Justice is the first virtue of Social Institutions... Rawls
The Case of Justice
Concept vs Conceptions: the case of Justice The 'concept, is the general structure; A conception, is the particular specification of that 'concept', obtained by filling out some of the detail . I Suppose The basic concept of justice is that it is about giving people what is due to them, and not giving them what is not due to them. (people who agree that this is what fustice means, as a concept can still endorse different conceptions of justice e In this lesson, Iwill explain Rawls's justice as fairness The Communitarian Challenge Robert Nozick's justice as entitlement, and . A lot of (dealing!!) 4
Listen with Closed eyes and leave everything you are doing now 1. contrast between justice and charity 2. identify the scope and limits of justice 3. Justice is one dimension along which we can judge societies as better or worse than one another, but it is not the only one 4 6.
Rawls: Justice as fairness o John Rawls wrote two big books - A Theory of Justice (1971), followed by Political Liberalism (1993) (trust me aur c ha O The ideas at the heart of Rawls's theory of justice, which he calls justice as fairness, are the original position and the veil of ignorance. O He imagines people choosing principles in an original position, behind veil of ignorance O Rawls asks us to imagine, What would happen if people deprived of all knowledge that might serve to distinguish them from one another how clever they are, whether they are Christian, Muslim or atheist - were to get together and decide how they wanted their society to be organized. 6
People in Original Position, don't know two things O First, they are ignorant of their talents - their natural endowments - and their social position. O Second, they don't know their conception of the good. They don't know what makes life valuable or what is worthwhile. 7
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