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14th January, 2017: Editorial Analysis of The Hindu and other Newspapers
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Today's lesson covers the Editorials from The Hindu, Indian Express and Livemint. The topics discussed are- Education in India, Captive breeding and RBI's functioning and autonomy

Deepanshu Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Deepanshu Singh
Faculty- Indian Polity and Current Affairs| UPSC CSE Reserve list 2015| Consultant-G.O.I. Loves Geography Teaching since 2015

U
Unacademy user
Md
mam plz make vedio for whole syllabus of digital logic.
Sweta Kumari
a year ago
Yup sure
"YOU CAN'T CROSS THE SEA MERELY BY STANDING AND STARING AT THE WATER" Rabindranath Tagore Interstate River Water Disputes Act, 1956 was enacted by parliament of India under the article 262 of constitution of India. Under Section 6A of this Act, central government may frame a scheme or schemes to give effect to the decision of a tribunal. Along with the tribunal, the government proposes to set up Dispute Resolution Committee (DRC) also. A permanent tribunal to adjudicate river water dispute between states will undoubtedly be vast improvement over present system of setting up ad-hoc tribunals. Advantage of setting up permanent tribunal are as follows :- 1. Speedier adjudication will be done by tribunal (as supreme court is under the burden of lakhs of cases already ) 2. Expert agency will collect the data on rainfall, irrigation & surface water flow of river 3. The data can be used in many other matters like drought or flood situation arises, the areas prone to flood or drought can be manage under these circumstances DRC (Dispute Resolution Committee) comprising experts & policy makers to handle dispute prior to tribunal and if states are not satisfied by the decision of DRC they can approach to tribunal. "WATER IS THE MAIN SOURCE OF LIFE "
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
please review my answer
Gaurav Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Akash, very nicely written answer with beautiful intro and conclusion. One suggestion :- Just add one line saying as per my suggestion and give one liner , I think it is more effective.
Akash Sharma
3 years ago
Hi Gaurav thank you but can you please tell me more what to i have to write in it :)
Gaurav Sharma
3 years ago
yes sure, you can write some challenges like state can decides to not to follow SC guidelines like we have seen in the recent cauvery disputes. and centre's favouring of any state and not intervening effectively to server political purpose etc. You can counter on these points but i think these can be added.
Deepanshu sir please inaugurate the new feature by writing some reviews :)
Deepanshu Singh
3 years ago
yes hardik will do that :)
Abhiuday singh
3 years ago
Sir i am following january mcqs and hindu analysis/editorials but roman sir was saying about espected mcqs from may 2016 to dec2016 ,i can't find that course or is it yet to come?
Deeps Leelar
3 years ago
Please keep writing Hardik it will also helpful for me
Hardik Siroha
3 years ago
sure Deeps :)
Akash Gupta
3 years ago
sir share your optional strategy ...after upsc notification
Ankit Yadav
3 years ago
sir plz guide me for ssc multi-tasking.
In December 2016, central government decided to amend the 1956 Water-disputes act and set-up one tribunal to deal all Inter-state water disputes. These disputes not only affect the Inter-state relations but also have implications on federal structure of country. Initially these disputes were handled by different tribunals and the result will be declared in speedy manner. This decision is outcome of recent Inter-state water disputes between Karnataka and Tamil Nadu (Cauvery river), Goa and Maharashtra (Mahadayi) and Odisha and Chhattisgarh (Mahanadi). The structure if tribunal will be as follows: -It will have Retired Supreme court judge as chairperson. -All verdict will be notified within time span of 3 yrs. -All grievances and disputes will first go to DISPUTE RESOLUTION COMMITTEE (DRS) , where most of the disputes will be solved and remaining will be introduced in tribunal. -The main objective of setting up the tribunal is "speed solution" and with proposed structure, it can be achieved to a extent.
Deeps Leelar
3 years ago
Nice attempt Aishwary keep writing
Deeps Leelar
3 years ago
View mine as well
Aishwary Agrawal
3 years ago
OK Deeps. Healthy competition.
Aishwary Agrawal
3 years ago
I read your answer Deeps. Its nice. The good thing is you made good combination of facts and your views.
Deeps Leelar
3 years ago
Thanks bro.. Now we can write on discussion platform
Hi Deepanshu, I have a request, write as less as you can on ppt slides because it becomes very monotonous to read the points if someone has already read the newspaper. You can replace certain data and facts with some diagrams or animations if possible. Moreover, you speak very fast like a newsreader and listening to your presentation along with reading points from slides becomes more difficult. Please go a little slow and don't read all the contents again and again.
Vladimir Putin
3 years ago
Rest all your suggestions are welcomed except requesting him to mention less points as someone has already read the newspaper. I am a working professional, also preparing for UPSC and I do not get time to read the whole newspaper. Rest of the explanation is obvious...
Sanjay Jha
3 years ago
Good luck to you bro. But you got it wrong. I never meant mentioning less points or leaving out something, rather presenting them in the form of some flow charts, diagrams or animations if possible. Hope I am clear this time.
Vladimir Putin
3 years ago
If that was the case I take my words back if they were taken otherwise. And yes i support you regarding interactive visual representations of monotonous facts. They will make learning more easier. All the best to you too! :)
As per the current provisions of the interstate water disputes act,1956,a tribunal can be formed after a state govt. with such request and the center is convinced of the need to form the tribunal. At present there are 8 tribunals including those on Cauvery, Mahadayi, Ravi Beas,Vansdhara and Krishna river. There will be only one permanent tribunal with retired S.C.judge as its chairperson. There will be branches formed as and when required. The branches though will be wound up once a dispute is resolved. This is a good move of centre govt.to resolve issues timely and comprehensively without any biasness and discrimination but there could be some negative aspects like 1) it will undermine the principle of federalism and will make things more complicated instead of resolving them. 2) It would not yield the desired results and would further delay the implementation of final awards of existing tribunals. 3)This could cause long battles. 4) When even the independent tribunals could not deliver in time, how can a single tribunal able to deliver it on timely. 5)This will land up in S.C. 6)it is also unjusticeable to include all existing disputes in this tribunal. So there could be many assumptions for its relevancy but overall it might be well attempt if disputes resolved on timely without hampering any interest of people..
Deeps Leelar
3 years ago
Please review
Lokesh Muniyal
3 years ago
Intro is great..language used is easy to grab..to the point..but your 2nd and 3rd points are ambiguous. 2nd) How can u know that it will not yield the desired results, u can back up your point with a hypothetical fact and an example. 3rd) Long battles as in?? among states?? that can come under your 2nd point..with delays of final award, inter state tensions will be durable..Rest assured your answer is to the point and a high scoring one.!! Keep writing Deeps!
Deeps Leelar
3 years ago
Thanks Lokesh,, it might be but not sure, because apex Court is always back up
  1. EDITORIAL ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPERS IN LESSTHAN 10 MINUTES th resented E shu chrome


  2. ABOUT ME . Educator @ unacademy B.Tech. Comp. Sc. (Hons.) NTSE and Debating Champion Appeared for CSE and IFoS mains Interests: Music, Quizzing, Fitness & Photography RATE REVIEW RECOMMEND https://unacademy.com/user/deepanshu.n.singh


  3. UNACADEMY DISCUSS unacademy discuss all categories all tags Categories Latest New (457) Unread Top + New Topic Topic Category Users Replies e Activity Welcome to Unacademy Discuss Discuss anything related to unacademy here The first paragraph of this pinned topic will be visible as a welcome message to all new visitors on your homepage. It's importantl Edit this into a brief description of yourread more 69 9h Course] - (Hindi) January 2017- Daily Summary and Analysis of The Hindu general-awareness UPSCAAS 28 3m Course] Expected MCQs on Current Affairs for Government Exams (UPSC CSE/IAS Exam): January 2017 general-awareness UPSCIAS 7m Course] Crash Course on World Geography for UPSC and Other Govt Exams new geography UPSCIAS S UPSCIAS 1h


  4. EDITORIALS COVERED IN TODAY'S LESSON The Hindu .The hyena has the last laugh Indian Express Put the onus on teachers - Reserved Bank of India


  5. QUESTIONS FOR ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE - Critically examine the Central Government's decision to set up a single, permanent Critically examine the Central Government's decision to set up a single, permanent Tribunal to adjudicate all inter-State river water disputes Use Unacademy Discuss site to answer the daily practice questions from now on. ()


  6. IE: PUT THE ONUS ON TEACHERS GS-2 Distressing state of Indian Education can be imagined via: o mass cheating in board exams. o High teacher-absence rates. o Falling learning achievement levels of school children. o District Information System on Education (DISE) data for 21 states reveals that: o Post implementation of RTE Act, number of public schools increased but also there is increase in their enrollment. o "tiny" public schools- A sorry state of public schools in India. "tiny" public schools - A sorry state of public schools in India. o School with a total enrollment of 20 or fewer students rose sharply. o In 2014-15, there are one lakh tiny public schools which had an average enrollment of only 12.7 students per school. Pupil-teacher ratio of only 6.7 students per teacher. Reason for Emptying and sick Public School? o High teacher absence rate of 25 per cent nationally. Low time-on-teaching (even when teachers are present in school). o Inability of education officials to take action on teachers. o As teachers have support of powerful union-Support of local MLA/MLC


  7. IE: PUT THE ONUS ON TEACHERS GS-2 o It is to be noted that salary of public school teachers is not low. As per the NUEPA study; o Average salary was Rs 4.8 lakh in 2014. o More than seven times the per capita income of India. o Cure for State of Indian Education: Increasing Accountability: o National Education Policy (NEP) needs to adopt "increase of accountability" Government can take lessons from other areas to increase accountability Per-student DBT funding: Giving per-student funding to the parents as voucher, instead of giving funding to the school directly. If teachers are not performing then parents have the option to withdraw their child and also taking the voucher to another schoo Way Forward-1 Recognizing publicly paid teachers in aided schools as holding an office of profit under the government. o Amendment to Article 171 (3c) of the Constitution will be required.-This will help to keep teachers focus on teaching and thus debarring them from contesting elections-17 per cent of all MLCs in the UP are teachers. 2) Election Commission should try to reduce the proportion of teachers in the official team manning polling booths during election time 3) NEP must steer the education system to improve children's outcome o 4) Implementation of DBT school voucher funding


  8. TH: THE HYENA HAS THE LAST LAUGH GS-3 o The wildlife conservation at Visakhapatnam's Indira Gandhi Zoological Park, where a striped hyena was born through captive breeding. What is captive breeding? o Captive breeding is the process of breeding animals in controlled environments within well-defined settings, such as wildlife reserves, zoos and other commercial and noncommercial conservation facilities. Sometimes the process includes the release of individual organisms to the wild, when there is sufficient natural habitat to support new individuals or when the threat to the species in the wild is lessened. o Benefits of Captive breeding programs- facilitate biodiversity and may save species from extinction. Release programs have the potential for diluting genetic diversity and fitness. Challenges-Captive breeding techniques are usually difficult to implement for highly mobile species such as migratory birds like cranes and fishes like Hilsa. Can also lead to alteration in Genetics, behavior changes, habitat loss, may affect mating preferences. o Success Stories- The De Wildt Cheetah and Wildlife Centre, established in South Africa in 1971, has a cheetah captive breeding program. (Between 1975 and 2005, 242 litters were born with a total of 785 cubs) In India- Mysore zoo- African Rhinos, Penguins, kangaroos, Ostrich, Tapirs, Black Swan etc. Vulture breeding centers, Pygmy Hog( WB), Olive ridley turtles, Chennai's Madras Crocodile Bank Trust & Centre for Herpetology has been breeding gharials ( Gavialis gangeticus), a fish-eating variety of crocodiles found in India 1. 2. 3.


  9. TH: THE HYENA HAS THE LAST LAUGH GS-3 o There are 7 regional programmes for the conservation of endangered species: Americas, Europe, Australasia, Africa Japan, South Asia: Conservation activities of South Asian Zoo Association for Regional Cooperation SAZARC, South East Asia: Conservation activities of South East Asian Zoos Association SEAZA o South Asian Zoo Association for Regional Cooperation- an organization for South Asian zoos and aquariums. SAZARC was established on August 4, 2000 at the first meeting of South Asian Zoos, held at Central Zoo, Kathmandu, Nepal, initiated by the Zoo Outreach Organisation (ZOO). It became a member of the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA) in 2004.[1] SAZARC is considered the sister organization of the South East Asian Zoos Association (SEAZA), the only other regional association of zoos in Asia. South Asian Zoo Association for Regional Cooperation Founding members Bangladesh India Nepal Pakistan 10 Sri Lanka Founded August 4. 2000 Regional not-for-profit organization ZOO South Asia Other members Type E Afghanistan (member since 2004)[ctaton needed Bhutan (member since 2010)[ctation needed Maldives[citation needed origins Area served Website www.zoore act.org


  10. TH: THE HYENA HAS THE LAST LAUGH GS-3 Striped Hyenas-Striped hyenas or Hyana hyan, commonly found in the wild and bushy semi-arid pastoral lands of India, Central Asia, North and East Africa, West Asia and Turkey till two decades ago.- smallest of the true Hyenas-features prominently in Middle Eastern and Asian folklore. In some areas, its body parts are considered magical, and are used as charms or talismans Striped Hvenas-Striped hvenas or Haena b aena , a mammal of the Carnivora order and Hyaenidae family, were One of the three varieties of hyenas in the world, it is now just one step away from being endangered, two steps away from being critically endangered and three from being extinct in the wild going by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources' (IUCN) Red List published in 2016. o In India, they were mercilessly hunted down over the years for foraging into graves due to lack of a food source in their habitat. Conservation status Threatened EX) EW CR EN VU NT LC Near Threatened (luCN 3.1) Extinct Least Concern