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Indian Councils Act of 1861 - Significance and Drawbacks
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In this lesson Ashna talks about the significance and drawbacks of the Indian councils act of 1861.

Ashna Sisodia is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Ashna Sisodia
PSIR Optional Faculty, having scored 125+ in the prelims and 140 in Essay Paper and 110+ each in GS Papers in the UPSC Mains 2017.

Unacademy user
Maitrayee Mullick
7 months ago
you're most welcome Jigyasha:)
it's my belief ..whatever courses u will bring it will be utmost efficient ..bcz your all the courses are really awesome and your explanation is superrr..👌 U r doing great job ..
mam u make courses very attractive
  1. 900 Course : Modern History (Pre & Mains) Integrated Approach- Module 4 Presented by: Ashna Sisodia

  2. About Me y Ashna Sisodia y Ashna Sisodia Verified Educator at Unacademy From Chandigarh, India An Educator at Unacademy since October 2016 Appeared in UPSC CSE Mains 2017 and scored 140 marks in Essay paper and 110 marks each in GS 2 and 3 . Modern History-(Pre and Mains) Module 3 for UPSC CSE Modern History (Pre and Mains) Module 2 for UPSC CSE . 9 Lesso 50 Lessons . . . Scored 125+ in Prelims 2017 . CSE Btech from UIET, Courses Made so Far India Yearbook 2018 and Learning Maps quickly in 25 Lessons THI - Modern History - Module 1, 2 and 3 Ashna Sisodia Nuclear security Doctrine IR & PSIR World History - Module 1 and The Hindu June MCQs The Hindu Weekly Killer Course - June 2018 Crash Course on International Organizations and International Relations The Hindu Killer Course: September 2018 Modern History (Pre and Mains) for UPSC CSE

  3. Constitutional development Features CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT 1773 1935

  4. INDIAN COUNCIL ACT OF 1861 A.I Factors leading to the passing of the act Need to associates Indians in legislative councils Need to empower provincial legislatures To limit the powers of legislative council Demand of the Indians To streamline the system of the govt. working

  5. MAIN PROVISIONS FOR THE ACT Provisions regarding the governor councjl Governor general council members was increased from 4 to 5 Secretary of the state can appoint the commander in chief as council executive Governor was empowered to make laws Governor alone was not allowed to make laws In the absence of governor, governor can appoint to run system He can reject the decisions of council

  6. Provisions regarding central legislative council Half the persons must be non-government members in the council Bill passed by legislative council can become law (Act) Reject any law or amend any law No right to ask questions from governor Governor assent had to be taken before introducing a bill Bill passed by legislative could became without consent of governor Governor could change the boundaries of provinces or fix them

  7. Additional members was fixed for 2 years At the time of crises governor general could issue an ordinance without legislative Secretary of state can cancel any law passed by governor

  8. Provisions regarding provincial legislative council Governor was empowered to set up council if he wished so Provincial council should have 4 to 6 additional members additional members were nominated by governor In the absence of governor, senior most member would perform the duty Council were confined only to law making The bills passed in provincial could become law only by assent of governor

  9. SIGNIFICANCE AND DRAWBACKS OF THE ACT Participation of Indians in legislatures Exchange of ideas between the British and the Indians Increased the number of law members -| Decentralization of laws Beginning of portfolio system Establishment of British India administrative set

  10. DRAW BACKS IN THE ACT OF 1861 AD Defective legislature Lack of responsible governance Limited powers of the legislature Unlimited powers of the governor- general Lack of proper representation of Indians