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17th September Part-2: Daily News Analysis
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Rishab Arora
Graduate in Economics. Gold medal in Dissertation, Prepared various documents on Demonetisation and GST, Share-trading and many more

Unacademy user
Swaran Singh 42nd CAA 1976..10 duties
  1. In managing water, Surat takes the lead (GS-3) (Page-7) Leading by example Total 800 MLD sewage is generated. The Surat civic body has 8 sewerage treatment plants with capacity to treat T26 MLD In its tertiary treatment plant, 57 MLD sewage turns into 40 MLD potable water that is supplied to the Pandesara industrlial estate, housing dying and printing mills By March next, total 115 MLD recycled water will be supplied to industries, meeting the entire industrial water requirement through treated water The total water requirement is 1,200 MLD for domestic and Industrial use The civic bady has invested approximately 1300 crore to create infrastructure to recycle sewage and generate industrial grade water

  2. India's 'Diamond City' offers a lesson for the country's ever-expanding cities on water * Surat's civic body is setting up state-of-the-art sewage treatment plants (STPs) to ensure From March 2019, the Surat Municipal Corporation (SMC) will be supplying 115 MLD (million management and the optimal use of water, which is rapidly becoming a scarce resource. every drop of waste water is treated and reused for purposes other than drinking. litres per day) treated water to industries located within the city, in order to meet the entire industrial requirement of water through treated or recycled water The entire quantum of water will be treated from domestic sewerage water in tertiary treatment plants at the Bamroli and Dindoli areas for supplying to mainly textile factories in the Pandesara and Sachin industrial clusters housing over 400 dying and printing units. "At present, we are supplying 40 MLD treated water to industries in Pandesara in the city. This is the largest capacity of tertiary water treatment in the country. In fact, Surat was the first city in the country to start selling recycled water to industries in 2014.

  3. * Now, we are expanding the capacity to take it up to 115 MLD by March 2019," Surat Municipal Commissioner M. Thennarasan told The Hindu & Surat's cost effective water management system is most advantageous for its contribution towards reducing the dependency on conventional resources of water, and thus optimal use of the resource. So far, the SMC has invested Rs. 280 crore in creating tertiary water treatment facilities in the city. "By March next year, the corporation will save 115 MLD fresh water by supplying recycled water to industries," Mr. Thennasaran said, adding, "The SMC charges industrial units Rs. 23 per 1,000 litres of water."

  4. Recycling technology The civic body's efforts to create infrastructure for water management is in line with the State government's policy of promoting the use of recycled water for non-drinking purposes, and reducing dependence on ground water. "Gujarat is a water scarce State, so we have to be innovative in managing our water resources in the most efficient manner," Gujarat's Chief Secretary Dr. J. N. Singh said * Mr. Thennarasan added that the civic body intends to go further and supply recycled water to industrial clusters like Hazira, outside the city. "In future, we want to cover industrial estates not located in the municipal area in our network as per the State government's policy," he said Fact check * India is facing its worst water shortage in history, according to a new report prepared by the Niti Aayog. Nearly 600 million Indians faced high to extreme water stress and about 2,00,000 people die every year in the country because of inadequate access to safe water.

  5. Indigenous anti-tank missile test-fired (GS-3) * An indigenously developed Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM) was successfully flight tested for the second time from Ahmednagar test range on Sunday It has been developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). "All the mission objectives have been met. The two missions on September 15 and 16 have been successfully flight tested for different ranges, including the maximum range capability," the DRDO said in a statement. * This low-weight MPATGM will complement the Spike Anti-Tank Guided Missile to be procured from Israel. Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman congratulated the DRDO team, the Army and associated industries on their success.

  6. Don't fret over NRC: Bangladesh MP Khalid Mahmud Chowdhury (GS-2) Tension emanating from the National Register of Citizens (NRC) exercise in Assam is "uncalled for" Khalid Mahmud Chowdhury, MP, and Organising Secretary of Bangladesh Awami League, said on Sunday. He was here to attend a conference on safety of minorities and democracy. We think that there is considerable tension in the region over this (NRC). This is totally uncalled for and unnecessary," Mr. Chowdhury told The Hindu on the sidelines of the conference. It was organised by the Indo-Bangladesh Cultural Centre along with civil society organisations. Peaceful South Asia He also said that the tension over NRC will be "harmful" to all stakeholders in the region. "If we want South Asia to remain peaceful, then all of us have to work on the issue in a dedicated manner," said Mr. Chowdhury.

  7. CIC wants break-up of how MPLADS funds are utilised (GS-2) Noting that 12,000 crore of the Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) funds remains unspent, the Central Information Commission (CIC) has asked the Lok Sabha Speaker and the Rajya Sabha Chairman to come out with a legal framework to ensure its transparency and hold parliamentarians and political parties accountable for their obligations under the scheme. The MPLADS allots 5 crore per year to each Member of Parliament (MP) to be spent on projects of their choice in their constituency. The scheme is funded and administered through the Union Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI). Projects are to be recommended to and implemented by the district-level administration. Central Information Commissioner Sridhar Acharyulu issued interim orders on Sunday in two cases where petitioners had requested details on MPLADS, but were told by the MoSP that the Centre does not maintain constituency-wise, and work-wise details.

  8. Prof. Acharyulu noted that a recent MoSPI report showed that in February 2018, funds allotted to MPLADS but unspent stood at 4,773.13 crore, while 2,920 instalments of 32.5 crore were yet to be released. That resulted in a total backlog of R12,073.13 crore, it said. The CIC's orders asked the leaders of the two Houses of Parliament to consider providing the "necessary legal frame" for the scheme, which would make all Parliamentary parties and MPs answerable and accountable for MPLADS funds as public authorities under the RTI Act to prevent MPLADS irregularities." Transparency must' The framework should make transparency a legal obligation, with all MPs and parties required to present the public and Parliament with a comprehensive report on the number of applications received for their constituency, works recommended, works rejected with reasons, progress of works and details of beneficiaries. Liabilities for any breach of duties should also be imposed, said the order. Further, the framework should prohibit and prevent MPs using the funds for their private works, or diverting them to private trusts or to their own relatives. District administrations must provide regular information-work-wise, MP-wise, and year-wise details on progress which are to be compiled by the MoSPl and made available to the public, sald the order

  9. Centre's steps may not stop rupee sliding: economists The measures announced by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on Friday to address widening current account deficit and attract inflows to stabilise the currency may not yield result immediately and the rupee could be under further pressure. The steps were primarily aimed at easing conditions related to external commercial borrowings, hedging conditions for infrastructure loans, and relaxing restrictions on masala bonds. The government believes these measures could lead to additional capital flows to the tune of $5 billion-$10 billion and limit currency pressures to some degree. We are doubtful about the impact of such measures in the immediate future," Abheek Barua, chief economist, HDFC Bank said in a note. The rupee went close to 73 per dollar last week, weakening by about 13% in 2018 on the back of rising oil prices and widening current account deficit. Concerns over trade wars have also made emerging market currencies vulnerable, along with the strengthening dollar.

  10. The capital account measures announced are unlikely to result in any significant shift in fund flows in the immediate future since these are better suited when the sentiment in the global market is positive towards emerging markets and when it is relatively easy for emerging market corporates to raise money abroad, Mr. Barua added. Currency experts, while appreciating that the Centre avoided any knee jerk reaction since the primary source of the rupee weakening is coming from external sources, said the rupee could depreciate again and test the 73-to-a-dollar mark. 'Will attract inflows' "It is good that there was no knee-jerk reaction from the government, like NRI deposits schemes etc. because the main reason for the rupee's weakness is coming from external sources. The steps... will help attract inflows in the long run," said Anindya Banerjee, currency strategist at Kotak Securities

  11. 'States may miss FY19 fiscal targets' (GS-3) Funding of farm loan waivers, poll-related spending and other populist measures are likely to ensure that States are set to miss their fiscal consolidation targets budgeted at the beginning of the year, says a report. "Given the factors such as funding of crop loan waivers, election-related spending and the flood relief will see the States miss their fiscal consolidation targets," ICRA wrote in a note. * The States' fiscal deficit is primarily financed by issuing State development loans (SDLs) In April-August of FY19, gross issuance of SDL contracted by 3.4% to 1.32 trillion, primarily led by a sharp decline in issuance by Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat. * However, excluding these three States, total SDL issuance by the remaining States has grown 14.7% in the first five months of FY19.