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Q1- Consider the following statements about the North American Free Trade Agreement 1.The Agreement promises 'National treatment' and 'Most-favored-nation' treatment to its parties 2.The Agreement has obligations towards Environmental treaties such as CITES, Montreal Protocol, and Basel Convention Which of the statement/(s) is/are true? A) 1 only B) 2 only C) Both D) None
Q2- Consider the following statements about National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights 1.The body ensures that all child- related laws, policies and programmes are in consonance with the Indian Constitution and UN Convention on Rights of Child 2.A child is defined as a person in the age group of O to 12 years Which of the statement(s) is/ are true? A) 1 only B) 2 only C) Both 1 and 2 D) None
U.S., India may not sign security pact at 2+2 meet (GS-1) (Page-1) At the 2+2 dialogue between India and the U.S. here on September 6, an announcement could be made about an in-principle agreement between the two sides on the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA), but its signing is doubtful, say officials on both sides. "Work is still on. Some form of announcement is expected. Lawyers on both sides are looking into the draft. In the week prior, they did some adjustments in the text," an official familiar with the process said. Last-minute discussions While the contours of the agreement have been agreed upon, last-minute deliberations are under way to address specific concerns in the language. "As of now, it is difficult to say if it would be signed during the 2+2," another official said. Diplomatic sources, too, while expressing the hope that the agreement would be signed, said realistically it was not clear yet. This is a similar trajectory followed when India signed the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Understanding The two sides announced an "in-principle" decision to conclude it during the then U.S. Secretary of nce Ash Carter's visit te Del neludedont Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar visitedjthe US. in August that year
The US which has designated India a Major Defence Partner (MDP) has repeatedly stated that the foundational agreements were essential critical for India to gain access to cutting edge technology * The COMCASA will facilitate exchange of secure communications between the two militaries and allow the sale of encrypted communication systems to India. For a long time there have been concerns that this would allow US to listen into Indian secure communication channels. But these have been gradually overcome and India agreed to move forward with the agreement * However, signing the COMCASA "will override objections by the Indian military which fears that it will enable seamless penetration horizontally and vertically of the official Indian communications grid, including the most sensitive strategic communications network" writes strategic analyst Bharat Karnad in his latest book Staggering Forward
Other announcements Apart from COMCASA, another major announcement likely to be made is for cross posting of officials at the US Defence Innovation Unit Experimental (DIUx) and India's recently created Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX) to work on joint development projects. The proposal for this was made by the US and intends to take forward the co-development and co-production efforts under the Defence Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI). Other announcements expected from the dialogue include likely US sale of MH-60 Romeo maritime helicopters and armed drones through the Foreign Military Sales programme. The US has already cleared the legislative hurdles to sell armed drones to India. A joint tri-service amphibious Humanitarian and Disaster Relief (HADR) exercise which has been in the works is also expected to be announced As External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Defence Minister Nirmala Sithara man and their US counterparts Secretary of State Mike R Pompeo and Secretary of Defence James Mattis meet for the first 2+2 dialogue, the issue of India's defence cooperation with Russia and the looming sanctions under CAATSA will be a major issue for discussion. India has already stated that it would go ahead with the purchase of the S-400 long range air defence system from Russia and the deal is expected to be concluded later this year
Conditions in Rohingya camps are disastrous, says UN official (GS-2) (Page-1) A year since nearly a million Rohingya refugees poured into Bangladesh, the situation is yet to stabilize, and the impending cyclone season could spell disaster for the humanitarian effort, a senior United Nations official based in Cox's Bazaar has warned "Even to the naked eye it is clear that we are not just on the brink of disaster, but the disaster is happening around us," said Sumbul Rizvi, the senior humanitarian coordinator for the Rohingya Refugee Response, making an appeal for more international funding. This year's UN joint response plan (IRP) has received only 34% of the funds needed, in contrast to about 85% last year, she said. Flagging response Amidst signs of the flagging global response to the crisis, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres addressed the Security Council on the situation on the ground this week, while a Human Rights Council report said the Myanmar military leadership should be investigated for "genocide" in the violence in August 2017
Protocol breached in Tamil Nadu organ transplant case, says probe (GS02) (Page- 5) An investigation ordered by the Tamil Nadu government into the retrieval of organs from a brain dead patient at a private hospital in Salem district in May this year has found that the harvested heart and lung were allocated to two foreign nationals in two corporate hospitals in Chennai without adopting the stipulated protocol for allocation. The organs were harvested and transplanted on the patients on May 21. In one case, the organ was allotted to a foreigner although it was requested for an Indian patient in the waitlist of organ recipients. Recipients of the heart and lung died shortly after the transplant surgeries were performed. * The inquiry officer has concluded that two outsourced staff of the Transplant Authority of Tamil Nadu (TRANSTAN) had violated norms, by allocating the kidney to a different patient, and shifting allocation to benefit recipients admitted to the Chennai hospitals. Engaging of the outsourced staff at TRANSTAN was done in 2014. Both members resigned after the controversy over allocation of organs to foreign nationals was raised.
Letter from Kerala CM The inquiry committee was set up by the Department of Medical and Rural Health following a letter from Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan to his Tamil Nadu counterpart Edappadi K. Palaniswami seeking an investigation into a complaint that organs were "stolen" from a brain dead patient, P. Manikandan of Palakkad in Kerala, who met with a road accident near Kallakurichi in Villupuram district on May 18. Referring to the instant case, the inquiry report said, "This again points to the TRANSTAN co-ordinator aiding specific hospitals to get allocation of organs to patients of their choice, denying others ahead of them in the waiting list." The two TRANSTAN outsourced staff "wilfully put the wrong UID (unique identity number)" to facilitate the bypassing of patients. "In addition they did not update the TRANSTAN registry or the website of the changed recipient numbers," it said. The investigation revealed that in one case, the reason given to allocate the organ to an international patient and not an active Indian patient was that the chief surgeon of the hospital was out of station. "However, it was established that he was in station and available" in the private hospital in Chennai on the night of May 21 when the transplant was done
The organ utilisation certificate in this case did not mention the nationality of the citizen who underwent the transplant. The then Member Secretary of TRANSTAN who headed the organ transplantation programme told the investigators that he was not aware that the heart harvested from Manikandan was put on a Lebanese patient instead of the Ukrainian national The change in allocation was done privately over the personal mobile phones of TRANSTAN coordinators and the transplant team of the corporate hospital. The report recorded the testimony of a TRANSTAN official that that in one case, a senior bureaucrat in the State government had intervened directing him to "allocate immediately" an organ for a patient in a corporate hospital. At another Chennai hospital, the report said there were five active Indian patients waiting for lung transplant but the organ was given to an Israeli patient Investigation revealed that the hospital authorities gave a variety of reasons to justify the decision. Incidentally, the organs used by the two corporate hospitals in Chennai were refused by other hospitals since they were of "poor quality.'" In the report, the inquiry committee referred to an instance on March 13, 2018, where the outsourced staff of TRANSTAN allowed a corporate hospital in Chennai to take the lung of a donor for an international patient even when active Indian patients were on waiting list in other hospitals. No decline message Was obtamed trom the Indian patients.
Site visits While the BOCW social audits aim to cover all districts every two years, the pilot projects will be done in Delhi's Bhawana ward and a yet-to-be-finalised block in Udaipur district, according to the civil society organisations leading the process. "We will visit construction sites as well as the areas where workers live, to check how many of them are registered with the welfare boards," says Subhash Bhatnagar, convener of the National Campaign Committee for Central Legislation on Construction Labour (NCC-CL), which is coordinating the pilot in Delhi. "Do the children of the workers all have the scholarships they are entitled to? Those who have applied for various benefits -pension, maternityhow long do they have to wait? If you only get the maternity benefit when your child is two or three years old, what is the use?" The social audit team will also find workers who have not registered and try to find the reasons that prevented them from doing so, he said. "There are also problems in some districts where large number of non-construction workers have been illegally registered," added Abha Mishra, programme manager at Aajeevika, the nodal agency for the Rajasthan pilot. the formatfo the audit has/beentaid put/in detail in a draff framework issued by the Labor Kinistry last w ek
'Mauritius tops India's FDI charts again' (GS-3) (Page-13) * Mauritius remained the top source of foreign direct investment (FDI) into India in 2017-18 followed by Singapore, whereas total FDI stood at $37.36 billion in the financial year,a marginal rise over the $36.31 billion recorded in the previous fiscal, according to RBI data. While FDI from Mauritius totalled $13.41 billion as against $13.38 billion in the previous year, inflows from Singapore rose to $9.27 billion from $6.52 billion. FDI from the Netherlands declined marginally to $2.67 billion as against $3.23 billion a year earlier. Provisional data for the fiscal ended March revealed that FDI into the manufacturing sector witnessed a substantial decline to $7.06 billion, as against $11.97 billion a year earlier However, FDI into communication services rose to $8.8 billion in FY18 from $5.8 billion. The inflows into retail and wholesale trade also shot up to $4.47 billion as against $2.77 billion, while financial services too saw a rise to $4.07 billion from $3.73 billion in the previous year "The fact that these sectors accounted for more than 50% of total FDI of $37.36 billion in linterest in new areas i 17-18 reflects the financi l techn logies, said Assochah in a statemen places and
Graduate in Economics. Gold medal in Dissertation, Prepared various documents on Demonetisation and GST, Share-trading and many more