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L29- Reason, Revelation and Faith
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Criticism

Vani Ravija
Voice Actor | Ranked globally in top 10% on Fiverr in English Diction

U
Unacademy user
  1. RIAT 1. Primitive/tribal Religions: Revelation is identified with experience of supernatural power in connection with particular physical objects, like stones, amulets, bones of the dead, unusual animals. The sacred/ holy is believed to be present in sacred trees, groves, shrines & in elemental realities like earth, water, sky & heavenly bodies. Once specified as holy, such objects take on symbolic value & become capable of mediating spiritual experiences. 2. Religions of the East: They are concerned with man's struggle to understand & cope with the predicament of his existence & achieve emancipation, enlightenment & unity with the Absolute. a) Hinduism: Religious seeker escapes from the world of change & illusion & comes into contact with ultimate reality. Vedanta includes two main tendencies: monistic (advaita) & theistic (bhakti) b) Buddhism: considers revelation not as a personal intervention of the Absolute but as enlightenment through discipline & meditation. 3. Religions of the West: They lay more stress on man's obedience to the sovereign Word of God. Revelation is the basic category of religious knowledge. Man knows God & his wil bcz God has freely revealed himself- his qualities, purpose & instructions. a) Judaism: Moses & prophets were considered chosen spokesmen who interpreted God's will, their words accepted in loving obedience as the Word of God. b) Christianity: Christian revelation was viewed as occurring mainly in the life, teaching, death & Resurrection of Jesus. c) Islam: Revelations received by Mohd, collected in Quran, regarded by Muslims as the final revelation. Islam is a religion of the Book. Revelation is understood to be a declaration of God's will rather than his personal self-disclosure d) Zoroastrianism: Revelation enabled them to comprehend the difference b/w good (Truth) & evil (The Lie) and to know the one true God. 1- Revelation or Sruti has no meaning to a person who has no faith in God or supernatural entity.


  2. Source of knowledge, God; is itself a debatable issue. God & such related things are accepted solely on the basis of faith. 2- It is not verifiable simply because it is unverifiable. There is great variation among various scriptures, even within same religion. Hence, t is difficult to judge which is certain & indubitable truth. 3- There is no place for reason.