Political Ideologies learn about the 'isms of politics.
7 3. The Radical Right: "Fascism Italian Fascism placed much less emphasis on racism As an alternative to democracy the appeal of the leader was combined with an attempt to create a corporatist structure of representation in which bodies such as the Church, the army and employers' associations and even workers' syndicates could be represented. . . Fascism is no ideology; it is a policy, a programme. .Mussolini first coined this term. (Fascio in Italy means union) He defines fascism as a right wing collectivistic ideology in opposition to socialism, liberalism and democracy. . Fascism has no theoreticians, but has all leaders, practical politicians. Fascist state has more powers than responsibilities Ex- Japan under Tojo, Austria under Dollfuss and Greece under Metaxas. Hannah Arendt classified Italian fascism as an authoritarian ideology A . . .
. With the defeat of Hitler, explicit endorsement of Nazi oir fascist ideas has, on the whole, become rather unfashionable. The South African apartheid regime could be seen as the last contemporary fascist state with an ideology based on racialism and supported by an apparatus of torture and repression The Milosovich Serbian regime in the former Yugoslavia might also be interpreted in a similar way, the ideology is nominally one of nationalism rather than racialism
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