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5th January, 2017: Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and other Newspapers
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Today's lesson covers the Editorials from The Hindu, Indian Express and Livemint. The topics discussed are- Indo-China relations, India-Bangaldesh relations, Digital economy, Elections and Budget- MCC.

Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Deepanshu Singh
Faculty- Indian Polity and Current Affairs| UPSC CSE Reserve list 2015| Consultant-G.O.I. Loves Geography Teaching since 2015

Comments
(28)
U
Unacademy user
so lucky to find you on unacademy. you are the best faculty of mathematics. waiting for more such videos. Also, i request you to start mensuration as soon as possible.
Abhishek Mishra
10 months ago
Thank you dear
Abhishek Mishra
10 months ago
Always good luck
Kanu Priya
10 months ago
thnku sir😊😊
1)The Paradox of governance in India is, even though we have good legislations, the output of those legislations is far below average due to poor implementation. This is happening although our constitution provides for the merger of Legislature and Executives. The major problem India is facing currently is the IMR, MMR and Malnourishment, though we can see some improvement, it is not enough if we want to achieve our global ambitions. Some of the measures which can be taken are, For IMR and Malnourishment: 1) Increasing the nutrient intake of Children via food fortification 2) Providing proper nutrients at a lower price(NFSA). MMR: Encouraging institutional delivery and neo natal care(Janani Suraksha Yojana). Most of the measures has proper legislations already like NFSA and IGMSY but the result is far below satisfaction. Reason being, although schemes like NFSA and IGMSY are going in right direction we still have lot of challenges at the ground level, the foremost of it being Cash transactions and Logistics issue. Lack of proper storage facilities, Logistics as well as poor resistant qualities of the grains being a major obstruction for the success of NFSA. Lack of expertise in use of technology is also a major issue in the current scenario where economy is converting into cashless. In IGMSY, Direct cash transfer is not implemented yet and the cash is only transferred through the Angawaadi workers. Although incentives are provided to them for proper implementation, DBT can increase the effectiveness of these schemes.
Please review :)
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Vignesh good answer but i think according to official government data is showing very great development in health services so i think you can mention that in your answer also :) please review my answer also
Thank you for the review Akash :) Yes, but my argument is that, this level of development is not enough we need a little more, for which we are facing some obstacles.
Jyoti Singh
3 years ago
Vignesh Your this answer is also very good. But what I think,instead of using short form you must use full form. It would add extra weightage to your answer.....!!!
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
Bro From my point of view Introduction must be informative and you must not have that critismic tone in the starting of the answer well Body is good although and Conclusion is also good.
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
and review mine one too :) (strictly evaluation must be done in my answer)
Yes Jyoti you are right, But I was just trying to complete answer writing in 5 minutes so I missed that in hurry :(
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
Bro today i watched some videos from VisionIAS from their point of view for answer you can take about nine minutes :)
@ Rohit, in my point of view, introduction must make the examiner more interested to look in to our answer. But regarding the critic tone am not sure about this,I think we can include that :)
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
Yes Jyoti , I posted it You must review it ... I m going to read your answer.
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
hmm Okay vignesh ..
Yeah , but if we train ourself to write answer in lesser time like 5 to 6 minutes it will be very helpful in time management during mains :)
@ Rohit, This is my point of view and am following this style in all my answers. But I also do not know whether this is correct approach..
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
Ok from my point of view Introduction must be a Informative one (like the definations in Ncert Simple and SOber may be historic one also .) but direct speech must one give not a look of an officer which know both phase of everything :)
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
Very well written, especially the second part, got some gud takeaways :) I would just suggest that questions demands critical analysis and in that way the second part looks a little incomplete
Yeah Shubham, I had to stick with the word limit :( Thanks for the review :)
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
yes ofcourse and that makes sure we miss something or the other :)
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
guys do review my second answer please :)
Lokesh Muniyal
3 years ago
Agricultural Income as per defined under sec 2(1A) is exempt from tax under Section 10(1) of IT Act.Tax to GDP in India is roughly 15-16% while OECD nations has the average of 35%. IT officials, Industrial Bodies like ASSOCHAM and even politicians are in favor of revoking this exemption. Certainly, the positives of taxing Sec 2(1A) outweigh the negatives. Benefits - 1)More balanced Tax Revenue bracket. Indirect collections are mammoth while Direct collections are minisicule. Increasing Direct net of taxes is a must. Agricultural income can contribute 1.2%-1.5% of the GDP. 2)Corporate Sector - Companies investing in agriculture are also exempt from tax. Over 50 companies reported their agricultural income above 100 crores in 2009-10 alone. Their inclusion in the ambit will boost state funds 3) Tax Evasion- Many taxpayers file their returns disclosing Agricultural Income to dodge taxes. Move to tax Sec 2(1A) will complement government's black money efforts. 4) Agricultural Land.- transfer of land generates Capital Gains. But Rural Agricultural land is excluded from Capital Asset {Sec 54(B)}. Huge revenue stream untapped. Now lets look at the constraints 1) Uncertain Produce. Uncertain Income for the farmer (Monsoon Over-Reliance) 2) India is a pro poor social state, farmers are usually marginalized. 3) Legacy - Taxation on Agriculture income is a fireball emboldened by Socialist measures post independence. Any alteration to it can ascend mass agitations. Better left untouched by Votes seekers in the power.
Lokesh Muniyal
3 years ago
Vignesh i have been reading your answers so would like some ivestigation on mine! thanks
2)One of the traits of a developed economy is its high tax to GDP ratio, major chunk of it should come from Direct taxation. But in India, this situation is reversed, Major chunk of tax is from Indirect taxation and our tax to GDP ratio is way lower than other countries. After Independence, India needed food security and the economy of the country forced the government to do away taxes for agricultural income, to encourage farmers. But after 70 years, when the food security is achieved and India is a net exporter, it is a good idea to tax agricultural income. The main drawback of implementing it is: 1) Technology and efficiency of Indian agriculture is still low, Poor water management and farmers are mostly dependent on the unstable monsoon, which fails most of the time. So, taxing the income can hit most of the farmers badly if monsoon fails. 2) As more income is paid as tax, it will discourage farmers to choose farming, which is already dying due to migrations. Positives: 1) Can discourage farmers from superfluous use of resources, since they need to conserve the resource more for better benefits now. 2) As farmer should pay more tax now, he must increase the input, so he will automatically start to use efficient methods. Weighing the pros and cons, taxing the income may have short term repercussions mostly political but in long term it will benefit all
Kindly review :)
Deepanshu Singh
3 years ago
Good answer Vignesh.. Can add more dimensions linking how agri startups are helping in increasing farmers income and production, taxing them as well as the increased band of farmers cum entrepreneurs can add to the tax ratio of our GDP
Thank you so much for the review :). Yes this point did not cross my mind while writing the answer...
Deepanshu Singh
3 years ago
Welcome :)
If possible please check out my other answer as well :)
Jyoti Singh
3 years ago
Good Answer Vignesh.....!!!
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
Nice answer, rest rightly pointed out by Deepanshu sir
Unacademy User
3 years ago
Good ans.. keep it up...
Arun Yogeshwaran
3 years ago
Nice answer. Can you please tell how do you gather points when you start writing the answer?
Basically most of my knowledge is from editorial of Hindu :)
Arun Yogeshwaran
3 years ago
You are putting it in a nice way. Thanks
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
nice intro and conclusion , however points could have been more.
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
and Deepanshu sir please review answers on a daily or atleast weekly basis. Guys please post this in comments asking him to review them.
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
Whatever you have written is rock solid :)
Thank you Hardik :) My knowledge is limited on this topic and I was trying to write everything in less time thats why:(
Gaurav Sharma
3 years ago
Nice answer Vignesh, starting from the nice introduction and points are well covered. You could add one-two more points like Tranparency in earning( in benefits) and some facts like dependency on agriculture
Thank you Gaurav :) Will Surely look into them.
Agricultural income is defined as the income earned via agriculture.In India more than 50% of population in engaged in agriculture.As a “socialistic” measure agriculture income was made tax free.Debates on making it taxable have come up from time to time.The pros and cons of same will be: Advantages: 1.It will address the concerns of well off farmers and landholders enjoying the exemption as mentioned in Economic Survey’s chapter “Bounties for the Well Off”, 2.It will increase the tax coverage.In India number of people paying direct tax is less as compared to indirect tax.Any emerging economy need to rectify it. 3.In the wake of recent demonetisation, agricultural income could have been used as a possible escape route.Taxing on the same will ensure that this doesn’t happen. 4.With coming up of Mega Food Parks its possible that there will be a significant increase in incomes of some farmers.Hence, it is justifiable to tax them However the disadvantages will be: 1.Large section of India’s farmers are poor.It can further marginalise of them. 2.Income is agriculture is quite volatile. Especially considering the monsoon dependency.In event like El-Nino there is a possibility that production and income might fell significantly. 3.India struggles to achieve food security in some sections. It can lead to further pushing up of prices of food grains.Govt will give increased subsidy and the net gain might be small. Such a step much be taken after proper deliberation,debate and discussion.A threshold must be set which ensure that only well to do farmers are taxed.Further leagues should be plugged.Policies and decisions are only as good as their implementation.If implemented properly this can give a further push to our economy.
Hi Hardik, nice and accurate answer :) You have covered lot of informations which will be very helpful for us. Keep it up :)
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
thanks Vignesh
Unacademy User
3 years ago
Well written.. keep it up. .
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
Thanks unacademy user
Deepanshu Singh
3 years ago
Hardik good job, loved that you mentioned Eco Survey! however some facts and figures like tax to GDP ratio, agriculture's contribution to GDP etc.would have been the icing on the cake ;)
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
Thanks sir,next time i will sure that cake has extra layers of icing :)
Aman Shandilya
3 years ago
wow simply awesome..
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
Thanks Buddy
Development of the nation is not all about per capita income , It depends upon Education , Health , Malnourishment, IMR , MMR and many other factors.Recent survey SARI came up with some statistics which are not in favour.Steps taken to address the Problems related to issues: 1)Prime Minister's Step to provide financial to pregnent women of rs.6000 and basic vaccination facilities. 2)Maintaining Hygiene and cleaniness in Surroundings helps infant as well Mother from various infactions which effect immune system of both and also lead to IMR.(in reference to the survey done in 2005 kerala has much more IMR as compared to Punjab and Bihar despite having less per capita income). 3)Spreading awareness in rural areas about the nutritous food and general care of infact relating to Breast feeding etc. Government despite having population of 1.25billion in the country purposely took Steps like NFSA and IGMSY (under NFSA) which tends to be very successful under schemes for the Wages in Maternity leave and Providing Rs.4000 in 3 installments spreading across various rural districts. For the better Implementatio of these schemes government should evaluate Areas through various survey so new addition of some schemes for particular areas.
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
Reviews are welcome people :)
Hi Rohit, This is really a good one. Your answer structure as well as the content is very very good :) Keep it up :)
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
Thank you bro :) I reviewed yours too .. do watch my review..
Yeah I saw that before reviewing yours :)
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
agreed with review >/?
Jyoti Singh
3 years ago
Hey Rohit,Your answer is Good. But I would like to say instead of using short form,do use full form. Keep Writing.....!!!
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
Yes I am completely agree with you but as the question itself used them so you can use it ..
Shubham Sagar
3 years ago
Hi Rohit, great answer, very well written, i would just like to suggest that the second part demands a little more analysis, my answer also lacked it but Vignesh has covered the shortfalls really well, do check... apart from that god job
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
thankx bro ::)
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Rohit your write well but i think you can mention more about IMR, MMR and malnutrition and also your mention less about NFSA and IGMSY
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
ohhk sir
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Rohit i am sorry if i offended you i didn't mean to criticize you i just said what i feel :(
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
ohh noo.. lol nothing like that bro even i speciallly say always do review my answer stricltly and do find the mistakes as much as possible thankin you for reviewing man :)
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
do review my 2nd answer strictly :)
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
Rohit my friend i will review your answer but you siad OK SIR so by it i feel that you are angry by my review :)
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
reviews are for polishing the skills not something like that broo .. talking with a girl simultaneously can bring such comments :P
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
Ha ha LOL buddy best of luck for both goals ;)
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
lol ..
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
:)
Gaurav Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Right, your answer is very good with some very good examples!!
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
Thnnk bro :)
Ministary of Health and Family Welfare is running a mission is called National Health Mission and under that NRHM and NUHM is doing very well in improving the health of people and providing health services. The following schemes of GoI are currently working for controlling IMR, MMR and Malnutrition :- 1. National Rural Health Mission component is RCH (Reproductive and Child Health) achieve the target of institutional delivery, the number of beneficiaries has increased from 7.39 lakh in 2005- 06 to about 1.13 crore in 2010-11 under Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) and Janani–Shishu Suraksha Karyakram 2. IMR Infant Mortality Rate according to SRS 2010 at national level was 47 per 1000 live births in 2010 as compared to 50 in 2009 shown decline under the programmes are (JSY) & (JSSK) Kerala with an IMR of 13 is the best performing state among the bigger States in the country 3. MMR Maternal Mortality Ratio has reduced from 254 per 100000 live births in 2004-06 to 212 per 100000 live births in 2007-09 according to (SRS) Kerala and Tamil Nadu have already achieved the goal of a MMR of 100 per 100000 live births 4. Correct infant and young child feeding practices including exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months and micronutrient supplementation, especially iron and folic acid tablets for children and pregnant women, Vitamin A supplementation and promotion of the use of iodised salt. The health department also organizes institutional care services in over 600 facilities for sick and severely malnourished children. Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana has greatly working in country under this scheme monitory benefits are given to pregnant women after the birth of the child and under this scheme there is a chart which help in monitoring the development in health of mother and child and vaccination of new born baby is also tracked under this scheme. NFSA National Food Security Act 2013 covers food security programmes of the GoI. It includes the Midday Meal Scheme, Integrated Child Development Services scheme(ICDS) and the Public Distribution System(PDS). The Midday Meal Scheme and the Integrated Child Development Services Scheme are universal in nature whereas the PDS will reach about two-thirds of the population (75% in rural areas and 50% in urban areas).
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
please review my answer
Hi Akash, Nice answer :) You have included lot of data which is very good if you can remember them during answer writing. My advice would be, do not mention more stats as a small mistake in that can lead to loss of marks. Second thing is you need to reduce your content a lot, the question is mostly related to the working of 2 schemes, and if you have time you can mention about other schemes but here you tried to explain lot of schemes which is not required. But in Essay point of view, this will make a very good answer on the status of health schemes :)
Rohit Mattu
3 years ago
Bro from my point of view if you remember this much data good .. Introduction is not good .. You started with a mission Introduction must be a lucid and Explaing the basic information one ..and do review my answer :)
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Vignesh and Rohit thanks for reviewing i will take care of that but is data mentioning is correct or not please guide and yes i not know more bout NFSA and IGMSY that's why i write more about what i know :)
In Mains if you do not know about anything you can write like this but here, if you do not know about a particular topic you can always go back, learn about it and then attempt the question :) This is how you learn by this exercise. :)
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
Ok thank you Vignesh i will remember that :)
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