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L28- Reason, Revelation and Faith
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Vani Ravija
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  1. 10. Revelation & experience In most religions, nonverbal communication plays an important role in the transmission of revelation. This can occur in arts (icons, statues, idols), sacred music, popular dramas. For deeper revelation, it is believed necessary to live under the guidance of a guru, monk or holy man. One gets spiritually preparation by prayer & asceticism It is said that revelation cannot be fully communicated by books & sermons but by an indescribable, supra-rational experience. Emphasis on joyful contemplation. 11. Revelation & tradition Many religions distinguish b/w scriptures that contain initial revelation & others that contain authoritative commentaries. Hinduism: the 4 Vedas & 3 other ancient collections- Brahmanas, Aranyakas, Upanishads are Shruti ("which has been heard"; i.e. revelation); the other sacred writings (sutras, law- books, Puranas, Bhagavad Gita, Ramayanas) are Smriti (" which has been remembered"; i.e., tradition) 12. Revelatory relationships Eastern religions: the intended goal is absorption into the divine, involving loss of individual consciousness Western religions & Bhakti Hinduism: distinctness of the individual personality stated Islamic orthodoxy- communion of man with God & his obedient submission to God Islamic sufism- aspiration for personal union with God 13. Revelation & reasorn Some theologians took a "fideist" (faith-based) position, that reason is subservient to revelation. Others accepted the supremacy of reason. Thomas Aquinas: maintained the primacy of faith w/o sacrificing the dignity of reason 14. Revelation & Faith


  2. If revelation is the work of God, then faith is the receptivity of man to acknowledge this revelation. Hence, they are correlative. It is on the basis of faith that revelation is accepted. Faith has same place in religion which reason has in philosophy. To think of faithless religious person is merely contradiction. Faith is the very core, heart of religion, necessary & sufficient condition of religion Faith is that indestructible belief which is accepted even w/o any evidence. For a religious person, this is guarantee of truth. Kant: "Faith has subjective certainty, sufficient for action, but insufficient for objective knowledge." 9