unacademy UPSC CSE 50 Core Exam Centric Topics of GS Paper 2 Overview Curriculum Educator In this Course, Rishabh Arora will demystify the myth of GS-ll which happens to be the most interesting yet difficult part in UPSC Civil Services Examination Learners will get exposure to an In-depth knowledge and understanding of most important topics of Indian Polity, Indian Constitution and Governance. This course will help learners in improving their understanding of the basic topics as well as current affairs. The Course will be conducted in Fnalish and LIMITED SEATS. Cost increases on 13th Sept 3,500 Apply by Sept 30 Register Now
Overview Curriculum Educator 9 Controversial Bills Introduced in Parliament Part-1 Oct 21,2:00 PM 11 Controversial Bills Introduced in Parliament Part Oct 23, 2:00 PM Local Governance- Lacunae in 73rd and 74th Amendment Act Panchayati Raj Institutions and ULB's Oct 25, 2:00 PM 12 13 Role of Civil Services in Democracy(Perfomance Civil Servants and Lateral Entry) Oct 27, 2:00 PM 14 Judiciary Crisis (Accountability, Transparency, NJAC Bill) Oct 29, 2:00 PM LIMITED SEATS. Cost increases on 13th Sept 3,500 Apply by Sept 30 Register Now
Q1- Consider the following statements about Yudh Abyas 1.It is an annual tri-Service amphibious exercise between India and US 2.It will be held as an outcome of the recent '2+2 Dialogue' between India and the U.S. Which of the statement(s) is/ are true? A) 1 and 2 B) 1 only C) 2 only D) None
Q2- SLINEX refers to A) A Naval exercise between India and South Africa B) A Military exercise between India and New Zealand C) Naval exercise between India and Sri Lanka D) A Military exercise between India and Nepal
Q3- Consider the following statements with respect to Section 377 of Indian Penal Code 1.The provision was completely struck down by the Supreme Court as it was found to be violative of Fundamental Rights guaranteed by the Constitution 2.The Mental Healthcare Act of 2017 states that Homosexuality cannot be treated as a kind of mental illness Which of the statement(s) is/ are true? A) 1 only B) 1 and 2 C) 2 only D) None
Tamil Nadu Cabinet recommends release of Rajiv Gandhi assassination case convicts (GS-2) (Page-1) * A meeting of the Tamil Nadu Cabinet, chaired by Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami, on Sunday evening recommended to Governor Banwarilal Purohit that all seven life convicts in the former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi assassination case be released under Article 161 of the Constitution. The decision followed the Supreme Court's observation last week that the Governor shall be at liberty to decide on the remission application of Perarivalan, one of the convicts, "as deemed fit." The convicts - Nalini, T. Suthendraraja alias Santhan, Sriharan alias Murugan (Nalini's husband), .G. Pera rivalan alias Arivu, Robert Payas, S. Jayakumar alias Jayakumaran, and Ravichandran alias Ravi _ have been in jail for over 27 years. Santhan, Murugan, Payas and Jayakumar are Sri Lankan Tamils.
Article 161 empowers the Governor to grant pardons and to suspend, remit or commute sentences of any person convicted of any offence against any law relating to a matter to which the executive power of the State extends. To a question on the contention that the State government could not decide on a case investigated by a Central government agency, the Minister said, "Whatever it may be, law is only interpreted by the authority concerned the Supreme Court, the highest in hierarchy. The Supreme Court's direction is clear." Asked about the duties and responsibilities of the State government and those of the Governor on such issues, Mr. Jayakumar said: "Governor represents the State.. He is the Executive [head] for the State. Whatever decision is taken by the government, it will be implemented, executed and issued by the Governor."
2 irrigation facilities in Telangana get heritage tag (GS-3) (Page-5) * A meeting of the International Executive Council, the highest decision making body of International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID), at Saskatoon in Canada last month has accepted Telangana government's nomination of Sadarmatt anicut across river Godavari in Nirmal district and Pedda Cheruvu in Kamareddy district in the ICID Register of Heritage Irrigation Structures. * The plaques presented by the council for the two over-century-old irrigation facilities were received by the Member Secretary, Indian National Committee on Surface Water as Indian representative at the meeting The chairman of the committee has invited irrigation officials from Telangana to take them in New Delhi soon The HIS award is a deserving recognition to this irrigation facility which has provided precious water for paddy crops in its designed ayacut of 13,100 acres in present day Khanapur and Kadem mandals since its construction in 1891-92 It has also served as a picnic spot for people from an area which may not be as vast its catchment area of nearly 40,000 sq miles but is spread over old undivided Adilabad, Karimnagar and Nizamabad districts The anicut, which is English word for Telugu's ana-katta , meaning a rainfall bund, was built by Nawab kbal-ud-Dowla who bore the tile of Vicar-ul-Umrah Bahadur in 1891-92 about 50 km downstream of
Pedda Cheruvu The Pedda Cheruvu (big tank in Telugu) located on the outskirts of this district headquarters town is spread over an area of 618 acres and was built in 1897 during the rule of Mir Mahaboob Ali Khan, the sixth Nizam of Hyderabad State. It has a 1.8-km-long tank bund and 145-metre weir and three sluices. It's catchment area is spread over 68.97 sq. km. and total flood flow is 8,860 cusecs. With a capacity of 0.175 tmcft it provides water for irrigation to over 900 acres in Kamareddy, Sarampally, Narsampally and old Rajampet. It also provides drinking water for residents of the area. Womenfolk play Bathukamma during the Navaratrotsavalu on its bund and immerse them in its waters. It is a picnic spot for residents of the area who come to its bund for relaxation and have a panoramic view of nature. Consequently, the Government wanted to develop it as a tourist spot by creating the necessary infrastructure Moreover, this tank was taken up under the second round of Mission Kakatiya to be developed as a mini tank bund with an estimated outlay of Rs. 6.6 crore. Eighty per cent of work is done and the remaining will be completed very soon, according to K. Bansilal, Executive Engineer (Irrigation), Kamareddy.
The International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID), established in 1950 isa leading scientific, technical, international not-for-profit, non-governmental organization. ICID is a professional network of experts from across the world in the field of irrigation, drainage, and flood management. The main mission is to promote 'Sustainable agriculture water management, to achieve water secure world free of poverty and hunger through sustainable rural development'. ICID is a knowledge sharing platform dedicated to issues that covers the entire spectrum of agricultural water management practices ranging from rainfed agriculture to supplemental irrigation, land drainage, deficit irrigation to full irrigation, etc. In addition, drainage of agricultural lands forms the core theme of commission's activities. Floods and drought; the two extremes of increasingly variable climate as a result of potential climate change, also form the focus of activities.
'Pondicherry shark' spotted near Kakinada (GS-3) (Page-5) * Field biologists from the EGREE Foundation have spotted 'Pondicherry shark', an endangered species protected under the provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, near the Kumbhabhishekam landing point in the city. This is for the third time they are spotted in the East Godavari River Estuarine Ecosystem region after 2007 and 2016. Scientifically known as Carcharhinus hemiodon, it belongs to the Carcharhinidae family with a growth of 3.3 feet. Field biologists Mahesh Babu and Ganesh Palea, during their routine survey, spotted it on Saturday and Sunday and sent the details to Anil Mohapatra, scientist from the Zoological Survey of India, for confirmation. They got a positive response. Zoologists have been trying to trace it in the other parts of the country since 1979.
ABOUT PONDICHERRY SHARK The Pondicherry shark (Carcharhinus hemiodon) is an extremely rare species of requiem shark, in the family Carcharhinidae. A small and stocky gray shark, it grows not much longer than 1 m (3.3 ft), and it has a fairly long, pointed snout. This species can be identified by the shape of its upper teeth, which are strongly serrated near the base and smooth-edged near the tip, and by its first dorsal fin, which is large witha long free rear tip.
377 verdict has inbuilt firewall (GS-2) (Page-10) *Within the pages of the Supreme Court judgment decriminalising homosexuality contains a safeguard against any attempts by governments, present and future, to enact laws to make homosexuals criminals again The five-judge Constitution Bench led by Chief Justice of Dipak Misra has introduced the "Doctrine of Progressive Realisation of Rights" to guard against future attempts to reintroduce that part of Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code which had made the entire LGBTQ community "unconvicted felons" without the basic rights of a citizen for over a century * Using this legal doctrine, Chief justice Misra has held that once a right is recognised and given to the public, it cannot be taken back by the state at a later date. Once a step is taken forward, there is no going back. * "In a progressive and an ever-improving society, there is no place for retreat or regression. The society has to march ahead," Chief Justice Misra held.
After the war, New Delhi was disturbed by Mr. Rajapaksa's apparent tilt towards China, which brought in massive investments to Sri Lanka. He was also criticised for the alleged human rights violations committed by the Sri Lankan military during the war. * The visit comes less than a week after thousands of demonstrators, led by Mr. Rajapaksa, protested in Colombo against the government's economic policies and the delay in holding provincial elections. The Rajapaksa camp is yet to name its candidate for the presidential election likely at the end of 2019. A 2015 constitutional amendment has placed a two-term limit on the presidency, thus barring the former President from contesting again, but Mr. Rajapaksa's supporters have sought the Supreme Court's clarification. "There is an opinion that I can contest again. We need to find out if I am eligible," he told presspersons recently. Political sources in Colombo point to the efforts to groom his son and Hambantota MP, Namal Rajapaksa, who is accompanying his father on the India trip. He played a role in mobilising supporters for last week's rally. Though out of power for more than three years, Mr. Rajapaksa, who represents Kurunegala district in Parliament, remains a formidable political actor in Sri Lankan politics, often
Finance Ministry to engage with States to shore up GST revenue (GS-3) (Page-13) * Alarmed by a nearly fourfold rise in GST compensation to States for June-July, the Finance Ministry is crafting a strategy to shore up tax revenues and engaging with States to identify issues hindering their collections. Finance Secretary Hasmukh Adhia has started meeting GST officers, both from Central and State tax departments, in the State capitals to understand issues plaguing GST collections. * There has been a spike in the bi-monthly GST compensation paid to the States by the Centre. The Centre paid 14,930 crore to compensate states for revenue loss incurred in June and 3,899 crore paid for the months of April and July, a nearly four-fold jump compared to the May.
Govt. panel to look into e-com issues (GS-3) (Page-13) * With concerns being raised on some proposals of the draft e-commerce policy, the government has set up a group of secretaries to look into the issues, according to an official The group will be chaired by the Secretary in the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) The other members of the group include Secretaries of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology and Department of Commerce. "The group would look into all the issues of e-commerce sector," the official said. The first meeting of the group is likely to be held this week.
Indian economy: Deja vu? But things seem better than in 2013 (GS-3) (Page-14) Macros management How 2018's numbers look, versus 5 years ago 68.8 Rupeevs $ Crude oil(S/bbl)a Petrol AUG.-SEP. 2018 Dlesel 108,16 71.08 70.33 78.52 AUG.-SEP. 2013 51.4 70.21 Aug.-Sep. '18 CAD(% of GDP)+ Fiscal deficit (% of GDP) # GDP growth(%) ^ Aug.-Sep. '13 4.8 4.9 4.4 2.4 3.5 8.1 Closing value on Aug. 28, 2013 and Sep. 7, 2018 respectively l Average for Aug. 2013 &2018 respectively l +Pertains to 2012-13&01, 2019, respectively ! # Pertains to 2012-13 & 2017-2018 respectively l A Pertains to Q1, 2013-14& Q1, 2018-19 respectively Petrol and diesel prices are as of the last day of August
Those with a long memory must be consumed by a sense of deja vu over developments in the past few weeks. In many ways, the present turbulent times are reminiscent of what happened in 2013. The rupee was in a tailspin. Oil prices were booming at over $110 a barrel, exerting upward pressure on domestic retail prices of petroleum products. The current account deficit was in dangerous territory at 4.8% and the country was headed for general elections in a just a few months. It is almost a repeat now even if some of the macro numbers are not as dramatically These are without doubt challenging times but the picture is not as dismal as it was in * First and most important, growth is on the ascendant. The economy seems to havee negative as they were then. 2013. And that's because of three major factors. shrugged off the twin shocks from the note ban and introduction of the GST. Admittedly, the 8.1% GDP growth in the first quarter of this fiscal was amplified by the lower base in the same period last year when manufacturers slowed down ahead of the introduction of GST. But there is no mistaking the strong underlying growth impulse supported by a return
Similarly, the reaction of the RBI and the Centre to the rupee's fall has been prudent. The rupee has been allowed to find its natural level and the central bank has stepped in only to smooth volatility; no reactionary measures such as forex deposits swap or restrictions on capital outflows as in 2013. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley may be anxious but he has exhibited none of it in public as he held on to the refrain that the rupee is not alone in its predicament and that global factors are more responsible for the weakness than domestic ones. So, do all these mean that there's nothing to worry about? Certainly not. The biggest risks are external and how they will play out domestically. The combined impact of elevated oil prices and a weak rupee can cause serious damage to the economy. The pass-through of higher fuel prices is sure to push up retail inflation; the impact may be seen as early as in the August print expected tomorrow. This could prompt the RBI to front load its second rate hike for this fiscal as early as in October.
Graduate in Economics. Gold medal in Dissertation, Prepared various documents on Demonetisation and GST, Share-trading and many more