unacademy unacad UPSC PLUS COURSE 50 Core Exam Centric Topics of GS Paper 2 By Rishab Arora
Cabinet clears new procurement policy (GS-2/3) (Page-1) The Centre has announced a Rs. 15,053 crore scheme to ensure that farmers growing oilseeds, pulses and copra actually get the minimum support prices (MSP) they are promised for their crops every year. The umbrella policy- Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan (PM-AASHA)-was approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs on Wednesday. According to an official statement, it clubs together an existing procurement scheme with newly introduced options meant for oilseeds only of additional procurement by private traders or a cash payment scheme. Credit guarantee Apart from the Rs. 15,053 crore to be spent over a two-year period to implement the scheme, the Cabinet approved an additional government credit guarantee of Rs. 16,550 crore for agencies undertaking procurement. The government is working with a holistic approach... ncreasing MSP is not adequate and it is more important that farmers get the full benefit of the announced MSP" said the statement.
MSP hiked by 50% The government announces minimum support prices for 23 crops every year:.This year, these rates were set at 50% higher than the farmers' production costs, including labour cost.The rates are meant to give remunerative prices to the farmers. About one-third of the harvest of the two major foodgrains, rice and wheat, are procured by the Centre at the MSP for sale in ration shops. However, most of the 2l other crops are sold at market prices, often below the MSP as the government's procurement operations are temporary Over the last two years, the government has increased the procurement of pulses and oilseeds at MSP under the Price Support Scheme. In 2017-18, the National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India said it bought 31.9 lakh tonnes of pulses and oilseeds at the MSP, benefiting 20 lakh farmers. But the total production of pulses was estimated at 240 lakh tonnes, while oilseed production was 300 lakh tonnes.
Delhi govt. seeks Aadhaar details of schoolchildren (GS-2) (Page-1) All Delhi schools-government, government-aided and private-have been asked to collect Aadhaar details of their students, according to a government circular issued on Tuesday. The Delhi government's Directorate of Education issued the circular to heads of all schools to collect "comprehensive data" of their students.Apart from Aadhaar details, the students' present and permanent addresses, their parents/guardians and siblings' Aadhaar, voter ID details, and educational qualifications have also been sought. & "Purpose of the collecting information and documents from students studying in Delhi Schools is to create a DATA BANK of the students of Delhi to analyze the information so collected for various purposes of the department (sic)," the circular saicd. The schools were given a pro forma to be used by teachers to collect the data within 10 working days of receiving the circular.An external agency has been engaged to verify, digitise and analyse the details, the circular said
Govt's reply * When asked why the information was being collected, Director of Education Sanjay Goel said on Wednesday the government had undertaken a study of two east Delhi schools recently and found that 60% of students in one and 50% in the other were residents of a neighbouring State. * He added that the data collection was being done to see how many students enrolled in Delhi schools were residents of other States. . "This will guide our policies in the future," he said Reacting to the circular, Delhi BJP President Manoj Tiwari said that the AAP government was violating the right to privacy of the students and their families.
India's health report reads worse (GS-2) Indians have registered a 50% increase in the prevalence of ischemic heart diseaseand stroke over the period from 1990 to 2016, with the number of diabetes cases climbing from 26 million to 65 million. In the same period, the number of people ailing from chronic obstructive lung disease went up from 28 million to 55 million, according to the India State-level Disease Burden Initiative' report released on Wednesday. The proportional contribution of cancers to the total loss of health in India has doubled from 1990 to 2016, but the incidence of different types of cancers varies widely between the States Joint initiative The report is a joint initiative of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the Public Health Foundation of India (PHF) and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, along with experts and stakeholders associated with over 100 Indian institutions. * The State-wise disease burden showed that Punjab has been ranked at the top for the burden of ischemic heart disease followed by Tamil Nadu, and vice-versa for diabetes. West Bengal topped with the largest number of stroke cases followed by Odisha, according to the comprehensive analysis of several major non-communicable diseases (NCDs).
Prevalence of ischemic heart disease and stroke has increased by over 50% from 1990 to 2016 in India, with an increase abserved in every State Worryin trends Number of persons Number of chronic obstructive lung with diabetes in India dlsease cases In Indla has Increased has increased from 26 millilon In 1990 to to 2016, and the death rate among 65 million in 2016 from 2B million to 55 million from 1990 these cases is twice as high in the ess- developed States - Rate of increase In the burden of ischemic heart disease and diabetesfrom 1990 to 2016, but the incidence of has been the highest different types of cancers varies widely In the less developed betwen the States States of India, where the burden of uicde is the leading cause of death in chronic obstructive lung disease and infectious conditions has increased over the past quarter is already high Proportional contribution of cancers to the total health loss in India has doubled the 15-39 years age group In Indla, and the suicide death rate among the elderly century
* Kerala was ranked at the top for the burden of cancer, followed by Assam. Being overweight was found to be a major risk factor for diabetes doubled in every State of India from 1990 to 2016. The findings have been reported in a series of five research papers published in The Lancet Global Health, The Lancet Public Health, and 'The Lancet Oncology', along with a commentary in the medical journal The Lancet. Professor Balram Bhargava, Secretary, Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, and Director General, ICMR, said: "These papers, through detailed analysis, have elucidated disease and risk factor trends for major NCDs, and suicides, in every State, over 26 years." He added that while it is known that NCDs have been increasing in India, a major finding of concern is that the highest rate of increase in ischemic heart disease and diabetes is in the less developed States of India. "These States already have a high burden of chronic obstructive lung disease, and of a range of infectious and childhood diseases, so the control of NCDs in these States has to be boosted without delay," he said. The papers showed that the proportional contribution of cancers to disease burden in India has doubled since 1990, but the incidence of individual cancers varies widely between the States, the reasons for which need to be understood better to guide prevention and control of cancer.
Ayushman Bharat Experts noted that the insights provided by these findings are very timely for the planning of Ayushman Bharat, the National Health Protection Mission announced recently by the Prime Minister. "ICMR is also working at creating a standard treatment workflow for Ayushman Bharat," said Dr. Bhargava. The Council added that they are all set to make public Mahatma Gandhi's health records general health, blood pressure data, etc. as part of the 150th commemorative issue of the Indian Journal of Clinical Research
37% of women dying of suicide are Indians (GS-1/2/3) Suicide is the leading cause of death in the l 5-39 years age group in India Thirty-seven per cent of such deaths among women globally occur in India, and the suicide rate among the elderly has increased over the past quarter century The data was released on Wednesday by the India State-level Disease Burden Initiative, a joint study of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and other institutes including the Public Health Foundation of India and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Prevention strategy "India's proportional contribution to global suicide deaths is high and increasing. Suicide Death Rate (SDR) in India is higher than expected for its socio-demographic index level, especially for women, with substantial variations in the magnitude and men-to-women ratio between the states," the study noted
Graduate in Economics. Gold medal in Dissertation, Prepared various documents on Demonetisation and GST, Share-trading and many more