COMCASA to help keep a watch over Indian Ocean (GS-2/3) (Page- 8) The foundational agreement Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA) which India d with the U.S. at the 2+2 dialogue will enable Indian military to get a better picture of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) which is seeing increasing Chinese movements, officials said. "With ClSMOA [COMCASA is an India-specific version of cisMOA], Indian armed forces will get to fully exploit the capability of the military platforms procured from the US. For instance, the P-81 reconnaissance aircraft of the Navy which have emerged as a major force multiplier are currently operating at limited capacity." a defence official said. As a consequence of CISMOA, India will get access to Combined Enterprise Regional Information Exchange System or CENTRIXS for short which is the secure communication system network of the US
Navy ships with CENTRIXS systems on board can communicate securely with the US. Navy when needed and can benefit from the wider situational picture of the region as they have a large number of ships and aircraft deployed. "This will reduce the stress on our assets and allow us prioritise our deployments more efficiently," one officer said. Even within the system there are also specific codes/keys which have to be verified by both sides to enable communication or access information, the officer said. According to information on the US. Navy website,"CENTRIXS consists of a collection of coalition wide area networks (WAN) known as enclaves" and is a "great the two nations in text and web-based formats." enabler,allowing ship-to-ship operational dialogue between However, there are persistent concerns that this would allow U.S. Navy access to India's own secure communication network and also that the information shared with the U.S. will be accessible by Pakistan.
Safeguards in place' s Officials brushed aside these fears as specific measures have been incorporated in the agreement to "have full access to the relevant equipment and there will be no disruptions." * "Data acquired through such systems cannot be disclosed or transferred to any person or entity without India's consent," another official said, adding this is an enabling instrument and does not commit India to acquire U.S. platforms. So far in joint exercises, Indian Navy used to temporarily plug in portable CENTRIXS systems to communicate with U.S. assets.
China plays down 2+2 dialogue (Page-8) (GS-2) India's inaugural 2+2 ministerial dialogue with the United States on Thursday has "symbolic" significance, but is unlikely to yield a structural change in regional security, says a posting on a People's Liberation Army (PLA) website "From a long-term perspective...it's unlikely to have any significant impact on the regional security layout and strategic balance," says an article in China Military Online, underplaying the talks. 'Regular exercise' The Chinese Foreign Ministry in its regular media briefing described the 2+2 dialogue as an exercise of"normal bilateral relations between the two sides." "We also hope that in this process they will do mnore to regional peace and regional stability. Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying observed
The posting says that the September 6 dialogue between ministers of external affair and defence-Sushma Swaraj and Nirmala Sitharaman and their counterparts Mike Pompeo and James Mattis took place in the Indo-Pacific framework. The two sides "exchanged opinions on weapons procurement, technology transfer, trade, immigration, and so forth" during talks. Procurement and joint development of weapons and equipment was a focal area during the dialogue The online article spotlights United States, "wariness and distrust with India" by insisting that the two countries "should sign a Communications Compatibility and Security agreement (COMCASA) first and military communications security measures can be transferred only when equipment such as attack drones are sold."
India too has "deeply-rooted long-standing distrust of the US," especially in the Indian Ocean, which New Delhi regards as its "backyard"', and where "great powers" are not welcome. Unsurprisingly, driven by its intent of maintaining a balance among regions," India has been "conservative and cautious in dealing with military cooperation with the US" The commentary reckons that India and the U.S."must face the inevitable differences and contradictions, inconsistent strategic priorities, and even potential conflicts on many issues," despite willingness to expand military cooperation. . "These would be the possible key reasons for the US-India 2+2 ministerial dialogue being postponed for number of times." Yet, the posting acknowledges that in recent years, U.S. and India have accelerated military cooperation, deepened defence relations, and conducted exchanges and coordination such as procurement and joint development of arms, technology transfer, joint exercise and training, and counter-terrorism operations.
"Above all, the scale of the US-India joint military exercises has been constantly expanding and involved such countries as Japan,Australia, and the Philippines, continuously amplifying the scope of exchanges The posting points to Pentagon's "relatively weak" presence in the Indian Ocean as the driver of its deeper engagement with India. On the contrary, by working out a military relationship with the U.S., India aspires to lower its dependence on Russia-made weapons, diversify its sources of weapons and equipment, and close gaps in vacant areas such as advanced drones and other equipment. It also hopes "to increase its competitive advantage over Pakistan On the diplomatic platform, India wants to enhance its international status and influence and gain support from the U.S. in international affairs such as becoming a permanent member of the U.N. Security Council." Besides close ties with Washington can be used as "a bargaining chip to gain a dominant position in the relationships with Russia, China, Japan, and other countries.
Leaders fail to agree on Idlib truce (GS-2) (Map News) (Page-10) The Presidents ofTurkey, Iran and Russia on Friday failed to agree on a ceasefire that would forestall a Syrian government offensive in rebel-held Idlib province which the UN fears could cause a humanitarian catastrophe involving tens of thousands of civilians. Turkey's Recep Tayyip Erdo an, Russia's Vladimir Putin and Iran's Hassan Rouhani, meeting in Tehran for a summit of key foreign players in Syria's war, agreed in a final statement that there could be no military solution to the conflict and it could only end through a negotiated political process. But as Syrian government and Russian warplanes mounted air strikes in dlib on Friday morning in a possible prelude to a full-scale offensive, Mr. Putin and Mr. Rouhani pushed back against Mr. Erdo an's call for a truce. The Turkish leader said he feared a massacre and Turkey could not accommodate any more refugees flooding over its border.
Pointless, says Putin Mr. Putin said a ceasefire would be pointless as it would not involve Islamist militant groups it deems terrorists. Mr Rouhani said Syria must regain control over all its territory.Idlib is the insurgents' only remaining major stronghold and a government offensive could be the war's last decisive battle. Tehran and Moscow have helped Syrian President Bashar al-Assad turn the course of the war against an array of opponents ranging from Western-backed rebels to the Islamist militants, while Turkey is a leading opposition supporter and has troops in the country. Their discussions in Tehran mark a crucial point in a seven-year-old war which has killed more than half a million people and forced II million to flee their homes. Mr. Erdo an, in his opening remarks, said a ceasefire in Idlib would be a victory for their summit. Mr. Putin responded:"The fact is that there are no representatives of the armed opposition here around this table.And more still, there are no representatives of Jabhat al-Nusra or ISIS or the Syrian Army".
Graduate in Economics. Gold medal in Dissertation, Prepared various documents on Demonetisation and GST, Share-trading and many more