Rational validation view of faith and reason: Like- Looking for evidence of God's existence, reincarnation or life after death, or attempting to justify one's beliefs about dharma Non evidential view of faith and reason: It doesn't deny the use of reason to understand religious beliefs. Rather, denies that holding such beliefs depends upon having reasons/ evidences for those beliefs being objectively true. FIDEISM Fideist considers it inappropriate to rationally justify one's beliefs & faith. Kierkegaard: There is no solid proof for religious faith. There are certain dogmas and paradoxes in religion detrimental to reason & logic. Eg. Christian dogma-belief of an infinite God becoming a finite human. It involves paradoxes which cannot be sustained by reason. The gulf b/w transcendent God & man cannot be bridged by dialectical thinking, but only by a leap of faith Fideist can be found in all major religious traditions Eg. Sraddha in Buddhism- acceptance of Buddha's teachings which comes prior to one's right understanding or right thought. Entering the Eightfold Path involves a faith step- acquiescence (w/o rational argument) to the teachings of Buddha. CRITICISM: In a pluralistic culture, how can one decide which religion (or set of religious beliefs) one should commit to? Revelation:
Uncovering or disclosure via communication from the divine, previously wholly or partially hidden/ unknown. It is the act of making divine truths known. It simply means bringing into light what was hidden before. According to religious persons, such knowledge is revealed to some privileged persons (chosen ones) by God. Bible: God is hidden entity. Upanishads: Brahman is unknown & unknowable. Hence, God is a super-sensuous entity, can be known neither through perception nor through inference but only through revelation. God is essentially transcendent. But man has inner urge to know God. Therefore, man stands for some sort of prompting through God. Thus, God reveals himself through revealed scriptures, eg, Bible, Quran, etc. through angels, dreams, messengers.