts of countries and US funding of countries like Pakistan which support terrorism would stop 2. Economic: Cancellation of multilateral agreements like TPP- huge blow to economies of the partner countries which could turn away towards China or Russia. Protectionism will trigger similar responses all around the globe. The Global trade will be at loss however new negotiations could prove out to be beneficial for US. 3. Social: The cosmopolitan culture of the US will be in danger with ban over immigrations and the American society could be divided on communal and racial lines World trade and global geopolitics will both see major change in landscape as world’s largest economy and military change its direction.
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
Plz review
Hi Shubham, Nice answer :) You have included lot of excellent points. You have even included Political as well as Social point of views although which is not asked. But it is good to see in the context of your answer. Keep it up :)
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
Thank Vignesh for the review
very nicely written.. :)
Gaurav Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Shubham, very nice answer covering all the point. One point - you have very well explained the economic point, however isolationism point is missing, which could be added. May be I am wrong.
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
Thanks Soumyadev for the review :)
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
Hi Gaurav, thanks for review, under the subheading Political I tried to explain the points under America first and isolationism policy, may be i need to improve that aspect of the answer, but thanks for the review and plz keep reviewing :)
Despite being the top and most powerful world economy America is not the america that was 10-20 years ago, amid the competetion with fast growing economy like China, Russia and Germany, america's economy is not growing also number of recessions in last 10 years majorly impacted US's economy. Also there are various internal challenges like attacks on african-american communities, civil war like situation in some states, growing unemployment, loss in small sectors, farmers, exporters and people loosing their jobs. Despite all these situations America's focus on crises in middle east, allowing refugees in America, involvement and over spending in Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan have created a situation which we have seen in recent election where in people showed their mandate and every prediction was failed, no surveyor understood the mood of the country. People voted for mr. Trump as he talked on only these issues and swore to adopt the policeis of 'Protectionism' by not allowing people to take american jobs. Currently trends shows India, China and Japan are taking most of jobs so curbing on Visa, immigration are main agenda. 'Isolationism' policy- America is not going to make her involved in the international issues and politics like Syria, Iraq and will remain herself away also will focus more on internal matters. Committed to scrap Trans atlantic treaty and NATO where in US is a group leader. 'America First' policy and less monetary, defence help to war torn, backward countries and clearly stated that America is not going to be so called leader. I think it would be an economic and military disaster for countries like Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iraq but not for America.
Hi Gaurav, Nice points especially your introduction part is very good(although bit lengthy). My suggestion is that, you have mentioned what US is going to do by adopting Isolationism like scrapping TPP or NATO but as per the question you have to mention what exactly is the effect on doing that(like you can mention that the defence support to NATO countries in west Europe will sink and may become target of ISIS, US is one of the largest market for India, especially KPOs which will get hit), which I feel is missing. Keep writing :)
Gaurav Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Vignesh, thank you for reviewing, I too feel the same after reading the answer again. I should have alligend with the question. I will add these points. thanks
Arghya Banerjee
3 years ago
well structured ... and as Vignesh has said , those points ... keep it up
Gaurav Sharma
3 years ago
Thank you Arghya :) sure
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
Hi Gaurav , grt answer just feel u sud cut short the intro(which no doubt is grt, still) and explain the impacts in a little more detail... Also the longer intro initially gives the feel that the answer is deviated although u covered everything in the later part of the answer...
Gaurav Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Shubham, thanks for reviewing, sure I will cut short from my next answer :)
  1. EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS IN LESSTHAN 10 MINUTES 4th January,2017 resented E shu chrome


  2. ABOUT ME O unac . Educator @ unacademy B.Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) NTSE and Debating Champion Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains .Interests: Music, Quizzing, Fitness & Photography RATE REVIEW RECOMMEND https://unacademy.com/user/deepanshu.n.singh


  3. EDITORIALS COVERED IN TODAY'S LESSON The Hindu - Two takes on democracy Secularising the election - A nudge to borrowers Livemint - Reclaiming India's leverage on Tibet - Rewriting the rules of political engagement . The need to withdraw Afspa from Manipur raw Afspa from anipr


  4. QUESTIONS FOR ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE Protectionism, isolationism and America first policies are a recipe for economic and military disaster. Discuss isolationism and "America first" policies are a recipe for economic and


  5. TH/MINT- SUPREME COURT'S JUDGEMENT ON BAN ON SEEKING VOTES ON GROUNDS OF RELIGION, CASTE, CREED, COMMUNITY ETC. (GS-2) o Does secularism mandate the complete exclusion of religion from the public sphere? And must identities based upor religion, caste, and language always be treated as evils to be fought and eradicated. o Landmark Judgement- The Supreme Court's seven-judge bench decision that candidates can't seek votes on grounds of religion, caste, creed, community or language seems, on the face of it, like a progressive step that could potentially rewrite th rules of engagement in Indian politics o Complex Issue- The seven judges hearing the case split four to three- disagreement over a single word: "his" under Sectio 123 (3) of the Representation of Peoples Act, 1951 (RP Act)-The his" in this clause was understood thus far as a reference to the candidate o Judgement has now expanded the interpretation to include the affiliations of the voter as well. It has read sub-section 3 with two other clauses: sub-section 3(A) under Section 123 of the RP Act and Section 153A of the Indian Penal Code both of which deal with the promotion of feelings of enmity or hatred. o Chief Justice T.S. Thakur tilted the scales in favour of the "purposive interpretation"- need to maintain secular character of state and elections- trying to achieve the purity of elections, and that the purity of elections required that appeals to caste, religion, language, and community be kept out of the electoral process, otherwise would lea to 'distortion of democracv' o Dissenting views by other 3 Judges- view that Parliament did not intend the clause to extend to the voter-as such a blanket ban would prevent candidates from raising issues related to religion, etc.


  6. CONTINUED- SC'S DECISION To hold that a person who seeks to contest an election is prohibited from speaking of the egtinate concerns of cit zens that the injustices faced by them on the basis of traits having an origin in religion, race, caste, community or language would be remedied is to reduce democracy to an abstraction." o Issues with Religion-based politics -It often defaults to an oppositional narrative. And second, from an economic and o However- Religion is an essential component of culture, and culture and economic growth do not exist independent of each other. Sociology Max Weber's seminal The Protestant Ethic And The Spirit Of Capitalism corelation etween re on and Points to the reality that religon, culture and development can often be intertwined. In an Indian context there are socioeconomic The dissenting judges-the Constitution engage with the injustices suffered by various groups, it has allowed for these groups to o These markers of identity had acquired a certain social salience that is, a certain visible significance- allowed the oppressed to governance standpoint, it is a powerful enough motivator to enable blanket community appeals that cut across economic fault lines Universal Citizen does not exist. economic developmentin Latin America and 59 other countries (Harvard Study) issues specific to particular communities. rally around their religion, etc, to fight back against centuries of social oppression organise around the site of their prior oppression, and use that t (B.R Ambedkar- All India Scheduled Castes Federation) As a matter of law, the majority carried the day; but it is for each of us to ask ourselves which vision we find more convincing o gain political power


  7. LIVEMINT: THE NEED TO WITHDRAW AFSPA FROM MANIPUR (Gs-2) " India recast its Look East policy, which originated during the P.V. Narasimha Rao regime in the early 1990s, as the Act East policy in November 2014- India's Act East policy will gain traction only if there is a committed road map Manipur will have a crucial role- " Increasing border trade through the Moreh smart city project (Haollenphai) national highways 39 and 53) PROPOSED ROUTE IMPHAL China (Tibet) MANIPUR Arunachal Pradesh Bhutan MOREH Aizawl West Bengal Assam Dispur . nd MIZORAM Meghalaya Manipur Bangladesh Myanmar (Burma) MYANMAR Map not to MANDALAY


  8. MINT: THE NEED TO WITHDRAW AFSPA FROM MANIPUR (Gs-2) " Background- Manipur has been beset by insurgency ever since it was formed in 1949. The fault lines that existed during - Manipur was engulfed in an orgy of violence in the 1990s because of the ethnic militias and severe infighting betweer colonial administration by the British got accentuated post-independence- rebel group bases in Myanmar as well. Naga groups- extortion, drug trafficking by these groups. - AFSPA-imposed in Manipur in 1980 as it had been declared a "disturbed area. failure of the civil administration and the armed forces" fake encounters- plea for probe by SIT Learning from Tripura and Mizoram- combination predominantly of political will and use of security forces to bring - Court's stand- a landmark judgement in July 2016, the Supreme Court severely criticized Afspa as "symbolizing a - Current Crisis- creation of seven new districts has irked the Naga groups, blockade- United Naga Council (UNC) peace. - A political solution is the only way out of the present quagmire. everyone will have to agree to a shared homeland if the crisis is to be solved. Any move for the withdrawal of Afspa before elections could be construed as political suicide


  9. LIVEMINT - RECLAIMING INDIA'S LEVERAGE ON TIBET (Gs-2) o India still remains cautious and reserved on the issue of Tibet in spite of China continuously flexing its muscle on the issue-it is allowing itself to come under Chinese pressure-despite its British-inherited extra-territorial rights in Tibet- watched silently, even opposing a discussion in the UN general assembly on the aggression. o History- Tibet's annexation has affected Indian security like no other development, giving China, for the first time under Han rule, a contiguous border with India, Bhutan and Nepal and facilitating a Sino-Pakistan strategic axis through a common land corridor. o Mongolia's visit of Dalai Lama-( Great Mongol king, Altan Khan, converted to Tibetan Buddhism)-Typical bullying by freezing ties and seeking to throttle its economy by slapping punitive tariffs and shutting a key border crossing point- India could have played a greater role in standing by Mongolia o Present issue- Dalai Lama's visit to New Delhi attending a function at Rashtrapati Bhawan, Mongolia's visit o China has urged India to clearly recognize the Dalai Lama's anti-Chinese and separatist nature, to respect China's core interests and concerns, to take effective measures to eliminate the negative influences of the incident, and to avoid disturbing China-India ties-MEA downplayed stating it was a non-political event organized by Nobel laureates dedicated to the welfare of children o India recognizes Tibet as part of China even as Beijing openly challenges India's unity and territorial integrity, including by occupying the Aksai Chin plateau and claiming an entire Indian state. o Steps- Tibet is to India against China what Pakistan is to China against India. Need to be more assertive- similar to China's art of creeping, covert warfare through which it seeks to take one "slice" of territory at a time


  10. TH-2 A NUDGE To BORROWERS (GS-3) The State Bank of India's decision to cut its marginal cost of funds based lending rate (MCLR) by 90 basis points o The need for the cut- 1. Sharp slowdown in credit growth in the current fiscal year- RBI data. 2. Increased current and savings account (CASA) deposits post Demonetisation. 3. To spur some growth- credit-fuelled buying including in sectors such as automobiles-low-cost deposits that could potentially boost demand stimulus in the economy. 4. Unenviable situation where their liabilities (the money they owe depositors) have jumped sharply, while their assets (the loans they give) have instead almost stagnated- NPA stress Banks are now wing with each other to innovatively structure credit products including home loans in a bid to capitalize the situation. Swelled up deposits-more interest liabilities for Banks-SBI-additional markup interest it charges over the benchmark one- year MCLR-to a minimum of 50 basis points from 25 basis points earlier on Home loans. o The Upcoming Budget will make the more clear-putting economy back on track of Growth post Demonestisation (Link- decline in IIP PMI, core industries etc)