These are accepted not through logical inference but through sudden, unexpected illuminations that transform human spirit. 1. In primitive religions, revelation is associated with magical techniques of divination. 2. In prophetic religions, revelation is understood as the "Word of God," enabling the prophet to speak with certainty about God's actions. 3. In mystical religion (Islamic Sufism, Tantric Buddhism), revelation is considered indescribable, experience of the divine. 4. Religions that consider God as free & personal spirit accept revelation as divine self- disclosure. 5. Indian tradition supports revelation like Brahman/ God revealed through nature, through scriptures (Vedas), through his incarnation (Bhagvad Gita) It says, "Whenever there is decline of righteousness and rise of unrighteousness, then I incarnate myself." through Brahma-sakshatakara, i.e., liberated souls (jivanmukta) are released in this very life from bondage. Eg. Ramakrishna Paramahansa had the vision of Maa Kaali & Brahman- realization. Hence, pure in heart shall see God. through grace of God, ie., God reveals himself to his devotees according to His will 6. Revelation is one of the sources of religious knowledge & has epistemological significance. For a religious person, it is Pramana. It has great influence on the personality of an individual through whom revelation has occurred. 7. General revelation: Eastern Religions- they place less emphasis on special/ exclusive revelation received by a "chosen people" & more on the order of nature. Western Religions (Bible & Quran)- although God has manifested himself to the biblical peoples, he also reveals himself through the order of nature. 8. Special revelation: the role of history Western religions differ among themselves as- Some focus on direct inspiration of prophets
Some focus on prophets as witnesses of what God did in history. Revelation through deeds is considered more fundamental than revelation through words. Since "word" also signifies "deed", there's no clear line of demarcation b/w word revelation and deed-revelation 9. Revelation & sacred scriptures: Theravada Buddhism- it professes no doctrine of inspiration, but has drawn up as stridt canon (std/ authoritative scriptures) the "Pali Canon" to keep alive what is believed to be the most original & reliable traditions concerning Buddha. Mahayana Buddhism- it has no such strict canon, but considers the authority of the sutras. Zen Buddhism- rejects any such authority. Sages composed the Vedas by an impersonal type of inspiration through cosmic vibrations. Judaism: considers Bible as divinely inspired. Islam: Quran was dictated verbatim to Mohammad.